Saturday, February 16, 2013

LIE base of disaster

LIE base of disaster

Ustadz Ahmas Faiz Asifuddin

Honesty should not be a rare commodity. That is the desire of every Muslim a righteous nature. If honesty coloring the life of every Muslim, surely goodness will illuminate the world. The Muslims, honesty is the perpetrator of the heavenly host candidates, the eternal happiness of the world is much better.

Imam Ibn al-Qayyim t put honest nature with the following words: "Honest is the title of a great nation. Departing from honest nature is awake all the grand standing and go straight for the perpetrators. Whoever did not go down this path, he will undoubtedly fail and perish . the honest nature of this, it would be distinguishable among the hypocrites and the believers would distinguishable between the Host with the Fire. " [1]

Any major nation in the world, anytime, must prioritize honesty. The Muslims should carry it more feasible. Allah Almighty says:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله وكونوا مع الصادقين

O ye who believe! Bertaqwalah to Allah and be with those who honestly. [At-Tawbah / 9:119]

That's the nature of the demands of every human being. Honestly! Instead, each character must have hated falsehood and injustice deeds. If lies and injustice plague, then what happens is unfortunate, in this world and in the hereafter.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, in the hadith that was delivered by Ibn Mas'ud radi anhu, said:

إن الصدق يهدى إلى البر, وإن البر يهدى إلى الجنة, وإن الرجل ليصدق (وفى رواية لمسلم: إن العبد ليتحرى الصدق) حتى يكون صديقا. وإن الكذب يهدى إلى الفجور, وإن الفجور يهدى إلى النار, وإن الرجل ليكذب (وفى رواية لمسلم: وإن العبد ليتحرى الكذب) حتى يكتب عند الله كذابا. رواه البخاري ومسلم

Surely honesty will lead to goodness, and goodness will lead to heaven. Surely someone will earnestly strive to be honest, until finally he became truly honest. And indeed lie will lead to crime, and crime will lead to hell. Surely someone will earnestly strive to lie, until he actually tertetapkan on the side of Allah as a liar. [HR. Bukhari and Muslim. The above is the pronunciation pronunciation Bukhari] [2]

In another narration in Sahih Muslim, Hadith begins with:

عليكم بالصدق ... وإياكم والكذب ...

Mandatory for you to be honest ...... and be careful, you do not ever lie .... [3]

Imam Nawawi rahimahullah explains additions history by quoting the words of the scholars, that in it there is an emphasis to be someone serious to be honest. I mean, seriously, and intends to really pay attention to honesty. Instead it should be careful not to lie and not to easy to lie. Because if someone is easy is lying, then he will be a lot of lying and eventually became known as the man who likes to lie. If one is accustomed to being honest, then Allah Almighty will set it as a really honest. Whereas if someone accustomed to lying, then Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala will assign a person known liar. [4]

Lie was forbidden and unlawful, can even keep the faith. Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani t bring the history of al-Bayhaqi in his saheeh isnaad, from Abu Bakr as-Siddiq radi anhu, he (Abu Bakr) said:

الكذب يجانب الإيمان

Lies will keep the faith. [5]

Furthermore, al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar rahimahullah quoting the words of Ibn Baththal rahimahullah, "If a man repeats kedustaannya to deserve the nickname weight as a liar, then he no longer received the title as a perfect believer, even excluding predicated as being hypocritical. That's why, after the hadeeth of Ibn Mas'ood radi ascertains anhu, Imam Bukhari t continue with the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah radi ascertains anhu about the signs of the hypocrites. "

Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani rahimahullah later explained, "Abu Hurayrah radi anhu Hadith about hypocrites signs in question here include deeds lie, either by words or by deeds. signs first, lies in his words; marks the second , lie in amanahnya; Signs Third, lies in its promise. presents the Next Imam Bukhari hadiths about the type of legal threats in the afterlife for the liars, the mouth will torn down to ear as the mouth that is the land kema'siatannya. [6]

Imam Bukhari rahimahullah on the issue presented three consecutive hadith:

First Hadith: Hadith Abdullah bin Mas'ud radi anhu, already mentioned above.

The second Hadith: Hadith of Abu Hurayrah radi anhu that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

آية المنافق ثلاث: إذا حدث كذب, وإذا وعد أخلف, وإذا ائتمن خان. رواه البخاري ومسلم

The signs of a hypocrite are three: When he spoke, he lies; when promised, he reneged, and if given the mandate, he defected. [HR. Bukhari and Muslim] [7].

Third Hadith: Hadith Samurah bin Jundub Radhyallahu anhu, that the hadith which contains the type of legal threats in the afterlife for the liar is the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

رأيت رجلين أتياني, قالا: الذى رأيته يشق شدقه فكذاب, يكذب بالكذبة تحمل عنه حتى تبلغ الآفاق, فيصنع به إلى يوم القيامة. رواه البخاري

I saw two men (angels), they said: "The man you see torn his mouth to the ear, is a liar. He was lying with lies, deception brought it round on her behalf to reach the horizon, he is a liar then be made until the Day of Judgment" . [HR. Bukhari] [8]

It thus becomes clear, the fruit of honesty is a virtue and heaven. While the result of lies and deception are disastrous and hell. Lies also a kezhaliman to yourself, as well as kezhaliman to others. While injustice to others is also prohibited.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said in a hadith Qudsi, narrated Allah Almighty says:

يا عبادي إني حرمت الظلم على نفسي, وجعلته بينكم محرما, فلا تظالموا. رواه مسلم

O servant hambuKu, verily I forbade injustice to me, and I make kezhal faith is forbidden anyway for one of you, so do not you each menzalimi. [HR. Muslims]. [9]

That is, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala has forbidden deeds unjust to His servants. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala forbid they are menzhalimi. Then it unlawful for a person to apply injustice to others. [10]

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam also reminded by the words he sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam:

الظلم ظلمات يوم القيامة. رواه البخاري ومسلم

Behaviour injustice that would result in the darkness (for the actors) on the Day of Resurrection. [HR. Bukhari and Muslim] [11].

Kezhaliman to others to form a violation of any rights of another, both violations of the blood, physical, property and dignity. Hence the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said on the Farewell Pilgrimage:

إن دماءكم وأموالكم وأعراضكم بينكم حرام كحرمة يومكم هذا فى شهركم هذا فى بلدكم هذا. رواه البخاري ومسلم

Indeed (each shed) the blood of you, (co-violating) between you and the property (another violation) in honor of you, is haram happened between you, your day is as illegitimate, in the month of yours and in your country this. [HR. Bukhari and Muslim] [12].

One must be free from unjust deeds that saved his life in the hereafter. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

من كانت له مظلمة لأخيه من عرضه أوشيء فليتحلله منه اليوم قبل أن لا يكون دينار ولا درهم, إن كان له عمل صالح أخذ منه بقدر مظلمته, وإن لم تكن له حسنات أخذ من سيئات صاحبه فحمل عليه. رواه البخاري ومسلم

Those who have the sin of injustice on his brother, both with regard to his honor or anything else, then he should try to release it today, before the coming of the day when there is no more money dinar and dirham (ie the Day of Resurrection). (If on the Day of Resurrection tyranny not regardless,) so if he has a pious charity, charity shalehnya be taken (given to brother) in accordance with the injustice he did, and if he did not have the good, the evil brother would be taken and dipikulkan him. [HR. Bukhari] [13]

Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani rahimahullah explained to his brother kezhaliman someone can relate with self-respect or other issues, including the issue of property kezhaliman others with all of its forms. So is tyranny in the form of injury, although only a slap-shaped and so on. [14]

Actions lie vast tracts of land concerned. Frauds involving employment, property, trade and so forth is a violation of the rights of others. Therefore every Muslim should strive earnestly to avoid lies, as emphasized in the hadiths above.

Thus, a Muslim should be the original personality is pribadai fair and honest. While the nature of lies and betrayals is not a Mu'min. Ibn Hajar rahimahullah bring history hadith al-Bazzar, Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas from radi dimarfu'kan anhu that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

يطبع المؤمن على كل شيء إلا الخيانة والكذب.

A believer can form his character by character anything but perfidy and falsehood. [15]

That is, a believer may develop his character into character, and anything other than a treasonous lie.

In conclusion, the above hadeeth explains the obligation to be honest and explain the prohibition on lying behavior.

But, in fact, why often happens dishonesty, fraud and embezzlement? In fact almost in all walks of life and mostly done by people who are formally registered as a Muslim?

The consequences of corruption, among others. Turns out corruption not only be done by great people who have great opportunities and great powers. But it can also be done by all levels of people with the slightest possibility and opportunity. Wholesalers can fruit corruption by cheating scales, cloth merchants of corruption through fraud on the size of the fabric, the little janitor offices can perform acts of corruption by not spending money that should return, an employee with a fool memorandum or receipt while shopping the store or the company precisely to support the making of a false receipt. Students can also act as a steward of financial corruption by making false reports or fictional, however small, or when doing fraud with customs cheating during exams.

Pendidikanpun institutions can commit fraud or corruption through engineering financial statements, or the efforts of other dishonest. If this occurs in educational institutions postscript is the agency of human cadres and leaders of the future, soon to be born human beings who are educated are not honest, be educated fraudsters, criminals and others.

Therefore, if a nation wants to be a great nation, dignified and respected, that nation must have the courage to establish itself based on honesty and must have the courage to leave the nature of falsehood, however weight.

