Monday, June 2, 2014
Status of Prayers in Islam , which was first brought to account is Prayer
Shaikh Abdullah bin Abdul al - Azhim Khalafi
There are five obligatory prayers : Zhuhur , ' Asr , Maghrib , ' Isha ' , and Shubuh .
From Anas ibn Malik radi 'anhu , he said , " On the night of Isra ' ( when the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam raised to the sky ) are required to the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam to pray fifty times . Then reduced to five times . Then he called out , ' O Muhammad , verily my decision at hand can not be changed . And verily you ( reward ) is such five ( reward ) fifty ' . " [ 1 ]
Of Talha bin ' Ubaidullah radi anhu , he said that once a Bedouin Arab unkempt hair came to the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam and said , " O Messenger of Allah , tell me pray what God required of me . " He replied :
الصلوات الخمس إلا أن تطوع شيئا .
" Prayer five times a day , but if you want to add something ( from the sunnah prayer ) . " [ 2 ]
Status of Prayers in Islam
From ' Abdullah ibn ' Umar anhu , he said that the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said :
بني الإسلام على خمس , شهادة أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمدا عبده ورسوله , وإقام الصلاة , وإيتاء الزكاة وحج البيت , وصوم رمضان .
" Islam is built on five ( cases ) : the testimony that there is no god who is entitled diibadahi but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah , establish the prayer , issued alms, pilgrimage to the House , and fasting Ramadan . " [ 3 ]
A. Legal person who did Prayers
The entire Islamic Ummah agreed that those who deny the necessity of prayer , then he came out of the infidels and Islam . But they were at odds on leaving people still believe in prayer with its legal obligations . Because of their disagreement is the presence of a number of hadith of the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam calling people who leave the prayer as infidels , without distinguishing between those who deny and lazing do .
From Jabir radi 'anhu , he said that the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said :
إن بين الرجل وبين الشرك والكفر ترك الصلاة .
" Surely ( boundary ) between a person and kufr and shirk is abandoning prayer . " [ 4 ]
Of Buraidah , he said , " I heard the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said :
العهد الذي بيننا وبينهم الصلات , فمن تركها فقد كفر .
' Agreement between us and them is prayer . Whoever left it , then he is a disbeliever . ' " [ 5 ]
But rajih of the opinions of the scholars ' , that is the kufr kufr here is little that is not issued from religion . It is the result of a compromise between these hadiths with some other hadith , among them :
From ' Ubadah Allaah ibn al- Samit anhu , he said , " I heard the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said :
خمس صلوات كتبهن الله على العباد , من أتى بهن لم يضيع منهن شيئا استخفافا بحقهن كان له عند الله عهد أن يدخله الجنة , ومن لم يأت بهن فليس له عند الله عهد , إن شاء عذبه وإن شاء غفر له .
' Five prayers are required over the servants of God . Whoever do it and not waste it in the slightest due to take lightly , then he had an agreement with God to enter into Heaven . And whoever does not do it , then he does not have a covenant with God . If He wills , He mengadzabnya . Or if He wills , He forgives . ' " [ 6 ]
We conclude that the law left the prayer is still below the level of kufr and shirk . Because the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam submit cases of people who do not do the will of God .
While Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says :
إن الله لا يغفر أن يشرك به ويغفر ما دون ذلك لمن يشاء ومن يشرك بالله فقد افترى إثما عظيما
" Verily Allah will not forgive the sin of shirk , and He forgives all sins apart from ( shirk ) , for whom He wills . Whoever is to Allah , then indeed he has a great sin . " [ An - Nisaa ' : 48 ]
From Abu Hurayrah that anhu , he said , " I heard the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said , ' Verily the first time an accounting of a Muslim servant on the Day of Judgment is the prayer obligatory . If he is doing it with perfect ( he survived ) . If not , then say : Look , if he has the sunnah ? If he has the sunnah prayers obligatory sunnah enhanced by earlier . Then the whole practice obligatory prayer had been brought to account as well . ' " [ 7 ]
From Hudzaifah bin al - Yemeni , he said that the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said , " Islam will vanish as the disappearance of the color of the clothes fade . Until no longer know what it is fasting , prayer , sacrificial , and Sadaqah . Qur'aan will be lifted in a single night , until not a single verse being left on earth . Stay a class consisting of human and frail elderly people . They said , ' we found our fathers spoke the words : La ilaha illallaah and we pronounce it . ' " Shilah said to him , " Is not laa ilaha illallaah sentence of no benefit to them , if they do not know what it is prayer , fasting , sacrificial , and Sadaqah ? "
Then Hudzaifah turn away from it . Shilah repeated three times . Each time it is also Hudzaifah turn away from it . On the third time , Hudzaifah turned and said , "O Shilah , a sentence that will save them from Hell . He repeated it three times . " [ 8 ]
B. Required To Whom ?
Prayer was compulsory for every Muslim who has baligh and sensible
Of ' Ali radi anhu , from the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam , he said:
رفع القلم عن ثلاثة : عن النائم حتى يستيقظ , وعن الصبي حتى يحتلم , وعن المجنون حتى يعقل .
