Wednesday, April 17, 2013

APPEAL MEETS hasten Almighty GOD AND HIS APOSTLE




APPEAL MEETS hasten Almighty GOD AND HIS APOSTLE

By
Ustadz Muhammad Asim Musthofa



يا أيها الذين آمنوا استجيبوا لله وللرسول إذا دعاكم لما يحييكم واعلموا أن الله يحول بين المرء

O you who believe, fulfill the call of Allah and the Apostle calls when the apostle calls you to a life-giving to you, and know that Allah actually limit between man and his heart, and verily to Him you shall be gathered [Al-Anfal / 8: 24]


Interpretation VERSE
Fulfilling obligations call Allah And His Apostle

يا أيها الذين آمنوا استجيبوا لله وللرسول إذا دعاكم لما يحييكم

O you who believe, fulfill the call of Allah and the Apostle calls when the apostle calls you to a life-giving to you,

On this verse, Allah Almighty commanded His servants the believers through faith that is in them., The command to istijâbah (fill the coffers of) Allah Almighty and His Messenger. That is, they should be subject to court ordered and hasten to run it, as well as mendakwahkannya, and stay away from things that are prohibited from Allâh and His Messenger and refrain from the case. [1]

Imam Tabari rahimahullah said, "Fill seruah Allâh and His Messenger to run the practice ketaataan if the Apostle calls you to something that gives life to you in the form of al-haqq (truth)". [2]

While Imam al-Bukhari rahimahullah said, "(Fill call and the call Rasul Allah if ye call Apostle) to fix something (state) you"

All calls Almighty Allah and His Messenger have content that can turn your heart and soul. It is because of his heart and soul not caused by 'ubudiyyatullâh (self servitude to Allah Almighty), always obedient to Him, obey His Messenger continuously. [3]

Turning Dangers Of Appeals Allah Azza Wa Jalla and His Messenger

واعلموا أن الله يحول بين المرء وقلبه

and know that Allah actually limit between man and his heart

Furthermore, Allah Almighty warned of the dangers of refusing or harass action commands of Allah Almighty and His Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. Command that orders welcome hasten Almighty Allah and His Messenger to anticipate the moment the possibility of a servant can not do it because Allah Almighty had obstructed liver to submit. Either by faktar death [4] as well as liver damage or misguided as a result of immoral acts and attitudes i'râdh (unwillingness to obey). In the end, it would be like to experience change and loss sensivitasnya view, does not know the good and not deny munkar, or hate the good and love evil. [5]

When a person turns away from the call of Allah Almighty, while the condition is very supportive, it is not how long the Almighty Allah would hinder his heart so do not get taufik to respond to the call of Allah even want it. It was none other than due to the adverse effects of attitude that is turning on them in the beginning. Listen to the word of Allah Almighty:

فلما زاغوا أزاغ الله قلوبهم

So when they turned away (from the truth), Allah turned their hearts [ash-Shaff/61: 5]

Imam al-Bukhari rahimahullah narrated from Abu Sa'eed ibn al-Mu'alla radi 'anhu: he said: "Once I was praying. Then past me and called me, but I did not meet until I finish panggilnannya prayers. (After the prayer), recently I went to him. He said, "What prevented you to come?. Is not Allah says: "O you who believe, fulfill the call of Allah and the Apostle calls when the apostle calls you to a life-giving to you". Then he said, "I would really teach you the greatest letter in al-Qur` an before you exit (the mosque). Rasulullah walked out. I was reminded. He said, "(Letter of the greatest in the Qur` an) is Alhamdulillahi Rabbil 'Alamin. He is sab'ul MATSANI (Al-Fatiha) [HR. al-Bukhari no. 4647]

Imam as-Suyuti in al-Khashâish rahimahullah al-Kubra (2/253) said that the one praying chapter ..... he must fulfill the calling Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam when menyerunya and it does not lead prayers void.

Maybe there will be people who are wondering with amazement [6], "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam had died and did not go back into the world again. He would not call any of us when we're working on prayer, why these texts remain delivered when there is no interest? "

So the answer is, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has denounced those who do not fulfill the call while he was in prayer, it is known there is no longer udzur for anyone who refused to comply with his orders and his brave menyelisih ban.

Given the importance of perseverance in obedience to Allah Almighty, in particular Shaykh 'Abdur Rahman as-Sa'di rahimahullah emphasized the importance of a believer appealed to Allah Almighty in order to establish and strengthen his heart upon his religion. He said [7], "It should be a servant to multiply prayer.

يا مقلب القلوب ثبت قلبي على دينك

O Essence Leafing turn of heart, courageous heart upon thy religion

يا مصرف القلوب اصرف قلبي إلى طاعتك

Leafing O Essence of hearts turn, condongkahlah my heart to obedience to Thy [9]

وأنه إليه تحشرون

And verily to Him you shall be gathered

Allah Almighty is very powerful for the human heart. K him more than to have the man himself. He shall place them back in the Day of Judgment. Almighty Allah will perfect all deeds reply. People who do good and those who returned his kindness repaid by ugliness ugly. Therefore, Imam Tabari said t, "But fear Him and merasalah always seen by him in all things which are commanded and forbidden, lest you waste. Cry Do not you reject His Messenger when you call to something that gives life to you. effect will bring His wrath and His punishment you get painful when gathered to Him in the Day of Judgment ". [10]

People who know that they will be collected in the presence of Almighty Allah, how could his reason be received, he always heard his appeal in the form of command or prohibition from him, but he let himself stay away from him [11]

LESSONS OF VERSES:
1. Liability respond to the call of Allah Almighty and His Messenger to run away from the command and prohibition, because it is a common factor of a Muslim life
2. Must take advantage of the opportunity to do good before missing
3. Pentinya invoke above determination of faith, because the heart is in the hands of Allah Almighty, Allah Almighty tossing and turning in accordance with His will. Allah knows best

[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 06/Tahun XIV/1431/2010M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]

IS IT TRUE PROPHET SULAIMAN ALAIHISSALLAM AND USE THE PROPHET MUSA ALAIHISSALLAM TALISMAN?

By
Ustadz Abdullah Zaen, Lc, MA


Alhamdulillah Wahdah wash shalâtu was salamu 'ala rasûlillâh.

Perhaps the above questions seem so strange, alien or maybe funny in the ear most readers, who have been getting guidance to know that pure faith and educated in the teachings. However, it is different if the reading are the ones that reliance on inanimate objects (read: fetish) and ingrained in him. To the extent that when someone tries to straighten it paganismenya belief, he will be very surprised with the jerks and understanding of the 'new', which is 180 degrees opposite of what he believed all along.

As social beings who interact with the surrounding community, not a strange thing if we are dealing with a variety of the above phenomenon. A Muslim is intelligent and has high morale to preach the truth which he had enjoyed, of course, always trying to prepare himself to face the kind of man who is very heterogeneous conceptual background and level of education.

As a religion that makes servitude to Allah Almighty as the ultimate goal, of course, Islam does not justify reliance slave to other than Allaah, let alone to inanimate objects such as amulets. However, there are still elements that irresponsible practice of trying to find a pretext to legalize the use of amulets. Among doubtful that they use is the story of Prophet Sulaiman Alaihissallam and ring, also Alaihissallam story of Moses and his staff, as well as their conclusions from both atrocities.

