Ustadz Abu Qotadah
Jihad is the peak power and the glory of Islam. Those who strive to occupy a high position in heaven, as well as having a high position in the world.
In general, the nature of jihad has a very broad meaning. Which is jihad against the passions, jihad against the devil, and the jihad against the wicked from among the scholars of heresy and immorality. Meanwhile, according to the Personality ', jihad is devoting all ability to fight the infidels. See Fathul Bari (6/77).
So that it can be concluded, that jihad includes four parts. First: Jihad against the passions. Second: Jihad against Satan. Third: Jihad against the wicked, kezhaliman perpetrators, and perpetrators munkar heretics.
Fourth: Jihad against the hypocrites and unbelievers.
Jihad against the passions, covering four issues. First: Jihad Against the passions in the search for and learn the truth and the religion of truth. Second: The jihad against the passions in the practice of science that has been obtained. Third: Jihad Against the passions in science and preach a religion of truth. Fourth: Jihad Against the passions with patience in the pursuit of knowledge, charity, and in preaching.
As for the jihad against the devil can be done in two ways. First: Jihad against Satan by resisting what is waged every demon in the form syhubhat and doubts that could injure the faith. Second: The jihad against Satan by resisting what is waged every devil and the desires of the destructive passions.
While jihad against the wicked, kezhaliman actors, and actors munkar heretics, includes three stages. That is, with an able hand. If not able, then with oral. And if not able to as well, then with the heart, which every Muslim must do. That is the way they hate, not love them, do not sit with them, do not provide assistance to them, and do not praise them. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
ثلاث من كن فيه وجد حلاوة الإيمان من كان الله ورسوله أحب إليه مما سواهما ومن أحب عبدا لا يحبه إلا لله عز وجل ومن يكره أن يعود في الكفر بعد إذ أنقذه الله منه كما يكره أن يلقى في النار
"The three cases; he who in his case there are three, then he will get a taste of faith, Allah and His Messenger Iebih loved than the other-other mark, a person simply because he loves God and he hates to return to disbelief after Allah saved by him, sebagairnana she hated to be thrown into hell ". [Bukhari and Muslim].
من أحب لله وأبغض لله وأعطى لله ومنع لله فقد استكمل الإيمان
"Whoever loves for Allah, hates for Allah, gives for Allah, and do not give because God, he means have perfect faith". [Abu Dawud]
فمن أحدث فيها حدثا أو آوى محدثا فعليه لعنة الله والملائكة والناس أجمعين
"Whoever makes a new case or support heretics, then he hit Iaknat God, angels and all mankind". [Bukhari and Muslim]
Jihad against people with oral Fasiq are the rights of those who have the knowledge and the scholars. Proof is by way of enforcing and refute their proof, and explain their error, either in writing or verbally. Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said: "The heresy is denied expert mujahid". See Al Fatawa (4/13)
Shaykh al-Islam also said: "If a mubtadi 'aqeedah that menyelisihi urged the Koran and the Sunnah, or take manhaj as opposed to the Koran and Sunnah, and feared to mislead people, it is obliged to explain their error, so that the people awake from their error and they know the situation ". See Al-Fatawa (28/221).
Therefore, it is heresy to deny expert proof and argument, explaining that haq, as well as explain the dangers of heresy aqidah expert, is something that is mandatory, to clean up the teachings of Allah, His religion, manhajNya, syari'atNya. And by agreement of the Muslims, reject the evil and deception expert kifayah innovation is obligatory. Because if God does not inspire those who denied them, surely it would corrupt religion. Know, that caused the damage of their actions, more dangerous than the reign of the heathen. Because of damage to the heathen be known by everyone, while the damage is known only heretics by the pious charcoal.
As for the jihad against the wicked hands, then this becomes a right for those who have power or arong Commander of the Faithful, that is by enforcing hudud (punishment) against any person who violates the laws of Allah and His Messenger. As Abu Bakr had done with fighting those who refused to pay zakat, 'Ali bin Abi Talib fight the Kharijites and the Shi'ites Rafidhah.
What about the jihad against the hypocrites and unbelievers? Imam Ibn Al Qayyim states, jihad is a religious obligation to fight the unbelievers' ain; his jihad with his heart, or verbal, or to his property, or by hand; then every Muslim jihad with one of these types of jihad. See Zadul Ma'ad (3/64).
However, jihad fighting the infidels with his obligatory kifayah law, and does not become fard 'ain, unless it met one of the four following conditions.
First: If he is on the battlefield.
Second: If the enemy attacked his country.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said: "If the enemy has entered attacked an Islamic state, then no doubt, obligatory for Muslims to defend their country and every country that is closest, then the near future, because Islamic countries are as a country". (Al lkhtiyarat, 311). Jihad is called jihad difa '.
Third: If ordered by the Imam (Commander of the Faithful) to fight.
Fourth. If required, then jihad becomes obligatory. [See Al Mughni, Al Majmu ', Zaadul Mustaqni']
As prescribed jihad against the infidel (by hand), through three stages:
First: Center for the Muslims to fight with no required. He said:
أذن للذين يقاتلون بأنهم ظلموا وإن الله على نصرهم لقدير
"Permission (to fight) for those who fight because they have been persecuted sesungguhnaya. And verily, Allah, the Almighty really help them." [Al-Hajj: 39].
Second: The order to combat any unbelievers who fight the Muslims. He said:
وقاتلوا في سبيل الله الذين يقاتلونكم ولا تعتدوا إن الله لا يحب المعتدين
"Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, (but) do not transgress limits, for Allah loves not the transgressors" [Al Baqarah: 190].
Third. The command to fight against all the idolaters that the religion of God straight in the face of the earth.
وقاتلوا المشركين كآفة كما يقاتلونكم كآفة واعلموا أن الله مع المتقين
"... And fight the Pagans all as they fight it all: But know that Allah is with those who fear Him". [At Tawbah: 36]
The third stage is not dimansukh, so that a statute is obligatory jihad until the Day of Judgment. Shaykh Ibn Baz rahimahullah said: "Marhalah (stage) of the third is not dimansukh, may still be in accordance with the conditions of the Muslims". [Fadlu Al Jihad Wal Mujahideen, 2:440].
Thus the nature of jihad and its short secera stages of the order. All this must be understood by Muslims, resulting in a set of jihad, according to the circumstances and conditions that must be met. And Allaah knows best.
[Copied from the magazine edition of As-Sunnah Foundation Published 05/Tahun IX/1426H/2005 Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo - Solo Gondangrejo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 08121533647, 08157579296]
Jihad in Islamic Law Perspective
Cleric Abu Asma Khalid Syamhudi
Jihad is a charity that disyari'atkan goodness of God. He became strong and noble cause of Muslims. Conversely, if the Muslims leave jihad in Allah's way, then they will get the humiliation. Described in the saheeh hadeeth: 
عن ابن عمر قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول إذا تبايعتم بالعينة وأخذتم أذناب البقر ورضيتم بالزرع وتركتم الجهاد سلط الله عليكم ذلا لا ينزعه حتى ترجعوا إلى دينكم
"From Ibn 'Umar, he said: I heard the Messenger of Allah said:" If you have buying and selling' Inah, taking cattle and agriculture as well pleased with abandon jihad, Allah will afflict you humility (humiliation). God does not pull it out of you until you return to your religion "[Abu Dawud].
Ibn Taymiyyah stated: "No doubt, jihad and fight against those who menyelisihi the apostles, and directing their swords to the Shari'ah, and perform the duties due to their statements, to help the prophets and apostles, and to be a lesson for those who take , so that those who deviate a deterrent; so it includes the most important practices that God commanded us as a form of worship closer to Him "
However, these good deeds must be sincere and qualified in accordance with Islamic Shari'a. Because both are [will condition acceptance of a deed. Beside that, jihad is not easy for the soul. Is closely associated with the shedding of blood, life and property, which is a great case in Islam, as presented Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in his saying:
فإن دماءكم و أعراضكم وأموالكم عليكم حرام كحرمة يومكم هذا في شهركم هذا في بلدكم هذا إلى يوم تلقون ربكم ألا هل بلغت قالوا نعم قال اللهم اشهد فليبلغ الشاهد الغائب فرب مبلغ أوعى من سامع فلا ترجعوا بعدي كفارا يضرب بعضكم رقاب بعض
"Behold, the blood, honor and treasure you, forbidden upon you (mutual menzhalimi), such as the sanctity of this day, this month and in the country you are, until you meet your Lord. You know, if I have submitted?" They replied, "Yes." Beliaupun then said: "O Allah, persaksikanlah. So, let those in attendance to tell which is not present, because sometimes that delivered a better understanding of the hearing immediately. Do not you re-Kufr sepeninggalanku, some of you guys kill each other in part." [Agreed alaihi]. 
