Monday, December 31, 2012



Ustadz Abu Ihsan al-Atsari

Dien fanatic Islam has banned all forms of vandalism against nature, vandalism either directly or indirectly. The Muslims, should be in the forefront in protecting and preserving the environment. Therefore, every Muslim should understand the foundations of environmental conservation. Since the preservation of the environment is the responsibility of all human beings as bearers of a mandate to inhabit the earth is Allah Almighty.

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala has prohibited acts harmful to the environment because it could endanger human life on earth. Because we live in this earth belongs to Allah Almighty and we are only mandated to occupy it until the time limit specified Almighty Allah. Therefore, man must not be arbitrarily explore nature without thinking about consequences arise.

Allah Almighty says:

تلك آيات الله نتلوها عليك بالحق وما الله يريد ظلما للعالمين

That the verses of Allah Almighty. We recite these verses correctly and Nor unto Allâh willed to persecute his servants. [Ali Imran / 3:108]

Allah Almighty created the universe is not without purpose. Nature is a means for people to carry out their basic tasks that are created jinn and human purpose. Nature is a place of worship only to Allah alone. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

الذين يذكرون الله قياما وقعودا وعلى جنوبهم ويتفكرون في خلق السماوات والأرض ربنا ما خلقت هذا باطلا سبحانك فقنا عذاب النار

(Ie) Those who remember Allah, standing, sitting or lying down in the state and they think about the creation of the heavens and the earth (saying), 'Our Lord, Nor You created this in vain, thou holy Maha, the guard us from the torment of hell. [Ali Imran / 3:191]

Islamic law very concerned about the preservation of nature, albeit in jihad fi sabilillah. The Muslims are not allowed to burn and cut down a tree without a clear rationale and purposes.

Damage to nature and the environment that we see today is a result of human actions. Allah Almighty says His Word:

ظهر الفساد في البر والبحر بما كسبت أيدي الناس ليذيقهم بعض الذي عملوا لعلهم يرجعون

Have seen the damage on land and sea because of what the hands caused human being, so that Allâh feel to them partly from (due to) their actions, so that they come back (to the right). [Ar-Rûm/30: 41]

Ibn Kathir rahimahullah said in his commentary, "Zaid ibn Rafi 'said,' It seems the damage," meaning it did not rain on the land and in the oceans resulting famine that struck the animals. "

Mujahid rahimahullah said, "If the person in charge and he is doing injustice injustice and damage, then Allah Almighty will keep out the rain so, until the rice shattering and his descendants. Verily Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala does not like destruction. "Mujahid rahimahullah Then read the paragraph above.

But, if the damage was caused by human actions only damaging the environment or exploring nature arbitrary or also due to kufr, shirk and disobedience are they doing? The answer is both.

Ibn Kathir rahimahullah has explained in his commentary: "The meaning of the word of Allah (which means)" It has been apparent damage on land and sea because of actions by human hands, "the lack of fruits and plants due to disobedience. Abul 'Aliyah said, "Whoever sinner to Allah on earth, then he has done damage to him. Out of the goodness of the earth and the sky is the obedience. Therefore, if the Prophet 'Isa down at the end of time, he will arbitrate with the pure Shari'a is at that time. He will kill the swine, break the cross and remove the jizyah (tribute) so there is no choice but to convert to Islam or fought. And in those days, when Allah had destroyed the Antichrist and his followers, and Gog and Magog, it was said to the earth, "Take out the blessings." So a pomegranate can be eaten by a large group of people and they can take shelter in the shade of his skin . And able to meet a bunch of camel milk man. All of that is not due to the application of Shari'a blessing Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. Then whenever justice is done, there will be many are the blessings and goodness. Because that's mentioned in the hadeeth, which means, "Verily, when an evil person dies, will the servants, cities, trees and creeping sense of tranquility." [1]

One proof that Islam is very concerned about the natural environment is the commands of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to eliminate interference from the path he took as a branch of the faith, order him to plant trees tomorrow despite doomsday. Besides, we have been keeping people's lives around us. Is not one tree is allotted for two people?