According to their assumption, ring and stick Alaihissallam Solomon Moses Alaihissallam, is an inanimate object that filled the power of Allah Almighty, the Prophet who used both. According to them, it is not shirk, because the objects only media intermediaries. Similarly, talismans, just its medium alone, in the form of inanimate objects that have been Allah Almighty fill power. Based on this analogy, its use is not regarded as an act of shirk. [1]

Although doubtful (doubt) over very weak, but not a few Muslims who consumed the doubtful. This fact shows how ignorance still surrounds them. One of the best steps to address the sad phenomenon that is the maximum possible effort to spread knowledge Sharai correct. This paper is expected is one form of contribution to these efforts.

Discussion on this subject is divided into two, namely:

DISCUSSION WITH THE STORY OF THE PROPHET SULAIMAN ALAIHISSALLAM ring
This strange story is mentioned in some literature interpretation, when entering the discussion about what it means to slander (test) which Allaah mentioned in His word,

ولقد فتنا سليمان وألقينا على كرسيه جسدا ثم أناب

It means: "Indeed We have tested Sulaiman and we put a body on his throne. Then he repent". [Shâd/38: 34]

Editor of the story is quite long, the bottom line: "It is said that Prophet Solomon Alaihissallam married a woman much his love, his name Jarâdah.'s Just that he worshiped idols in the house of Solomon Alaihissallam, unbeknownst to him.

It is said that the power of Prophet Sulaiman Alaihissallam, either with regard to his kingdom and prophetic, located on the ring she was wearing. On a day when it was about to enter the small room, he left the ring to one of his wives; Aminah. Before he completed his business, Satan came disguised in the form of Solomon Alaihissallam and took the ring and then occupied the throne of Solomon Alaihissallam. So Solomon Alaihissallam losing strength, and change shape, and then expelled from the kingdom. The devil in power and 'overpower' the wives of Prophet Sulaiman Alaihissallam, sampaipun during their menstruation. Until finally Solomon Alaihissallam find ring back, the belly of a fish that he got from a fisherman where he works, etc. ". [2]

Comment On The Story Such Ulama:
The classic and contemporary expert commentary and besides them, convicting batilnya the story, adding that, this story is not over just isrâiliyyât (narrated tales of the Israelites) are vanity.
Here's their statement [3]:

1. Ibn Hazm rahimahullah (d. 456 H) asserts, "It's all superstition false stories and lies. Saheeh isnad is not at all". [4]

2. Al-Qadi 'Iyâdh rahimahullah (d. 544 H) said, "Sahih". [5]

3. Ibn al-Jawzi rahimahullah (d. 597 H) mentioned in the story above "is not valid and is not mentioned by people who trusted" [6].

4. Rahimahullah Al-Qurtubi (d. 671 H) commenting on the opinion of people who interpret the "test" with the story above, "This opinion is attenuated (the Ulama)" [7].

5. An-Nasafî rahimahullah (d. 710 H) asserts, "This includes sleaze (composed) of the Jews". [8]

6. Abu Hayyan rahimahullah (d. 745 H) recalled, "This story is not lawful to and including essays quoted the Jewish people and the zindiq" [9].

7. Ibn Kathir rahimahullah (d. 774 H) explains, "This includes isrâîliyyât [10], it seems to include lies the Children of Israel. Therefore in it there are many evil things" [11].

8. Rahimahullah al-Iji (d. 894 H) explains, "You know, there is no authentic hadith stating the details of the story. As for what is narrated from the salaf, most likely including isrâîliyyât". [12]

9. Abu al-Alusi ats-Tsanâ rahimahullah (d. 1270 H) said, "Allahu akbar! These lies are big and serious cases. Validity of this story attribution to Ibn Abbas radi 'anhu we do not accept" [13].

And many other comments are similar [14], we do not intentionally nukil all; worry too have an impact on the length of this paper.

As for the statement that says that most scholars sanad (line of narration) is the story of Ibn Abbas radi 'anhu up strong, as said by Ibn Kathir rahimahullah [15], Ibn Hajar al-' Asqalani rahimahullah [16] and as-Suyuti vol [17]; They would not deny the evil of this story. Suppose because it is saheeh sanad up to Ibn Abbas radi 'anhu, he is quoting the story of the vanity of People of the Book who converted to Islam [18]. So the story is not taken Ibn Abbas radi 'anhu from the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam. The evidence on another occasion, Ibn Kathir rahimahullah and as-Suyuti vol confirmed that the story includes isrâîliyyât superstition. [19]

Distinguish between the validity of the story penisbatan to someone with sleaze story itself. This difference can we analogy with misguided ideas that have sprung up in this era. Attribution to the creator thought it was legitimate, but the thought is misguided and vanity. [20]

Evil-Evil That Contained In Such Acts.
In addition to the questionable validity sanadnya story, the plot also contains the evil-evil consequences tarnish the sanctity of prophethood and other vanity beliefs:

1. Satan disguises in the form Nabiyullah.

2. Satan managed to 'overpower' wives Nabiyullah, even when they are menstruating!

3. Strength and prophetic Sulaiman Alaihissallam depending on the ring she was wearing and sourced from it. Would be immortal if the ring was there and would be destroyed if the ring is lost.

4.Perubahan Solomon Alaihissallam form.

5.Adanya the worship of idols in the house Nabiyullah [21].

Tafsir A Right To Section 34 Of Letters Above shad.
If we already know that the story of Prophet Sulaiman Alaihissallam with vanity ring, then the story is not worthy to serve as the interpretation of the verses of the Qur'ân. But the question arises, "such as whether the correct interpretation of the verse?".

The Ulama experts [22] states, the most appropriate interpretation for the "test" called the verse above, is the hadeeth narrated by Bukhari and Muslim:

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: "قال سليمان: لأطوفن الليلة على تسعين امرأة كلهن تأتي بفارس يجاهد في سبيل الله, فقال له صاحبه: قل إن شاء الله, فلم يقل إن شاء الله, فطاف عليهن جميعا فلم يحمل منهن إلا امرأة واحدة جاءت بشق رجل, وايم الذي نفس محمد بيده, لو قال إن شاء الله لجاهدوا في سبيل الله فرسانا أجمعون ".

From Abu Hurairah radi 'anhu, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said, "(In one day) Alaihissallam Solomon said," Tonight I will have sex with my wife ninety. Each (definitely) will give birth to male riders who would strive in the path of Allah Almighty. The angel said to her, "Tell God willing". But Solomon did not say inshaAllah k. Then he had sex with his wife all these, but none of them containing, except only one. Even then when maternity, baby just half body [HR. Bukhari and Muslim]

By Allah, Prophet Solomon Alaihissallam suppose to say inshaAllah; necessarily (be born ninety boys) are entirely horsemen who strive in the path of Allah "[23].

In conclusion: the story that says that the 'magic' of Solomon Alaihissallam sourced from the ring she was wearing, could not be accounted for, both in terms of sanad and plot. So automatic, can not serve as a pretext for legalizing the use of fetish practices.

