Ustadz Abu Olaya, Lc
فأما الإنسان إذا ما ابتلاه ربه فأكرمه ونعمه فيقول ربي أكرمن وأما إذا ما ابتلاه فقدر عليه رزقه فيقول ربي أهانن
As for man when his Lord tested him and he was glorified and His pleasure, then he would say: "Rabbku has memuliakanku". But when his Lord (Allâh) test, and limiting sustenance (making living in poverty), he said: "Rabbku menghinakanku." Certainly not (the case), ... [al-Fajr/89 :15-16]
EXPLANATION OF VERSES:
Pleasures of the world to be the main aim of people who do not believe in Allah Almighty and the Day of Resurrection (the disbelievers). They fought day and night for the sake of mere worldly success!. An abundance of riches in their view is a sign of the glory of life and source of dignity. And conversely, the lack of material, poverty and economic life difficult in their eyes a hint humiliation, once again, in the view of those materialists is commonly known as mâddiyyûn (plural of the word Maddi) in Arabic.
ONE OF NATURE AND THE HUMAN BIRTH KAFIR
On that basis, some scholars say that through the above verse, Allah Almighty to preach one fo the infidels and polytheists while receiving an abundance of wealth and material deficiencies and oppressed when economic hardship.  Some other scholars say that it is an inborn trait every human being that comes from nature jahl (stupidity, ignorance about the nature of the problem) and zhulm (kezhaliman). 
Allah Almighty says:
فأما الإنسان إذا ما ابتلاه ربه فأكرمه ونعمه فيقول ربي أكرمن
As for man when his Lord tested him and he was glorified and His pleasure, then he would say: "Rabbku has memuliakanku".
In this verse, Allah Almighty to deny people who have beliefs if given the breadth of the provision was a sign from Allah k awarding glory for himself. In fact, not so. However, it is a test and trial for them from Allah Almighty,  and reveals whether he perseveres or complaining, whether he be grateful or deny favors.  It is like the word of Allah Almighty:
أيحسبون أنما نمدهم به من مال وبنين نسارع لهم في الخيرات بل لا يشعرون
Do they think that wealth and children that we gave to them (means that), we hurry up to their merits? No, actually they do not realize [al-Mukminûn/23 :55-56]
Conversely, in the next verse:
وأما إذا ما ابتلاه فقدر عليه رزقه فيقول ربي أهانن
But when his Lord (Allâh) test, and limiting sustenance (making living in poverty), he said: "Rabbku menghinakanku"
When Allah Almighty human testing by narrowing sustenance, some people think it is a form of humiliation he had received.
Imam al-Qurtubi rahimahullah asserts one fo the disbelievers, "Glory and humiliation in view of pagans by the extent of wealth owned by a person". 
PROPERTY NOT SIGN THE GLORY, NOT LACK OF SIGN humiliation
Allah Almighty never made wealth and disadvantages that include the person's condition as a form of assessment or humble rank in the glory of Allah the Almighty. However, it was all a test and trials that Allah Almighty gave to humanity can not be separated from his destiny and qodho.
Note the word of Allah Almighty the following:
قل إن ربي يبسط الرزق لمن يشاء ويقدر ولكن أكثر الناس لا يعلمون
Say: "Verily Rabbku enlarges the provision for whom He wills and narrow (for whom He wills), but most people do not know. [Saba/34: 36]
Almighty Allah gives wealth to those who love Him Almighty and those who do not love Him Almighty, constricts the sustenance which He loved Almighty and those who do not love Him Almighty. The provisions of this Allah are the sublime wisdom of the unknown anymore perfect than Him. However, most people do not realize it.
While word of Allah Almighty: (كلا) is a form of the word rebuttal to explain that reality is not as you say and not as the views of men. Rebuttal to people who measure everything with the material. In a word, there are elements of rectifying a wrong above, and that the administration and holding provision not related to breeding for someone or insult him. However, it was all a test from Allah to His servants k. 
Imam Ibn Kathir rahimahullah said, "It's not like he had expected. Unlike the first view, also unlike the latter view. (Cause) of Allah Almighty give wealth to people who love Allah Almighty and the Almighty Allah does not love, narrowing the provision on the Almighty Allah loves and who is not Almighty loves him. The foundation of this issue is obedience to Allah, in two instances, if abundant wealth, should be thankful to Allah for the blessings k that, when experiencing shortages, should be patient ". 
Shaykh 'Abdur Rahman as-Sa'di rahimahullah explains, "The wealth and poverty, breadth and narrowness of sustenance is a test from Allah Almighty and exams to test His servants, in order to know those who are grateful and be patient, then Allah Azza wa Jalla will respond with a great reward. Those who were not (are not grateful or patient), it will be rewarded with a grievous chastisement ". 
Meanwhile, Shaykh 'Athiyyah rahimahullah Salim also said, "Almighty Allah explains that He Almighty give and hold (giving) as a test for a slave". 
Consider the word of Allah Almighty the following:
كل نفس ذائقة الموت ونبلوكم بالشر والخير فتنة وإلينا ترجعون
Every soul shall taste death. We shall test you with evil and goodness as a trial (in truth). And just for you We're the guys returned. [Al-Anbiyâ/21: 35]
And also the word of Allah Almighty:
واعلموا أنما أموالكم وأولادكم فتنة وأن الله عنده أجر عظيم
And know that your possessions and your children are but a trial and that fact on the one hand of Allah is a great reward [al-Anfal / 8:28]
As human testing with the misfortune (the things unpleasant), Allah Almighty also tested humans with pleasure.