Pious to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala and the fear of the threat siksaNya in the Hereafter, will be able to encourage someone to always be honest and avoid attitudes lie. If piety and fear of Allah Almighty has implanted in the soul, and has been formed, the means have been formed also control inherent in every individual Muslim. Thus everything will run smart insha Allah. The cost to make the teams should inspectors supervised again by another team, and the other to be watched again by another, will be suppressed and can be used for other purposes, such as improving the welfare of the poor and people development facilities towards the better. Allaah Waliyyut Taufiq.

Maraji '
1. Fathul Bari Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari
2. Saheeh Muslim, Sharh an-Nawawi, Verification: Khalil Ma'mun Syiha, Dar al-ma'rifah
3. Iqâzhul Himam Muntaqa min al-Jami 'al-' Ulum wa al-Hikam, Shaykh Abu Usamah bin Salim al-Hilali Id, Dar Ibn al-Jawzi, cet. VII, Muharram 1425 H.
4. Madarijus Salikin, Imam Ibn al-Qayyim, Dar Ihya 'at-Turats al-Arabi - Mu'assasah at-Tarikh al-Arabi, Beirut, cet. II, year unknown.

[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 03/Tahun XIV/1431/2010M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]

BANS ARE jealous

Ustadz Al-Yazid bin Abdul Qadir Jawas

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: لا تحاسدوا, ولا تناجشوا, ولا تباغضوا, ولا تدابروا, ولا يبع بعضكم على بيع بعض, وكونوا عباد الله إخوانا, المسلم أخو المسلم, لا يظلمه, ولا يخذله, ولا يحقره, التقوى ههنا, ويشير إلى صدره ثلاث مرات, بحسب امرئ من الشر أن يحقر أخاه المسلم, كل المسلم على المسلم حرام, دمه وماله وعرضه.

From Abu Hurairah Radhyallahu anhu he said, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, "You do not envy one another, do Najasy each other, not hate each other, do back to back! Do some of you buy the goods being offered to others, and let you be servants of Allah, brothers. A Muslim is a brother to another Muslim, so he should not be menzhaliminya, abandoned, and humiliate. Piety is here-he gestured to his chest three times-. It is enough evil for a person if he insulted a Muslim brother. Every Muslim, unclean blood, his property, and honor the Muslims. "

Hadith is Saheeh, narrated by:
1. Muslim (no. 2564).
2. Imam Ahmad (II/277, 311-a concise, 360)
3. Ibn Majah (no. 3933, 4213-in brief)
4. Al-Bayhaqi (VI/92; VIII/250)
5. Al-Baghawy in Syarhus Sunnah (XIII/130, no. 3549).

• The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam «لا تحاسدوا», meaning, do not some of you envy to others. The nature of envy exist in human nature because people do not like other people excelled in whatever goodness.

Associated feelings of envy, the people were divided into several groups:

First Group
The group is divided into:
1. attempting to remove the enjoyment that exist in the didengki in doing injustice to him, either by word or deed. Then try to turn it to his pleasure.

2. attempting to remove the enjoyment of those who envy his favor without wanting it changed him. It is the envy worst and ugliest.

This is a despicable envy, is prohibited and is a spiteful demon sins to Prophet Adam Alaihissallam when he saw him surpass the angels, because Allah created him with his own hands, ordered the angels bow down to him, teaching him the name of all things to him, and put he was near him. Satan never stopped trying to remove Adam from heaven Alaihissallam until he finally released her.

The nature of such malice is inherent in the Jewish people. Almighty Allah describes in many verses of al-Qur'ân about it. As his words:

ود كثير من أهل الكتاب لو يردونكم من بعد إيمانكم كفارا حسدا من عند أنفسهم من بعد ما تبين لهم الحق

Many of the scribes who would like if only they can refund you after you believe, disbelieve again, because malice in their hearts, after the truth clear to them ... "[al-Baqarah / 2:109]

Or word of Allah Almighty:

أم يحسدون الناس على ما آتاهم الله من فضله

Or do they envy the man (Muhammad) as a gift Allah has given him? [An-Nisa '/ 4:54]

Imam Ahmad and at-Tirmidhi vol vol hadith narrated from az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam radi anhu from the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, he said:

دب إليكم داء الأمم قبلكم: الحسد والبغضاء, والبغضاء هي الحالقة, حالقة الدين لا حالقة الشعر, والذي نفس محمد بيده لا تؤمنوا حتى تحابوا, أفلا أنبئكم بشيء إذا فعلتموه تحاببتم? أفشوا السلام بينكم.

Disease peoples before you are attacked you have envy and hate. Hate is a cutter; cutter religion rather than cutting hair. By the One who is the soul of Muhammad in His hand, you will not believe until you love each other. Would you like me to show you something that if you do then you love each other? Spread the greeting among you. "[1]

The two groups
This group, if spiteful to others, they do not obey dengkinya feeling and doing injustice to those who envy it, either by word or deed. They are divided into two types:

1. Its not the power of envy dispelled from his heart. This feeling has mastered him. People who like this innocent.

2. Deliberately raises malice in him, repeating again. This is done repeatedly with the hope pleasure inherent in the didengki vanished. Such envy is similar to azam (determination) to disobedience. Such spiteful little chance to avoid injustice to which he acts jealous, though only with words. By its nature the injustice he is entitled to sin.

The three groups
This group, if envy, it does not expect favors those that existed at the didengki was missing, but he wants to get the same pleasure and wanted to be like him. If pleasure is chased pleasures of the world, then there is no value of kindness, like the words of the people who drunk the world, "... Hopefully we have a treasure as she has given to Qarun ..." (al-Qashash/28: 79 ). If it favors favors pursued hereafter, then it's good. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

لا حسد إلا في اثنتين: رجل آتاه الله القرآن فهو يقوم به آناء الليل وآناء النهار, ورجل آتاه الله مالا فهو ينفقه آناء الليل وآناء النهار.

Not to be envious except for two people: People who were al-Qur'ân by Allah, then he carry it out in the middle of the night and mid-day, and people are given wealth by Allah, then he menginfakkannya in mid-evening and mid-day. [2]

This is called the ghibthah envy.

The four groups
This group, if it finds the nature of jealousy in him, he tried to destroy them, be kind to the didengki, mendo'akannya advantages and tell the didengki. He was not just trying to eliminate envy on him, but he also tried to replace it with a sense of happy to see his brother better. These include the highest degree of faith. People who like this is a true believer loves for his brother what he loves for himself. [3]

A Muslim and Muslim women should not be jealous. Because he is a despicable nature, the nature of the Jewish people and can damage the charity. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala has forbidden men to expect all the advantages and virtues that Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala give it to others. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says,

ولا تتمنوا ما فضل الله به بعضكم على بعض للرجال نصيب مما اكتسبوا وللنساء نصيب مما اكتسبن واسألوا الله من فضله إن الله كان بكل شيء عليما

And do not be jealous of the gifts exceeded Allâh to some of you above others. (Because) for men there is a part of what they earn, and to women (also) no part of what they earn. Ask Allah to some of His bounty. Indeed Allah is aware of everything. [An-Nisa '/ 4:32]

People who envy will fall into some danger, such as:

1. With envy means he hates what Allah Almighty has set. Because, hate to favor that Allah gives to others is hatred of the provisions of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala.

2. Envy will remove kindness goodness spent as fire wood.

3. Malicious minded people who will always feel sad and difficult. Every time I see Almighty Allah favors upon those who envy it, he would grieve and difficult and so on.

4. Malicious mean like Jews. Padalah Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, which means: "Whoever imitates a people, he belonged to them [5]

5. Howsoever envy, it does not eliminate the Almighty Allah favors from others.

6. Envy can eliminate the perfection of faith, because the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

لا يؤمن أحدكم حتى يحب لأخيه ما يحب لنفسه

Not perfect faith from you until he loves for his brother what he likes for himself [6]

7. Neglect to malicious person from begging a favor to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala.

8. May cause him to underestimate the malicious pleasure of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala that exist paa him.

9. Envy, despicable character, because he was always watching the favors of Allah to others and try to prevent it from humans.

10. If people who envy (envy) to act injustice to the didengki, then it will take didengki goodness kindness on the Day of Resurrection.

The conclusion that envy is a despicable character, but unfortunately nature is still prevalent among the people. Wallaahul Musta'aan, nas-alullaahal 'AFWA wal' aafiyah.

• The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam «لا تناجشواو«
Najasy interpreted by many scholars with Najasy in buying and selling. Raising the price of an item is done by people who are not interested in buying the interests of the seller so fortunately more or to harm buyers. Includes practice Najasy the praise that a seller of merchandise sold or neutralize a high price when he was not interested. What it does is to deceive the buyer so do not feel if I were buying overpriced. From Ibn 'Umar anhuma, bahwasa narrated the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam forbade Najasy. [7]

Ibn Abi Aufa rahimahullah said, "Nâjisy (actor Najasy) is a treasure eater of usury and traitors." [8]

Ibn Abd al-Barr rahimahullah said, "The scholars agreed that the offender had been adulterous Najasy to Allah Almighty if he knew that Najasy terlarangan." [9]

And what about the validity of the sale? There are scholars who argue, if the offender is Najasy retailer or person who ordered the seller to perform Najasy, the sale was illegal. Most of the jurists' found Najasy sale absolutely legitimate. This is the opinion of Abu Hanifa, Imam Malik, and is one of the history of Imam Ahmad. Only, Imam Malik and Imam Ahmad confirmed that the buyer has khiyâr (right to choose between continuing the sale or cancel it) if he does not know the exact condition and cheated by fraud beyond reasonable limits.

