Tuesday, October 1, 2013
Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama'ah
Muhammad bin Abdullah Al - Wuhaibi
As- Sunnah in terms have multiple meanings [ 1 ] . In this brief paper is not going to discuss the meanings . But want to clarify the term " Sunnah " or " Ahlus Sunnah " according to the appropriate instructions to the I'tiqad Al - Imam Ibn Rajab rahimahullah said : " ..... From Abu Sufyan Ats - Thaury he said :
استوصوابآهل السنة خيرا فانهم غرباء
" Doing well against ahlus - Sunnah because they Ghuraba " [ 2 ]
The definition of " As- Sunnah " by the Imam , namely : Tariqa ( way of life ) of the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam where he sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam and his companions were on it " . Which survivors of doubtful and lust " , therefore Al - Fudhail bin Iyadh said : " Ahlus Sunnah that people know what goes into the belly of the ( food ) is lawful " . [ 3 ]
Because without consuming illicit including one case of the Sunnah that have been done by the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam and the companions radi' anhum . Later in the comprehension of most scholars Muta'akhirin the Hadith and other experts . Sunnah is an expression of what the survivors of the I'tiqad doubtful doubtful - especially in matters of faith in God , His angels , His books , His prophets , the Last Day , as well as the problem - Qadar problems and Fadhailush - Sahabah ( companions virtue ) . The cleric was preparing a book on this issue and they named their works as " As- Sunnah " . Call this problem the " As- Sunnah " because of the importance of this issue and a person who violated in this case is on the edge of destruction . The Sunnah is the perfect thariqah survivors of doubtful and lust . [ 4 ]
Ahlus Sunnah are those who follow the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam and his companions sunnah radi' anhum .
Imam Ibn al - Jawzi said : " ..... There is no doubt that the Expert Naqli and Atsar followers atsar Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam and his companions atsar , they are Ahlus Sunnah " . [ 5 ]
The word " Ahlus - Sunnah " has two meanings :
1 . Follow - Sunnah and the Sunnah atsar - atsar the advent of Prophet Shallallu ' alaihi wa sallam and the companions radi' anhum , menekuninya , separating the authentic from the defective and do what is required of the words and actions in the matter of belief and Ahkam .
2 . More specifically of the first meaning , which is described by some scholars that they named their book with the name of the Sunnah , such as Abu Asim Al - Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal , Al - Imam Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal , Al - khalal etc. . They mean ( the Sunnah ) that determined the I'tiqad authentic texts and ijma ' .
The second meaning was explained to us that the schools of Ahlus Sunnah is a continuation of what he did to the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaih wa sallam and the companions radi' anhum . The naming of Ahlus Sunnah is after the beginning of the emergence of a libel when firqah - firqah .
Ibn Sirin rahimahullah said : " They ( at first ) was never asked about the chain of transmission . When the slander ( the scholars ) said : Show me ( the names of ) perawimu to us . Then he saw the Ahlus Sunnah so that their traditions were taken . And look at Ahlul hadeeth Bi'dah and they are not taken " . [ 6 ]
Al - Imam Malik rahimahullah was asked : " Who are the Ahlus Sunnah ? She replied : Ahlus Sunnah that those who do not have laqab ( nickname ) that is not already known Jahmi , Qadari , nor Rafidli " . [ 7 ]
Then when jahmies have the power and the state , they become a source of disaster for humans , they are invited to get into the flow jahmies with encouragement and coercion . They are disturbing , torture and even kill people who disagree with them . Then Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala created Al - Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal to defend Ahlus Sunnah . Where he was to be patient on the exam and disasters that inflicted them .
He denied and break - proof their proof , then he announced , and come up with the Sunnah and Ahlul Bid'ah before confronting him and Ahlul Kalam . Thus , he was given the title of Imam Ahlus Sunnah .
From the above we can conclude that the term famous among Ahlus Sunnah Ulama Mutaqaddimin ( previous ) with terms as opposed to the term Ahlul Ahwa ' wal Bida ' of the group Rafidlah , jahmies , Khawarij , Murji'ah and others. Ahlus Sunnah while sticking to its principles ( principal ) who once taught by the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam and his Companions radi ' anhum .
Ahl Al Sunnah Wal - Jama'ah
The term is used to name the followers of Salaf As- Salih madhhab in I'tiqad is Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah . Many hadiths were ordered for the congregation and prohibit berfirqah - firqah and out of the congregation . [ 8 ]
The scholars disagree about this congregation command in some opinions : [ 9 ]
1 . As it is Jamat - Sawadul A'dzam ( the largest group of people or a group - pen ) of the Muslims .