Thus this glorious jihad case, that requires every Muslim to participate in reaching love and pleasure of Allah. Of course, this requires a commitment by the perpetrators to Shari'a provisions and restrictions, in accordance with the law al-Qur `an and the Sunnah of the Prophet, without leaving any of the provisions, in order to survive the extreme attitude, and his jihad to jihad syar'i on the road straight, and get a great reward in the hereafter. It was, as he walked on the divine light, guidance and knowledge of al Qur `an and the Sunnah of His Prophet. 
Therefore, it becomes an obligation for every Muslim, in order to learn about the Islamic concept of jihad is true, and ask the scholars inheritors of the Prophet about the things he knew not. Notified again in this very important issue.
TYPES AND LEVELS OF JIHAD
The word jihad, has a broad meaning. Jihad in the sense of fighting the infidel, is only one of the forms and types of jihad, because jihad is more common understanding and wider than that.
Imam Ibn al-Qayyim rahimahullah explain the types of jihad in terms of its object, has four dignity, namely: lust fight jihad, jihad fighting demons, fighting jihad to fight the unbelievers and the hypocrites jihad . In a subsequent statement, Imam Ibn Qayyim adds to the jihad against the perpetrators kezhaliman, heresy and munkar. 
Then he explained rahimahullah thirteen types of jihad dignity for the above by stating, that the desire to fight jihad has four levels.
First: Jihad to fight for divine guidance and learning the right religion, which is the source of luck and happiness in this life and akhiratnya. Whoever loses the science of this guide, he will be miserable in the world and the hereafter.
Second: Jihad to fight to practice it once knew. Otherwise, just simply mengilmuinya without charity. Although it does not spoil it, but not useful.
Third: Jihad to fight to preach and teach that knowledge to those who do not know. Otherwise, he was among those who hid clues and explanations which Allah has sent down. And science is not useful, not save him from Allaah.
Fourth: Jihad to fight for the brave missionary difficulties, and patiently endure the disruption due to Allah.
If this was a perfect four-dignity, then it includes Rabbaniyun. The salaf had agreed to declare, an 'alim (scholar) not be called Rabbani until he knows the truth, practice and teach. So that only the learned, and taught her charity alone is called upon as a great man in the sky.
The vicious fighting jihad has two dignity.
First: Combating to reject the doubtful and doubt to the faith, who directed the servants of Satan.
Second: Combating keingininan to reject bad and lust, which is thrown to the servants of Satan.
Jihad is first performed with confidence, and the second jihad with patience. He said:
وجعلنا منهم أئمة يهدون بأمرنا لما صبروا وكانوا بئاياتنا يوقنون
"And We made between them that the leaders who guide by Our command when they were patient. And it is they believe in Our Signs". [As Sajdah: 24].
God explained, that the religious leadership was obtained with patience and confidence. With patience, he refused to lust and desire is broken. And with confidence, he refused to doubt and doubtful.
While fighting the infidels and jihad munafiqin, has four dignity, namely the liver, oral, property and lives. Jihad fight against pagans, more especially by hand. Jihad and fight the hypocrites, more specifically with the oral.
While the perpetrators of jihad fighting kezhaliman, heresy and munkar, has three dignity. First, by hand if able. If not able, then with oral. If not able to as well, then with the heart.
This thirteen dignity jihad. Whoever dies and has not fought, and never to whisper his soul to the war, he died on a branch kemunafiqan. 
Imam Ibn al-Qayyim explanation of the above can be taken a few lessons.
First: Many Muslims understand jihad jihad just fighting infidels alone. So this is a partial understanding.
Second: You should a Muslim start with jihad jihad fi sabilillah nafsi, in obedience to God, fighting spirit by studying and understanding the religion (din) of Islam, understand al Qur'an and Sunnah in accordance with an understanding of the salafush deeds. Then the whole science of its practice. Because the purpose of science is practiced. After that, the fighting spirit by preaching invites people to science and charity, and patience from all the distractions and obstacles when learning, charity and preaching. This is the desire to fight jihad, which is the greatest jihad and take precedence over any other kind.
Ibn al-Qayyim states also rahimahullah, jihad fighting the enemies of God that is beyond (life) is a branch of jihad fighting spirit, as the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:
والمجاهد من جاهد نفسه في طاعة الله والمهاجر من هجر ما نهى الله عنه
"Mujahid is, those who strive to fight his soul in obedience to God. And Muhajir is, people who emigrated from the ban of God". 
So jihad fighting spirit of jihad precedence over fighting the enemies of God are beyond the (soul) and a parent. Because people are not jihad (fighting) spirit to carry out orders in advance and leave the ban, and not fight in Allah's way, then he can not fight the enemy outside (it). How he was able to fight the jihad enemy, when the enemy was beside him in power and menjajahnya, and yet he is jihad and fight against it. Perhaps not even he can go fight the enemy, before he set out his soul to fight jihad jihad. 
Nafsuhukumnya fighting Jihad mandatory or obligatory 'ain, can not be delegated to others. Because jihad is a personal touch with every person. 
Third: The scholars explained that Satan tempt people through two doors, namely lust and doubtful. If a person weak in faith, and a bit of obedience to God, the devil will come through the door of lust. And if the devil finds humans extremely strong commitment to his religion and faith, then he came through the door doubtful, doubts and plunge to the act of heresy. 
Jihad against Satan is ruling fard 'ain, also due to direct contact with every human person, as Allah says:
إن الشيطان لكم عدو فاتخذوه عدوا
"Verily, Satan is the enemy to you, then treat him as an enemy (you)". [Fatir: 6].
Fourth. : Jihad against the infidel and munafiqin done with care, oral, property and life, as spoken Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in the hadeeth of Anas bin Malik:
جاهدوا المشركين بأموالكم وأنفسكم وألسنتكم
"Fight against the idolaters with the property, your soul and spoken". 
Understanding of jihad against the infidels and hypocrites to the heart is, they hate and do not give loyalty or love, and feel happy with their humility and humiliation, and other attitudes, which is mentioned in al-Qur `an and the Sunnah of the heart.
Understanding Jihad by the tongue is, to explain the truth and refute error and falsehood, their sleaze, with proof and concrete evidence.
While the notion of jihad to the treasure is, spend their treasures in Allah's way in case of war or jihad propaganda, and to help and assist the Muslims.
As for the jihad with soul, that is, they fight with their hands and arms until they convert to Islam or defeat, as Allah says: "And fight them until there is no persecution, and (so) that religion is for God alone. If they stop (from hostile to you), then there is no hostility (again), except for those wrongdoers ". [Al-Baqarah: 193].
And also the word of Allah: "Fight those who do not believe in God and not (also) on the day then and they do not forbid what is forbidden by Allah and His Messenger and the religion is not true (Islam), (ie those person) given to them al the Book, until they pay the jizya with obedient, they are in a state of subjection ". [At Tawbah: 29].
Munafiqin infidels and jihad fought by the four above. However, more specifically the pagans faced by hand, because of hostility openly. While munafiqin with oral, because hidden hostility and their state under the rule of you Muslims, so proof and fought with their actual disassembled state, and described their properties, so that people know about it, and take care of them so not falling prey to such hypocrisy.
Fifth: He expressed rahimahullah jihad fighting injustice actors, heretics and munkar, performed with three dignity, by hand. If not able, then with oral. And if not able to as well, then with the heart. It is based on the hadith of Abu Sa'id al-Khudri who said:
سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول من رأى منكم منكرا فليغيره بيده فإن لم يستطع فبلسانه فإن لم يستطع فبقلبه وذلك أضعف الإيمان
"I heard the Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:" Whoever of you sees a munkar, then let change this by hand. If not able, then with his tongue. Then, if you can not also, then with his heart, and the least of weak faith. "[Reported by Muslim].