A believer when getting pleasure of Allah Almighty in the form of wealth, he will celebrate his Lord, and he looked at it purely an outpouring of generosity and kindness of Allah against him, is not a form of glory that Allah gives to those who qualify. And conversely, if the ordeal of economic hardship, fortune drag, a believer will be patient and expect a reward from Allah Almighty while self introspection, this incident is nothing for my sins. Allah Almighty is not being insulted and was not persecute me.
In these two verses contained a clue to the importance of one realizes when receiving an abundance of economic sustenance or oppressed. For example, say, "Why Allah Almighty gives abundant sustenance? What is desired from me? Surely I should be grateful to Him. Why Allah Almighty testing me with a shortage of property and disease? Surely Allah Almighty wants me to be patient.
So, ought always to look inward in the two conditions. Such an attitude will keep people from two bad disposition, ignorance and injustice. For an abundance of wealth and lack of sustenance happen by wisdom and justice of Allah Almighty . Humans must still praising Allah Almighty in both conditions. 
LESSONS FROM THE VERSES:
- The view from pagan materialism
- View materialism comes from hubbun dun-ya (love of the world)
- View of materialism is not a new view, because the view is already entrenched in the hearts of the idolaters of Quraysh since the 14th century.
- Allah Almighty hates kufr and kufr favors
- Allah Almighty loves the act of gratitude
- The importance of introspection in all circumstances.
- The importance of Islam as it will introduce explore the truth and essence of the whole matter. Allaah knows best.
[Transcribed from magazines Sunnah 03/Tahun Edition XV / Shaban 1432/2011M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]
Strands Luqman Advice For Fruit Heart
Ustadz Abu Abdillah Arief B. Usman bin Rozali
وإذ قال لقمان لابنه وهو يعظه يا بني لا تشرك بالله إن الشرك لظلم عظيم
And (remember) when Luqman said to his son, when he gave a lesson to him, "My son, do not be to Allah, verily ascribe (Allah) is really great kezhaliman". [Luqmân/31: 3].
There are scholars dispute the issue of naming the father and nasabnya, prophetic and professional and physical properties. 
Al-Hafiz Ibn Kathir rahimahullah explains, he is Luqman bin 'Anqâ bin Sadun.  Most scholars Salaf said Luqman rahimahullah not a prophet and did not get a revelation, but he is a wali Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala devout, righteous , and thoughtful, which is given by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala many virtues, such as intellect, deep understanding of Islam, taciturnity and calm, and wisdom in the words. 
As to the profession Luqman rahimahullah, among the scholars going perpedaan opinion. Some say, he was a black slave who worked as a carpenter. There is also a saying as a seamstress. There is also a saying as a shepherd. And there were those who said the Qadi (judge) at the Children of Israel.  As for his physical attributes, many of the scholars who explained, he was a black slave who Habasyah, thick-lipped and cracked-footed. [ 5]
SHIRK IS huge KEZHALIMAN
In the above verse, Luqman advised his son rahimahullah, Tsarân  in order not to commit shirk. As a father who has been blessed with Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala thoughtful nature and the ability to speak with a depth of meaning and full of wisdom,  Luqman gives an invaluable advice to her baby which she loved.
He advised her not to ascribe partners with Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala anything, because Shirk is a huge kezhaliman. Because in this shirk no one had the greatest sin and sin worse than associating partners with Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala with His creatures, to equate the degree of sin Allaah the Most Perfect and the Almighty has the right to be worshiped because perfection His attributes; with His creatures laden flaws and weaknesses. 
Therefore, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala will not forgive someone who commits shirk, if he is to die in a state of unrepentant syiriknya deeds. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:
إن الله لا يغفر أن يشرك به ويغفر ما دون ذلك لمن يشاء ومن يشرك بالله فقد افترى إثما عظيما
Verily Allah will not forgive Shirk, and He forgives all sins apart from (shirk), for whom He wills, and whoever to Allah, then indeed he has a great sin. (Surat an-Nisa '/ 4:48).
Shirk is a huge kezhaliman, and faith of a Muslim may not straight and true if it is mixed with kezhaliman this, because it is not possible a monotheistic faith and shirk and kufr mixed with.
The above verse also gives a clear signal to the father or the parents, teachers, educators and counselors in general, that they advise their children early. That is by instilling and understanding and teaches the basic principles and the Islamic faith, a belief or monotheism. It has also been exemplified by a father, mentor, and best teacher, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, when he counseled his cousin,' Abdullah bin 'Abbas about that time a very young age. 
'Abdullah ibn' Abbaas anhuma said, which means: One day, I never dibonceng by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, and he said: "O my son, indeed I want to teach you a few sentences;' Keep Allah, Allah will take care of you. Maintain Allah, you will find Him in front of you. If you want to ask, then ask Allah., and if you want to beg for help, then ask for help to God. Remember that if all the people combine to provide a benefit to you, they all will not be able to provide the benefits that unless God has set it for you., and if they all combine to provide a madharrat / danger to you, they all will not be able to give madharrat / danger that unless God has set it (it) to you. Pena has appointed, and a notebook (charity) has dried. '"
MUST worship and OBEY TO PARENTS FOR NON-INFRINGEMENT his orders SHARIA
ووصينا الإنسان بوالديه حملته أمه وهنا على وهن وفصاله في عامين أن اشكر لي ولوالديك إلي المصير وإن جاهداك على أن تشرك بي ما ليس لك به علم فلا تطعهما وصاحبهما في الدنيا معروفا واتبع سبيل من أناب إلي ثم إلي مرجعكم فأنبئكم بما كنتم تعملون
And We commanded man (doing good) to his two mothers father, his mother had conceived him in a weakened state that increase steadily, and weaning in two years. Be grateful to Me and to your fathers two mothers, only to the husbandman your return. And if they strive to associate with something that I have no knowledge about it, then do not obey them, both in the world and pergaulilah well, and follow the path back to me, and then only to the husbandman return, the Ku- tell you of what you did. [Luqmân/31 :14-15].