The government ordered people entitled to plant trees. Al-Qurtubi said in his commentary, "Farming includes fard kifaya. Imam (ruler) obliged urged people to plant and which convey the same, such as planting trees." [2]

Even to motivate his people to plant trees so fond he said:

ما من مسلم غرس غرسا فأكل منه إنسان أو دابة إلا كان له به صدقة

Any Muslim who plants a tree and there are people or animals who have eaten of the tree, will be written for him as a reward of charity. [3]

Even the trees that will be an asset to her reward after death will continue to drain reward for him.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

سبع يجري للعبد أجرهن و هو في قبره بعد موته: من علم علما أو أجرى نهرا أو حفر بئرا أو غرس نخلا أو بنى مسجدا أو ورث مصحفا أو ترك ولدا يستغفر له بعد موته.

Seven cases the reward will continue to flow for a servant after him and be in his grave. (Seven is) the one who teaches science, drain the water, digging wells, planting palm trees, build mosques, Manuscripts bequeathed or leave children beg forgiveness for him after his death. [4]

Cutting down trees, forested land, dispose of waste into the river, burning the rice fields and other obvious damage, including acts of nature that can be catastrophic for mankind. Flash floods, smog, global warming are some of the consequences. But we realize that the destruction of nature is not only because of real factors like that. Kufr, shirk and disobedience also has a role in exacerbating the destruction of nature. Is not the great flood that hit the Noah Alaihissallam caused disbelief and their rejection of Noah preaching Alaihissallam? Are not the people of Lut earth reversed so that the bottom and the bottom becomes a top disobedience because they do?

Instead, faith, obedience, and justice also plays for good and blessing the earth.

Ibn al-Qayyim rahimahullah said, "Among the bad influence of the earth's sins which are many earthquakes and landslides on earth as well as elimination of blessing. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam never passed the village Thamud, he forbade them (the Companions) through the village except by crying. He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam also forbids them to drink water, the wells draw, until he was ordered to use the water they bring to knead wheat. Because adultery Thamud has affected water in there. As well as the effects of sin result in reduced fruit yield.

Imam Ahmad had mentioned in Musnadnya, he said, "has been found in the warehouse of the Umayyads the size of a grain of wheat a date. Wheat was found in a bag that reads, "Seed wheat is grown in the justice is done."

Most of the casualties were inflicted Almighty Allah to man today is due to sin they do.

Some parents in the desert has told me that they had found the fruits of a lot bigger than the fruits they are now. "[5]

Perhaps no one asked if sinners who had nothing to do with nature can also destroy nature? The answer is, yes can. Is not Black Stone blackened adultery committed by humans? Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

نزل الحجر الأسود من الجنة أشد بياضا من الثلج, فسودته خطايا بني آدم

Black Stone came down from heaven the color whiter than snow, then turned black because of the sins of the children of Adam. [6]

That the influence of sin and sinners! Black Stone which came down from heaven in a state of pure white, whiter than snow could be blackened by sin. This proves that sin and sinners also give effect to the changes that occur in nature.

If people do not immediately return to the religion of Almighty Allah, the Sunnah of His Prophet, the blessings would be turned into a disaster. Showers are true, Allah sent down to bring blessings on earth, but because of human activity itself, the rain just bring disasters to human beings. Floods, landslides and various disasters occur when the rainy season arrives. Even in places that normally do not flood now being flooded!

Did people would notice? People are too selfish or self-seeking without going to realize the importance of maintaining the natural surroundings we will pass on to future generations!?

Almighty Allah gave man the responsibility to prosper this earth, to set a good living environment and orderly. And Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala will demand responsibility in the Hereafter.

Therefore, we as Muslims should understand the importance of preserving the environment. They had an obligation to preserve the universe.