Every Muslim is required to face the perpetrator acts zhalim jihad, heresy and unjust according to his ability, and with attention to the rules enjoining wrongdoing. Thus the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam explained in the hadith of Ibn Mas'ud, which reads:
أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال ما من نبي بعثه الله في أمة قبلي إلا كان له من أمته حواريون وأصحاب يأخذون بسنته ويقتدون بأمره ثم إنها تخلف من بعدهم خلوف يقولون ما لا يفعلون ويفعلون ما لا يؤمرون فمن جاهدهم بيده فهو مؤمن ومن جاهدهم بلسانه فهو مؤمن ومن جاهدهم بقلبه فهو مؤمن وليس وراء ذلك من الإيمان حبة خردل
"Verily the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:" Nothing that God sent a prophet to the people before me, unless it has defenders (hawariyun) of his people and friends who follow the example of Sunnah and carry out his orders. Then comes the successor generations of those who say what they do not resume practicing, and practice are not told. Whoever is facing them with his hands, then he is a believer. And whoever is facing them with his tongue, then he is a believer. As well as those who face them with his heart, then he is a believer, and no after that small mustard seed of faith ". 
Every Muslim must be able to do this kind of jihad, with his heart. Thus it is a way deny and resent the act of heresy, and munkar kezhaliman with his heart, and hope that the acts are missing.
PURPOSE JIHAD 
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala and mensyariatkan not require anything in the absence of a great purpose. Similarly, jihad is prescribed for the particular purpose described the scholars with their statements.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah rahimahullah stated purpose of jihad is to exalt the word of Allah and make the religion entirely for Allah only. 
Rahimahullah He also said the purpose of jihad is, that nothing is to be worshiped except Allah, so that no one who prays, prayers, prostrations and fasting for other than Allah. Not berumrah and pilgrimage, except to his house (the Kaaba), not slaughtered slaughtered except for Him, and not bernadzar and swear, except Him. 
Sheikh Abdurrahman bin Nasir as Sa'di said there are two kinds of jihad. Jihad with the aim of the good and the improvement of the believers in aqeedah, morals, adab (behavior) and the whole world and the next case they and their education, both scientific and amaliah. This is the type of parent and tonggaknya jihad, and jihad is the basis for the second, the jihad with the intention of denying people who attack Islam and Muslims from among the heathen, munafiqin, mulhid and all the enemies of religion and against them. 
Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Baaz declared, jihad is divided into two, namely jihad tholab ath (attack) and jihad ad daf'u (survive).
Second purpose is, conveying the religion of Allah and calling people to follow. Removing people from darkness to light and elevate Islam the religion of Allah on earth, and make this religion is for God alone, as described in the Qur `an al-Baqarah verse 193 of Surat al: And fight them until there is no persecution, and (so ) that religion is for God alone. If they cease (from hostile to you), then there is no hostility (again), except for those wrongdoers.
"And peranglah them, that no libel, and that religion is solely for Allah". [Al-Anfal: 39].
The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
أمرت أن أقاتل الناس حتى يشهدوا أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمدا رسول الله ويقيموا الصلاة ويؤتوا الزكاة فإذا فعلوا ذلك عصموا مني دماءهم وأموالهم إلا بحق الإسلام وحسابهم على الله
"I am commanded to fight against people until syahadatain testify, establish prayer and give charity. If they had done so, then their blood and treasure has been preserved from me, except the right of Islam. And they submitted to God's calling to account". [Agreed upon].
From the above description of the scholars is clear, that the jihad is disyariatkannya purpose, to establish the religion of Islam on this earth, and not for personal revenge, or class, so much needed knowledge about the Islamic concept of jihad, either in law, jihad means and provisions of the spoils of war, as a consequence of the implementation of the jihad.
Thus, hopefully useful. And Allaah knows best.
[Copied from As-Sunnah Magazine Issue 11/Tahun IX/1426H/2005M. Foundation published Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Address Jl. Solo-Solo Puwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo 57 183, Tel. 0271-761016]
Jihad against Satan
Muslim cleric Abu Al Atsari
At the Special edition of the devil have we picked up which is a great enemy of man. In an attempt to mislead people, the devil is always trying to dissuade people from obedience to God. Satan is always trying to turn people away with their tricks. In carrying out its action, Satan has two arms, which is doubtful, and lust.
Humans who want to survive, he must wage jihad against the devil, armed with science and mentazkiyah soul. Science nafs' will result in convictions, which would reject doubtful. While tazkiyatun nafs, will give birth to piety and patience, which will control lust.
According to Imam Ibn al-Qayyim, jihad against the devil, there are two levels. First, reject doubtful and doubt is thrown to the servants of Satan. Second, resist lust and desires to cast the devil to corrupt servants. The first jihad that will end with a conviction, while the second jihad will end with patience. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:
وجعلنا منهم أئمة يهدون بأمرنا لما صبروا وكانوا بئاياتنا يوقنون
"And We made between them that the leaders who guide by Our command when they were patient. And it is they believe in Our Signs." [As-Sajda: 24].
God proclaim, that religious leadership is achieved with patience (and keyakinaan). Patience which refuses lust and desires are damaged, and dismiss the doubts and doubtful faith. (Zadul Ma'ad).
Therefore, a weapon against the devil weapon is knowledge and patience. Knowledge that comes from the book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger. Then the practice of science, so that the soul be clean and pure, and develop patience.
The face of the devil, in detail, of whom performed in the following way:
A. To the believer and God Bertauhid truthfully.
Behold, all the strength, power, perfection belongs only to God the Creator. Therefore, a servant who helped and protected by God, then no one is able to destroy him. So that the weapons first and foremost for a Muslim to deal with the devil, is a true believer in God, worship Him with sincerity, sole trust only in Him, and perform good deeds according to the rules, through His Apostle Sunnah.
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala has preached, Satan has no power to His servants who believe and mentauhidkanNya. He said:
إنه ليس له سلطان على الذين ءامنوا وعلى ربهم يتوكلون إنما سلطانه على الذين يتولونه والذين هم به مشركون
"Surely he is not his power over those who believe and sole trust to his Lord. Lo power (Satan) is only over those who took it to be a leader and the people who mempersekutukannya with God". [An-Nahl: 99 , 100].
Ibn al-Qayyim explained, when the devil knows that he has no way (to master) the people are sincere, then he excludes them from a conditional oath to mislead and destroy (human). Mentioned in the Koran, the Devil says.
قال فبعزتك لأغوينهم أجمعين إلا عبادك منهم المخلصين
"By your power, I will put them all, except the slave-servant Mukhlas between them". [Shad: 82, 83]
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:
إن عبادي ليس لك عليهم سلطان إلا من اتبعك من الغاوين
"Behold, My servants no authority to you (Satan) against them, except the people who follow people who are astray" [Al Hijr: 42]
So sincere is the way of freedom, Islam is the vehicle of salvation, and faith is a security cover .
2. Sticking To the Book and Sunnah Fit Salafush Understanding Salih.
When God sends down men on earth, surely He includes instructions for them. So that people live in this world is not left alone without guidance, or without order and without any restrictions. In fact, Allah revealed the holy book and sent the apostles to carry a warning, explanation and evidence. Whoever turn away from God, then he will fall prey to the devil and cast down into eternal crash. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:
ومن يعش عن ذكر الرحمن نقيض له شيطانا فهو له قرين
"Those who turn away from teaching (Lord) Most Gracious (Al-Qur` an), we have put her demons (misleading), then the devil that is the friend that always accompanies "[Az Zukhruf: 36].
Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has explained that the way of Allah, the path of truth, just one. Deviate from it, then follow the streets of the devil.
عن جابر قال كنا جلوسا عند النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فخط خطا هكذا أمامه فقال هذا سبيل الله عز وجل وخطين عن يمينه وخطين عن شماله قال هذه سبيل الشيطان ثم وضع يده في الخط الأسود ثم تلا هذه الآية (وأن هذا صراطي مستقيما فاتبعوه ولا تتبعوا السبل فتفرق بكم عن سبيله ذلكم وصاكم به لعلكم تتقون)
"From Jabir, he said," We were sitting near the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, then he makes a line in front of him, then he said:' This is the way of Allah Almighty. (Then) he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam made two lines on the right, and two lines on the left. He said: 'This is the streets of the devil'. Then he put his hand on the black line (center, Pen), then read this paragraph. "  (And that (we tell this is my straight path, so follow it, and do not follow the roads you followed the streets (the others), because the streets were scatter you from the road Him. That is enjoined us to be cautious "[al-An'am: 153]
Becomes clear, that the road safety in order to avoid the cunning of Satan is to follow the path of Allah, follow the Book and Sunnah as the understanding Salafush Salih. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says.
ومن يشاقق الرسول من بعد ماتبين له الهدى ويتبع غير سبيل المؤمنين نوله ماتولى ونصله جهنم وسآءت مصيرا
"And whoever opposes the Apostle after the obvious truth for him, and follow the path that is not the way of the believers (ie the companions of the road), we let him free of error that has mastered it, and we insert it into Jahannam, that Jahannam and bad -an evil destination. " [An Nisa ': 115].