In verse 14 and the 15 letters Luqman, after Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala commanded us to fulfill His right to worship only Him and not associate anything with Him, then Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala commanded us to fulfill the rights of parents, the dutiful and obedient to him as long as they do not menyelisihi Shari'a commands. We are commanded to do good and dutiful to parents, because they caused us in this world by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala, and even more so dutiful to my mother, because the mother had conceived us, feel the weariness when we are still in the stomach. Until eventually led us to withstand tremendous pain. Mother risked his life for our salvation. Not only that, she also feeding us, taking care of the patient, to wean us within a period of two years. Until we grow, strong and mature.  Similarly, the father, he had to toil for a living to meet our needs and the mother.
Therefore, it is appropriate if the obedient and dutiful to parents is an obligation that must be carried out each child. Of course, this obligation applies for devotion and obedience to their orders neither menyelisihi or violate the Shari'a. It is widely described in the Qur `an and the hadeeth saheeh, such as his word following:
Also His saying:
ووصينا الإنسان بوالديه حسنا وإن جاهداك لتشرك بي ما ليس لك به علم فلا تطعهما إلي مرجعكم فأنبئكم بما كنتم تعملون
And We have enjoined man (do) good to two mothers father. And if they strive to associate me with something that you have no knowledge about it, then do not follow them. Only to Me is your return, then I tell you what ye used to do. [Al-'Ankabût/29: 8].
Concretely, as played by Sa'ad bin Abi Waqqas radi anhu, when his mother forced him to renounce Islam. The scholars argue, verse 8 letter al-'Ankabut, and verse 14 and the 15 is above the letter Luqman down because Sa'ad bin Abi Waqqas story radi anhu. 
In Saheeh Muslim, of Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqâsha, he said, which means:
Mother Sa'ad (bin Abi Waqqas)  vowed not to talk to him forever and ever until Sa'ad Kufr (out) of religion (ie, Islam). He also vowed not to eat and drink. He said: "You have said that God commands you to obey / filial to your parents, and I am your mother, and I told you to kufr (from Islam)." Sa'ad's mother survives (not eat or drink) for three days, until he collapsed from exhaustion. Then one of the kids called 'Umarah gave him a drink. Mother Sa'ad Sa'ad was praying for evil, God ajja wa Jallamenurunkan in Al-Qur `an verse:" And We have commanded man (doing good) to his two mothers father, his mother had conceived him in a weakened state increased -added, and weaning in two years. grateful to Me and to your fathers two mothers, only to the husbandman your return. And if they strive to associate with something that I have no knowledge about it, then do not follow them, and pergaulilah both in the world with good ... ".
Therefore, regardless of the state of the elderly, we are required by God to be obedient and dutiful to them,  as long as immoral is not a matter to Allah and His Messenger. So, if the parents told us to engage in immoral Allah and His Messenger, then there is no obligation to obey them. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has said:
«... إنما الطاعة في المعروف».
Indeed, only in obedience ... a good thing. 
He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam also said:
«... لا طاعة لمخلوق في معصية الخالق».
... There is no obedience to the creature in disobedience to the Creator (Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala). 
Luqman to his son rahimahullah embed Aqeedah POWER OF GOD IS THE ABSOLUTE AND VENGEANCE DAY
يا بني إنها إن تك مثقال حبة من خردل فتكن في صخرة أو في السماوات أو في الأرض يأت بها الله إن الله لطيف خبير
(Luqman said): "O my son, indeed if there is (a deed) weight of a mustard seed, and be in a rock or in the heavens or in the earth, Allah will bring it (it forth). Surely Allah is Subtle, All-Knowing. [Luqman / 31:16].
In verse 16, Luqman advised his son again, that no matter how small actions by individuals, either obedience or disobedience, surely Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala will reward. Good deeds, then the reply of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala is good. If the act is bad, then the reply of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala too. 
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:
ونضع الموازين القسط ليوم القيامة فلا تظلم نفس شيئا وإن كان مثقال حبة من خردل أتينا بها وكفى بنا حاسبين
We will install the appropriate scales on the Day of Resurrection, then the aggrieved person Nor any merit, and if (practice it) is just as heavy as a mustard seed We also must bring (to account): and enough are We to making calculations. [Al-Anbiya '/ 21:47].
Thus, there is nothing hidden from the sight of God Almighty. Therefore, at the end of the letter Luqman verse 16, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:
إن الله لطيف خبير
Surely Allah is Subtle, All-Aware.
Luqman rahimahullah ordered his son FOR ESTABLISHING prayer, doing good and avoiding evil ESTABLISHING AND DISASTER patient with
يا بني أقم الصلاة وأمر بالمعروف وانه عن المنكر واصبر على ما أصابك إن ذلك من عزم الأمور
My son, be steadfast in prayer and dispatch (humans) are doing good and forbid (them) from the unjust actions and be patient over what befalls you. Verily it includes things that are required (by Allah). [Luqmân/31: 17].