Or it could be interpreted Najasy the above hadith with the more common interpretation. That is all muamalah containing fraud or treason. In al-Qur'ân, Allah Almighty explains that the nature of the disbelievers and hypocrites is made of treason against the prophets and their followers. It is wonderful what the Abu Al-Athiyah,

ليس دنيا إلا بدين ولي س الدين إلا مكارم الأخلاق
إنما المكر والخديعة في النا ر هما من خصال أهل النفاق

The world is nothing but religion
and religion is nothing noble character
actual treason and deception in hell
because both the nature of hypocrites.

Makar allowed to do with people who are allowed to be disturbed, ie the infidels that must be fought, as the word he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam,

الحرب خدعة

War is deceit [10]

• The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam «ولا تباغضوا»
The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam forbade Muslims hate each other after the same passions. Because Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala made them brothers. Brothers means love, not hate each other. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

والذي نفسي بيده لاتدخلوا الجنة حتى تؤمنوا, ولاتؤمنوا حتى تحابوا, ألا أدلكم على شيء إذا فعلتموه تحاببتم: أفشوا السلام بينكم

By the One who is my soul in His hand, you will not believe until you love each other. Would you like me to show you something that if you do then you will love each other? Spread the greeting among you. [11]

Allah has forbidden the Muslims all over the potentially enmity and hatred among them. Allah said,

إنما يريد الشيطان أن يوقع بينكم العداوة والبغضاء في الخمر والميسر ويصدكم عن ذكر الله وعن الصلاة فهل أنتم منتهون

Indeed Satan intends going to cause enmity and hatred among you because (drink) wine and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah and prayer; Then not you stop (of doing it). [Al-Maida / 5:91]

Therefore, the act of playing is forbidden because it can lead to hostility and hatred. On the other hand, are allowed to lie to reconcile man and Allah advocated peace between them.

It was narrated from Abu Darda radi anhu, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said,

ألا أخبركم بأفضل من درجة الصلاة والصيام والصدقة? قالوا: بلى. قال: إصلاح ذات البين, و فساد ذات البين هي الحالقة.

'Would you like me to explain something better than the degrees of prayer, fasting and alms?' The Companions said, 'Yes.' The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said,' Reconciling the odds. And destruction of fraternal relations are cutting (religion). "[12]

The hate for Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala, then it includes the strongest part of the faith and do not include hate prohibited. If one looks at his brother and then evil hateth his brother as evil, then he got a reward, although his brother filed an acceptable reason. Like the word 'Umar ibn Umar radi Khatthab, "We used to recognize you as the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam was in the middle of those of us, Revelation and Allah tells us about you. Remember that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has died and the revelation disconnected. Know that we recognize you in accordance with our knowledge of you. Know ye, whoever of you show kindness, then we expect a good and loving it. And whosoever shows evil, we expect him and hate him so bad, while you are in the secret of your own and the Lord Almighty. [13]

• The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam «ولا تدابروا».
Abu 'Ubaid said, "Tadâbur (back to back) are mutually cut ties and mutual silence."

From Abu Ayyub al-Ansari radi anhu, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said,

لا يحل لمسلم أن يهجر أخاه فوق ثلاث يلتقيان فيصد هذا ويصد هذا, وخيرهما الذي يبدأ بالسلام

It is not lawful for a Muslim silence his brother for more than three days, both met, but who is turned away from them and the other one was also turned away. Nicest guy in between is the start saying hello [14]

The Scholars disagree whether the attitude of 'silence' was considered to end with the formula? Some scholars say that the attitude of 'silence' that ended with greetings. It is narrated from al-Hasan and Imam Malik rahimahullah in the history of Ibn Wahb. From Abu Hurayrah radi anhu that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said,

لا يحل لمسلم أن يهجر أخاه فوق ثلاث, فمن هجر فوق ثلاث فمات دخل النار

It is not lawful for a Muslim silence his brother for more than three days. Whoever silence his brother for more than three days and then died, he entered Hell [15]

If on the third day they met, and one of his greeting and the other answers, the second entitled to a reward. But if not answered his greeting, then the answer is no bear his sin. [16]

• The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam ولا يبع بعضكم على بيع بعض
From Ibn 'Umar anhuma that the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said,

لايبع الرجل على بيع أخيه, ولا يخطب على خطبة أخيه إلا أن يأذن له

A person may not sell over the sale of his brother and his brother's proposal should not apply unless he allows it. [17]

From Abu Hurayrah radi anhu that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said,

لا يسم المسلم على سوم أخيه

A Muslim should not bid on items that are in the bidding brother [18].

The presence of the word "Muslim" in the above hadeeth indicates that it is the right of Muslims over other Muslims. This does not apply to non-Muslims. This is the opinion of al-Auzâ'i rahimahulah and Imam Ahmad rahimahullah. However, many fuqaha '(scholars Jurist) argued that the ban on the above hadith common to Muslims and non-Muslims.

Understanding sell goods on sale brother is the A to buy something from the B and then the C came to offer their goods to the A so he bought it and canceled the sale first.

• The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam وكونوا عباد الله إخوانا,' O servants of Allah, be your brothers'.
In this piece there is a hint that this hadith if Muslims abandon mutual envy, Najasy each other, hate each other, back to back, and sell on the sale of his brother, then they will become brothers. [19]

• The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam المسلم أخو المسلم, لا يظلمه ولا يخذله ولا يحقره,' The Muslim is a brother to another Muslim, he does not menzhaliminya, not abandon him, and not humiliate '.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was taken from the word of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala.

إنما المؤمنون إخوة فأصلحوا بين أخويكم

Indeed the believers are brothers, so make peace between the two sisters. "[Al-Hujurât/49: 10]

If the believers had brothers, they were ordered to do everything that can make the heart come together and are prohibited from doing all that hate each other's heart. They were also ordered to distribute or provide benefits for relatives and keep them from all that is harmful. Among the biggest disadvantages that must be removed from you is a criminal kezhaliman. Kezhaliman not only haram committed against Muslims, but also haram committed against anyone.

Among the things that are forbidden is abandoned other Muslims. A Muslim is commanded to help his brother Muslim. Prophet said sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

انصر أخاك ظالما أو مظلوما. قلنا: يا رسول الله! نصرته مظلوما, فكيف أنصره ظالما? قال: تكفه عن الظلم, فذاك نصرك إياه.

Help your brother or dizhalimi injustice. We asked, 'O Messenger of Allah, I help him if he dizhalimi. How can I help him if he menzhalimi? 'The Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said, 'You prevented him from doing injustice, that your help against him. [20]

Among other things lying is forbidden to Muslims. A Muslim should not speak lie to his brother. He must speak honestly.

Among other things forbidden is insulting the Muslims. Because of the bad behavior comes from pride. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

الكبر بطر الحق وغمط الناس

Arrogance is to reject the truth and underestimating people. [21]

Almighty Allah says,

يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا يسخر قوم من قوم عسى أن يكونوا خيرا منهم ولا نساء من نساء عسى أن يكن خيرا منهن

O ye who believe! Let not a people ridicule other people, (because) may be those who (mocked) better than their (mock), and neither should women (mocked) other women, (because) may be women (mocked) better than women who mocks) ... "[al-Hujurât/49: 11]

So proud people that see themselves as perfect figure and see other people are always lacking, so he insults and belittling them. [22]

• The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam »التقوى هاهنا, يشير إلى صدره ثلاث مرات», Piety was here-he said, gesturing to his chest three times-.
In the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, there are signs that someone in the glory of Almighty Allah is determined by piety. People who are despised by society because of weak and poor, could be more honorable in Allah the Almighty than honorable people in the world. Almighty Allah says, which means: "... Indeed, the noblest among you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous ..." [al-Hujurât/49: 13]

Pious person is located in the heart, no one can see nature except Allah Almighty. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said,

إن الله لا ينظر إلى صوركم وأموالكم, ولكن ينظر إلى قلوبكم وأعمالكم.

Verily Allah does not look at the face and the treasures you, but Allah looketh on the heart and your deeds. [23]

It could be that people who had a handsome face (beautiful), abundant wealth, respected in the world, but their heart is void of piety. Can also be people who do not have anything, but his heart is full of piety so that he becomes the noblest in Allah the Almighty. This condition often occurs. Mentioned in the hadith, of Haritha bin Wahb that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

ألا أخبركم بأهل الجنة: كل ضعيف مستضعف, لو أقسم على الله لأبره ألا أخبركم بأهل النار: كل عتل جواظ مستكبر

Would you like me to show you the heavenly host, ie any person who is considered weak weak. If he swore in the name of Allah, is granted. Would you like me to explain inhabitants of Hell are all the proud, haughty and arrogant. "[24]

From Sahl ibn Sa'd radi anhu, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, "A man passed by the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam then he asked the man sitting next to him, 'What do you think about this guy?' The man said, "He was among those who honored. He deserves to be married if you are applying for, worth defending if he asked for defense, and words worth listening to. 'Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam silent. After that, no one else passed. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said to the person sitting next to him,' What do you think about this person? 'The man said,' O Messenger of Allah, he is a Muslim fakir. He deserves to be rejected if proposed, is not defended when asked for the defense, and his word is not worth the attention. 'Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said, "This person (the second person) is better than the earth and other matters. [25]

• The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam بحسب امرئ من الشر أن يحقرأخاه المسلم,' it is enough ugliness for a person if he insulted the Muslim brothers'.
That is, it is enough to be an evil if Muslims despise his brother Muslim. Because bad behavior is only encouraged his arrogance, arrogant but including the bad temperament. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, "No person shall enter heaven in his heart there is pride, although only a grain of mustard." [26]

• The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam كل المسلم على المسلم حرام, دمه, وماله, وعرضه,' Every Muslim on Muslim unclean blood, property and honor '.
Word is among the frequently mentioned the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in his sermons. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam deliver when hajj Farewell', Qurban day, the day of Arafah and the second day of the days Tasyriq. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

فإن دماءكم وأموالكم وأعراضكم عليكم حرام كحرمة يومكم هذا, في بلدكم هذا, في شهركم هذا.