3. To seek refuge of Allah from Satan Disorders.
Imam Ibn Katheer, may Allaah have mercy say: The meaning of 'I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed', that I seek protection in Allah from Satan the accursed of interference on my religion, or in my world, or stop me from doing what I told him, or encouraged to do what I was forbidden to him. Because there is nothing to prevent the devil from a man except God.
Therefore, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala ordered to take care and be gentle to human evil, do good to him, so tabi'atnya (good) declined from the disorder (which he did).
Allah ordered the (human) take refuge in Him from Satan, the jinn, because he did not accept bribes. Good works will not affect him, because he (Satan) has tabi'at evil. And will not prevent it from you, but Yang has been created. 
This is the Best way to save yourself from Satan and his army, to invoke the protection of Almighty God, for He is Hearing, Knowing, and All-Mighty.
Invoke the protection is carried out in general at any time, any disturbed the devil, and also performed at certain times of dituntunkan Allah and His Messenger. He said:
وقل رب أعوذ بك من همزات الشياطين وأعوذ بك رب أن يحضرون
"And say:" Yes, my Lord. I seek refuge with You from the whisperings of Satan. And I seek refuge (also) to thee, O my Rabb, from their arrival to me ". [Al Mukminun: 97-98]
Allah also says,
وإما ينزغنك من الشيطان نزغ فاستعذ بالله إنه سميع عليم
"And if you overwrite something temptations of Satan, seek refuge in Allah. Allah is Hearing, Knowing." [Al A'raf: 200].
The specific times for beristi'adzah dituntunkan, among others are: when disturbed Satan, the evil promptings, interference in prayer, when angry, nightmares; now going to read Al Qur1an, about to enter the mosque, when entered into the waste intent, when he heard the howling of dogs and the braying of a donkey, when will berjima ', in the morning and evening, isti'adzah for children and families, when stopped at a place, when going to sleep. Details of the arguments are all contained in the authentic hadiths.
4. Read the Koran.
Among the wisdom of Allah revealed the holy book the Koran is a drug and antidote for those who believe. Allah said,
وننزل من القرءان ماهو شفآء ورحمة للمؤمنين ولايزيد الظالمين إلاخسارا
"And We send down from the Koran to be a bidder and a mercy to those who believe the Koran and it does not add to those losses in addition to the wrongdoers." [Al-Isra ': 82]
In this case, reading the Koran is also included in the treatment of disturbances repel or keep the devil. For indeed, the reading for Koran is, the devil will flee away.
عن أبي هريرة أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لا تجعلوا بيوتكم مقابر إن الشيطان ينفر من البيت الذي تقرأ فيه سورة البقرة
"From Abu Hurairah that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, do not make your houses as graves. Surely he ran away from home which was read surah Al Baqarah in it." [Reported by Muslim, no. 780]
To Abu Hurairah, the devil has opened a secret. This is confirmed by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. Satan said.
إذا أويت إلى فراشك فاقرأ آية الكرسي (الله لا إله إلا هو الحي القيوم) حتى تختم الآية فإنك لن يزال عليك من الله حافظ ولا يقربنك شيطان حتى تصبح فخليت سبيله فأصبحت
"If you occupy your bed, then please read paragraph seats (Allahu la ilaha illa huwal hayyul Qayyum) until you finish the verse. So you really will always be a guard from Allah, and Satan will not approach you until you get the morning". [Bukhari]
5. Dhikrullah reproduce.
Dhikrullah is a very strong fortress to protect themselves from demonic interference. As it is known from the preaching of God through His apostles. Among others, through verbal Prophet Yahya Alaihissallam, as the hadith below.
عن الحارث الأشعري أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال إن الله أمر يحيى بن زكريا بخمس كلمات أن يعمل بها ويأمر بني إسرائيل أن يعملوا بها ... وآمركم أن تذكروا الله فإن مثل ذلك كمثل رجل خرج العدو في أثره سراعا حتى إذا أتى على حصن حصين فأحرز نفسه منهم كذلك العبد لا يحرز نفسه من الشيطان إلا بذكر الله
Of Al-Harith Al Ash'ari, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said: "Verily, Allah commanded Yahya bin Zakariya Alaihissallam with five sentences, in order to practice it and he ordered the Children of Israel that they practice it (among others) ... I command you to dhikrullah ( remember, called God). Indeed parable like the parable of a man being pursued by his enemies quickly, so if he had come to a strong fortress, and he saved himself from them (with shelter in the castle). Such a servant would not be able to protect himself from Satan except with dhikrullah. "[Reported by Ahmad]
So, if you want to survive the intrigue and against evil spirits, let them always wet tongue with a concentration in the liver accompanied dhikrullah.
6. The Muslim Jama'ah honor.
Joining the Muslim worshipers in performing a variety of worship with the congregation dituntunkan, is one way to save themselves from the target of the devil. For verily, Satan is a wolf who will pounce on man, as wolves will tear the sheep of his party alone.
عن أبي الدرداء قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول ما من ثلاثة في قرية ولا بدو لا تقام فيهم الصلاة إلا قد استحوذ عليهم الشيطان فعليك بالجماعة فإنما يأكل الذئب القاصية قال زائدة قال السائب يعني بالجماعة الصلاة في الجماعة
"From Abu Darda ', he said, I have heard the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said:" There are three people in a village or the fields, not founded on their congregational prayers, but Satan controlled them. So join the congregation, because the real the wolf will eat the goat alone "[Reported by Abu Dawud, no. 547]
7. Knowing the power of Satan Tipu-So beware.
Satan is very keen indeed to mislead people. He spent his life and breath to destroy the human condition. Then the obligation of a reasonable person, he must be aware of this enemy, who appeared hostile since the time of Prophet Adam Alaihissallam. Allah warns His servants with His Word:
ياأيها الذين ءامنوا لاتتبعوا خطوات الشيطان ومن يتبع خطوات الشيطان فإنه يأمر بالفحشآء والمنكر ولولا فضل الله عليكم ورحمته مازكى منكم من أحد أبدا ولكن الله يزكي من يشآء والله سميع عليم
"O ye who believe, do not follow the footsteps of the devil. Those who follow the footsteps of the devil, the devil was actually asked to do acts that are cruel and unjust. Had it not been for the Grace of God and blessing to you all, certainly not none of you are clean (of deeds shameful and unjust it is) for ever, but anyone who pleases God to clean. And Allah is Hearing, Knowing ". [An Nur: 21]
One way to learn the cunning of Satan, by knowing and dismantle the hokey-charged, so one can avoid it. For anyone who does not know the evil, without realizing it, he will fall into it.
8. Menyelisihi Satan And Avoiding Deceptive Means-ingredients for humans.
Satan is the enemy of man. We must make it as an enemy. Because the nature of the enemy is always trying in various ways to harm the enemy and keep him away from the virtues. He said:
يآأيها الناس إن وعد الله حق فلا تغرنكم الحياة الدنيا ولايغرنكم بالله الغرور إن الشيطان لكم عدو فاتخذوه عدوا إنما يدعوا حزبه ليكونوا من أصحاب السعير
"O people, verily the promise of Allah is true, then not ever let life of the world beguile you, and so do not let Satan deceive you that clever trick of God. Verily Satan is the enemy to you, then treat him as an enemy (mu) , because the real demons that took only faction that they may be residents of a burning hell. " [Fathir: 5, 6].
Included in this, namely menyelisihi evil deeds, such as:
- Satan eating and drinking with his left hand, then we menyelisihinya to eat and drink with his right hand.
- Satan does not do qailulah (break at noon), then we menyelisihinya by qailulah.
- We must leave tabdzir (waste), because the people who do tabdzir are brothers of Satan.
- We must do things quietly and carefully, because the attitude of haste is from Satan.
- Let us reject and hold tight it time to evaporate, because it is of the devil.
The arguments that we mentioned this, contained in the authentic hadiths. Similarly, we stay away from the means used by Satan to mislead people, such as music, singing, drinking, and others.
9. The weakness of Tipu-believe Satan
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:
الذين ءامنوا يقاتلون في سبيل الله والذين كفروا يقاتلون في سبيل الطاغوت فقاتلوا أوليآء الشيطان إن كيد الشيطان كان ضعيفا
"Those who believe fight in the way of Allah, and those who disbelieve fight in the way of Evil, so fight the devil fellows, behold the cunning of Satan is weak". [An Nisa ': 76].
However expert move the trap-trap demons cast upon man, but we still have to believe that the cunning of Satan is weak indeed. Provided we always obey Allah the Almighty.