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

ولا تفسدوا في الأرض بعد إصلاحها

And do not make mischief on the earth after (Allah) to fix it. [Al-A'raf / 7:56]

Ibn Kathir rahimahullah explains this verse as follows, "The Word of Allah Almighty (which means-red), 'And do not do mischief on the earth, after (Allah) to fix it.' Allah forbids acts of vandalism and the things that harm nature, after repair it. Because if various kinds of affairs are going well after the destruction that happens, then it is more dangerous to mankind. Therefore, Allah Almighty forbade and ordered His servants in order to worship, pray, and submit and humble ourselves to Him. "

Indeed, the reason that Allah Almighty bestowed, exaggerating man from other creatures. We are more precious than animals. Try to see, animals only have awareness of maintaining the balance of nature and the environment, and whether we as humans just destroy it? Ye shall do no damage after Allâh fix it! So we have a great responsibility to maintain the balance of nature and the environment for the welfare of human life on this earth. Is not Allah Almighty has said:

والأرض مددناها وألقينا فيها رواسي وأنبتنا فيها من كل شيء موزون

And We have spread out the earth and made him the mountains and we grow therein all things with a measure. [Al-Hijr/15: 19]

Yes, it's all there in size, all the existing rules. Almighty Allah has created everything in such a detailed and organized.

Ibn Kathir rahimahullah said, "Then Allah Almighty says that He who created the earth, membentangnya, making it widely and spread, making thereon mountains standing tall, valleys, land (plains), sand, and various grow- plants and fruits accordingly. Ibn 'Abbaas anhu said about the word of Allah Almighty "Everything with the size" Mauzun means unknown size (proportional and balanced). A similar opinion was also expressed by Sa'id ibn Jubayr, 'Ikrimah, Qatadah and other scholars. Among the scholars there that says, "means a predetermined size." While Ibn Zayd said, "The point is of any thing that is weighed and determined its size."

In another verse Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala describes the hydrologic cycle to be one of the most important elements for the survival of living beings on earth.

Allah Almighty says:

الله الذي يرسل الرياح فتثير سحابا فيبسطه في السماء كيف يشاء ويجعله كسفا فترى الودق يخرج من خلاله فإذا أصاب به من يشاء من عباده إذا هم يستبشرون

God, he who sends the wind, and the wind was moving the clouds spread across the sky and Allah desired by him, and make lumpy; then you See the rain out of the cracks, so if it's raining down on His servants that pleases, suddenly they become excited. [Ar-Rûm/30: 48].

That process of change created to maintain sustainability (sustainability) of the earth. This process is known as the hydrologic cycle, including evaporation, condensation, precipitation and water flow into rivers, lakes and seas.

This obligation is carried out in a run Shari'a of Allah Almighty on earth, prosper with monotheism and Sunnah. While continuing to raise awareness that we are not alone live on earth. There are beings other than Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'alaainnya us around us.

And also to steer clear of disbelief, polytheism and immorality. Because of sin and sinners will encourage people to destroy and pollute nature with their immoral stains. This is what they actually do not understand the purpose of the creation of the universe.

1. al-Qur'ân al-Karim.
2. Umdatut Tafsir Ibn Kathir.
3. Tafsir Tabari.
4. al-FAWAID, Ibn al-Qayyim.
5. Sahih al-Bukhari.
6. Sahih Muslim.
7. Riyadhus Righteous, an-Nawawi.

[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 01/Tahun XIV/1431H/2010M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]
[1]. Bukhari (6512).
[2]. Tafsir al-Qurtubi (III/306).
[3]. Bukhari (6012).
[4]. Classed as saheeh by al-Albani in Sahih al-Jami '(3602) from Anas.
[5]. al-FAWAID, p. 65.
[6]. Reported by at-Tirmidhi (I/166), Ibn Khuzaimah (I/271) and dishahihkan by al-Albani in Silsilatul Ahâdîtsis Shahîhah (2618).


Ustadz Abdullah bin al-Buthoni MA Taslim

Most people living in this day and age, only makes matters born visible as a barometer to judge the events happening around them. This is an effect of the dominance of the world of lust and love in them.

They are not driven to understand the essence of all these events, because they do not have a strong belief in the supernatural matters (not visible) and they forget about the eternal life in the hereafter.

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

يعلمون ظاهرا من الحياة الدنيا وهم عن الآخرة هم غافلون

They only know the birth (apparent) of the life of the world, whereas the (life) Hereafter they neglect [ar-Rûm/30: 7]

As an obvious example, in understanding the meaning of corruption in the earth that was sticking out lately. Today, many people, not even the Muslims, meaning mischief in the land is only limited to things that appear, such as natural disasters, fires, the destruction, infectious disease epidemic, floods, global warming and so forth. They forget the damage was not more severe visible bad effects. And this is the greatest damage and fatal consequences. Damage that is the cause of the damage on the surface of the earth.