2 . The Imam Mujtahid
3 . The Companions of the Prophet radi ' anhum .
4 . Jama'ahnya the Muslims if the case agreed on something .
5 . Jama'ah of the Muslims if lifting an emir .
Opinions on the back to two meanings :
1 . That the congregation is that they agreed to lift someone amir ( leader ) according to the guidance of Personality ' , then the congregation shall melazimi and unlawful oppose this congregation and amirnya .
2 . That the congregation who do i'tiba Ahlus Sunnah ' and leave Ibtida ' ( innovation ) is madzhab of truth that must be followed and lived by manhajnya . This is the interpretation of the meaning of the congregation with companions Ahlul Ilmi wal Hadith , ijma ' or As- Sawadul A'dzam . [ 10 ]
Shaykh al- Islam said : " They ( the scholars ) Jamat Ahl named because it is ijtima congregation ' ( gathering ) and his opponent firqah . Though lafadz congregation has become a name to those groups. While ijma ' is the third subject on which he rested science and deen . , and they ( the scholars ) to measure all human words and Zahir and inner pebuatan that has to do with the three principal dien with this ( the Qur'an , Sunnah and ijma ' ) . [ 11 ]
The term Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah have the same terms with the Ahlus Sunnah . And in general the scholars use this term as a comparison Ahlul Ahwa ' wal Bida ' . For example : Ibn 'Abbaas anhuma say about the word of Allah Ta'ala interpretation :
يوم تبيض وجوه وتسود وجوه
" On the day that at that time there was a white face glow and unisex face grim " . [ Ali - Imran / 3 : 106 ] .
" As for the people who face the white glow is Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah whereas those somber black face is Ahlul Ahwa ' wa Dhalalah " . [ 12 ]
Sufyan Ats - Thawri said : " If it gets ( khabar ) to you about someone in the east there are supporters of the sunnah and the other in the west then send their greetings to him and do'akanlah . How least Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah " . [ 13 ]
So we can conclude that the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah is firqah who are between firqah - firqah existing , as well as the Muslims are in the midst of another through - out . Attribution to him , naming him and the use of this name indicates the extent I'tiqad and manhaj .
Name of Ahlus Sunnah is a good case and may as well have been used by the Salaf Ulama . Among the most widely used this term was Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah rahimahullah .
Ash'arite , Maturidiyyah AND TERMS Ahlus Sunnah .
Maturidhiyah Ash'arite and many use the term Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah this , and among them most of the schools of the Salaf said that " Ahlus Sunnah wa Jama'ah " is what is said by Abul Hasan Al - Ash'ari and Abu Mansur al - Maturidi . Most of them say the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah As'ariyah , Maturidiyyah and school of the Salaf .
Az - Zubaidi said : " If it is said Ahlus Sunnah , then it is with them that is Ash'arite and Maturidiyyah " . [ 14 ]
Ar - Raudhatul Bahiyyah author says : " Know that all principal aqaid Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah on the basis of speech two poles , namely Abul Hasan Al - Ash'ari and Imam Abu Mansur al - Maturidi " . [ 15 ]
Al - Ayji said : " The Al - Firqotun Najiyah selected were those that the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said about them : " They are the people who are on top of what I and my best friend was on it . " They it is Ash'arite and the Salaf of Ahlus Sunnah and Hadith experts wal Jama'ah " . [ 16 ]
Hasan Ayyub said : " Ahlus Sunnah is Abu Hasan Al - Ash'ari and Abu Mansour al - Maturidi and those who follow the path of both of them. They walked in the direction of the Salaf Salih understand aqaid " . [ 17 ]
In general, they say aqidah Ash'arite and Maturidiyyah based schools of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah . Here is not intended to question the recognition of this falsehood . But wanted to mention two conclusions in this issue :
1 . That the use of this term by Ash'arite and Maturidiyyah followers and the people who are affected by them at all can not change the nature of their error kebid'ahan and Manhaj Salaf Salih in many causes .
2 . That their use of this term does not prevent us to use and call themselves by this term according to Sharai and used by the Salaf Ulama . There is no disgrace and reproach to the use of this term . While the diaibkan is if contrary to the Salaf Salih I'tiqad and the principal schools of thought ( fiqh ) of any kind .
( Translation of Al - Bayan magazine No. . 1415H/Juli 78 Safar 1994 by Ibrahim Said ) .
[ Copied from the magazine edition 10/I/1415-1994 Sunnah p.29 - 32 , Published by Istiqomah Groups Surakarta , Address : Building Lt Muslims Kartopuran No. II . 241A . Tel . 0271-35923 , Surakarta 57 152 ]