THE STORY OF THE PROPHET MUSA CRITICAL STUDY ALAIHISSALLAM with his cane
If the critical study of the story of Solomon and his ring Alaihissallam, more focused discussion on the validity of the story; critical study of the story of Moses and his staff Alaihissallam, do not go through a similar method. Because the story is not doubt its validity. Since nash story of Moses' cane usage Alaihissallam been mentioned in al-Qur'ân.

Our discussion this time will tend to criticize the istidlâl (conclusion) of the story, which is used by supporters of the use of amulets. It can be described as follows:

Erroneous Analogy People.
Keep in mind that the Prophet Moses Alaihissallam using the wand, based on command and revelation from Allah Almighty. As is clearly mentioned in the word of Allah Almighty:

فأوحينا إلى موسى أن اضرب بعصاك البحر فانفلق فكان كل فرق كالطود العظيم

It means: "And We revealed to Moses," Strike the sea with your staff ". Then split the seas, and every part of such a big mountain". [Ash-Syu'arâ / 26:63]

Also in the words of Allah Almighty others.

The question: "Is the amulet vendors said that Allah Almighty ordered them to wear amulets, as Allaah instructed Prophet Moses Alaihissallam to use his wand?"

If they answer, "Yes"; meaning they have rejected the arguments that are so vivid Sharai banned the use of amulets.

Conversely, if they say, "No"; hence their analogy about the use of amulets to use Moses' cane, categorized as a false analogy, because the conditions are different.

Please choose one of the above two answers, both of them are nothing but like eating fruit dilemma.

Which of the 'Miracle' Amulet Sourced?
They claim that the powers that be in the fetish comes from Allah Almighty; thus no problem utilizing the strength, is the claim that a purely lies on Allah Almighty. Because these amulets inanimate objects that did not have the strength. 'Miracle' claim that they are owned by the fetish is an illusion and delusion that they believe.

Suppose the amulet does have the power, the power that is not of God Almighty, but from the devil who is worshiped by the amulet makers, as a form of reciprocity on their worship of the demons.

The statement that there is strength and power in the amulet comes from God Almighty, is the wrong statement, except when viewed from the side providence of Allah Almighty and not of the Sharai. For God Almighty through His Apostles oral sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, has forbidden the use of amulets. So that the light of the law, he was hated, but in destiny, sometimes it could happen.

Is not Allaah has forbidden his servants to commit acts of magic in many verses? [24] Yet despite this, Allah Almighty willed the magic evil befall His servant the most noble, ie, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, [25] as it chooses wisdom!?

If Allaah wills to ordain the occurrence of something, then surely it will happen. But the will of the Almighty God, does not necessarily indicate that Allaah loves and is pleased with something that happened. This is the faith of Ahlus Sunnah in understanding the fate [26].

This belief is built on top of a lot of arguments Sharai. Among other things, the word of Allah Almighty:

من يشإ الله يضلله ومن يشأ يجعله على صراط مستقيم

Meaning: "Whoever Allah desired (in error); undoubtedly be misled him. And whoever God wills (to be guided); surely He is above making a straight path". [Al-An `am / 6:39]

And His words:

والله لا يحب الفساد

Meaning: "And Allah does not love mischief". [Al-Baqarah / 2:205]

The first paragraph shows that what God Almighty will happen, and what is not He will definitely not going to happen. The second paragraph indicates the existence of various things which Allaah hated, not loved and ridhai him. This proves the difference between the will to love and pleasure. [27]

The principle relationship with their claims that the powers that be in the fetish comes from Allaah, is that the amulet suppose it has the power that comes from God Almighty, then all it does not indicate that Allah Almighty be pleased and love the use of amulets . Because sometimes God Almighty ordained occurrence of something they do not really love. And this is one real example.

Follow Arguments Against Including Those With Ratio Theorem.
The talisman pretext users, can be categorized in the follow arguments against the proposition Sharai sheer sense. Because the arguments of al-Qur'ân and Sunnah have explained so clearly illegitimate use of amulets, even some of these actions sentence shirk. It would be naive if the arguments are countered with the argument Saheeh subterfuge!

Large pool of hadith that prohibits the use of amulets and diverse methods of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in the delivery, to the extent that these hadiths can be classified into several types [28]:

The first type: hadiths that mention verdict Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam against such acts as acts of shirk.

Among these types of hadith, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

من علق تميمة فقد أشرك

"He who hung the talisman; commit shirk means" [29].

The second type: hadiths that mention notice the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam Happenings breaking the help of God Almighty and His care of the amulet wearer.

Among these types of hadith, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

من تعلق شيئا وكل إليه

"Whoever hang things, be scary to him '. [30]

As-Suyuti outlined above hadith: "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam' used therein dependence" is an allusion to the lack of Almighty God's help for the people "[31].

The third type: hadiths that mention the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam prayed vices for people who wear amulets.

Among these types of hadith, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

من تعلق تميمة فلا أتم الله له, ومن تعلق ودعة فلا ودع الله له

"He who hung an amulet, may Allah not make it achieve what they want. And those who rely wada'ah (a type of talisman), may Allah not make himself calm" [32].

The fourth type: hadiths that mention, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam commanded the Sahaba to cut amulet that hung around the neck of cattle.

Among these types of hadith, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to the Companions:

أن لا يبقين في رقبة بعير قلادة من وتر أو قلادة إلا قطعت

"Do not be a necklace made of rope (fetish) camels left hanging in the neck, but cut" [33].

The fifth type: hadiths that mention affirmation of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam for anyone who dies in a state of fetish wear: and he shall not prosper forever.

Among the types of hadith, is the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam when he saw one of his companions fetish wear:

فإنك لو مت وهي عليك ما أفلحت أبدا

"If you die in a state still you wear this amulet; surely you are not lucky forever" [34].

The sixth type: hadiths that mention, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam distanced themselves from the people who wear amulets.

Among these types of hadith, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

يا رويفع لعل الحياة ستطول بك بعدي; فأخبر الناس أنه من عقد لحيته, أو تقلد وترا, أو استنجى برجيع دابة أو عظم; فإن محمدا صلى الله عليه وسلم منه بريء

"O Ruwaifi ', ​​it seems after my death, you will live long. Announce to the people, he who braiding his beard, or draping the rope (as a talisman), or beristinja with animal dung or bone; Muhammad sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam distanced themselves it "[35].

Look at the arguments Sharai very diverse delivery methods, so clearly indicate illicit use of amulets. Are all the above arguments and other arguments are similar to di'adu 'with sheer sense argument?! Do not they feel worried stricken threat Allaah:

فليحذر الذين يخالفون عن أمره أن تصيبهم فتنة أو يصيبهم عذاب أليم

It means: "Let those who violate orders His Messenger afraid will get overwritten trial or painful punishment". [An-Nûr/24: 63]

We close this paper by reflecting on reviews submitted ash-Syathibi (d. 790 H), when he describes how the people of this generation's best to address the arguments Sharai?