Allah Jalla Jalaluhu said:

ظهر الفساد في البر والبحر بما كسبت أيدي الناس ليذيقهم بعض الذي عملوا لعلهم يرجعون

Have seen the damage on land and at sea-inflicted hand (immoral) [1] of man, so that Allâh feel to them some of the (result of) their deeds, that they come back (to the right) [ar-Rûm/30: 41]

In this noble verse, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala states that the main cause of all the damage [2] that occur on earth in all its forms is bad and immoral actions by humans. This suggests that the sins which are the core actual damage and a major source of defects that appear on the face of the earth.

Imam Abul 'Aliyah ar-Riyâhi [3] says, "Those who engage in immoral to Allah on earth means he has committed mischief on the earth, because the earth and the sky because it's good with obedience (to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala-pent) "[4]
Imam ash-Syaukani rahimahullah when interpreting the above verse says, "(In this verse) Allah explains that the act of Shirk and immorality is the cause of the onset (range) damage in the universe" [5]

In another verse, Allah Azza wa Jallaberfirman:

وما أصابكم من مصيبة فبما كسبت أيديكم

And whatever misfortune befalls you it was caused by the act (sin) your own [asy-Syûra/42: 30]

Shaykh 'Abd as-Sa'di rahimahullah when interpreting this verse says, "Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala preach that all the calamities that befall humans, (both) on self, possessions or their children, as well as on what they like, do not Another reason is the bad deeds (immoral) they have done ... "[6]
No exception in this case, the accident and the "damage" that occurred in the household, such harmonious relationships between husband and wife, often quarrel, the main cause of all this is immoral acts committed by the husband or wife.

This is the meaning expressed in the words of one late Salaf who said, "It is (when) I adulterous to Allâh, then I saw (bad influence) such immoral acts on the wife's behavior ..." [7].

Hence also, Allah Almighty called hypocrites as those who do mischief on the earth, because of poor immoral deeds they did in opposing the Almighty Allah and His Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. Allah said:

وإذا قيل لهم لا تفسدوا في الأرض قالوا إنما نحن مصلحون ألا إنهم هم المفسدون ولكن لا يشعرون

And when it is said to them, "Do not make mischief on the earth!" They said, 'We are the people who made repairs "surety, they are the ones who make mischief, but they realize (Surat al-Baqara / 2:11-12).

Shaykh 'Abd as-Sa'di rahimahullah said, "Doing sinners on earth is a form of vandalism because such actions cause damage to what is in the earth, such as whole grains, fruits, trees and plants, so that the disease- due to immoral acts. (Other causes of actions called immoral destruction-red) is due to an improvement (which is the opposite of vandalism-red) on earth is done by earth prosper by obedience and faith in Allah Almighty. This is the purpose of Almighty Allah created man and placed them on earth, and bestow blessings to them in order to support them in carrying out the obedience and worship of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. If they commit acts contrary to the obedience to Allah (Allaah) means they have been trying to undermine and destroy the main purpose of the creation of the earth "[8].

Therefore, the death of the perpetrators of immorality is the major cause reductions in corruption in the earth. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam,

والعبد الفاجر يستريح منه العباد والبلاد والشجر والدواب

(Death) of a servant who fajir (many commit adultery) will make human, land, trees and animals apart (to avoid the damage inflicted-vice) [9]

Because of shirk (associating partners with Allah Almighty in worship) is the greatest sin in the Almighty Allah, the damage inflicted is also very large, even the act which is the main cause the greatest damage in the face of the earth.