Among the weaknesses is the devil: he can not open a locked door and called the name of God to him. Likewise, can not eat with people who say bismillah before. Setab also unable to spend the night at the house where people go to read bismillah.
10. Repent and seek forgiveness.
While still alive, man needs repent and seek forgiveness of his sins to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. As long as humans have done this, then Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala will always forgive him.
عن أبي سعيد الخدري قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول إن إبليس قال لربه بعزتك وجلالك لا أبرح أغوي بني آدم ما دامت الأرواح فيهم فقال الله فبعزتي وجلالي لا أبرح أغفر لهم ما استغفروني
"From Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri, he said, I heard the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:" The devil said to Robbnya,' For the glory and the glory, I will always deceive Adam's children as long as the spirit is still there in their '. Then God said, 'For the glory and the glory, I will always forgive them for they were sorry to Me ". [Reported by Ahmad].
Here's a little explanation about the devil and their tricks. May be useful and be equipped to shield ourselves from the distractions and temptations of Satan the accursed. Musta'an Allaah.
[Copied from As-Sunnah Magazine Issue 09/Tahun IX/1426H/2005M. Foundation published Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Address Jl. Solo-Solo Puwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo 57 183, Tel. 0271-761016]
Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama'ah FII Sabiilillaah Jihad Joint Enforce Ulil Amri
Al-Yazid ibn Abd al-Qadir Ustadz Jawas
Jihad is one of the most important Islamic syi'ar and is the culmination of glory. Position in a religious jihad is important and constantly maintained. Jihad fii sabiilillaah remains there until the Day of Judgment.
A. Definition of Jihad
In the language (etymology) says jihad is taken from the sentence:
جهد: الجهد, الجهد = الطاقة, المشقة, الوسع.
Which means the power of effort, difficulty and ability. 
According to the ar-Raghib al-Ashfahani (d.. 425 H) rahimahullah: الجهد means trouble and الجهد mean ability. 
The jihad is taken from the words: جهادا - يجاهد - جاهد
According to the terms syar'i (terminology):
الجهاد: محاربة الكفار وهو المبالغة واستفراغ ما في الوسع والطاقة من قول أو فعل.
"Al-Jihad means to fight the infidels, which is trying in earnest to devote strength and ability of either word or deed." 
الجهاد والمجاهدة: استفراغ الوسع في مدافعة العدو.
"Jihad means to devote all its capabilities to fight the enemy."
There are three kinds of jihad:
A. Jihad against real opponents.
2. Jihad against Satan can chase.
3. Jihad against the passions.
Three kinds of jihad is rooted in the Qur'an al-letter al-Hajj: 78, at-Tawbah: 41, al-Anfal: 72. 
According to al-Hafiz Ahmad ibn 'Ali ibn Hajar al-Asqalani (known by al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar al-' Asqalany, died th. 852 H) rahimahullah: "Jihad according syar'i is devoting the entire ability to fight the infidel. "
The term is used also for the Jihad against the passions, Satan can chase, and the people Fasiq. As for the fight against the passions is to learn the religion of Islam (learn properly), then practice it and teach it. The jihad against Satan can chase by rejecting all forms of doubtful and lust are always decorated by Satan can chase. Jihad against the infidel with his hands, treasure, oral, and liver. As for the jihad against the people Fasiq by hand, oral and liver. 
The words of al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar in accordance with the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:
جاهدوا المشركين بأموالكم وأنفسكم وألسنتكم.
"Strive against the idolaters with the treasure, the soul, and spoken of you." 
Jihad by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah may Allaah have mercy is: "Devoting all abilities to achieve what is loved by Allah Almighty and reject all that is hated by Allah."  he said: "Behold, jihad is essentially reach (achieve) what is loved by God of faith and good deeds, and reject what is hated by Allah in the form of disbelief, wickedness, and maksiyat. "
This definition includes any kind of jihad is carried out by a Muslim, which includes obedience to Allah Almighty to carry out the commandments of God and keep His prohibitions. Sincerity invite (preach) the other person to implement compliance, near and far, Muslims or pagans and earnest fighting the infidels in order to enforce the sentence of God and apart from that. 
Jihad did not say the real jihad, but it's jihad when directed to seek the face of God, upholding his sentence, raising the banner of truth, and give all baatil rid of body and soul to seeking the pleasure of Allah. But if someone strive to find the world, then do not say jihad is real.
Any person who fought to get the position, obtaining booty, show courage, seeking fame (intensity), so he will not get rewarded and not be rewarded. 
Jihad in Islam is a main-seutama charity. God commands jihad is contained in Al-Qur-an, which is the letter of al-Baqarah: 190, 193, 216, Ali 'Imran: 142, an-Nisa': 95, at-Tawbah: 73, al-Anfal: 74 , al-Hajj: 78, al-Furqaan: 52 and the ash-Shaaf: 11.
'Abdullah bin Mas'ud Allaah anhu said:
سألت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: أي العمل أحب إلى الله? قال: الصلاة على وقتها, قال: ثم أي? قال: بر الوالدين, قال: ثم أي? قال: الجهاد في سبيل الله.
"I once asked the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:' Charity what is most important? 'Messenger of Allah sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said: 'Prayer in time.' I asked again: 'Then what?' He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam replied : 'Dutiful to parents. "I asked again:' Then what? 'He sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam replied: 'Jihad-laah sabiilil fii.'" 
Abu Dharr of Allaah anhu once asked the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam: "Amal what the most important?" He sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam replied: "Faith in Allah and the jihad fii sabiilillaah ..." 
'Abdullah bin' Umar anhuma said: "The main-seutama charity after the prayer is jihad fii sabilillaah." 
There is a person who asked the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam: "O Messenger of Allah, there is someone who fights for hope Ghani's house (the spoils of war), there is another war in order to be named, and others fought in order to see his position, who is fighting in Allah? "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
من قاتل لتكون كلمة الله هي العليا فهو في سبيل الله
"Those who fight God's words be high, so he fii sabiilillaah (in the way of Allah)." 
B. Law of Jihad
The law of jihad is fard (obligatory) on the basis of God's word al-Qaahir:
كتب عليكم القتال وهو كره لكم وعسى أن تكرهوا شيئا وهو خير لكم وعسى أن تحبوا شيئا وهو شر لكم والله يعلم وأنتم لا تعلمون
"Prescribed for you to fight, but fighting it is something that you hate. Perhaps you hate something, but it is very good for you, and may be (too) ye love a thing although it is very bad for you, Allah knows while you do not know. "[Al-Baqarah: 216]
This paragraph is a determination of the duty of jihad from Almighty Allah for the Muslims, so they stop the evil enemies of Muslim territory.
Muhammad ibn Shihab az-Zuhri (d.. 124 H) rahimahullah said: 'Jihad is obligatory for every individual, whether in a state of war or who was sitting (not present). People who were sitting, when asked for help, then he should provide assistance, if requested to go to war, then he should go to war, and if not needed, then let it remain in place (not participate). '"
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said Fat-hu at Makkah (Mecca release):
لاهجرة بعد الفتح, ولكن جهاد ونية, وإذا استنفرتم فانفروا.
"There is no emigration after the Fat-hu Makkah (the liberation of Makkah), but there is jihad and goodwill. When you are asked to go to war, so go forth! "
The law of jihad is fard kifaya  with the arguments of Al-Qur'an and the authentic Sunnah and explanations scholars of Ahlus Sunnah, among others, Al-Qur-an letters an-Nisa ': 95-96, at-Tawbah : 122, al-Muzzamil: 20, and some of the hadith of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam is authentic.
The priest and the other four schools have agreed that jihad is a fard fii legal sabiilillaah kifayah, when some Muslims practice it, then fall (liabilities) on the other. If no one do it then everything is sinful. 
The scholars said that jihad becomes fard 'ayn on three conditions:
First: When the Muslim forces and infidels (unbelievers) meet and are facing each other on the battlefield, then the person must not retreat or turn around.
Second: If the enemy attacks the Muslim country is safe and besieged it, then it is obligatory for the people of the country to come out to fight the enemy (in order to defend the homeland), but women and children.
Third: If the Imam asked the people or some people decide to go to war, then it must go. The evidence is the letter at-Tawbah: 38-39. 
Jihad is required for:
A. Every Muslim.
6. Have the ability to fight.
7. Have sufficient assets to her and her family during her disappearance in a jihad. 
For women there is no jihad, jihad is a Hajj and 'Umrah. It is based on the hadith RasulullahShallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam of' Aisha anhuma Allaah, when he asked the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:
يا رسول الله, على النساء جهاد? قال: نعم, عليهن جهاد لا قتال فيه: الحج والعمرة.