Luqman ordered the child to pray, as it is the most important physical worship. Furthermore, doing good and avoiding unjust orders. This activity requires knowledge of matters that ma'ruf and munkar, and their supporters, that gentleness and patience. Because surely be severely tested when running enjoining and forbidding evil, Luqman ordered that patient. This matters, including 'Azmil-age (the case again drawing attention more), so no one gained taufik to run it except the people who committed the steel 
In particular, the development of the children to work early prayers, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
مروا أولادكم بالصلاة وهم أبناء سبع سنين, واضربوهم عليها وهم أبناء عشر سنين, وفرقوا بينهم فى المضاجع.
Instruct your children to prayer when they are seven years old, and beat them (if you do not want to pray) when they are ten, and separate them in the bed. 
Luqman rahimahullah taught his son BECOMING ARROGANT, SELF proud and NOT PRIDES
ولا تصعر خدك للناس ولا تمش في الأرض مرحا إن الله لا يحب كل مختال فخور
And do not turn your face away from men (for pride) nor walk in insolence through the earth. Surely Allah loves not the arrogant pride themselves again. [Luqmân/31: 18]
In another verse, Allah Jalla wa ajja has said:
ولا تمش في الأرض مرحا إنك لن تخرق الأرض ولن تبلغ الجبال طولا
And walk not on earth haughtily, for thou never able to penetrate the earth and occasionally you will not reach the mountains in height. [Al-Isra '/ 17:37].
And really, Luqman's advice has also been taught by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to us, as shown in some of the following hadith.
Hadeeth of 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud a, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said:
لا يدخل الجنة من كان في قلبه مثقال ذرة من كبر », قال رجل: إن الرجل يحب أن يكون ثوبه حسنا, ونعله حسنة, قال:« إن الله جميل يحب الجمال, الكبر بطر الحق وغمط الناس
"It (will) enter Paradise man in whose heart there is a small ant of arrogance". (Then) there is a saying: "Surely someone happy if a nice shirt and nice sandals," (then) the Prophet said: "Verily, Allah is beautiful and loves beauty. Arrogant is rejecting the truth and belittling others". 
Hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah radi anhu, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
بينما رجل يتبختر يمشي في برديه قد أعجبته نفسه, فخسف الله به الأرض, فهو يتجلجل فيها إلى يوم القيامة.
When a strut / arrogant to wear two layers of clothes, God buried him into the earth. He also continues to do so up and down in the earth until the Day of Resurrection. 
1. Haaritsah Hadith al-Khuzaa'i bin Wahb radi anhu, he heard the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
ألا أخبركم بأهل النار ...? », قالوا: بلى, قال:« كل عتل جواظ مستكبر.
"... Will you tell me: Who of the Fire?" They said, "Sure". Prophet said: "Every person who was rude, greedy / greedy and arrogant". 
Luqman rahimahullah taught his son AGAR TAWAADHU ', CALM AND DO NOT APPLY raised voice
واقصد في مشيك واغضض من صوتك إن أنكر الأصوات لصوت الحمير
And how simple you in walking and lunakkanlah voice. Indeed, the sound is bad-bad ass voice. [Luqmân/31: 19].
In verse 19, Luqman also counseled his son to tawâdhu '(humble), quiet, unhurried and not too slow in walking. He also advises his son to moderation in speech, and not raising your voice to something that is not beneficial to the talks. To the extent that Luqman mengumpamakannya with a bad ass voice.
Al-Hafiz Ibn Kathir rahimahullah said: "As bad as the worst parable who raised his voice is like a donkey in ringkikannya. Addition, the sound is also hated by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala". 
MESSAGE AND ADVICE Ibn al-Qayyim rahimahullah PRIEST TO THE FATHER, PARENTS AND EDUCATORS IN GENERAL
Before contemplating Imam Ibn Qayyim rahimahullah advice, let us contemplate and understand the first word of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam follows:
ما من مولود إلا يولد على الفطرة, فأبواه يهودانه وينصرانه ويمجسانه ... .
No one (even babies) are born, but he was born in a state of nature are (Islam), then both his parents are making the Jewish people, Christians can, and Zoroastrian ..... 
Imam Ibn Qayyim al-Jauziyyah rahimahullah said: 
Some Ahlul 'ILMI (the scholars) said: Verily Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala will ask the father on the day of Resurrection-(about) what he had done to his son, before God said to the child, (about) what he had done against his father.
Because, as the father has a right to be fulfilled by his son, the children also have rights that must be fulfilled by the father. And just as God said.
ووصينا الإنسان بوالديه حسنا
And we oblige people (do) good to his two mother-father .... -Al-'Ankabut/29 paragraph 8 - Allaah says:
يا أيها الذين آمنوا قوا أنفسكم وأهليكم نارا وقودها الناس والحجارة
O ye who believe, guard yourselves and your families from the Fire whose fuel is men and stones .... -at-Tahrim/66 verse 6 -, and 'Ali bin Abi Talib radi anhu said: "That is, teach and educate your children". 
Thus, Allaah orders the father to pay attention and fulfill the rights of children, over Allaah precedence than his command for children to observe and fulfill the rights of his father. (As) the word of God:
ولا تقتلوا أولادكم خشية إملاق
And kill not your children for fear of poverty ... -Al-Isra '/ 17 verse 31 - that he who neglect their children's education in order to know the things that are useful for him, and wasted it: then indeed he has done evil to his son with at worst. And the majority of children, they are not to be broken but because of his father. Father who fails to educate their children and instill negligent and understand the basic principles of religion-Sunnah and the Sunnah. Finally, (dad like this is) has wasted his (own) since childhood, and did not give him the benefit. So when he had grown up, he does not (can not) provide any benefit to his father. As happened in some children who denounced his father (due to negligence), he said: "O my father, as you did not educate me as my childhood, so now that I've grown disobey! O my father, as you have wasted myself (formerly ) when I was a baby, so now I had wasted nyiakanmu when you become an old man ".