Indeed, blood, property and honor upon you as you haram shirk your day, in your country and in this your month. [27]

In a history explained, some companions to travel with the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, then one of them sleeping. One of them went to the ropes and the sleeper pick, consequently the sleeper was shocked. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said,

لا يحل لمسلم أن يروع مسلما

Muslims should not scare other Muslims. [28]

From Abu Hurairah that the Prophet sallallaahu anhu radi 'alaihi wa sallam was asked about backbiting. He said, "wag (backbiting) is that you mention the evil brother." Abu Hurayrah radi anhu said, 'What do you think if what I say is true? "The Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said, 'If what you say is true, means you have menggunjingnya. If what you say is not true, it means that you have lied. '"[29]

Arguments presented above confirms that Muslims should not be disturbed in any way, either word or deed, without a good reason. Almighty Allah says, which means, "And those who harm the believers and Mukminah without mistakes they do, then they have been bearing the lies and manifest sin." [Al-Ahzâb/33: 5]

Almighty Allah makes the believers brothers that love each other and love. Of Nu'man ibn Bashir radi anhu that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said,

مثل المؤمنين في توادهم وتراحمهم وتعاطفهم مثل الجسد, إذا اشتكى منه عضو, تداعى له سائر الجسد بالسهر والحمى.

Parable of the Faithful in love-love, love-love, and sympathy is like one body. If one diseased organs, all organs of the body complained of illness such as fever and could not sleep. "[30]

Fawaaid Hadith:
1. Envy (envy) is forbidden
2. Najasy trading system (raising prices to gouge the buyer) is forbidden.
3. Prohibition orders to hate each other and love each other.
4. Prohibition bid or sell on-sale offer brother.
5. Mandatory foster brotherhood among Muslims.
6. The blood, property and honor of a Muslim over another Muslim haram.
7. The liver is the source of everything.
8. Takwa place in the hearts and proved by deeds.
10. Piety and righteous intentions for Allah is weighing up his servants.

Maraji ':
1. Al-Qur-an and terjemahnya.
2. Sahih al-Bukhari.
3. Saheeh Muslim
4. Musnad Imam Ahmad
5. Sunan Abu Dawud
6. Sunan at-Tirmidhi
7. Sunan an-Nasa-i
8. Sunan Ibni Majah
9. Sunan al-Kubra lil Baihaqi.
10. Syarhus Sunnah, Imam al-Baghawi work.
11. Irwaa-ul Ghaliil, by Shaykh Muhammad al-Albani Nashiruddin.
12. Shahiih al-Jaami'ish Shaghiir, by Shaykh Muhammad al-Albani Nashiruddin.
13. Jaami'ul 'Ulum wal Hikam, works of Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali. Verification: Shoaib Ibrahim al-Arnauth and Baajis.
14. Qawaa-id id wa min Arba'in Fawaa-an-Nawawiyyah.
15. At-Tamhiid.
16. Majmu 'Fataawa al-Islam Syaikhil Ibni Taymiyyah.
17. Kitab ul 'Ilmi, by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-' Uthaymeen.

[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 04-05/Tahun XIV/1431/2010M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]

SIMPLE LIFE pleasure

Ustadz Muhammad Asim bin Musthofa

It is a human nature, it would be more consumptive waste of money, when starting mengeyam life and established economic convenience. As if wealth means a lot less if the owner is not using it for a greater purpose and luxury. For example, a lot of meeting the needs of the less important to him. That state of a person, it is easier to adapt to than to live the good life miserable.

Koran has confirmed that human typology, a waste of money and extravagance while in a state of being, avoiding the style of simplicity and balance.

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

ولو بسط الله الرزق لعباده لبغوا في الأرض ولكن ينزل بقدر ما يشاء إنه بعباده خبير بصير

And if God enlarges fortune to His servants they would be beyond the limits of the earth, but Allah revealed what He wills with size. Verily, He is knower (state) of His servants again Mahamelihat. [Asy-Syûra/42: 27].

'Ali bin Thabit rahimahullah said:

العقل آفته الإعجاب والغضب والمال آفته التبذير والنهب
التمهيد لابن عبد البر 7/250

Common weakness was proud of myself and the emotional
And disease treasure waste and robbery.

Globally, Al-Qur `an has explained how to manage the economy with all penjabarannya, which essentially covers two things. This is what is meant by "Usul Iqtishad", ie husnun nazhari fiktisâbil mall (skill of finding material) and husnun nazhar fi fi sharfihi mashârifihi (treasure spending prowess expenditure items on the right). See how Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala opens the way for the acquisition ma'îsyah in ways that will preserve Muru `ah and religion (halal jobs).

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

فإذا قضيت الصلاة فانتشروا في الأرض وابتغوا من فضل الله واذكروا الله كثيرا لعلكم تفلحون

Once accomplished the prayer, then bertebaranlah you in the land and seek the grace of God, and remember God a lot that you're lucky. [Al-Jumu'ah / 62:10].

Similarly, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala has ordered that the man be frugal in spending. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

ولا تجعل يدك مغلولة إلى عنقك ولا تبسطها كل البسط فتقعد ملوما محسورا
And do not make your hand on your neck and terbelenngu ye therefore you are handed a despicable and sorry. [Al-Isra '/ 17:29]

Furthermore, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala prohibits spending treasure on matters forbidden. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

إن الذين كفروا ينفقون أموالهم ليصدوا عن سبيل الله فسينفقونها ثم تكون عليهم حسرة ثم يغلبون والذين كفروا إلى جهنم يحشرون

As for those who disbelieve, spend their wealth to hinder (men) from the way of Allah. They will spend their treasure, then a penitence for them and they will be defeated. And to hell Jahanamlah those who disbelieve collected. [Al-Anfal / 8:36].

In order to create a good mentality associated with that lifestyle, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala commanded people that acted in fulfillment of their needs are modest, middle, and not wasteful in spending. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

يا بني آدم خذوا زينتكم عند كل مسجد وكلوا واشربوا ولا تسرفوا إنه لا يحب المسرفين

O son of Adam, wear beautiful clothes every (enter) mosque, eat and drink, and do not be extravagant. Allah loves not those who exaggerated. [Al-A'raf / 7:31].

ولا تسرفوا إنه لا يحب المسرفين

And do not exaggerate. Allah loves not those who exaggerated. [Al-An'am / 6:141).

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has also stated in his saying, which means: "Eat, bersedekahlah, and use it in a state without wasting money and arrogance".

The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam warned that despite the lavish life with items that are permissible, could potentially drag the man to waste. It also shows a man does not give a proper appreciation of the property which is the favor of God, so that he entered in the behavior of a waste of money.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, which means: "Stay away from bermewahan lifestyle. Verily Allah's servants were not people who bermewah-luxuries". See Shahîhah, 353.

In particular, these properties also become prominent criteria on self-Rahman ibâdur. That is the true servant of God. Allah says about them:

والذين إذا أنفقوا لم يسرفوا ولم يقتروا وكان بين ذلك قواما

And those who when they spend (property), they are not extravagant and not (also) a miser, and is (spending it) in the middle between the case. [Al-Furqân/25: 67].

They are not wasting money by spending beyond their needs. Nor is it the people who hunks to his family, so for his family was met and no shortage. They spend their wealth equitably. And the best affair is that the middle, not excessive or not miserly. [2]

WHY DO NOT wasteful?
Prohibition to humans from committing extravagance and waste of money and property owned, must contain a benefit. And the man was actually capable of knowing the wisdom behind the prohibition.

In the lesson, is to keep the wealth itself. That on the Day of Judgment later, the source was questionable opinions of the treasure, and it is with spending demikain. Spending money on property or case is not required, it is contrary to one of the goals of Islamic law, namely hifzhul-mall (keep the property). In this case, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala loveth not those who do mischief, especially if the property was used for immoral acts.

Noble companions of 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud radi mubadzdzirîn anhu has defined the meaning of (the people who do the waste). He radi anhu explained, mubadzdzirîn are those who spend (money) on matters that are not justified. [3] Thus, it is enough to be a material reflection, that God hates nerve (waste). [4]

The other hand, money is needed to meet the basic need of every person life. With money, one can more easily meet their needs. Similarly, the property, as well as life support, it also serves as a custodian Muru `ah (honor, dignity) someone in the social community.

Ibn Hibban rahimahullah said,

ومن أحسن ما يستعسن به المرأ على إقامة مروءته المال الصالح

(Including the most important thing to help someone is to uphold the honor of his good fortune).

With capital money in the hand, someone was able to keep religion, honor and glory of himself. He did not have to face the humiliating acts that can humiliate. Such as begging, begging, or even did not rule out stealing and corruption, and other acts that are not justified Shari'a. Because all the action was very clearly forbidden religion. In fact, with money in hand, one does not need to dig a hole with debt. Although owe including the Jaiz muamalah (allowed), but little or a lot of pressure will membekaskan own.

Life was like a wheel. Sometimes be above menangguk various pleasures. But who would have thought, a sudden be down, life is full of difficulties. So that no one else to blame but himself.

The harsh reality is more humiliating could have hit the household economy someone who may have previously abundant treasures. Then, because mistakes in managing finances or because income still mediocre, causing him wallow in the monetary crisis that did not know the time of expiration.

Therefore, Islamic law gives warning of the dangers as-nerve (waste) as well as excessive in spending. By considering this danger, then one can still have a balance sheet that remains safe, not large pegs than the pole.