He recalled, "The Companions of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and the generation after them, never against the hadiths of the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam with their opinions. Neither they know the meaning or not, in line with what they know or do not . consequences submission That hadith of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. Let the person who likes to put forward something that is full of shortcomings-the-top sense something perfect-that statutes; take a lesson from it ". [36]

Allaah a'la wa ta'ala knows best. Allaah wa 'ala Alihi muhammadin wa' ala wa alihi shahbihi ajma'în.

City of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, Sunday 25 Rabi' al-Awwal 1430

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[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 02-03/Tahun XIII/1430H/2009M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]


AS-Samad, RULER OF THE ALMIGHTY THE PERFECT PLACE AND EVERYTHING DEPENDS

By
Ustadz Abdullah bin al-Buthoni Taslim, M.A



BASIS OF DETERMINATION
Name of Allah Almighty this glorious mentioned in the following verse:

قل هو الله أحد) 1 (الله الصمد

Say: He is Allah, the Almighty, Allah is al-Samad (Ruler of the Most Perfect and depend on Him all things) [al-Ikhlâsh/112 :1-2]

And in a hadith that is authentic, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said to the Companions of Allaah anhum: "Are you not able to read the third (of) al-Qur` an in one night? "So the Sahaba radi anhum feel it is very heavy that said: "Who among us is capable of (doing) that, O Messenger of Allah?". Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said: "(Surat) al-Wahid Allah (the Almighty) ash-Samad (Ruler of the Most Perfect and depend on Him all things) is (comparable to) a third al-Qur` an "[ 1].

ASH-Samad MEANING IN LANGUAGE
Ibn Faris says rahimahullah explained that the origin of this name indicates two meanings, one of which is al-qashdu (destination). That is, people who are called by the leaders of the target (referenced) in all affairs. Then Ibn Faris rahimahullah stated, "Allah the almighty glory is ash-Samad because all prayer and supplication directed his servant to Him" ​​[2].

Al-Fairuz Abadi rahimahullah explains that includes al-Samad is the meaning of the language is as-sayyid (leader) as always intended (used as reference), also means eternal and glorious [3].

Likewise Manzhûr rahimahullah mentions that Ibn al-Samad is the meaning intended and relied upon [4].

Meanwhile, Ibn al-Athir rahimahullah said, "The name Allah al-Samad means as-sayyid (ruler) that reached the top of omnipotence. Some say: that is the eternal almighty ... And some say: meaning is intended (by all creatures) in all their needs. "[5]

Therefore, the (formerly) the Arabs call their leaders 'ash-Samad' as a destination for people who have needs and (nature) in the pooled leadership (themselves) they "[6].

TRANSLATION OF NAME MEANING ASH-Samad
Imam Ibn Jarir Tabari rahimahullah in his tafsir [7] relates the testimony of a noble Companion, 'Abdullah bin' Abbas radi 'anhu, who said, "Ash-Samad is the master of the mighty power of His perfect, all-perfect glorious glory , the supreme majesty of His perfect, all-forbearing perfect politeness of his nature, rich maha perfect his wealth, mighty mighty mighty His perfect, all-knowing His perfect knowledge, perfect and all-wise wisdom / wisdom His. He is the perfect all-in all forms of glory and power. He is Allah, the holy of holies and the properties are only worth (destined) for him. "[8]

Furthermore, Imam Ibn al-Qayyim rahimahullah Jauziyyah explained, "al-Samad is the master of the perfect power. Therefore, the Arabs used to call their leaders by this name, because of the nature of the praiseworthy (collected) in those (figures) that ... So, ash-Samad is the One who addressed (relied upon) by the human heart in fear and hope (them), because of the nature of good and commendable (collected) him. Therefore, the majority of the Salaf scholars, of whom 'Abdullah bin' Abbas radi 'anhu said: "al-Samad is the perfect almighty ruler of his power ..." [9]

Similarly, Shaykh Muhammad al-Amin al-Syinqîthi rahimahullah said, "He is Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala single ruler, resting place of all the difficulties and needs, and He is the Most High Holy of (like) properties of creatures, such as eating , drinking and so on ... "[10]

The above information suggests that al-Samad is included that shows the name of Allah, meaning some properties (glory), and not just one trait. This also illustrates how much greatness and perfection belongs to Allah Almighty. [11]

On that basis, the statements of the Salaf Ulema to interpret this great name of Allah (al-Samad) is different, as presented by Imam Ibn Jarir Tabari and Imam Ibn Kathir [12]. And all meaning is correctly presented and only deserve reserved for Allah Almighty.

This is confirmed by Imam Abul Qasim ath-Thabrani rahimahullah said in a statement: "All of these meanings are correct and are the properties of Almighty Allah." [13]

Imam al-Bagawi rahimahullah said, "Which is more appropriately interpret the word al-Samad with all the meaning that explained (by the scholars), because this word include (all) that meaning. Thus, it contains no kensekuensi (the right to be called) al-Samad except Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala, the Most Great and Powerful over everything. The name of the special (reserved) for Him alone. He has the names of many colors and the properties will be exalted. "[14]

POSITIVE INFLUENCE AND BENEFITS NAME ASH faith-Samad
If a slave knows that his Lord Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala, has all the attributes glorious and perfect, He is Mighty and there is nothing that can beat him, he is lean and depend all His creatures, so there is no way to save themselves from his wrath except by returning to Him, and He is the one pursued by all creatures to meet all the needs, demands and expectations of them, then this will make the servant is always rely on him alone, do not ask for the fulfillment of his business except Him, not worship except Him, and do not ask for help and surrender in all affairs except to Him. Allah Almighty says:

أمن يجيب المضطر إذا دعاه ويكشف السوء ويجعلكم خلفاء الأرض أإله مع الله قليلا ما تذكرون

Or who allow (prayer) the person in trouble if he prays to Him, and who removes the distress and makes you (mankind) inheritors of the earth? Whether there are gods beside Allah (the other)? Very few you remembrance (His) [an-Naml/27: 62] [15].

This is the meaning of words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, which means, "If you ask then ask for Allah, and if you ask for help, ask for help to Him" ​​[16].

In fact this is the core content of the holy al-Qur'ân, which contained the word Allah Almighty:

إياك نعبد وإياك نستعين

You alone we worship and Thee only we ask for help [al-Fatihah / 1:5]

One of the Salaf Ulema said, "Surat al-Fatihah is a secret (core content) al-Qur'ân and secret (core content) al-Fatihah is a sentence (verse) is" [17].

CLOSING
We end this paper by praying to Almighty Allah with His names are many colors and qualities of His almighty perfect, to always grant us guidance and His Taufik and allows us to understand and practice the womb of nature His qualities of perfection. Allah knows best

[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 06/Tahun XIV/1431/2010M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]


IRREGULARITIES IN NAMES AND PROPERTIES OF GOD Almighty

By
Ustadz Abdullah bin al-Buthoni MA Taslim


A discussion of the names and attributes of Allah Almighty has great position and height in Islam, is one of the major milestones and the foundation of faith in Allah Almighty. And a servant may not be able to perform perfect worship to Almighty Allah until he really understands this discussion well [1].