SOME LESSONS AND PASSAGES FAIDAH 
1. Determination of (mandatory) monotheism and threats (hazards) Shirk.
2. Explanation of wisdom, which is grateful to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala to obey and remember Him. Because it is not grateful but a rational and intelligent person.
3. Prescribed advice and guidance, both for the elderly, small children, strangers and relatives.
4. The enormity of the (evil) Shirk, and the explanation that shirk is a very large kezhaliman.
5. Explanation duration of breastfeeding, which is for two years, not more.
6. Necessity of worship and do good to parents.
7. Determination rule "no obedience to the creature in disobedience to the Creator (Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala)". That is by not obeying (command) parent in things that are not good (according to the Shari'a).
8. Obliged to follow the path of those who believe from the Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama'ah, and illicit actors to follow the path of heresy and apostasy.
9. Mandatory feel that Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala constantly watched and learned movements (every human being), and should not underestimate the goodness or badness is done, no matter how small.
10. Shall enforce prayer, enjoining and forbidding the evil, and bear with anything that will happen to the perpetrator and nahi munkar enjoining them.
11. Haram apply haughty and arrogant in walking, and the necessity of simple, quiet in walking and talking. That is not too fast in the run, and not too raised his voice in speaking, unless necessary.
So, hopefully we can take advantage of the explanation faidah and the verses of God's glorious. So it can make science, faith and good deeds we are constantly growing and improving. Amen.
Wallahu A'lamu bish-sowab.
Maraji '& Mashadir:
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5. Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Tafsîrul-Qur `anneal-'Azhîm), Abu al-Fida' Isma'il ibn 'Umar ibn Kathir (700-774 H), tahqiq Sami bin Muhammad as-Salama, Dar ath-Thaibah, Riyadh, Prints I, Year 1422 H/2002 M.
6. Taisîrul-Karîmir-Rahman fi Tafsîri Kalâmil-Mannan, 'Abdurrahman ibn Nasir as-Sa'di, tahqiq' Abdurrahman ibn al-Luwaihiq Mu'alla, Dar as-Salam, Riyadh, KSA, Matter I, Year 1422 H/2001 M .
7. Tuhfatul-Maudûd Ahkâmil bi-Maulud, Abu 'Abdillah Muhammad bin Abu Bakr ibn Ayyub az-Zar'i, Ibn Qayyim al-Jauziyyah (691-751 AH), Abu Usamah tahqiq Salim bin' Id al-Hilali, Dar Ibn al-Qayyim & Dar Ibn 'Affan, Cairo, Egypt, Prints II, Year 1428 H/2007 M
8. Zâdul-Masir, Abu al-Faraj Jamaluddin 'Abdurrahman ibn' Ali ibn Muhammad al-Jawzi al-Baghdadi (508-597 AH), al-Maktab al-Islami, Beirut, Prints. III, Year 1404 AH / 1984 AD
[Transcribed from magazines Sunnah 03/Tahun Edition XII / Jumada al-Thani 1429/2008M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]
Do not Go It Easy And It's Halal Haram
Ustadz Asim bin Mushthofa
ولا تقولوا لما تصف ألسنتكم الكذب هذا حلال وهذا حرام لتفتروا على الله الكذب إن الذين يفترون على الله الكذب لا يفلحون متاع قليل ولهم عذاب أليم
And say not of what is said by the tongue is a lie "is lawful and this is unlawful," to invent a lie against Allah. Indeed, those who invent a lie against Allah Nor lucky. (It was) a little pleasure, and for them a painful torment. [An-Nahl / 16: 116-117]
EXPLANATION OF VERSES
Culture of Ignorance, Law Determination Set With Lust.
Ignorance culture contrary to the teachings of Islam so much. Islam came to abolish mankind so always be on the nature of its creation.
The above verse is talking about one of the many cultures that developed in the middle jahiliyyah the old days, before finally erased the Shari'a of Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. Namely, proscribe and justifies something without regard and without reference to divine revelation as well as the provisions of other laws that come from divine Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala, the All-Knowing the benefit of all beings. In fact, they claim to be the followers of the Prophet's teachings of Abraham Alaihissallam. So that Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala forbids Muslims to follow the path of the mushrikeen. 
Reality happens, they proscribe lawful things, and instead justifies the things forbidden by Allah al-Khaaliq. They set the laws of clean and unclean according to his desires. With this action, they have done iftirâ 'alallah ta'ala (falsehood in the name of Allah Ta'ala).
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala has explained the substance of the paragraph above with a few more verses. Among them:
قل هلم شهداءكم الذين يشهدون أن الله حرم هذا فإن شهدوا فلا تشهد معهم
Say: "Bring your witnesses who can testify that Allah has forbidden (the food you) is forbidden." If they testify, do not you come (also) be a witness with them; ... [al-An'am / 6: 150]
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'alaberfirman:
قل أرأيتم ما أنزل الله لكم من رزق فجعلتم منه حراما وحلالا قل آلله أذن لكم أم على الله تفترون
Say: "Explain to me about the fortune that Allah revealed to you, then you make some of haram and (some things) lawful." Say: "Allah has given you permission (about it) or you have to invent a God?" [Yûnus/10: 59].