Imam an-Nawawi rahimahullah explains reasons related to the prohibition squander. He rahimahullah said: "Verily, extravagance property would cause people to beg for what other people have. While the maintenance of the property for the benefit contained world. Maslahat The temporal stability will affect the welfare of his religion. Because with it, one can focus on the affairs of the afterlife "[5].

"Swelling in spending will cause shock to a person whose ordinary income he received. So it can potentially lead to economic paralysis, or by begging, criminal acts, Deviation, leaving themselves and the people who become dependents. Similarly, if a country is to take this policy, will result in bloated budget and do not have the strength to handle the affairs of the burden of the state government ". [6] Similarly, the existence of the countries with the luxury of running a government, it will eventually go the way of its collapse, unable to withstand the all difficult conditions. [7]

The benefits in terms of aspects, the command not to riotous lifestyle, having a positive influence back to that person. He will be more adaptable to cope with any change in the face of life. Sometimes fun and sometimes have to live with concern. And if the economy is destined families experiencing difficulties, then at least someone was not too surprised by the changes that occur suddenly.

Shaykh al-'Uthaymeen rahimahullah said: "People who used to live in luxury, will find it difficult to face various circumstances. Because it is possible to come to him the problems that do not allow the person to finish it in comfort". [8]

Then he rahimahullah describes a simple example. That people who have never walked barefoot at all. This guy always use sandals or shoes. If at any time, he is faced with a condition that required him to walk barefoot even though only 500 meters away, would be a severe difficulty. You may even be injured because they have legs rubbing against the ground. However, if he had been used to the ways of living a bit less comfortable, away from the facility, he will gain a lot of favor. In addition, the body is not accustomed to it, has no resistance (imuniatas). Consequently easily hurt, but has been running for a short distance. [9]

Another positive value of a simple way of life, to push someone into a smart personal gratitude and tolerance, respecting the favors of Allah slightest. Since there are many people who are economically below. With that, his faith will grow.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

إن البذاة من الإيمان

Indeed, the simple life is a branch of faith. [10]

Al-i'tidal or wasath (choose one's attitude middle) is common in the Islamic spirit. In the context of lifestyle, frugality has harmony with it. Such behavior is very useful, both for individuals and the government. Meksi that does not mean a Muslim should remove meat menu-example-are actually affordable by it. Or then just buying and wearing clothes patches and look seedy or dirty. However, as revealed by Imam Ibn Katsiir, do not be miserly curmudgeon again, so do not give it to anyone. And do not overdo the use of money, so the resulting spending beyond their means and beyond the income generated. [11] Because of these two things be a source of reproach.

As Shaykh Sa'di says, this is a balance in the regulation of currencies, was at the corner of curmudgeonly nature and waste. That way, the business became stable and perfect. While outside, the only result of sin and evil, showing lack of reason and condition. [12] Therefore, given the benefits are so great, the kids were content to live a frugal trained and bersahaya.

[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 10/Tahun XI/1428/2007M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]


Ustadz Al-Yazid bin Abdul Qadir Jawas

عن أبي رقية تميم بن أوس الداري رضي الله عنه, عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه قال الدين النصيحة, الدين النصيحة, الدين النصيحة, قالوا: لمن يا رسول الله? قال: لله, ولكتابه, ولرسوله, ولأئمة المسلمين أو للمؤمنين, وعامتهم.

From Abi Ruqayyah, Tamim ibn Aus ad-of radi anhu, from the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam that he said: "Religion is advice, the religion is advice, the religion is advice". They (the Companions) asked, "To whom, Messenger of Allah?" Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, "To Allah, His Book, His Messenger, or the Faithful Imam of the Muslims, and for Muslims in general."

This is narrated from the Suhail ibn Abi Salih, from the 'Atha' ibn Yazid al-Laitsi, from Abu Ruqayyah, Tamim ibn Aus ad-anhu of radi. This is narrated by:

1. Imam Muslim (no. 55 [95]).
2. Imam Abu 'Awaanah (I/36-37).
3. Imam al-Humaidi (no. 837).
4. Imam Abu Dawood (no. 4944).
5. Imam an-Nasa-i (VII/156-157).
6. Imam Ahmad (IV/102-103).
7. Imam Ibn Hibban. Look-at-Ta'lîqâtul Hisan 'ala Saheeh Ibni Hibban (no. 4555) and Ra-udhatul-' Uqalâ '(no. 174).
8. Imam al-Bayhaqi (VIII/163).
9. Imam Muhammad bin Nasr al-Marwazi in Ta'zhîm Qadrish-Salah (II/681 no. 747,749,751,755).
10. Imam ath-Thabrani in Mu'jamul-al-Kabir (no. 1260-1268).
11. Imam al-Baghawi in Syarhus-Sunnah (XIII/93, no. 3514).

This hadith has syawâhid (amplifier) ​​from some friends, namely:
• Abu Hurayrah; narrated by Imam an-Nasa-i (VII/157), at-Tirmidhi (no. 1926), Ahmad (II/297), and Ibn Nasr al-Marwazi, in Ta'zhîm Qadrish-Salah (II / 682 no. 748). At-Tirmidhi said, "saheeh hasan hadeeth."
• Ibn Umar narrated by Imam ad-Darimi (II/311) and Ibn Nasr al-Marwazi (no. 757-758).
• Ibn 'Abbas; narrated by Imam Ahmad (I/351) and ath-Thabrani in Mu'jamul-al-Kabir (no. 11 198).

The scholars of hadith experts explain that the above hadith saheeh.

He was a friend of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, Abu Ruqayyah, bin Tamim bin Aus bin Kharijah Jadzimah Su-ud bin al-Lakhmi al-Falasthini ad-from. Previously, he was a Christian, and as a monk and expert worship Palestinians. Then moved to Medina and embraced Islam along with his brother, Nu'aim, in the year 9 AH He settled in Madinah until he moved to Sham after the murder of Caliph 'Uthman ibn' Affan radi anhu.

He was a diligent to pray Tahajjud, always menghatamkan Al-Qur `an. He once told a story about Jassasah and Dajjal the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, then the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam convey the story to friends in the pulpit. It shows his virtue. He also fought with the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.

Tamim ad-off was the one who first put the lights in the mosque and read the stories. This was done during the reign of 'Umar ibn al-Khattab radi ahu. He narrated the hadith of the Prophet eighteen. One of them contained the hadith in Sahih Muslim. He died in Palestine in the year 40 AH [1]

The word "advice" comes from the Arabic. Taken from the verb "nashaha" (نصح), which means "khalasha" (خلص). That is pure and clean from any impurities. It could also mean "khâtha" (خاط), which is sewing. [2]

Imam al-Khaththabi rahimahullah explains the meaning of the word "nashaha", as quoted by Imam an-Nawawi rahimahullah, "said that" nashaha "taken from" nashahar-rajulu tsaubahu "(نصح الرجل ثوبه) when she sewed. So assuming they act advisor who always wants the good of the dinasihatinya, with a business man fixing his clothes were torn. "[3]

Imam Ibn Rajab rahimahullah quoting sayings of Imam al-Khaththabi rahimahullah: "Advice, is a word that describes a number of things. That is the good, the people were given advice ". It is also stated by Ibn al-Athir rahimahullah. [4]

In conclusion, the advice is the word used to express interest in providing goodness in people who were given advice.

This hadith is a brief and concise speech, which belongs only to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. Speech brief, but contain different values ​​and important benefits. All shari'ah law, either usul (principal) and furu '(branches) are to him. Even the phrase "wa li Kitâbihi" only, he covers it all. Since the Book of Allah includes all issues of religion, both usul and furu ', deeds and beliefs.

Allah Ta'ala says:

ما فرطنا في الكتاب من شيء

We did not alpakan anything in this book. [Al-An `am / 6:38].

Therefore, there are scholars who argue the hadith is the axis of Islamic teachings.

In this hadith the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam named religion as counsel. Though the burden of shari'ah very much and are not limited to advice. So does mean he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam mentioned? The scholars have given an answer.

First. This means that almost all religions is advice, as well as word of his:

الحج عرفة.

Hajj it was before staying at 'Arafat. [5]

Second. Religion that is wholly advice. Because each practice is done without sincere, it does not include religion. [6]
Any advice for Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala demanding observance of religious obligations completely. This is called the degree of ihsan. It is not perfect advice for God without it. It is not impossible, if without the perfection of love that must and Sunnah, but also necessary seriousness closer to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala, by implementing the Sunnah-sunnah completely and leave the things haram and makruh perfectly well. [ 7]

Third. The advice covers all parts of the Islamic faith, and charity, as explained in the hadith Jibril.

Thus it is clear information about the purpose of the words of the scholars he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam' religious advice ". Because counsel, sometimes significantly pensifatan something to the nature of the perfection of God, His Book and His Messenger. Sometimes a refinement deficiency that occurs in the form of advice to leaders and Muslims in general, as well as further details in this hadith.

1. Advice To Allah Ta'ala.
Al-Imam Muhammad bin Nasr al-Marwazi rahimahullah (d. 294 H) said: There are two legal counsel. The first mandatory, and the second sunnah. The counsel is obliged to God. That is very attention from advisers to follow what is God's love, to carry out the obligations, and to stay away from anything that Allah forbade. While counsel Sunnah, is to prioritize actions loved by Allah than the actions of a loved one by himself. That is, when faced with two things in a person, the first for the benefit of himself and another for his Lord, then he start doing something for his Lord first and put off what is destined for himself.

Such an explanation for God's counsel globally, both mandatory and the Sunnah. As we shall mention some of the details in order to be understood more clearly.