Therefore, irregularities in understanding this problem, it would be fatal consequences, because damage to the foundation of this faith will result in the destruction of all religious buildings of a servant who was standing on it.

Imam Ibn al-Qayyim rahimahullah illustrated this in his speech: "Anyone who wants to raise the building, should reinforce and strengthen its foundation, and earnest attention. Because the real height of the building in accordance with the strength and robustness of the foundation. Then deeds and (high-low) degree (in Islam) is building the foundation is faith. The stronger the foundation, it will be (able to) support the building standing on it. If (going) a little damage to the building, then (will) be easily corrected. But if the foundation is not strong, then the building will not (be) standing upright (on it) and not solid. And if it (happened) bit (only) damage to the foundation, then the building will collapse or (at least) nearly collapsed.

People who know (Allah Almighty and His religion), attention (main) its (fixed on effort) improvement and strengthening of the foundation (faith). Meanwhile, people are ignorant (no understanding of the religion) will (try to) elevate the building, without (notice improvements) foundations, so it was not long before the building would collapse. [2]

UNDERSTANDING AL-ILHAD (IRREGULARITIES) NAME AND NATURE OF GOD Almighty
Irregularities and acts in the name of Almighty Allah properties known as al-ilhaad. Originally meaning al-ilhad the language is distorted and turned away from something [3]. Imam Ibn Kathir said, "As long as (the meaning of) al-ilhad in Arabic is turned away from the goal, and (do) diverge, mayhem and perverted. In between (example usage) is (word) al-lahd (the grave) in the grave. (So ​​called) because it deviates from the grave middle (hole) in the direction of the Qibla grave "[4].

While understanding al-Ilhad (irregularities) in understanding the names and nature of Allah Almighty is as described by Imam Ibn Qayyim al-Jauziyah rahimahullah in his speech: "The essence of al-ilhad in this issue is misusing the names and properties God of (understanding) the right, or enter a foreign meaning that instead of meaning into the names and meanings of these properties, or memalingkannya of actual meaning. This is the essence of al-ilhad (in this issue). Whoever has done this, he indeed has lied (big) on ​​(behalf of) Allâh "[5].

THREATS AND SINS ARE VERY HARD BECAUSE OF DISTORTED IN THIS ISSUE
Allah Almighty says:

ولله الأسماء الحسنى فادعوه بها وذروا الذين يلحدون في أسمائه سيجزون ما كانوا يعملون

Only belongs to God asthma-ul Husna (the names of the Most Beautiful), then pray to Him with those names, and leave those who deviate (from the truth) in (call and understand) the names- His. Later they would be rewarded for what they do "[al-A'raf / 7:180]


In this noble verse, Allah Almighty tells you two serious warning to those who deviate in understanding His names are many colors and all-perfect traits contained the names of [6]:

1. The first threat, embodied in the form of the command: "leave those who deviate (from the truth) in (call and understand) the names of his" [7]. Command here means the threat hard for people who do bad deeds, as the meaning of his words:

ذرهم يأكلوا ويتمتعوا ويلههم الأمل فسوف يعلمون

Let them (in this world) eating and having fun and being neglected by wishful thinking (blank), then later they will find out (due to their actions) [al-Hijr/15: 3] [8]

2. The second threat: in his words: "Later they would be rewarded for what they have done" [9]. That is, they will reap the rewards punishment and painful torment in hell because they are aberrations [10].

In another verse, Allah Almighty says:

قل إنما حرم ربي الفواحش ما ظهر منها وما بطن والإثم والبغي بغير الحق وأن تشركوا بالله ما لم ينزل به سلطانا وأن تقولوا على الله ما لا تعلمون

Say: "My Rabb only forbidden heinous deeds, both visible and hidden, sin, beyond the limit without good reason, (forbidden acts) to Allah with something that Allah did not lose the argument (argument) for it and the (forbidden deeds) said (on behalf of) Allah with something you know (not based on true knowledge) "[al-A'raf / 7:33]

Imam Ibn al-Qayyim rahimahullah said: "(In this verse), Allah Almighty mentions sequence acts forbidden him into four levels, ranging from the mild (compared to the next three levels), ie indecency (visible or hidden ), then (levels) to ban two larger than the first, is the act of sin and kezhaliman (persecution), then (levels) to ban three larger than the previous two levels, ie associating partners with Allah Almighty (the creature) , then (levels) to ban four larger than all previous levels, which said the (name of) Allah without (foundation) science. And this includes (all forms) greeting the (name of) Allah Almighty without the (foundation) science (which is true) in (understanding) the names, attributes and His deeds, also in (understanding) and religious His law "[11].

FORMS ILHAD (IRREGULARITIES) NAME AND UNDERSTAND THE NATURE OF GOD Almighty
Ilhâd form (irregularities) in understanding the names and nature of Allah Almighty manifold. Most law to the extent there is shirk and disbelief to the extent that, in accordance with the instructions postulates existing law [12].

Ilhâd various forms are as follows:
1. Reneged on his part of the name or deny the properties and laws contained the names, as is done by ahlu ta'thil (those who deny the names and attributes of Allah Almighty) from group jahmies and besides them.

This includes ilhâd their actions, because we must believe in the names and attributes of Allah Almighty and the properties are in accordance with His greatness contained the names. Then deny it completely, including irregularities in this matter.

2. Make the names and His attributes resemble the names and properties of beings, as was done by ahlu tasybih (those who equate Allah Almighty with the creature).

This includes ilhâd their actions because actions likening Allah Almighty is with creatures great evil and ugliness. Allah Almighty says:

ليس كمثله شيء وهو السميع البصير

There is nothing similar to Him, and He is the All-Hearing, All-Seeing [asy-Syuurâ/42: 11]

فلا تضربوا لله الأمثال إن الله يعلم وأنتم لا تعلمون

So do not set-resemblance resemblance to God. Surely He knows, while you do not know [an-Nahl/16: 74]

3. Set to the name of Almighty Allah that does not set him up for himself, as did the people who call Nashrani Allah Almighty to name the father. As well as act the philosopher (philosopher) who called the Almighty Allah al-'illatul fâ'ilah (cause who does).

Their works include al-ilhad, because the determination of the names of God are tauqifiyyah (must be based on the arguments of al-Qur'ân and hadith that is authentic, should not be added and subtracted). Because, God almighty knows the names and properties in accordance with His greatness and majesty.

4. Idol named by taking the names of Allah Almighty, such as deeds of the polytheists who took the name for their idol al-'Uzza from Allah's name al-' Aziz (The Mighty and Exalted), as well as the name of al-lata of his name "al-Ilah" (One who has the right diibadahi)

Their works include al-ilhad because the names of Allah Almighty set for himself is specific to himself merely as his word:

ولله الأسماء الحسنى فادعوه بها

Only belongs to God asthma-ul Husna (the names of the Most Beautiful), then pray to him with the names of the [al-A'raf / 7:180]

As the right to be worshiped diibadahi and uniquely yours Almighty Allah alone, because only He is merely a created, giving sustenance, giving benefits, prevent harm, and governs the universe, then only He who has special names maha beautiful, and should not be turned to other than Him [13].