Meaning of this paragraph -an-Nahl/16 verses 116-117 - will be increasingly evident with respect to the previous paragraph. That Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala commanded that they eat foods that are kosher fine again. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:
فكلوا مما رزقكم الله حلالا طيبا واشكروا نعمت الله إن كنتم إياه تعبدون
So eat of the lawful and good fortune that God has given to you, and give thanks favors of Allah, if you only worship Him alone. [An-Nahl/16: 114].
Furthermore, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala to explain things that are forbidden to them in the next verse:
إنما حرم عليكم الميتة والدم ولحم الخنزير وما أهل لغير الله به فمن اضطر غير باغ ولا عاد فإن الله غفور رحيم
He hath only forbidden upon you (take) carrion, blood, pork and anything slaughtered by the name of other than God, but he who was forced to eat it by not persecute nor exceed the limit, then surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. [An-Nahl/16: 115].
In fact, it is not in line with what has been revealed by Allah al-Hakam (Essence of the Most Defining law) in the verse. They actually justify carrion, blood and the animals they slaughtered without the name of Allah Ta'ala. And on the contrary, they forbid the use of animals, both for consumption and as a mount, which is permissible for mankind.
For example, as stated in the following words of God Almighty:
ما جعل الله من بحيرة ولا سائبة ولا وصيلة ولا حام ولكن الذين كفروا يفترون على الله الكذب وأكثرهم لا يعقلون
Allah is never any bahîrah mensyari'atkan, sâibah, washîlah and human rights. But the disbelievers invent lies against Allah, and most of them do not understand. [Al-Ma `idah / 5:103] .
Thus, the concept of halal-haram in the eyes of people in the past Jahiliyyah. Shaykh Salih al-Fawzaan-Hafizhahullah-states, which are to be the culprit in this matter, is because of the passion and lust trap and doctrine of their great figures .
In summary, the beginning of this verse forbids someone to drop the assessment of halal and haram for something that was not permitted or forbidden by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. Because it is a lie and a lie in the name of Allah Ta'ala. 
Exceeded Error Deeds Shirk
No doubt, shirk is a very big sin and a fatal error. Shirk it, because it contains actions that equate between al-Khaaliq the Most Perfect of all the creatures that are loaded with all the weaknesses of each side. However, it has been reported by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala, that there is a higher degree of sin than shirk ugliness. Sin is lying in the name of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. Because, in fact, all sinners are originated from falsehood in the name of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:
قل إنما حرم ربي الفواحش ما ظهر منها وما بطن والإثم والبغي بغير الحق وأن تشركوا بالله ما لم ينزل به سلطانا وأن تقولوا على الله ما لا تعلمون
Say: "Rabbku only forbidden heinous deeds, both visible and hidden, and sin, violate human rights in defiance of right, (forbid) to Allah with something that God did not lose it and the proof for (forbidden) invent against Allah what ye know not. " [Al-An `am / 7:33].
Ibn al-Qayyim rahimahullah said: "God forbid say the name of God without the basic knowledge in the affairs of a fatwa or legal court. Including matters he categorizes the biggest bastard. Fact, put him in the first place.  Because the order matters that are forbidden in the paragraph above the at-ta'âli (of the order of low to worst ranking) .
Kuala Of A Disaster
Symptoms of this concern, obviously stemmed from the particular factor. Is not an event that just happens without cause. Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd rahimahullah point phenomena at-ta'âlum (smart ass) as a major factor. Namely, the nature feel more aware, feel have the capability to issue fatwas or answers, but the ability is still very far away and full of flaws.
Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd said rahimahullah: "Surely at-ta'âlum an entrance to 'speak in the name of God without scientific basis." Not only that, ta'âlum, singularity opinion, searching rukhshah, blind fanaticism: all that is doors that led to the crime saying the name of Allah without knowledge ". 
Berfatwa an important position. In this fatwa, someone tried to resolve the problems faced by a person or the public. Because of the strong influence of fatwa-giving actions, then no one should deliver fatwas except those who are already achieving specific scientific skills, not vain people. 
Experts Bid'ah Threatened By Verse
Imam Ibn Katsiir rahimahullah said: "Included in the context of this verse, that any person committing heresy" . The reason is obvious. Namely, they are adding to something with the thought that all they charge is part of the religion of Islam, after consider it as a good deed, but sharia does not say.
Serious Threats Against Perpetrators who Lying on behalf of God
When an action is either already occupies a very dangerous level, it would not be strange if the return is very heavy. To act a lie in the name of Allah Ta'ala to justify or proscribe recklessly, then Allaah has set a return as set forth in His Word:
إن الذين يفترون على الله الكذب لا يفلحون متاع قليل ولهم عذاب أليم
Indeed ... who invent a lie against Allah Nor lucky. (It was) a little pleasure, and for them a painful torment. [An-Nahl / 16:116-117].
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala deed conveying false threats to their name in the name of His laws syar'i. Also the statement about the case that is not forbidden "haram", or in case that is not lawful "is lawful." This verse is a description of Allah Ta'ala, that a servant should not say halal or haram, but after knowing that God justifies or mengharamkannya .
They will not prosper in this world and in the hereafter. And certainly Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala will reveal their infamy. Although they enjoy life in comfort in this world, but it's just an instant pleasure. Place them back is hell. There, for them a painful punishment. 
Say the Name of Allah Control Without Science
In the community, we can see a lot of scattered fatwas without justifiable grounds. Surprisingly, the people trying to help myself talk (argue) in the general sciences disciplines in the presence of the experts. Concretely, a non-physicians are not comfortable speaking in medical problems in the presence of a doctor. Or not the architects feel uncomfortable talking about architecture in the presence of an engineer. However, not witnessed a similar attitude in religious matters. The nature feel better knowing too obtrusive. And they believe in Allah hears all the words, Seer while removing legal, valuation or fatwa .