The advice is obliged to God, is to stay away from his ban and carry out His commands with all his limbs while able to do so. If he is unable to perform his duties for any reason, such as illness, obstructed, or any other cause, then keep it seriously intends to implement this obligation, if the barrier had been lost.

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

ليس على الضعفاء ولا على المرضى ولا على الذين لا يجدون ما ينفقون حرج إذا نصحوا لله ورسوله ما على المحسنين من سبيل والله غفور رحيم

There is no sin (because not go jihad) upon those who are weak, for those who are sick and for those who do not earn what they spend, where they advise to Allah and His Messenger (love of God and His messenger). There is no way at all to condemn those who do good. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. [At-Tawbah / 9:91].

God is calling them as "al-muhsinîn" (those who do good), because their deeds advisory for God with their hearts were sincere when they blocked for jihad with soul body.

Under certain conditions, sometimes the servant is allowed to leave a practice, but not allowed to leave the advice to God, though due to illness is not possible for him to do something with their body, even with oral, and others, but his mind was still healthy, then not lost duty to provide advice to the heart of God. That is, with remorse for his sins and sincerely intend to carry out the obligations imposed Allah to him, and left nothing that God forbade it. If not (ie no heart practice, such as love, fear, and hope in Allah and the intention to carry out the obligations and restrictions left him), then he is not referred to God as the giver of advice to heart.

Also includes advice for God is obedience to His Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallamdalam things he enjoined to man by his Lord commands. And includes advice compulsory for God is not pleased with the hate and the people who commit adultery disobedience, obedience and love to those who obey Allah and His Messenger.

While counsel Sunnah, not obligatory, is to fight tooth and nail to put God more than all that he loved in the hearts of all limbs and even his own, even more so than others. Due to an adviser, if sincere to his loved ones, he will not be concerned with him, even working hard doing the things he loved to make people feel happy and in love, then so is the advice giver to God. Those who do worship nafilah (sunnah) to Allah without coupled with hard work, he is an advisor based on levels charity, but not to actually implement the advice completely. [8]

Imam an-Nawawi rahimahullah mentions, including advice to Allah is to wage jihad against the people of kufr to Him and preach to invite people to the path of Allah. The meaning advice to God, is to believe in Allah, to deny Him ally, did not deny his nature, mensifatkan God with all perfect and noble nature, purify the God of all the properties that are less, perform obedience to Him , distanced adultery, love for God, hatred for his loyal (love) those who obey Him, those who rebel against Him, jihad against the infidel to Him, acknowledging His blessings, and give thanks for all His blessings ... [9]

Ibn Rajab rahimahullah mentions, including advice to God, is to wage jihad against the people of kufr to Him and preach to invite people to the path of Allah. [10]

Shaykh Muhammad Hayat as-Sindi (d. 1163 AH) rahimahullah said, "I mean for God's counsel, is to be a servant to make his sincerity to his Lord and believe He is the god of the Almighty in His Uluhiyyah, and clean of stains shirk, counter, resemblance, and all that was not appropriate for him. Allah has all the attributes of perfection according to his majesty. A Muslim must glorify Him with the maximum exaltation, doing good deeds and inner Zahir and away from God's love what God hates, loves anything that God loves and hate what God hates nothing, believe nothing that God made something that is true as a truth, and a false as a falsehood, his heart filled with love and longing Him, grateful for His favors, wait for the disaster that happened to him, and pleased with his taqdir. "[11]

2. Advice For Qur'aan.
Al-Imam Ibn Nasr al-Marwazi rahimahullah said, "The counsel for the Book of Allah, is to love and glorify his position, because the Qur'an is Kalamullah, eager to understand, have a great concern to contemplate, serious and concentration reading to get an understanding of their meaning in accordance with the will of God to be understood, and after practice he understood its contents. Similarly, an advising of the servant, he will learn from the people who will advise him. Whenever he was given a book with the intent to understand, he practice what is written will. Similarly, advisers to the Book of Allah, he is required to understand it in order to practice it because God according to what Allah loves and ridhai, then disseminate that he understood the man, and studied al- Qur'an constantly a foundation of love with him, the depraved moral and civilized with adab-adabnya. "[12]

This is manifested in the form of faith in the divine scriptures and believe that Allah revealed the Qur `an is the end of all these books. Al-Qur'an is the Word of God is full of miracles, which are always maintained, both in heart and in oral. God Himself guarantees it.

Allah says:

إنا نحن نزلنا الذكر وإنا له لحافظون

Verily We the adh-Dhikr (Al-Qur `an) and we own a guard. (Qs al-Hijr/15: 9). [13]

According to Shaykh Muhammad Hayat as-Sindi rahimahullah advice for his book is to believe Al-Qur `an is Kalamullah Ta'ala. Mandatory believing anything is in it, shall practice, glorify, read it with truth, mengutamakannya than in others, and caring for science-knowledge. And in it there is science about God Uluhiyyah countless. He is a close friend of the people who walk the path of God, and is wasilah (path) for people who are constantly in touch with God. He as air eye for people of knowledge. Anyone who wants to arrive at their destination, it must take its course. Because if not, he would have lost. If a minister knows greatness Kitabullaah, surely he would not leave at all. [14]

Specifically, counsel for the Book of Allaah be done by the following points.

a. Reading And Memorizing Al-Qur `an.
By reading al-Qur `an will get a variety of science and knowledge. Besides, it would give birth to the purity of soul, clarity of feelings, and strengthen piety. Reading al-Qur `an is good and who is intercession on the Day of Judgment will be given later.
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

اقرؤوا القرآن فإنه يأتي يوم القيامة شفيعا لأصحابه ...

Read Al-Qur `an, as on the Day of Resurrection he will be coming to give intercession to those who read it. [15]

While Al-Qur `an is a great virtue. Through memorization, the heart will be more alive with light Qur'aan, people will also be shy and honor. Even with the Memory, rank in the Hereafter will be higher, according to the number of rote owned.
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

يقال لصاحب القرآن: اقرأ وارتق ورتل كما كنت ترتل في الدنيا, فإن منزلتك عند آخر آية تقرؤها.

It says to those who memorized the Qur `an," Read and catching! Please read Tartil as you read it in the world with Tartil. Due to your position (in heaven) in accordance with the last paragraph you read. " [16]

Read Tartil and a good voice, so that readings can be entered and impregnated. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

ليس منا من لم يتغن بالقرآن.

Not one of us who did not read al-Qur `an to the rhythm. [17]

b. Mentadabburi The Values ​​Contained Within each verse.
Allah Ta'ala says:

أفلا يتدبرون القرآن أم على قلوب أقفالها

Are they not mentadabburi al-Qur `an or their hearts locked up? [Muhammad/47: 24].

c. To teach Muslim Generation To Take Role In Keeping Al-Qur `an.
Learning and teaching of Al-Qur `an is the key to happiness and 'Izzah (glory) of Muslims. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

خيركم من تعلم القرآن وعلمه.

The best of you are those who learn and teach Al-Qur `an. [18]

d. Understand and to implement them.
A Muslim must read Al-Qur `an and should try to understand and try to implement them. However, the fruit of reciting the Qur'an will be we get after understand and practice it. Therefore, it would be bad if we understand the verses of Al-Qur `an, but did not want to practice it.

Allah Ta'ala says:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا لم تقولون ما لا تفعلون كبر مقتا عند الله أن تقولوا ما لا تفعلون

O you who believe, why is it that you said something that you did not do? It is most hateful in the sight of Allah that you say nothing you do not. [Ash-Shaff/61 :2-3]. [19]

3. Advice to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.
Al-Imam Ibn Nasr al-Marwazi rahimahullah said: Meanwhile, counsel to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in his lifetime, is to mobilize all abilities seriously in order to obey, defend, help, give property (for the struggle for din Allah) if he wants it, and hasten to love him.

As for after he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam died, then with concern and sincerity to seek Sunnah, moral, and adab-adabnya, glorify ordered, committed and in doing so, so angry and turn away from the people who run the religion as opposed to the Sunnah, angry with the people who wasted his Sunnah is only to benefit the world, although he believes will be the truth, love people who have a relationship with him, from the intimate relatives or relatives, as well as from the Emigrants and Helpers, or from a friend who had accompanied him for a moment in the night or during the day, and by following his guidance in terms of look and dress. [20]

What is meant by counsel to His Messenger, is to believe he is the prime seutama creature and his lover. God sent him to his servants, in order that he remove them from all darkness to light, to explain to them anything that makes them happy and what is making them miserable, explaining to them the straight path of Allah so that they pass the pleasures of heaven and avoid the pain of the fire of hell, and with love, glorify, follow and no narrowness in his chest against anything he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam decide. Subject and obedient to him sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, like the blind follow the way of the sharp eyes. The man who wins, is the one who wins bring love and devotion to the Sunnah. And the losers, were blocked from following his teachings. Those who obey the he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, and he obeyed God. Those who oppose it, he has opposed Allah and shall be repaid in kind. [21]

It is applied in the form of justifying his treatise, justifying delivered, both in Al-Qur `an and Sunnah, as well as to love and obey him. Love the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam is to ittiba' (follow) him and obey him.
Allah Ta'ala says:

قل إن كنتم تحبون الله فاتبعوني يحببكم الله

Say (O Muhammad): 'If you love Allah, then follow me (Muhammad), surely you loved God. " [Ali 'Imran / 3:31].

Obedience to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam is a form of obedience to Allah Ta'ala. Allah Ta'ala says:

من يطع الرسول فقد أطاع الله

Those who obey the Messenger, then he has obeyed God. . . [An-Nisa '/ 4:80].