" Pena ( charity recorder ) is lifted from three people : from those who sleep until awakened , from children to baligh , and from the crazy to come back unconscious . " [ 9 ]
Obligatory upon parents to send their children to pray the prayer even though it was not required , so he used to pray .
From ' Amr ibn Shu'ayb , from his father , from his grandfather , he said that the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said :
مروا أولادكم بالصلاة وهم أبناء سبع سنين , واضربوهم عليها وهم أبناء عشر سنين , وفرقوا بينهم في المضاجع .
" Command your children to pray at the age of seven years . And beat them for leaving at the age of ten years . As well as their separate beds . " [ 10 ]
[ Copied from the book Al - Sunna wal Wajiiz FII Fiqhis Kitaabil Aziiz , Author Shaikh Abdul Azhim Badawai bin al - Khalafi , Indonesia Guide Fiqh Complete Edition , Translation Team Tashfiyah LIPIA - Jakarta , Ibn Kathir Publisher Reader , First Printing Ramadan 1428 - September 2007M ]
[ 1 ] . Muttafaq upon: [ Sunan at - Tirmidhi ( I/137 no. 213 ) ] , in brief . And narrated at length in Shahiih al - Bukhari ( Fat - hul Baari ) ( VII/201 no. 3887 ) , Muslim Shahiih ( I/145 no. 259 ) , as well as Sunan an- Nasa - i ( I/217 ) .
[ 2 ] . Muttafaq upon: [ Shahiih al - Bukhari ( Fat - hul Baari ) ( I/106 no. 46 ) ] , Shahiih Muslims ( I/40 no. 11 ) , Sunan Abi Dawood ( ' Aunul Ma'buud ) ( II/53 no. 387 ) , and Sunan an- Nasa - i ( IV/121 ) .
[ 3 ] . Muttafaq upon: [ Shahiih Muslim ( I/45 no. 16 ( 20 ) ) ] , this is the wording of it , Shahiih al - Bukhari ( Fat - hul Baari ) ( I/49 no. 8 ) , Sunan at - Tirmidhi ( IV / 119 no. 2736 ) , Sunan an- Nasa - i ( VIII/107 ) .
[ 4 ] . Shahiih : [ Shahiih al - Jaami'ush Shaghiir ( no. 2848 ) ] , Shahiih Muslims ( I/88 no. 82 ) , this is lafazhnya , Sunan Abi Dawood ( ' Aunul Ma'buud ) ( XII/436 no. 4653 ) , and Sunan at - Tirmidhi ( IV/125 no. 2751 ) , and Sunan Ibni Majah ( I/342 no. 1078 ) .
[ 5 ] . Saheeh : [ Shahiih Sunan Ibni Majah ( no. 884 ) ] , Sunan Ibni Majah ( I/342 no. 1079 ) , Sunan an- Nasa - i ( I/231 ) , and Sunan at - Tirmidhi ( IV/125 no. 2756 ) .
[ 6 ] . Shahiih : [ Shahiih Sunan Ibni Majah ( no. 1150 ) ] , Muwatta ' al - Imam Malik ( p. 90 no. 266 ) , Ahmad ( II/234 no. 82 ) , Sunan Abi Dawood ( ' Aunul Ma'buud ) ( II / 93 no. 421 ) , Sunan Ibni Majah ( I/449 no. 1401 ) , and Sunan an- Nasa - i ( I/230 ) .
[ 7 ] . Shahiih : [ Shahiih Sunan Ibni Majah ( no. 1172 ) ] , Sunan Ibni Majah ( I/458 no. 1425 ) , this is lafazhnya , Sunan at - Tirmidhi ( I/258 no. 411 ) , and Sunan an- Nasa - i ( I/232 ) .
[ 8 ] . Shahiih : [ Shahiih Sunan Ibni Majah ( no. 3273 ) ] , and Sunan Ibni Majah ( II/1344 no. 4049 ) .
[ 9 ] . Shahiih : [ Shahiih al - Jaami'ush Shaghiir ( no. 3513 ) , and Sunan Abi Dawood ( ' Aunul Ma'buud ) ( XII/78 no. 4380 ) .
[ 10 ] . Hasan : [ Shahiih al - Jaami'ush Shaghiir ( no. 5868 ) ] , Sunan Abi Dawood ( ' Aunul Ma'buud ) ( II/162 no. 491 ) , this is lafazhnya , Ahmad ( al - Fat - hur Rabbaani ) ( II/237 no. 84 ) , and Mustadrak al - Hakim ( I/197 ) .