Opinions odd was raised. Sometimes even ridiculous, to really show how shallow her knowledge. Chaos has spread everywhere. So, the solution to "social problems" that is endemic and can not be taken lightly-which is also the solution to all problems is to instill a sense of fear of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala and increase levels of piety, and to form the mentality required to refrain from speaking or did not answer and did not issue a fatwa if it really does not know anything, or only half knew. And be understood, that it is God who has the right to establish and create (al-khalqu wal-Amr). There is no creator other than Him. None other than Shari'a Shari'a for His creatures. He is entitled to require something, mengharamkannya, advocate and justify.
Therefore, if someone asked did not know the problem, let the answer out loud shamelessly and said "I do not know, I do not know, ask someone else." Answers like this would indicate perfection intellect, kindness, faith and piety, and modesty before Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala .
Generation prudence Salaf in this issue 
In the past, scholars Salaf generation, they behave wara `(guard) in issuing a statement" it is halal and haram ", for fear of the paragraph above. In addition, it is to show their high manners in the presence of Allah and His Messenger, the right to determine the law of the human race, even though they knew or pengharamannya penghalalan proposition clearly.
Imam Maalik rahimahullah narrates the isnaad of Qabîshah bin Dzuaib, that there was a man who said to 'Uthman ibn' Affan radi anhu about two sisters whose previous status as a slave. 'Uthman radi anhu replied: "A menghalalkannya verse and other verses have mengharamkannya. As for me, do not like to do it" .
Imam al-Qurtubi rahimahullah narrates: ad-Darimi said in his Musnad: Aaron had told us of Hafs al-A'masy, he said: "I've never heard of Ibrahim (an-Nakha` i) said: '(It ) halal or haram, 'but he said (when menghukumi):' In the past, people did not like it. Or first, people love it '. " 
Ibn Wahb rahimahullah of Imam Malik rahimahullah said: "It is not the custom of people (now) or those who have passed, nor is the custom of people that I follow to say 'is halal, it is haram." They do not dare to do so. At that time, they just say nakrahu kadza (we do not like it), naraahu hasanan (we saw both), nattaqî hadha (we avoid it), WALA Nara Hadza (we do not view that way) ".
In another narration: "They do not say 'it halal or haram.' Have you not heard Allah says (which means):" Say: Explain to me about the fortune that Allah revealed to you, then you make some of haram and (some things) lawful. "Say : "What God has given you permission (about this) or you invent it against God?"-Qs. Yûnus/10 verse 59 - and then he said: "The halal is all that is permitted by Allah and His Messenger. Unlawful is all that is forbidden by Allah and His Messenger ".
In the book al-Umm, Imam Shafi'i rahimahullah used to say ahabbu ilayya, uhibbu, akrahu and other such lafazh-lafazh to assess a wide range of cases. Allaah knows best.
LESSONS OF VERSES
1. Haram halal and haram set unreasonably syar'i, qath'i and zhanni, except those already believed to be almost a forbidden thing.
2. Haram lie in the name of Allah Ta'ala.
3. People who lie in the name of God Almighty, it will not prosper in the Hereafter. While on earth, he will be afflicted by the humiliation.
4. Must maintain verbal and careful in speaking.
5. Experts heresy threatened with the paragraph above. Allaah knows best
1. Aisarut-Tafâsîr, Abu Bakr Jabir al-Jazairi, Maktabah 'Ulum wal-Hikam, Medina.
2. Al-Jami li Ahkâmil-Qur'an (Tafseer al-Qurtubi), Abu 'Abdillah Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Ansari al-Qurtubi, tahqiq:' Abdur-Razzaq al-Mahdi, the Darul-Kitâbil-'Arabi, Matter IV, Year 1422 H - 2001 AD
3. I'laamul Muwaqqi'în 'An Rabbil' alamin Ibn al-Qayyim, Verification: Abu 'Ubaidah bin Masyhuur Salmaan Hasan Alu Daar Ibn Jawzi, Ed. I, Th. 1423H.
4. Kitab ul-'Ilmi, Shaykh al-Uthaymeen, ats-Tsurayya, I, 1420H-1999M.
5. Ma'âlimut-Tanzil, Abu Muhammad al-Husayn ibn Mas'ud al-Baghawi, Verification and Takhrîj: Muhammad 'Abd an-Namr,' Uthman Dhumairiyyah Gomaa, and Sulaiman al-Kharsy Muslim, Dar Thaibah, Year 1411 H .
6. Tafsîrul-Qur `anneal-'Azhîm, al-Hafiz Abul-Fida Isma'il ibn' Umar ibn Kathir al-Qurasyi, Verification: Sami bin Muhammad as-Salama, Dar Thaibah, Matter I, Year 1422 H - 2002 AD
7. Taisîrul-Karîmir-Rahman 'Allamah Shaykh Abdur-Rahman bin Nasir as-Sa'di, Dar al-Mughni, Riyadh, Ed. I, Th. 1419 H - 1999 AD
[Transcribed from magazines Sunnah 06-07/Tahun Edition XII / Ramadan 1429/2008M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]
All Hell Will Entering
Ustadz Asim bin Mustafa, Lc
وإن منكم إلا واردها كان على ربك حتما مقضيا ثم ننجي الذين اتقوا ونذر الظالمين فيها جثيا
And no one among you who do not come to him (hell). It's for your Lord is a provision that has been set. Then We will rescue those who fear Allah and let people zhalim in the (Hell) is on his knees. [Maryam/19: 71-72]
EXPLANATION OF VERSES:
This verse (first paragraph) is a news story from Allaah to all beings; nice people pious nor ungodly, believers and unbelievers. Each person will go to hell. This has been the provision of Allah Almighty and His promise to His servants. There is no doubt about the occurrence of the event. Allah Almighty will surely happen. 