5. Almighty Allah calls to the properties that indicate deficiencies and reproach, whereas Allah Almighty is Glorified and Exalted of all these properties, as saying very dirty from Jews who said:

إن الله فقير ونحن أغنياء

Verily Allah poor and we are rich [Ali-'Imran / 3:181]

Also their dirty remarks:

يد الله مغلولة

Allâh hands shackled [al-Maidah / 5:64] [14].

IRREGULARITIES EXAMPLES IN NAME AND NATURE GOD Almighty scattered SOCIETY
Many examples of these actions are happening in society, because of their ignorance towards their religious affairs, particularly issues related to the basic beliefs and their faith, although most of the deviation is not as bad and not up to the level of disbelief as forms of deviance above. However, of all these should be shunned because less will undermine the faith and confidence mendangkalkan a Muslim to Allah Almighty.

Some examples of such irregularities, including:
1. Beliefs of some people who do not understand the religion that each of the Beautiful Names (the names of Allah, the Most Beautiful) has a special efficacy for treating certain diseases.

This act clearly undermine confidence, even abusive to the names of Allah, the Most beautiful, but it is also an act of heresy [15] are misguided and turning people away from the dhikr and ruqyah [16] which is derived from al-Qur'ân and hadith of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam is authentic.

2. Making the names of Allah as a talisman by writing it on paper or beads hanging later in the vehicle or home, for the purpose of preservation and protection from the evil eye and envy, and so forth against evil spirits.

This act clearly forbidden in Islam, based on the generality of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam: "Whoever hung the talisman, then indeed he has committed shirk" [17]

3. Write the names of Allah Almighty in a beautiful frame decorated with writing (calligraphy) to be used as wall hangings, so people who see it will be amazed by the beauty of the writing and decorative, not on the beauty of His names especially for increasing faith.
This action is not clearly prescribed, because this act is never exemplified by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and his Companions. As well as the names of Allah Almighty is too great and noble to be used as wall hangings and home.

4. Making Beautiful Names (the names of Allah, the Most Beautiful) as the material of daily devotions by reading all the names. Anyone read it in the morning and evening, or after the five daily prayers, and sometimes there are read over and over hundreds of times.

The meaning of 'praying with the names of Allah' as ​​commanded by Almighty Allah in Sura al-A'raf verse 180, also the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam: "Verily Allah has ninety-nine names, which anyone memorize ( and understand the content of) his then he will go to heaven "[18], is to memorize the names of the eminent understand and practice it, and prayed to Allah Almighty to his name in accordance with the demand that we submit to Him .

5. Including major mistake in this problem is to give the name of someone with a name that means servitude to other than Allah Almighty and Exalted, are like 'Abdun prophet (Prophet servant) or' abdul the temple (the temple servant), 'Abdul Husain (widely available in Shia) and others.

This act is forbidden in Islam is based on the consensus of the scholars of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah, because manghambakan themselves to other than Almighty Allah is shirk.

6. Also included errors in this problem is to remove the paper, books or magazines that bertulisakan names of Allah in any place or in the trash mixed with dirt and waste items.

This act is forbidden in Islam, because it shows the attitude of not glorify and exalt His names. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam had no answer greeting a friend when he was in WC [19], in order to glorify the name of Allah, the Almighty did not mention it in place while you are dirty and unclean [20].

HOW TO SAVE YOURSELF FROM THIS BIG IRREGULARITIES AND SINS
The only way to survive this is a major deviation with taufik pray to Allah Almighty that we are protected from all forms of deviance and misguidance in understanding and practicing this religion.

Then by trying to follow the correct method in understanding and practice of Islam, ie manhaj Salaf, Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah, which has been recommended and understanding the truth of Islam pengamalam them by Almighty Allah in His Word:

والسابقون الأولون من المهاجرين والأنصار والذين اتبعوهم بإحسان رضي الله عنهم ورضوا عنه وأعد لهم جنات تجري تحتها الأنهار خالدين فيها أبدا ذلك الفوز العظيم

People preceding the first again (to Islam) from (among) the Emigrants and the Ansar and those who follow them well, Allah's approval to them and they pleased him, and Allah provides for them gardens with rivers flowing in them, and they abide therein forever. That's a big win [at-Tawbah / 9:100]

Therefore the methodology of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah described by scholars as a method that knows best berislam Ahkam wa wa aslam [21] (which is most appropriate to the knowledge that comes from al-Qur'ân and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam , the most prudent and in accordance with the great wisdom, and most survived and lost the possibility to deviate from the truth)

May the Almighty Allah continue to bestow His taufik us to always hold fast to the method of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah in berislam so that we avoid all forms of heresy and aberration in the understanding and practice of this religion. Verily He heareth and grant the petition of His servants. Allah knows best

[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 03/Tahun XIV/1431H/2010M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]
_______
Footnote
[1]. Al-Qawâ'idul Mutslâ p. 17
[2]. Al Fawâ-id p. 175
[3]. An-Nihayah fi Gharîbil Hadîtsi wal Atsar 4/450
[4]. Tafsir Ibn Kathir 2/357
[5]. Madârijus Salikin 1/30
[6]. Adhwâul Bayan 2/146
[7]. Ibid
[8]. Tafsir Ibn Jarir Tabari 13/285
[9]. Adhwâul Bayan 2/146
[10]. Rahman Karîmir Taisîrul p. 309
[11]. I'lâmul Muwaqqi'în 1/38
[12]. qawa al-'Eid Mutslâ p. 50
[13]. Description Shaykh al-'Uthaymeen in al-qawa-' Eid Mutslâ p. 49-50 with concise and adjustments. See also testimony of Imam Ibn al-Qayyim in bada-i'ul hlm.179 Fawâ-id-180
[14]. See Badâi'ul FAWAID hlm.179
[15]. All actions are diada-held in order to draw closer to Allah Azza wa Jallayang not exemplified by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam
[16]. Readings were read to the sick to cure the disease with the permission of Allah Almighty
[17]. HR. Ahmad (4/156) and al-Hakim no. 7513. See Ash-Shahîhah no. 492
[18]. HR. al-Bukhari no. 2585 ​​and Muslim no. 2677
[19]. Saheeh hasan hadeeth narrated by Abu Dawood, no. 16 and at-Tirmidhi # 90
[20]. Description Shaykh 'Abdurrazzâq bin' Abdul Muhsin al-Badr in Fiqhul Asmâil Husna p. 66-69 with concise and adjustments
[21]. See description of Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah rahimahullah in Dar-u Ta'ârudhil 'wan aqli Naqli 3/95 and Imam Ibn al-Qayyim rahimahullah in Shawâ'iqul mursalah 3/1134

RISK FOLD

By
Ustadz Imam Wahyudi Lc



Islam is the matchless grace. The only religion that blessed by Almighty Allah in this world and hereafter. One's deeds will be recognized when he had embraced Islam. Allah Almighty says:

ومن يبتغ غير الإسلام دينا فلن يقبل منه وهو في الآخرة من الخاسرين

Whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will not ever be accepted (the religion) thereof, and in the Hereafter he is among those who lose [Ali-'Imran / 3: 85]