4. Advice To The Muslim leaders.
Al-Imam Ibn Nasr al-Marwazi rahimahullah said, "The advice to the leaders of the Muslims, is to love their devotion to God, love their honesty and justice, loving union of the people under their aegis, hate to cause disunity against them , believing that obedience to them is obedience to God, hates people who are out of obedience to them (ie hate people who do not recognize their authority and assume their blood halal), and love their glory in obedience to God. "[22]

Shaykh Muhammad Hayat as-Sindi rahimahullah said, "The meaning of 'advice to the leaders of the Muslims' counsel is directed to their rulers. Namely to receive their orders, hear, and obey them in things that are not immoral, because there is no obedience to the creature in the Al-Khaliq immoral. not fight them as long as they do not disbelieve, trying to improve their situation, they clean up the damage, ordered them to goodness, banning them from misguidance, and pray for them to get good. because, in their kindness means the good of the people, and the damage they mean the destruction of the people. "[23]

Referred to as the leader of the Muslims, are the rulers, their representatives, or the clergy. To be obeyed ruler, the ruler of the Muslims must themselves.

Allah Ta'ala says:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا أطيعوا الله وأطيعوا الرسول وأولي الأمر منكم

O you who believe, you obey Allah, obey the Messenger and the rulers of you. [An-Nisaa ': 59]

Advice for leaders, is to love kindness, truth, and justice, not because of the individual. Because, through kepemimpinannyalah benefit we can be fulfilled. We are also pleased with the unity under the leadership of their just and hates disunity under arbitrary rulers.

Advice for leaders can also be done by way of helping them to always be on the path of truth, keeping them in the truth, and remind them in a good way. Including the principle of Ahlus Sunnah wal-Jama'ah, is not provocation or incitement to rebellion to authority, even though the ruler was doing injustice. Not to be provocative, both from the pulpit, where specific or general, or other media. Because this violates the direction of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and Salafush-Salih.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

من أراد أن ينصح لذي سلطان فلا يبده علانية ولكن يأخذ بيده فيخلوبه فإن قبل منه فذاك و إلا كان قد أدى الذي عليه.

Anyone who would like to advise the ruler, he must not reveal openly. Hold his hand and let him be alone with him. When the authorities would listen to this advice then it's the best. And when the rulers were reluctant (not accept) then indeed he has the mandate of duty imposed on him. [24]

There is really no good for people who do not want to advise rulers in a good way. Also no good, for the ruler who oppresses his people and to silence those who try to advise her, even her ears tightly so as not to hear the voices of truth. Under these conditions, the opposite is humility and brokenness. It's very possible that if the Muslims have strayed and away from Islamic values.

As for the scholars, counsel made to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of the Prophet, by way refuted heretical many opinions regarding the Al-Qur `an and Sunnah. Explaining the various hadith, whether authentic hadith or Da'eef. The scholars also have a great responsibility to always advise the rulers, and constantly calling for the authorities to arbitrate the law of God and His Messenger. If they are negligent in carrying out this responsibility so that no one is calling for the truth in front of the ruler, then Allah will menghisabnya. To the clergy, let them constantly trying to come to convey the truth and good advice to the government (ruler) and patient in doing so, as well, including sentences convey seutama-major jihad. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

أفضل الجهاد كلمة عدل (وفي رواية: حق) عند سلطان جائر.

Jihad said the main thing is justice (in another narration: the truth) in the presence of arbitrary rulers. [25]

The scholars will also be held accountable, if they actually praised the arbitrary rulers and eventually became their mouthpiece.

Meanwhile, we advice to the scholars, is to constantly remind them of responsibility, trust hadiths they convey, if indeed they are people who can be trusted. Also by the way do not revile them, as this may reduce the authority and make them as material charges.

5. Advice For The Muslims.
The meaning of "advice to the Muslims in general," is to help them in goodness, forbid them to do evil, to guide them to the guidance, forcefully preventing them from straying, and loving kindness to them as he loves her for yourself, because they are all are servants of God. Then a servant had looked at them with a single runway, the glasses of truth. [26]

Advice for the Muslim community, conducted by leading them to a variety of things for the better world and afterlife. It is unfortunate, Muslims have neglected this task. They do not want to advise others Muslim, particularly with regard to the affairs of the Hereafter.

Advice is done should not be limited to words, but must be followed by deeds. As such, advice will be evident in the Muslim community, as a cover ugliness, complement deficiency, a deterrent against danger, giving benefits, enjoining nahyu evil, great respect, affection toward smaller, and avoid fraud and malice .

6. The Most Good Advice Among Muslims.
The best advice, the advice is given when someone asked for advice. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

و إذا استنصحك فانصح له ...

If someone asked for advice to you, then encourage it. [28]

Including the best advice, the advice of a person to another person when that person (who advised) not in front of him. That is done in a way to help and defend him.

7. People Who Give Advice notch.
Charity of the apostles is advising people to something that is beneficial to the world and the hereafter.

God said to tell his servant, the Prophet Hud Alaihissallam:

أبلغكم رسالات ربي وأنا لكم ناصح أمين

I convey these messages unto my Lord, and I'm just giving you reliable advice. [Al-A'raf / 7: 68].

God also told the Prophet Salih Alaihissallam speaking to his people:

فتولى عنهم وقال يا قوم لقد أبلغتكم رسالة ربي ونصحت لكم ولكن لا تحبون الناصحين

So Salih left them, saying: "O my people, indeed I have delivered unto you the mandate Rabbku, and I have to advise you, but you do not like people who give advice". [Al-A'raf / 7:79].

One should feel quite noble deeds servants carry the most precious of God, the prophets and apostles.

Thus the nature of advice. Hopefully God made us as His servants who always encourage one another. So it has some of the properties of the lucky ones, as already outlined God with His words:

والعصر إن الإنسان لفي خسر إلا الذين آمنوا وعملوا الصالحات وتواصوا بالحق وتواصوا بالصبر

For the sake of time. The man really is in loss, except those who believe and do good deeds, and counsel advising that obey the truth and honor so advise counsel patience. [Al-'Ashr/103 :1-3].

It was narrated from Jareer ibn 'Abdillah radi anhu, he said:

بايعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم على إقام الصلاة, وإيتاء الزكاة, والنصح لكل مسلم.

I membai'at Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to keep his prayers, practice regular charity, and advise every Muslim. [29]

Imam Nawawi rahimahullah said, "The law of giving advice is fard kifaya. Means that, if there is someone already working on it gugurlah obligations on the other., And this advice is mandatory according to their capabilities."

Shaikh Sulthan Nazhim Muhammad said, "I think, advising law and its interpretation as a whole has been described, there is a fard 'ain, there is a fard kifaya, there are mandatory, and there is also a sunnah. Due to the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam explained , religion is advice. while the Law was obligatory, sunnah, fard 'ayn and fard kifaya. "[30]

Among advising Islamic adab, which advises his brother with unknown others. Because, whoever covered the ugliness brother Allah will cover the ugliness in the world and the hereafter.

Some scholars say, whoever advises someone and only two of them, then that's the real advice. Whoever advises his brother in front of so many people and such a humble man who denounced advised.

Fudhail bin Iyadh rahimahullah said, "A believer, the cover is a disgrace and advise. While the wicked are those who destroy and condemn." [31]

Al-Imam Ibn Hibban rahimahullah (d. 354 H) said, "As we have mentioned, giving advice is the duty of all human beings, but in a pass-not-should not be secret. Because, whoever advises his brother in front of others, it means he has denounced., and whoever advised him in secret, then he has to fix it. Indeed delivered with great attention to fellow Muslim brother is constructive criticism, are more likely to be accepted than convey the intent reproach. "

Then al-Imam Ibn Hibban rahimahullah mentions the sanadnya up to Sufyan, he said: "I asked Mis'ar, 'Do you like it when someone else tells deficiency-flaw?" He replied,' When I came to is people who tell lack-flaws-way menjelek things about me, then I'm not happy. But when that came to a giver of advice, then I'm happy '. "

Abu Hatim (Imam Ibn Hibban) rahimahullah said, "Advice, if done as what we have mentioned so will perpetuate the love and the cause of the realization of the right ukhuwah (brotherhood)". [32]

Al-Imam Abu Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Sa'id Ibn Hazm rahimahullah (d. 456 H) said, "It is obligatory for a person to always give advice, both of which were given advice like it or hate it, offended or not offended. 'If you give advice then conveyed in secret, not in front of others and simply by giving cues, without plainly. Unless advised people not understand isyaratmu it must plainly. should not give advice on the condition to be accepted. If you exceed the limit adab- adab is the injustice then you, not giving advice, and obedience crazy and insane power, not giving the right message and executing ukhuwah. This is not including the common law and the law of friendship, but the law of the jungle like a ruler with his subjects, and a master with his harem ". [33]

Imam Shafi'i rahimahullah said in sya'irnya:

تغمدني بنصحك في انفرادي وجنبني النصيحة في الجماعة
فإن النصح بين الناس نوع من التوبيخ لا أرضى استماعه
وإن خالفتني وعصيت قولي فلا تجزع إذا لم تعط طاعة

Cover the fault with your advice when I was alone.
Avoid advised me in the middle of the crowd.
Because providing advice in front of many people.
Tantamount to slander, I am not willing to hear it.
If you menyalahiku and do not follow what I said.
So do not be surprised if the advice is not followed. [34]

1. Advice has a great position and great in Islam.
2. Advice addressed to Allah, His Book, His Messenger, the leader of the Muslims, and the Muslims in general.
3. Mandatory sincere in worship to Allah Ta'ala.
4. Mandatory candid in giving advice.
5. Not to be treacherous in giving advice.
6. Bolehnya mengakhirkan information from the time when delivering advice.
7. Counsel said to be religious because faith consists of words and deeds.
8. Advice including from faith. That is why Imam al-Bukhari said in his Saheeh, in Kitab ul-Iman.
9. Good as the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in teaching religion to his companions.
10. The Companions radi hard anhum very eager to get knowledge.
11. Da'wah it must start from the most important then that matters.