"O Messenger of Allah, whether the women must fight jihad? Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam replied:' Yes, women are obliged to wage jihad (although) there is no war in it, namely (worship) Hajj and 'Umrah.' "
C. The virtue of Jihad
The virtues of jihad is very much at all, among which are:
A. Mujahid movement (those who strive in the way of Allah) on the battlefield was the reward given by God. 
2. Jihad is a profitable trade and never lost. 
3. Enliven jihad precedence over the Grand Mosque and give drink to the pilgrims. 
4. Jihad is one of two good (win or die a martyr). 
5. Jihad is the path to Heaven. 
6. Those who strive, even though he was martyred, but he is still alive and are given good luck. 
7. Those who strive as people who do not break their fasting and prayers night constantly. 
8. Truly Heaven has 100 levels provided by God for those who strive in His way. From one level to another is like heaven and earth. 
9. Heaven in the shade of swords. 
10. Those who died a martyr has six advantages: (1) sins forgiven since the first drops of blood, (2) be able to see his place in Heaven, (3) will be protected from the grave Allaah, (4) is given a sense of security from the terrible fear on the Day of Judgment , (5) is given faith clothing, married to an angel, (6) can give his family syafa'at to 70 people. 
11. People who go for jihad in Allah's way better than the world and everything in it. 
12. Those who died a martyr, his soul was in qindil (light / lantern) which is in heaven. 
13. Those who died a martyr forgiven all sins except debt. 
D. Disyari'atkannya purpose Jihad
Islamic Jihad aim to fight the enemies of the religion of God straight in the face of the earth, not just kill them.
Allah al-'Aziiz said:
وقاتلوهم حتى لا تكون فتنة ويكون الدين لله فإن انتهوا فلا عدوان إلا على الظالمين
"And fight them until there is no persecution, and (so) that religion is for God alone. If they cease (from hostile to you), then there is no hostility (again), except for those wrongdoers. "[Al-Baqarah: 193]
Ibn Jarir Tabari (d.. 310 H) rahimahullah said: "Fight them so that no longer shirk to Allah, there is no worship of idols, idolatry and other gods, so that worship and obedience to God not only to the other. "
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
أمرت أن أقاتل الناس حتى يشهدوا أن لا إله إلا الله ...
"I am commanded to fight against people till they testify that there is no god has the right to be worshiped but Allah correctly ..." 
Abu 'Abdillah al-Qurtubi (d.. 671 H) rahimahullah said: "The verse and the hadith above shows that since' qital '(war) is kufr." 
Shaykh as-Sa'di rahimahullah said: "The purpose of the war in the way of Allah is not just shed the blood of infidels and take their property, but the goal for this religion is established by God above all religions and eliminate (get rid of) all forms of idolatry that hinders the establishment of this religion, and it is 'slander' (shirk). When fitnah (polytheism) is gone, achieved this aim, it is no longer a murder and war. "
Thus, jihad for Allah's religion disyari'atkan upright in the earth. Therefore, before starting the war commanded to preach to unbelievers so that they convert to Islam. 
E. Levels of Jihad
According to Imam Ibn Qayyim al-jihad Jauziyyah rahimahullah has four levels , namely:
First: Jihaadun nafs (jihad against the passions).
There are four levels of jihad:
1.Berjihad to study and instruction, which is studying the religion of truth. A person will not be able to achieve glory, happiness in the world and the hereafter, but with the knowledge and guidance. If he does not want to learn useful knowledge, then he will harm the world and the hereafter.
2. Strive to practice the knowledge they have gained. If solely based on science without charity, then maybe it would harm science does not even do him good.
3. Strive to mendakwahkannya, teach it to people who do not know, so if this mission does not include hiding then this knowledge that Allah sends down either in the form instructions and explanations . So knowledge is not helpful nor can they be saved from Allaah.
4. Strive to be patient with the difficulties of her mission in the way of Allah and also patient with human disturbance. He bore the difficulties of preaching it was solely because of Allah. If all four levels are met then it would include a person who Rabbani. Thus, the Salafush Salih agreed that a person can not be termed as an Rabbani until he can find out the truth, practice it and teach it. Therefore, the learned, practice it and teach it, then he will on the side of the angels praised Him.
Second: Jihaadus Syaithaan (Jihad Against Shaytan)
Jihad this kind there are two levels:
A. Strive to shield themselves from attack doubtful and doubt to the faith.
2. Strive to shield themselves from the attacks of destructive desires and lust.
Shaytan Jihadusy levels that would exist after the first conviction and on the second level there will be after the patience.
Allah al-haafiz said:
وجعلنا منهم أئمة يهدون بأمرنا لما صبروا وكانوا بآياتنا يوقنون
"And We made between them that the leaders who guide by Our command when they were patient. And it is they believe in Our Signs. "[As-Sajdah: 24]
God in the religions preach that leadership can only be obtained with the patient and confident. Patience will be able to resist lust and destructive desires. While sure to be rejected from the doubts and doubtful.
Third: Jihaadul Kuffaar wal Munaafiqiin
On jihad, there are four levels:
A. Jihad by the heart.
2. Jihad by the tongue.
3. Jihad with wealth.
4. Jihad with the soul
Jihadul kuffar (jihad against disbelievers) is more specific (context is done) by hand (power), while Jihadul Munafiqin (jihad against the hypocrites) is more specific (context do) with (power) orally.
Allah Ta'ala says:
يا أيها النبي جاهد الكفار والمنافقين واغلظ عليهم ومأواهم جهنم وبئس المصير
"O Prophet, strive (against) unbelievers and the hypocrites, and be hard at them. Where they are Jahannam Hell, and evil is the destination. "[At-Tawbah: 73] 
Fourth: Jihaad Arbaabizh Zhulm wal Bida 'wal-karaat Mun (Jihad Against the wrongdoers Characters, Actors and munkar Bid'ah)
On jihad, there are three levels:
A. With an able hand.
2. If not able to then verbally.
3. If not afford it with the heart.
Thus the thirteen levels of jihad.
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
من مات ولم يغز, ولم يحدث به نفسه, مات على شعبة من نفاق.
"Whoever dies while he has never fought and she was not conceived in his mind for war, the death is included in one branch of hypocrisy." 
Jihad must be carried out with ulil amri, both ulil amri it good or bad.
F. Division of Jihad
Jihad against the infidels was divided into 2 (two):
First: Fat-h Jihadul wath Thalab (offensive jihad).
Jihad requires the fulfillment of the terms syar'iyyah (the terms that have been determined by Islamic law), as follows:
A. The existence of an Imam (leader).
2. There is a State of (state).
3. There ar-Raayah (the flag of jihad).
Second: Jihadud Difaa '(defensive jihad, the defense of a Muslim country).
Jihad is fard law 'ayn upon the entire population of the country that was attacked by the enemy (the aggressor). If the population of the country's weak, then they should be assisted by the inhabitants of the land of his nearest neighbors.
Jihad syar'i must have syar'i preparation and the preparation was divided into 2 (two):
First, preparation of training so that people of faith to uphold the essence of worship to Allah the Lord of hosts, the soul train them on the Book of Allah, purify their hearts in the Sunnah of His Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, so they can help the religion of Allah Almighty and the shari'ah' at him.
This is in accordance with his word:
ولينصرن الله من ينصره
"And truly God would help those who help (religious) Him." [Al-Hajj: 40]
Second, the physical preparation, which is preparing for the number of troops and equipment to fight the enemies of Allah and fight them.
Allah Almighty says:
وأعدوا لهم ما استطعتم من قوة ومن رباط الخيل ترهبون به عدو الله وعدوكم وآخرين من دونهم لا تعلمونهم الله يعلمهم وما تنفقوا من شيء في سبيل الله يوف إليكم وأنتم لا تظلمون
"And prepare against them whatever force you sanggupi of the horses are tethered to the war (which is the preparation that) you vibrate the enemy of Allah and your enemy and others besides them whom you do not know; but God knows it . Whatever ye shall spend in the way of Allah, shall be repaid unto you and ye shall not be abused (harmed). "[Al-Anfal: 60]
Turning on the duty of jihad with all provisions are mandatory to fulfill syari'atnya its terms.
Giving properties to people who are obliged to turn jihad, according to the provisions of Shari'ah-with the words terrorism is a big mistake, slander, false accusation and a fatal error and ignorance that is.