To note, the commentators Scholars disagree about the sense of the word al-wurûd  (go to hell) in the verse. Some scholars assert, that hell be presented in the presence of all creatures, so that everyone will feel fear. After that, Allah Almighty save the Muttaqin (righteous people). Or according to another interpretation, all creatures will enter it. Although the believers enter it, but hell will be cool and safety for them. In addition, there are other interpretations that interpret the approaching inferno. And there has been suggested that the intention is to heat loss experienced by the believers when suffering from heat illness. 
Shaykh 'Abdul Muhsin said that the most popular interpretation of the above verse there are two opinions. First, all into hell, but they (the believers) do not experience danger. Second, they all passed shirath (bridge) in accordance with the levels of charity shalehnya.Jembatan is spread over the surface of Hell. So, people who are said to have come through hell. This interpretation rahimahullahdari quoted Ibn Kathir Ibn Mas'ood radi 'anhu. 
Of these two opinions, Imam Ibn Abil 'Izzi rahimahullah (d. 792 H) considers that the second opinion that is the most powerful and râjih. He said: "The scholars differ about the interpretation of al-wurûd understanding God's Word Letter Maryam verse 71, where the opinion is right? Opinions of the most obvious and more powerful is crossing shirath. "
To strengthen this argument, Imam Ibn Abil 'Izzi rahimahullah berhujjah the next verse (QsMaryam/19: 72) and the hadith narrated by Imam Muslim rahimahullah in the book Shahihnya no. 6354. Narrated by Imam Muslim rahimahullah isnaad from Umm Mubasysyir radi 'anha, he heard the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said while next to Hafsah radi 'anha, "No one of the people who have berbaiat under the tree (to participate in Hudaibiyah treaty, red) will go to hell ". Hafsah (wondering) said, "They will enter it, O Messenger of Allah". The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was remonstrated. Hafsah radi 'anha postulated by reading the verse (which means): "And no one among you who did not come to him (hell). It's for your Lord is a provision that has been set. (On hearing this) the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam then (seated problems while) said, "Indeed Allah has said afterwards: Then We shall save those who fear Allah and let people zhalim in the (Hell) is on his knees)" .
After set forth above hadith, Imam Ibn Abil 'Izzi rahimahullah said that he (the Messenger) sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam hinted (in the hadith) that the intent alwurûd (go to hell) should not enter it. So is the survival of (someone) from danger he should not have experienced. However, with the condition (tiles) that occurred was enough (then he survived the threat of it). Whoso pursued by enemies who want to kill him, but the enemy was not able to catch it, so for people who do not get caught it could be said: God has saved him. Therefore, Allah Almighty says what means:
ولما جاء أمرنا نجينا هودا
And when Allaah We came, We saved Hud ... [HUD / 11:58],
فلما جاء أمرنا نجينا صالحا
So when the decision We came, We saved Saleh ... [HUD / 11:66]
ولما جاء أمرنا نجينا شعيبا
So when the decision We came, We saved Shoaib [HUD / 11:94]
Punishment of Allaah is not meted out to them, but they happened to someone other than if there is no safety factors that Allah Almighty bestowed to them in particular, will torment will befall them as well. Similarly, understanding al-wurûd (go to hell), meaning those people will go through the hell of the shirath. Then Allah Almighty save those who do right and let the people in a state of injustice in hell knees "
In line with the above description, formerly Imam Nawawi rahimahullah (d. 676 AH) also amplifies the meaning across shirath. He rahimahullah said in explaining the hadith of Umm Mubasysyir radi 'anha: "Really, I mean al-wurûd (came) in the verse is through shirath. Shirath is a bridge that spans the hell. The dwellers of the Fire will fall in it. Meanwhile, in addition they will be safe. " 
In the book of al-Jawâbuss Saheeh (1/228), Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah also merâjihkan rahimaullah understanding al-wurûd by crossing shirath . Shaykh Abu Bakr al-Jazairi Hafizhahullah also chose this opinion in his commentary .
HAPPY PEOPLE ACROSS cautious shirath
Pious charity will be very influential in the process of passing this shirath. The more charitable pious person in the world, it will be faster in the cross. Almighty Allah save those who fear Him according to their deeds.
Shaykh as-Sa'di rahimahullah said: "People across it in accordance with amaliahnya levels (in the world). Some passed as quickly as a wink, or the wind, running as fast as the speed of trained horses and cattle fleeing. Most (cross) with berlarilari, walking and crawling. Others struck and plunged fall in hell. Each according to piety. Therefore, Allah Almighty says what means "Then We will rescue those who fear (Allah by His command and run away from his ban) and let people zhalim (which menzhalimi themselves with disbelief and vice) in the (Hell) is on his knees. "
May Allah k with grace and love pleasing save us all from hell.
LESSONS FROM THE VERSES:
1. Containing imposing an obligation faithful existence of hell.
2. Determination of liability shirath faith.
3. Determination of certainty crossed the bridge over hell.
4. Decree of Allah Almighty inevitable.
5. People fear will be saved from the torment of Hell.
6. People fâjir (evil) will perish because of their shirk and immoral.
Allaah knows best.
[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 09/Tahun XIII/1430H/2009M. Published Lajnah Foundation Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo - Solo Purwodadi Gondanrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858197]