Imam Qatadah [10] and as-Suddi rahimahullah rahimahullah said: "The damage (which is true) is shirk. This is the greatest damage "[11]
Similarly, the act of heresy. [12] All the calls for preaching contrary to the instructions the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, in fact the cause of the damage on the face of the earth. Because the guidance and the truth brought by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam is the only rule for the prosperity and welfare of the universe. So all religions appeal against his instructions is a major cause mischief in the land.
On that basis, Imam Abu Bakr ibn 'Ayyash al-Kufi [13] when asked about the meaning of the word Allah Jalla Jalaluhu:

ولا تفسدوا في الأرض بعد إصلاحها

And do not make mischief on the earth after (Allah) to fix it ... [al-A'raf / 7:56]

He said, "Verily, Allah Almighty sent the Prophet Muhammad to mankind n, (when) they are in a state of disrepair. Then Allah Almighty fix (state) them with (the instructions were taken) the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. So person who invites (men) to other than the instructions of the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam means he includes people who do mischief on earth "[14]

The main cause mischief in the land is immoral acts in all its forms. Therefore, the only way to repair the damage is to repent properly (nasûh) [15] and return to the path of Allah. Because repentance nasûh will eliminate all the negative effects of sin ever dilakuakan by someone.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said,

التائب من الذنب كمن لا ذنب له

People who have repented (seriously) from sin as those who have no sin (at all) [16]

This is the meaning implied in the word of Allah Azza wa Jalladi above,

ليذيقهم بعض الذي عملوا لعلهم يرجعون

Allah ... so feel to them as part of (due to) their actions, so that they come back (to the right) [ar Rûm/30: 41].

That is, in order that they repent of their deeds (immoral) which caused major damage (in their lives), so then they will be good condition and well-being [17]

In this case, the noble Companions, Umar Umar radi never said in his prayer, "O Allah, verily a catastrophe will not happen unless the (cause) of sin, and evil will not disappear unless the repentance (genuine ) ... "[18].

So, back to the instructions of Allah Almighty and His Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam way to learn, understand and practice it is a solution to eliminate corruption in the earth in all its forms, even replacing it with kindness, welfare and well-being. Because Islam is prescribed by Almighty Allah, the One who is most perfect knowledge and wisdom of His [19] for the good and welfare of human life. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا استجيبوا لله وللرسول إذا دعاكم لما يحييكم

O you who believe, fulfill the call of Allah and His Messenger calls to invite you to something that gives (benefit) [20] life for you "[al-Anfal / 8:24].

Imam Ibn al-Qayyim rahimahullah said, "(It shows) that the useful life can only be achieved by fulfilling the call of Allah and His Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. Anyone who does not meet the call of Allah and His Messenger, then he will not feel (happiness -ed) life, although he was still alive as animals the least (even). then the ultimate happy life is the life of those who fill the coffers of Allâh and His Messenger, physically and spiritually "[21].

In another verse Allah Jalla Jalaluhu said:

ولو أن أهل القرى آمنوا واتقوا لفتحنا عليهم بركات من السماء والأرض ولكن كذبوا فأخذناهم بما كانوا يكسبون

If it be the people of the faithful and devoted servants, we certainly bestowed upon them blessings of heaven and earth, but they belied (the verses of Us), then We seized them due to his actions [al-A'raf / 7:96]

That is, if only they believe in their hearts with true faith and evidenced by pious charity and devotion to the realization of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala and unseen by leaving all of his ban, then surely Allah will open (the doors) blessing in heaven and earth for them. Allah Almighty will drop heavy rain (the benefit) and grow crops for their livelihoods and animals (livestock) them. (They will live) in happiness and abundance, without any effort, fatigue and pain. But the (fact-red) they do not believe and fear Allah, Allah punished them because ultimately works (immoral) they "[22]
Therefore, those who seek redress in the face of the earth that in fact it is the people who call for humans to return to the guidance of Allah Azza wa Jalladan His Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, to teach and to spread monotheism and Sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam to mankind.

These are the people who created the welfare and prosperity of the universe and its contents, not least the animals on land and sea. They share in the goodness. So they always pray for favor from Allah for these people, as an expression of gratitude to them [23].

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

وإن العالم ليستغفر له من في السموات ومن في الأرض حتى الحيتان في الماء

Indeed, the learned (and taught science to humans) will always be pleaded forgiveness of his sin by all beings in the heavens (the angels) and on the earth, to the extent that (included) that there are fish in the sea .... [24]

This at once shows that the death of those magicians who always invites people to instruction of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala and His Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam is a sign of the emergence of havoc and destruction in people's lives. Since the death of them, will decrease the spread of knowledge monotheism and Sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in the midst of men. This is because the onset of damage and disaster in life.