Marâji ':
1. Al-Wafi-Fi Syarhil Arba'în an-Nawawiyyah, Dr. Mustafa al-Bugha and Muhyidin Mustha.
2. An-Fi Nihayah Gharîbil hadith, Ibn al-Athir.
3. Fiqh Advice, Fariq bin Ghasim Anuz.
4. Fat-hul Bari, al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar al-'Atsqalani.
5. Irwâ-ul Ghalîl Takhriiji ahadith Manâris fii-Sabil, Shaykh Muhammad al-Albani Nashiruddin.
6. Jâmi'ul 'Ulum wal-Hikam, Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali. Verification: Shoaib Shaikh Ibrahim al-Arnauth and Bajis.
7. Qawa'id wa minal Fawâ-id-'an-Nawawiyyah Arba'în, by: Shaykh Muhammad Nazhim Sulthan.
8. Saheeh Muslim, and others as mentioned in the hadith takhrij.
9. Genealogy al-ahadith al-Shahîhah, Shaykh Muhammad al-Albani Nashiruddin.
10. Sharh Aqidah Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama'ah, Yazid bin Abdul Qadir Jawas.
11. Sharh Sahih Muslim, works: al-Imam an-Nawawi
12. Syarhul-an-Nawawiyyah Arba'în, al-'Allamah Muhammad Hayat as-Sindi. Verification: The Wisdom bin Ahmad al-Hariri, Daar Ramaadi, Matter I, Year 1415 AH
13. Syarhul-an-Nawawiyyah Arba'în, Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-'Uthaymeen.
14. Syarhus-Sunnah, al-Imam al-Baghawi.
15. Ta'zhîm Qadrish-Salah, Imam Muhammad bin Nasr al-Marwazi. Verification and Takhrij: Dr. 'Abdurrahman ibn' Abd al-Jabbar al-Fariyuwa'i, Maktabah ad-Dar an-Nabawiyyah Medina, Matter I.
16. And other books mentioned in footnotes

[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 05/Tahun XI/1428/2007M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]


Shaykh Saalih bin Fawzaan al-Fawzaan

Islam, the religion is perfect, very concerned about the growth of generation. For that, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has commanded us to choose shalihah wife, loving and many descendants. From shalihah wives, it is expected that children born righteous-shalihah, strong in religion. So that Islam became powerful and enemies feel daunted. Thus, the mother has a dominant role in building the foundation and print generations, because he will educate children in obedience and devotion to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala.

Attention Islam other related and were influenced by the education of children, the Prophet recommends that parents give a good name to her children. A name will help make an impact on children. So much history that describes the Prophet to change some of the names that are not in accordance with Islam.

Islamic assertiveness in educating these, can also be examined from the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, that when the child is seven years of age, both parents ought to teach and instruct children to do the prayers. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

مروا أولادكم بالصلاة وهم أبناء سبع سنين واضربوهم عليها وهم أبناء عشر وفرقوا بينهم في المضاجع

Command your children to pray when he was seven years old, and beat if reluctant to pray when it is ten years old, and be separate beds between them. [Reported by Abu Dawud, and Nashiruddin Classed as saheeh by Shaykh Muhammad al-Albani in Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood, no. 466]

Commands taught prayers, means also includes things related to prayer. For example, procedures for prayer, thaharah, and the obligation of prayer in congregation in the mosque, so that children can be more close and intimate with the Muslims.

The blow to the child, Islam allows parents to hit, if the child is lazy and reluctant to perform prayers. Except to note, pukulah is within the limits tarbiyah (education), the condition is not a dangerous punch, punch nor toy, so there is no effect whatsoever. Among its objectives, so that children feel the punishment if he did leave the prayer disobedience.

But we see at this time, blow, as one wasilah in tarbiyyah, many parents abandoned. The excuse given, because of his affection for the child. Though true compassion should be realized with the given level. And one of them struck the child while committing immoral.

He also ordered the parents that separate the beds of children who have entered the age of ten. The purpose of this separation, is to avoid libel lust.

Therefore, if the elderly parents responsible for their children while they sleep, and how when they get out of the house and mingle with the community? Then of course the parents have a responsibility greater. Parents should always supervise their children, keep him away from bad friends and socially more misleading. Since tarbiyah not only when they are home, but also when the kids are out of the house. As parents need to know where and with whom their children associate. Remember, parents are the leader, he will be required responsibilities.

كلكم راع و كلكم مسئول عن رعيته

Each of you is a leader, and each of you will be held accountable on that you lead. [Agreed alaih].

The goodness of the child the cause of goodness, especially for the elderly and their families, and in general for the Muslims. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

إذا مات ابن آدم انقطع عمله إلا من ثلاث صدقة جارية وعلم ينتفع به وولد صالح يدعو له

If someone has died, then terputuslah all deeds except for three cases: Sadaqah jariyah, useful knowledge, or a righteous child who prayed for his parents [HR at-Tirmidhi].

Therefore, the educational success of a child with kindness and obedience, have benefits and a great influence for good parents, while alive or after death. When parents are still alive, the child will be entertainment, happiness and qurrata-a'y un (Air liver). And when the parents have died, the righteous children will always pray for forgiveness and for their parents bersadaqah.

Conversely, how poor parents whose children were not righteous and he was insubordinate. The rebellious child can not benefit the parents, whether alive or dead now. Parents will not be able to pick the fruit, but only harm and evil. Things like this can happen if the parents are not paying attention or tarbiyyah education of their children.

One example in tarbiyah true, that parents ought to be fair to all children. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam warned us.

فاتقوا الله واعدلوا بين أولادكم

So keep your duty to Allah all of you, and do your fair to your children. [HR Imam al-Bukhari]

Never happen, when one of his friends to give to some children, and then he went to the Prophet so that he is willing to be a witness n. N then he asked: "Do you give all your children like that?"

He replied, "" No, "then the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:" Seek witnesses other than myself, because I do not want to witness the ugliness. Was not going to get you happy, if you give me something similar? "

He replied: "Yes," then said the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam: "Then do it!"

Surprisingly, there are some parents, when advised about tarbiyah child, it did rebuttal. The old man said that goodness is in the hands of God, or guidance lies in the hands of God. It is true that the guidance is in the hands of God, sebagaiaman Allaah says:

إنك لا تهدي من أحببت ولكن الله يهدي من يشاء وهو أعلم بالمهتدين

Surely you will not be able to give instructions to the person you love, but Allah gives guidance to those who wills, and Allah knows those who would accept guidance. [Al-Qashash/28: 56].

But keep in mind, the factors that cause the kindness and guidance, is because the role of parents. If the parents have been instrumental to the fullest and has fulfilled its obligations in tarbiyah, the guidance is in the hands of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. Meanwhile, if the parents are negligent and ignore tarbiyah, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala will reply with iniquity and evil to children. Remember the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

كل مولود يولد على الفطرة فأبواه يهودانه أو ينصرانه أو يمجسانه

Every child is born in a state of nature, then both his parents that caused the child to be Jewish, Christian or Zoroastrian [HR Imam al-Bukhari].

Here we must understand correctly, how great the role of parent to child. Parents have the responsibility of forming the faith and character of children. Of the parents that will be realized figure of a child's personality.

Finally, let us keep the character of our children. That is the nature of truth and goodness over. Because everything we do on the child, will be required pertanggungjawabnya before Allah Almighty.

Attention to children is a very important case and a great responsibility before God. Therefore, the best man, the prophets always pray for the good of themselves and their children.

Prophet Ibrahim prayed Alaihissallam:

رب هب لي من الصالحين

Yes Rabbku, anugerahkanlah me (a child) which includes people who worships. [Ash-Shafât/37: 100]

ربنا واجعلنا مسلمين لك ومن ذريتنا أمة مسلمة لك وأرنا مناسكنا وتب علينا إنك أنت التواب الرحيم

Our Lord, make us both submissive people to you, and (make) among our offspring a people submissive unto Thee, and show us the ways and places of pilgrimage us, and accept our repentance . Surely You are the recipient repentance, Most Merciful. [Al-Baqarah / 2:128]

Prophet Zakariya pray Alaihissallam:

قال رب هب لي من لدنك ذرية طيبة إنك سميع الدعاء

That's where Zakariya pray to his Lord and said, "Yes Rabbku, grant me from You a good boy. Truly you are the Hearer of prayer." ['Ali' Imran / 3:38].

Likewise with the Salaf our predecessors, they prayed:

ربنا هب لنا من أزواجنا وذرياتنا قرة أعين واجعلنا للمتقين إماما

Our Lord, Grant unto us wives and our offspring as our hearts penyenang (us), and make us priests to those who fear Allah. [Al-Furqân/25: 74].

Thus the prophets, although it has position and proximity to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala, they still continue to pray expectantly, asking Allah Almighty to be awarded and shalihah righteous offspring, then what about us? Of course, we are more motivated and eager to do it.

Therefore, let us pray and strive to provide education and tarbiyah to our children based on the din (religion) is saheeh and straight.

(Summarized by Ustadz Abu Ziyad Agus Santoso, from al-Khutabul-Minbariyyah, Shaykh Saalih bin Fawzaan al-Fawzaan, pages 148-155)

[Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 09/Tahun XI/1428/2007M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]


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