And conversely, a religion other than Islam is an obstacle receipt of good deeds a person, even the good deeds will be in vain and vanished in Allah Almighty later. Allah Almighty says:

والذين كفروا أعمالهم كسراب بقيعة يحسبه الظمآن ماء حتى إذا جاءه لم يجده شيئا

And those who disbelieve, their deeds are like a mirage in the ground, water suspected by the people who thirst, but when approached the water, he does not find anything [an-Nûr/24: 39]

His words also:

وقدمنا ​​إلى ما عملوا من عمل فجعلناه هباء منثورا

And we face all the charities that they do, then We made the charity (like) the floating dust [al-Furqân/25: 23]

Once when 'Aisha asked the Prophet about a philanthropist who lived in the days of Jahiliyyah named Ibn Jud'ân. He is very fond of connecting ties and feed the poor, whether it would be beneficial for her kindness? Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam replied:

لا يا عائشة, إنه لم يقل يوما: رب اغفر لي خطيئتي يوم الدين

Not, O 'Aisha, as she never once said: Lord forgive me my mistakes on the Day of Judgement later [HR. Muslim]

This favors should always always be thankful for, with always keeping a strong settled in and fills the soul and life with good works as much as possible, in order to further increase and sturdy, and should not be reduced much less vanished from us, alias apostate. Na'ûdzubillah forbid.

This spirit should continue to fertilizer, such as by understanding the risks that would be borne by an apostate from Islam. For that, let us refer to the following description. May be useful.

1.DEFINISI FOLD
The term apostate is taken from the Arabic word (ارتد) significant re-turned to the rear. Meanwhile, according to Shari'a, a Muslim apostate who disbelieve after their Islam, without any coercion, in the age tamyiiz (already able to pick and choose the cases, between the good from the bad-pen.) As well as common sense.

Stating a disbelief of necessity, not categorized as an apostate, as happened to Companions of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam,' Ammar radi 'anhu who forced and tortured to want to deny the prophethood of the Messenger of Allah and denounce Islam. Ultimately forced to obey them, but their hearts are still convinced of the truth of the teachings of the Prophet. After his release, he went to the Prophet with tears as he tells of the event, and it turns out the Messenger of Allah forgave him. Then descended, Almighty Allah says:

من كفر بالله من بعد إيمانه إلا من أكره وقلبه مطمئن بالإيمان ولكن من شرح بالكفر صدرا فعليهم غضب من الله ولهم عذاب عظيم

He who disbelieve in Allah after his faith (he got the wrath of Allah), except for those who were forced to unbelievers, but their heart remains calm in faith (he was innocent), but the people who paved the chest for disbelief, then Allah's wrath fell on him and torment him great [an-Nahl/16: 106]

2. MORAL-SANCTIONS SANCTIONS FOR THE FOLD
On this occasion, the discussion focussed on the exposure to adverse impacts apostates in the world and the hereafter, a phenomenon which is quite a lot going on in our communities. Some people are so easy to replace his Islamic faith, either because of economic difficulties, the notion that all religions are the same and invite to goodness, or other worldly interests. If realized how big danger will befall them after undressing Islam, maybe they would never do such stupid actions.

The Ulema Islam (the Fuqaha) have discussed the consequences of the law for Muslims who convert in the books of fiqh Bukum them in ar-riddah article. Here's the bad consequences of acts dumped Islam - the only religion that Allah Almighty blessed - to embrace other religions, being a Christian or other faiths.

a. Worship charity Deleted
Number of worship that has been done, will never benefit the culprit, even falling to no avail to be learned, if he later kufr to Allah Almighty. And where the return is the eternal hell in it, if it dies in disbelief. Allah Almighty says:

ومن يرتدد منكم عن دينه فيمت وهو كافر فأولئك حبطت أعمالهم في الدنيا والآخرة وأولئك أصحاب النار هم فيها خالدون

Whoever among you turns back from his religion, then he dies in disbelief, then they are useless deeds in the world and in the Hereafter, and they are the dwellers of the Fire, they will abide therein [al-Baqarah / 2:217]

b. His rights as a Muslim Sirna
A Muslim is required to perform other Muslims. It is based on words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

حق المسلم على المسلم خمس: رد السلام, وعيادة المريض, واتباع الجنائز, وإجابة الدعوة,
وتشميت العاطس

The right of a Muslim is obliged accomplished by other Muslims are five: to answer greetings, visiting the sick, to accompany his body, his invitation to meet, pray that sneezing [HR. al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Based on the above hadith, then a Muslim is not obliged to answer hurl greetings of apostates from Islam, do not need to see him when sick, do not need to respect and to accompany his body when dead, should not come to the invitation, and should not be mendoakannnya when the apostate sneeze.

c. Marrying A Muslim Haram. If Married, then Auto Clear For Marriage Law
Islam forbids his people to marry non-Muslims in general, as well as a requirement of a valid Islamic marriage is the bride and groom are Muslims - except with women of the Book with the strict requirements -. As for the marriage of a Muslim with a woman besides polytheists of the Book, the marriage was not valid. Muslim women must not marry pagan men, including the man who lapsed status. Because the marriage of a Muslim (or Muslim men) with apostasy marriage that has existed to be broken and canceled automatically. Allah Almighty says:

ولا تنكحوا المشركات حتى يؤمن ولأمة مؤمنة خير من مشركة ولو أعجبتكم ولا تنكحوا المشركين حتى يؤمنوا ولعبد مؤمن خير من مشرك ولو أعجبكم أولئك يدعون إلى النار والله يدعو إلى الجنة والمغفرة بإذنه ويبين آياته للناس لعلهم يتذكرون

And you do not marry polytheistic women until they believe. Verily a believing slave woman is better than polytheistic women, although she pulls your heart. And do not you marry idolaters (with the women believers) before they believe. Verily a believing slave is better than the idolaters, even though she pulls your heart. They invite to the Fire, but Allah invites to Paradise and forgiveness by His leave. And Allah explains His verses (His commandments) to mankind that they may take heed [Al-Baqarah / 2:221]

Similarly, Allah Almighty says:

فإن علمتموهن مؤمنات فلا ترجعوهن إلى الكفار لا هن حل لهم ولا هم يحلون لهن

So if you already know that they are (really) believers So do you return them to (their husbands) unbelievers. They are not lawful for the disbelievers and infidels was not lawful for them [al-Mumtahanah/60: 10]

Thus, in Islam no longer lawful for the couple, one of which had lapsed to perform like husband and wife relationship.