In this case, the imam al-Hasan al-Basri rahimahullah [25] once said, "Death of the learned is leakage (damage) in Islam that can not be patched (improved) by anything during the day and night is continuously changing" [26] .

Hopefully this article useful for Muslims to invite them to always get back to the guidance of Allah Azza wa Jalladan His Messenger, which is a source of goodness and happiness are essential to them.

[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 01/Tahun XIV/1431H/2010M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]
[1]. See Tafsir al-Qur'ânil 'Azhîm Ibn Kathir (3/576).
[2]. Because the letters alif and lam in early word meaning lil istigrâq al facade that gives meaning all or all-red
[3]. He was Rufai 'ar-Riyâhi bin Mihran (d. 90 AH). A senior Tabi'in a trusted narrate the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. See Taqrîbut Tahdheeb p. 162
[4]. Quoted by Imam Ibn Kathir in his tafsir (3/576).
[5]. Fathul Qadir (5/475)
[6]. Rahman Karîmir Taisîrul p. 759
[7]. Quoted by Ibn al-Qayyim in the book ad-Dawa Dâ'u Wad 'p. 68th
[8]. Rahman Karîmir Taisîrul p. 42
[9]. HSR al-Bukhari (6512) and Muslim (no. 2245)
[10]. He is Qatadah bin Di'âmah as Sadûsi al-Basri (d. after 110 years H). He is a priest of the Tabi'in a very reliable and robust in the hadith narrated the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam (see the Book of Taqrîbut Tahdheeb, p. 409).
[11]. Quoted by Imam al-Qurtubi in his interpretation of 14/40
[12]. Namely invent something new in religion that are not exemplified by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.
[13]. He is a priest of the senior tabi'in Atba'ut, a religious expert and trusted in the hadith narrated the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam (d. 194 H). View the book Taqrîbut Tahdheeb p. 576
[14]. Ibni Tafsir Abi Hatim ar Razi (6/74) and ad Durrul Mantsûr (3/477).
[15]. That is true repentance and genuine, so take away sins ago
[16]. HR. Ibn Majah no. 4250 and ath-Tabaraani in al-Kabir Mu'jamul no. 10 281 and declared hasan by Ibn Hajar, and Shaykh al-Albani. See adh-Dha'îfah no. 615
[17]. Rahman Karîmir Taisîrul p. 643
[18]. Quoted by Imam Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani in Fathul Bari (3/443).
[19]. Wisdom is to put everything into place. It comes from the perfection of science Subahnahu Almighty Allah, Rahman Karîmir see Taisîrul book (p. 131).
[20]. See Tafsir Ibn Kathir (4/34).
[21]. al-Fawâ-id (pp. 121 - cet. Muassasatu Ummil Qura ').
[22]. Taisîrul Karîmir Rahman (p. 298).
[23]. View the book Miftâhu Daris Sa'adah (1/64) and Faidhul Qadir (4/268).
[24]. HR at-Tirmidhi (no. 2682) and Ibn Majah (no. 223), declared saheeh by Shaykh al-Albani.
[25]. He was al-Hasan ibn abil Hasan Yasar al-Basri (d. 110 AH), a priest and a luminary of the tabi'in. See the book "Taqriibut tahdziib" (p. 160).
[26]. Reported by Ad-Darimi priest in the book "as-Sunan" (no. 324) with a saheeh isnaad.


Ustadz Al-Yazid bin Abdul Qadir Jawas

ولا تفسدوا في الأرض بعد إصلاحها وادعوه خوفا وطمعا إن رحمت الله قريب من المحسنين

And do not do mischief on the earth, after the (invented) well. Berdo'alah Him with fear and anticipation. Verily Allah's grace is very close to those who do good. [Al-A'raf / 7:56]

In explaining the purpose of this paragraph, Abu Bakr ibn 'Ayyash rahimahullah (d.. 194 H) said, "Verily Allah Almighty sent the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam to the inhabitants of the earth when they were in damage, then Allah Almighty fix sending them to the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. So whoever invited to something contrary to what is brought by Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, he actually includes people who make mischief in the land. "[Tafsir Ibn Abi Hatim al-Razi 4/124 cet. Pole Darul al-'Ilmiyyah]

Abu Ja'far Tabari rahimahullah (d.. 310 H) said, "The purpose of the word of Allah Almighty:

ولا تفسدوا في الأرض بعد إصلاحها

Thou shalt not associating Allah is Almighty, and shalt not commit adultery on earth, because it acts like it is the real vandalism on earth.