As for conduct disorder (anarchy), terrorizing people, throwing bombs, a suicide car bomb, scare people safe or people who are strict oversight by the state, killing children, women and older people with the name of religion is jihad is not true, this action ar-Rafiiq against Allah, His Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and the Faithful. They have been out of the way scholars are very deep understanding of science. 
[Copied from the book Sharh Aqeedah Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama'ah, Article "Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama'ah FII Sabiilillaah Jihad Joint Enforce Ulil Amri". Yazid ibn Abdul Qadir author Jawas, Reader Publishers Imam Ash-Shafi'i, PO BOX 7803/JACC 13340A. Third mold Jumada al-Awwal 1427H/Juni 2006M]
Advice and Fatwa Jihad
Shaykh Salih bin Sa'd As-Suhaimi Al-Harby
All praise belongs to Allah, we praise, ask Him for help and beg forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evils of self and our deeds. Whoever Allah gives guidance, then there is none that can be misleading. And whoever is led astray God, then nothing can menunjukinya.
I bear witness that none deserves to be worshiped solely because of Allah, no partner to Him. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger. May the prayers and greetings and blessings of Allah always (delegated) to him, his family and his friends and to those who follow the steps and walk on manhajnya, follow-Sunnah and the Sunnah until the Day of Resurrection.
As for the future:
Indeed, I would like to advise my brothers and Muslims in Indonesia suadara with some advice, and I hope I am sincere in this advice, and hopefully also the purpose of this advice is the face of God and the next village.
In this advice I take myself and the Muslims to always have fear of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala in secret or openly, good or bad, happy or difficult. For fear of God is the cause of all goodness.
I also hold fast to saying the strong rope of Allah, helping each other in goodness and piety.
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says.
"Which means: And ye Hold to the rope of Allah and not broken to-split (berfirqah-firqah)" [Aal 'Imraan: 103]
And the word of God
"Which means: And you menolonglah mutual help and self-restraint in goodness, and do not be helping each other in sin and enmity" [Al-Maidah: 2]
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said.
"It means: A Muslim by another Muslim majority on affirming each other" 
And the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam
"Meaning: The parable of the Muslims in the Compassionate, loving and gentle among themselves, like one body, when some ill, other members will feel the pain" [Hadith Bukhari and Muslim]
And also I bequeath to the Muslims in order to restore every thing in dispute to the Qur'aan and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.
The Word of God
"Meaning: O ye who believe, obey Allah and obey His Messenger and ulil amri (clerical and umara) of you. And if you disagree about something, give me back to Allah and His Messenger, if you truly believe in Allah and the Last Day, that is the best result and finally "[An-Nisa: 59]
All this is not possible, unless the return (the dispute, pent) to the scholars of this Ummah and to the understanding of the righteous ones.
"Which means: And if they submit to the Apostles and Ulil Amri among them, surely the people who want to know the truth (to be able to) find out from them (Apostles and Ulil Amri)" [An-Nisa: 83]
The Word of God
"Meaning: Then ask the expert knowledge if you do not know" [An-Nahl: 43, Al-Anbiya: 7]
Word of Allah Ta'ala.
"It means: Why not go from each group among them some of the people to deepen their knowledge (of religion) in order to provide a warning to his people when they return, so that they can maintain themselves" [At-Tawbah: 122]
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said.
"Which means: Indeed it is by learning science and polite nature it is to learn to behave," [Hadith Hasan Ad-Daruquthni History in Al-Afrad and Khathib Al-Bagdadi of Abu Hurairah also by Khathib Bagdhadi of Abu Al-Darda (See As-Saheehah no. 342)]
And the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.
"It means: Let the science was brought by people who are fair in each generation, which will eradicate irregularities in people who ghuluw (redundant) and eradicate street people and the vanity of those who ta'wil stupid" [Hadith Hasan see p.24 Tasfiyah wa Tarbiyah Shaikh Ali Hasan's work]
Then the obligation is to return the youth to Rabbani scholars who always decides the right thing and always do justice.
Let them choose the scholars who truly walk in the direction of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and follow him (in) the words, deeds or iti'qad.
Always relied on texts syar'i in receiving a fatwa that comes from them. Especially in the important issues or problems that require precision guidance above views or ijtihad light syar'i texts such as the issue of Jihad. Because we are living in an age full of crap and the many people who dare berfatwa without science, many of which claim to be scientists, and many a brave mentakwil syar'i texts and a trick in accordance with the will and mind-damaged minds to strengthen innovation, to follow their passions or because of an interest.
No doubt that jihad remained there until the Day of Judgment, and let the Muslims keep trying to enforce it in order to elevate the word of Allah. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said.
"It means: He who dies and is never jihad or never intend to wage jihad in his heart, he died on the branch of hypocrisy" [Hadith Muslim history book Al-Emirate]
And the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said.
"It means: No one leaving the jihad in Allah's way unless they are untouchable".
Jihad remains the leader of the Muslims is prescribed along with the good or the evil inherit the earth, so God and what is in them (the Muslims).
But the man at this time is divided into several (groups) on the issue of jihad.
Most of them say that jihad is an obligation no longer exists there is only jihad against the passions, (they) act stupid people-fooling-with the hadith as haditspalsu atu lies.
"We have returned from the small jihad to jihad is right".
What they mean by a small jihad is jihad against the enemies of Islam and what they mean by jihad is the jihad against the great passions, (though,-pent). Jihad which is again larger than a Muslim who sacrificed their lives on the road in the way of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala to elevate the word of Allah wa Ta'ala Tabaraka.
This is the opinion of some people and some of the Sufi congregation that emerged during this era, they invite people traveling in the name of da'wah to Allah without knowledge and understanding of the religion of Allah. In fact they are just walking to and fro throughout the year without the slightest realization of the things that mean, especially with regard to improvement of aqeedah and the factors that can cause damage in the form of polytheism, heresy or immorality.
And there is another group calling something a jihad but it is not jihad. They kill Muslims everywhere and lit the flames of war in the country of the Muslims themselves in the name of jihad. In fact, they assume that the Muslim country is a country that deserves to be fought for in it there is immoral-immoral or abuses and does not arbitrate to the law of God except Allah blessed country like the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia today, which is still lawless alhmadulillah Shari'ah of Allah on all aspects of life.
Group calling Jihad on something that is not jihad, which justifies the blood of the Muslims and their property and destroy the strength and resources of their lives and even their places of importance, what they do is make people skeptical about the intentions of this group are likely ridden by Zionist groups or Freemansonry and other dangerous groups who want to pit Muslims.
And there is another group with a brave memfatwakan dengna legal duty of jihad fard 'ain for every Muslim, even though the number of Muslims is not sufficient, without adequate preparation, without force or the priest who led the jihad.
Fatwa is far deviated from the manhaj of truth and syar'iyah texts that describe the limits of jihad.
As I have explained, that jihad remained there until the Day of Judgment, so Allah bequeathed the earth and what is in it (to the Muslims).
Jihad becomes fard 'ain to each of the Muslims if: "The priest told him, especially when the land of the Muslims attacked or occupied, and the Muslims have the power and presence of the fluttering banner of Islam and the clear presence of the beneficiaries rather than jihad, such as cases that do not occur more damaged or the same (damage) that memudharatkan Islam and the Muslims and the Muslims in a united state "
If there are no conditions is the law of jihad is fard kifaya. Legal jihad fard ayn, or obligatory kifayah according to specific circumstances.
Jihad becomes fard kifaya an aim to help the mission overseas where the Imam of the Muslims are not obliged to any person but only suggesting in general.
If a state like this then jihad is fard kifaya which means if some have been fulfilled then gugurlah (liabilities) another.
As if it requires a priest to the Muslims while the Muslims have the power, sufficient amounts, preparation most likely to win the war, then jihad becomes fard this law 'ain.
This fact is stated that no matter who else may be said kifayah or fard fard 'ain, which is helping the Muslims when they destroyed the country, their honor trampled on, or they have been wronged while no fluttering banner of jihad, then there is only helping the Muslims in general because it does not have an adequate amount, does not have a mature equipment or adequate strength.
If such a situation, as happened in Bosnia Herzegovina, Kosovo, Chechnya or the other, so that there is help and strengthen the ranks of the Muslims in general, but not named or fard fard kifaya a'in mandatory to participate in it. But the duty of the Muslims in general is that they help you with wealth. Who is going with them to defend the country then this is fine and expected. Because the banner of jihad and the lack of adequate preparation can be factors coming of God's help.