Perhaps d.Tidak Being Mayor In Marriage
If a Muslim woman about to get married, then it requires a guardian to marry her, good father, uncle and so on. However, as the father or guardian apostasy, it is not right to marry a Muslim child or nephew. Allah Almighty says:

والمؤمنون والمؤمنات بعضهم أولياء بعض

And those who believe, men and women, partly they (are) to be helpers of one another [at-Tawbah / 9:71]

Almighty Allah also says:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا تتخذوا اليهود والنصارى أولياء بعضهم أولياء بعض ومن يتولهم منكم فإنه منهم إن الله لا يهدي القوم الظالمين

O ye who believe, do not you guys take the Jews and Christians to be leaders (mu); most of them are leaders of one another. If any of you guys take them into leaders. Then surely that person belonged to them. Surely Allah does not guide the wrongdoers people [al-Mâ'idah / 5:51]

This is confirmed by the words, which states that no valid marriage except with the permission of a guardian and witnessed by two men as witnesses wedding fair. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

لا نكاح إلا بولي وشاهدي عدل
It is not a marriage (legal) except with a wali and two witnesses were fair [HR. al-Bayhaqi and Ibn Hibban with a saheeh isnaad]

Definition of fair people here are people who are far from the major sins and not constantly doing little sins. On that basis, an apostate from Islam who has more no longer be eligible to be a guardian and a witness in a marriage.

e. Not Inherit And Not His wealth inherited
When a father dies in a state of unbelievers (including those who die in a state of apostasy), then the children and teachers of Muslim warisnnya should not inherit the legacy of his father. Some scholars claim that the assets of such a fai 'and go to Baitul Mal of the Muslims and used for the benefit of the Muslims. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

لا يرث المسلم الكافر, ولا الكافر المسلم

It is not a Muslim may inherit (property) disbelievers, pagans likewise not inherit (property) of a Muslim [Muttafaqun'alaih]

In other cases, when a Muslim father died, then between his son or his heirs there are non-Muslims (including apostasy) then he is not entitled to a share of the estate of his father.

f. If Off, Do not be prayed, not shrouded prayed And Don'ts
When someone dies in a state of apostasy from Islam, then he should not be prayed, shrouded and prayed. Allah Almighty says:

ولا تصل على أحد منهم مات أبدا ولا تقم على قبره إنهم كفروا بالله ورسوله وماتوا وهم فاسقون

And do not ever menyolatkan (corpse) dead man among them, and ye shall not stand (to pray) in his grave. Surely they have disbelieved Allah and His Messenger and they died in a wicked [al-Tawbah / 9:84]

g. If Dead, Buried In Cemetery Tida Perhaps Muslims
Since the days of the Prophet, Muslims interact and co-exist with those of non-Muslims. But the problem funeral, he separates the Muslim cemetery with unbelievers, as in a friend of Ibn Khashâshiyah history tells: One day the Messenger of Muslims came to the funeral and said, "They have gained a lot of goodness". He said it three times. Then he went to the funeral of the mushrikeen and said, "They've spent a lot of goodness". He said it three times. [HR. Abu Dawud, an-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah with a saheeh isnaad. Dishahihkan al-Albani in al-Janâ'iz Ahkâmul]

h. If Dead In Case of Apostasy, Not Allowed To him sought Forgiveness
However our love for others, but when he died in a state of Islam, then we are not allowed to ask forgiveness for their sins, as Allah Azza wa reprimand Jallaepada His Prophet in His word:

ما كان للنبي والذين آمنوا أن يستغفروا للمشركين ولو كانوا أولي قربى من بعد ما تبين لهم أنهم أصحاب الجحيم

Nor is fitting for the Prophet and those who believe ask for forgiveness (to Allah) for the polytheists, idolaters even though it is the relatives (his), after clear to them, that the polytheists are the dwellers of Hell [at-Tawbah / 9:113]

i. Muslims Delivers Bad News When Passing his grave
Islam teaches not to greet and pray for a favor when passing the tomb of the unbelievers. In fact we are commanded to preach to him about hell. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

حيثما مررت بقبر كافر فبشره بالنار

Wherever you pass the tomb of the unbelievers, then preach to him about hell. [HR. Ibn Majah, at-Thabrani in al-Mu `jam al-Kabiir]

j. Sembelihannya Haram For Muslims
Islam forbids any slaughter which is not mentioned the name of Allah Almighty in it, including the slaughter against the unbelievers and atheists, with the exception of the Book. Allah Almighty says:

اليوم أحل لكم الطيبات وطعام الذين أوتوا الكتاب حل لكم وطعامكم حل لهم

Today is lawful for you are all right. The food (slaughtered) the people who were given the Bible was lawful for you, and your food is lawful (anyway) for them [al-Mâ'idah / 5:5]

k. Persaksiannya Denied
We have seen that trait in question is a fair one away from the big sin and small sin continuously. From here, the apostate be no longer entitled to the apostate, so he should not be a witness in the Islamic court, and also in the marriage of a Muslim, as Allah Almighty commands:

وأشهدوا ذوي عدل منكم وأقيموا الشهادة لله ذلكم يوعظ به من كان يؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر

And persaksikanlah with two witnesses that justice among you, and let you hold your testimony for God. Such is the teaching given to the person who believes in Allah and the Final Day [ath-Thalâq/65: 2]

That is, from among the Muslims, not the other.

l. Not Allow Entering the Holy Land (Tanah Haram)
Sacred soil or soil having unclean honor that should not be humiliated and violated, among the heathen should not even enter it, as the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

لا يدخل مكة مشرك بعد عامنا هذا أبدا

Should not be a Meccan idolaters also entered the city after this year forever [HR. al-Bukhari]

3. CRIMINAL LAW FOR THE FOLD
If someone apostate by moving to another religion or choose to be an atheist, steps taken are mendakwahinya to return to the fold of Islam within three days. If still in his apostasy, so he punished kill. It is based on words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

من بدل دينه فاقتلوه

Anyone who changes his religion, kill him then let you guys [HR. al-Bukhari]

Problem of awareness through the propaganda term that he repent for three days, we have not found a strong argument to be made footing, except for logic arguments put forward by some scholars, that the majority of apostasy due to confusion of thought and doubtful in that person, so hopefully with a special mission personally to him, confusion and doubtful can be removed from the mind, so willing to voluntarily return to the fold of Islam. And Allaah knows best. .

4. CONCLUSION
Apostasy is a disaster for both actors in the world especially in the hereafter, so that every Muslim should be extra careful of it, so as not to fall into it. Through this discussion a Muslim should also be firm (being proportional) to the people who are willing to take off her Islamic faith. Since most people have fallen by addressing family-cold chill just as if nothing happen. May we be kept away from such disasters and diwafatkan in the Islamic faith holding state, so that future residents gathered with Jannah. Amen

REFERENCES
a. 'Uqûbâtuz Zani wa wal Apostate Daf'isy Syubuhât Fi Dhauil Sunnnah the Book was,' Imad al-Sayyid Muhammad Isma'il al-heated debate over
b. Kifâyatul Akhyar, Taqi al-Din Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad al-Husaini ad-Dimasyqi
c. Minhajul Muslim, Abu Bakr Jabir al-Jazairi
d. FII Wajîz Fiqhis al-Sunnah wal Kitâbil 'Aziz' Abd 'al-Badawi Azhîm
e. Al-Tahqîiqâtul Mardhiyyah fii al-Mabâhits al-Fardhiyyah, Saleh Fauzan al-Fauzan
f. Ahkâmul Janâiz, Muhammad Nasir al-Albani

[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 03/Tahun XIV/1431H/2010M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]


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