بعد إصلاحها, ie, after the earth is Allah's fix for those who obey Allah Almighty, by sending the apostles to those who call to the truth, and describes a proof-proof to them. "

وادعوه خوفا وطمعا ikhlaskanlah all the prayers and charity only to Allah Almighty, and do not associate him with anything like gods, idols and more. As well as all that you ought to do it based on the fear of punishment and hope of his reward. "[Tafsir Tabari 5/515 cet. Pole Darul al-'Ilmiyyah].

Ibn al-Qayyim rahimahullah (d.. 751 H) said, "The majority of commentators say, do not make mischief on the earth by doing immoral deeds and encourage obedience to Allah Almighty except after Allah Almighty sent the apostles fix and explained that the Shari'a and to encourage obedience to Allah Almighty. For verily worship besides Allah, other than pray to Him and commit shirk Him is the greatest damage on earth. Even the destruction of the earth is in fact caused by Shirk to Allah and violate His commandments.

Thus shirk, praying to other than Allah Almighty, glorifying god besides Him and obey besides the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam is the greatest damage on earth. All this is not at all for the good of the earth and also to residents unless Allah, the only One who ibadahi and obey them, ask Him and obedience to other than Almighty Allah, then obey and follow His Messenger ( instructions) it, not others. Creatures other than the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam must be obeyed only when called for obedience to the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam, but if the voice advocating immoral deeds and things that violate Shari'a him, then he should not be heard and obeyed.

Whoever attention to natural conditions, then he will see that any goodness in this world stem from tauhidullâh (mentauhidkan Allah Almighty), worship Him and obey His Messenger. Conversely, every crime, defamation, plagues, droughts, enemies rule over Muslims and other disasters, the cause is a violation of His Messenger, and called on other than Allah and His Messenger. "[Badâi'ul FAWAID, p. 385, tahqiq Bashir 'uyun and also see pp. interpretations Badâi'ut 1/404 by Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jauziyyah, collected by Yusra as-Sayyid Muhammad].

Al-Hafiz Ibn Kathir rahimahullah (d.. 774 H) explains this verse, "Allah Almighty prohibit destructive behavior and the things that harm, after Almighty Allah make improvements in the face of the earth. Because if a wide range of affairs has been going well and after that there is damage, then this condition is more dangerous to mankind. Thus, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala forbade it, and ordered his servants in order to worship, pray, humble ourselves to Him and humble ourselves before Him. Therefore, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says (which means-ed), "... Pray to Him with fear and full of hope ..." That is, the fear of the punishment of Allah Almighty and hope to achieve the reward of abundant His side.

Then Allah says (which means): "... Verily Allah's mercy is very near to those who do good." Allah uses the word قريب   and not قريبة (even though it was for muannats رحمة words, should the language to use قريبة-ed) , as described is the content of the sentence mercy tsawâb (reward), or because it was leaning to the word mercy of Allah Almighty. Therefore, Allah said:

إن رحمت الله قريب من المحسنين

Verily Allah's grace is very close to the people who do good [Tafsir al-Qurânil 'Azhîm 3/429, tahqiq Sami bin Muhammad Salama, cet. Fourth Darut tayyibah th. 1428 H].

FAWAID this paragraph
From the above, we can take some faidah [1]:

1. Do not do mischief on earth by doing Shirk, vice and other damage.

2. Indeed, it is immoral acts corrupts, charity and sustenance

3. The apostles were sent to improve life on earth

4. Should pray to Allah Almighty with sincerity, because prayer is worship

5. Charity and prayed to Allah Almighty be based in fear and anticipation

6. It is advisable to do ihsan (doing good)

[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 01/Tahun XIV/1431H/2010M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]
[1]. Taisir Karîmir Rahman fi Tafsîri Kalâmil Mannan by Sheikh Abdurrahman as-Sa'di t and Aisarut tafâsîr by Sheikh Abu Bakr Jabir al-Jazairi and other books).


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