But as I say, in the time it is mutual help and stand shoulder to shoulder with the Muslims in accordance with our abilities. But let's not mislead the youths of Islam by saying that "Jihad is mandatory that you do not join if you would sin" is clearly not true. Is obligatory for the Muslims is to help their brethren who didzalimi as best and his best wherever they are.
And what is happening now in the Maluku islands, Indonesia, it is no doubt that the Muslims there to help and strengthen their ranks and really tried to help them morally and materially is a matter that should be for Muslims. Let us earnestly to help them with what we sanggupi morally and materially, but not to the youth Indonesia memfatwakan bawasanya obliged to go to the island and declared jihad in the absence of an Imam, or deliberately encouraging them to do this while they are between two fires.
The fire which is a majority Christian population of the island and alert the government of Indonesia that will preclude any movement of a so-called jihad. So I thought:
Jihad requires a fatwa to the youth and their heat will cause harm and destruction and will lead the youth into delicious meals for the enemies of Islam and the secular groups that followed them.
It is inappropriate to require berfatwa and jihad and go to the island in the midst of such circumstances. Because the need for consideration of maslahah and mafsadah. Be aware, that any jihad movement that will take the Muslims to the brink of destruction or catastrophe, or cause them to return mastered the case, not the least is called jihad.
Who is berfatwa so, then let him fear Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala and the Muslims in order not to bring Indonesia to the case that they do not sanggupi and not to make them delicious food for the enemy. Because the jihad is not a feeling or slogans, but the conditions must be satisfied that I have explained at the beginning of this cassette.
Please help your brother with your possessions and any form of assistance sanggupi and strengthen their ranks. However, be careful you do not deliver to the Muslim youths who are not their sanggupi case.
Kalianpun know how biography Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in Makkah for 13 years and 2 years in Medina, not raised the banner of jihad except after the Muslims have the power, the state and preparation that allow them to hinder the enemy of Allah Jihad. As no such things, then I do not agree with you that will usher in a vibrant Islamic youth to the brink of destruction and havoc.
How many fatwas like this has happened since the last decades, as occurred in most groups have a leader who feels like a job has the task of the leader (Imam) when they had no knowledge about this religion, then they give encouragement to the or require youth to go to certain places on the grounds that the jihad to the venue is mandatory.
The results of this fatwa is destroy the poor youth, their sacrifice in vain due to nerve berfatwa like this.
In fact Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says.
"It means: Do not say what you do not have knowledge of it. Truly hearing, sight and hearts of all that will be required for accountability "[Al-Isra: 36]
Stay away by you, to waste the youth of Islam with such fatwas. But indeed it was meant to help your brother in accordance with either kesanggupanmu morally and materially.
The Muslim youths ruined a fatwa like this, so they finished it that I fear the ridership of the tricks of the enemies of Islam to gather the youth of Islam on the island and then they kill.
Fear ye God Tabaraka wa Ta'ala, namakanlah something with his name and shun (attitude) to dare to give a fatwa, return to the clergy, fear of God, in any of what you say and fatwakan because you will definitely be held accountable before God . Do not waste the easygoing Islam behind the mirage and the fatwa that the argument rests not syar'i and do not stand on the scales and mafsadah maslahah syar'iyah rule which is recognized by the scholars.
Tabaraka you fear Allah wa Ta'ala. Fear on the day that you returned to God and every soul be rewarded with what they earn.
We pray to God with good names and His attributes taufiq high to give to the Muslims wherever they are with what causes love and keridhaanNya. And may Allah preserve the Muslims in Indonesia and in every place of all evil. And may Allah always exalt his words, and humiliating his enemies.
Verily Allah is He that governs the case and all-capable for such things.
The end of our prayer is Alhamdulillahir Rabbil A'lamin.
May the blessings on, greetings, blessings to our Prophet Muhammad always sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, his family and his friends.
As-Salih bin Sa'ad Al-Harby Suhaimi
Senior Lecturer at the Islamic University of Medina in the Prophet's Mosque and Teachers
28 Dhu al-Hijjah 1420H
LAW set out to strive in MALUKU
To Fadlilatusy Sheikh
Muhammad bin Salih Al-Uthaymeen Hafizhahullah Ta'ala
Perhaps you, Fadlilatus Sheikh had heard about the chaos in our country, especially in some cities in eastern Indonesia, about the savagery of the Christians against the Muslims with the massacre and cut up body parts of victims in the street, about the rape and destruction mosques that became sanctuaries of Muslims. But not the least of the government action to overcome it.
The question is, whether Indonesian Muslims are allowed to help his brothers who fought in other cities as well as set out jihad, or have the permission of the Imam (the government)?
Please note that the Indonesian government has been immersed in political and economic struggle, and will not give permission to anyone to perform jihad, and the government did not take concrete steps to stop the cruel slaughter. Give us a fatwa, may Allah give blessings to you
15 Dzulqa'dah 1420H
Alhamdulillahir Rabill Alamain. Prayers and greetings to the Prophet Muhammad hopefully shed, along with family, friends and people who follow their footsteps until the Day of Resurrection well.
If war is the war in order to defend himself, is permissible. Ya'ni if a Christian came to the house of a Muslim to trample her honor, then he is entitled to defend himself, even though the killing. As told to go for jihad, it is not allowed except with permission of the priest, ya'ni government in the country.
I ask Allaah, may He wipe out all the disasters and evils of the Muslims, and hopefully give the victory of Islam to Indonesia, because victory can not be obtained except by His help.
Already understood that the act of treason of the Christians against Islam and its adherents are very powerful everywhere. However, this is the door of victory for the Muslims, so they know their enemies are real.
I ask Allaah, may He help the Muslims in every place and destroy the Christian people and their minions. Verily Allah Almighty Almighty to everything.
22 Dzulqa'dah 1420H
ISSUES ARISING IN MALUKU Defamation
Sheikh Dr. Ibrahim bin Amir Al-Ruhaili
Sheikh Dr. Ibrahim bin Amir Al-Ruhaili asked: The third, on the question of defamation that occurs in the Moluccas
About what is happening on the island of Maluku, had long been circulating among our brothers (ikhwah) a lot of news from them, and we have met with some relatives (we were), specifically with regard to this issue. We have explained that the opinion (statement) that we believe and with our religion to Allah Almighty, as is believed by many of us such as Shaykh Salih masyaikh As-Suahimi, Shaikh Ubaid Al-Jabri, Sheikh Salih ... in it ... the Sheikhs like Sheikh Abdus Salam Al-Suhaimi, Sheikh Sulaiman, Sheikh .... (Ie) a large number (Ulama) had gathered at the Shaykh Salih Al-Suhaimi with ikhwah faced by most who came and never joined in the activities of this operation. We explain to them that this is not jihad, jihad must be true because under the banner of Islam, under the banner of a priest who has been endorsed by bai'at.
As for them, the people who started jihad, they already exist under the bond bai'at against a Muslim ruler even if he had any (ruler's) doing. We do not punish people in a hurry and we should not go out (to rebel) because there is only doubtful at the time of slander.
Then, also can not imagine anything that could happen only because of hostility jihad requires the Christians against the Muslims.
Indeed jihad becomes obligatory only when having the ability to do so. As if there is no ability to fight, (not) the ability of the preparation, then it should not be. It could even be a need to pay jizya (poll tax paid as a guarantee of safety) to unbelievers (if circumstances force) in exchange for maintenance of the souls of the Muslims.
As a small group who came to face an army that has been prepared with a strong preparation; have military equipment (complete) and have the experience of war, then (this small keompok) came out to face them with the purpose of jihad, then it is not taught by the shari'ah ' at and they (small group) are not ordered to the case.
Further advice to my brothers there (Indonesia), they should stick to the direction of the scholars and has been described by scholars with a detailed explanation of what is required for these brothers, is that they take back the power-keuatan them and are left this case. In order for them to defend the Muslims to raise this issue to persons authorized to handle their affairs in their country, and to provide advice to the people of this authority. Hopefully, Allah Almighty gave to rulers taufiq for the benefit of (the good) of the Muslims and remove their difficulties.
This is ... good blessings on Allah, peace and barakahNya our Prophet Muhammad devoted, family and friends.
[Copied from As-Sunnah magazine 07/Th Edition. And As-Sunnah IV/1421-2000M 03/Th Edition. Istiqomah Lajnah V/1421-2001MDiterbitkan Foundation Surakarta. Jl. Solo - Purwodadi Km. 8 Selokaton Gondangrejo - Solo 57 183]
Rule-Rule in jihad
Prof Sheikh. Abdurrozzaq bin Abdul Muhsin Al-Abbad
This is a very important discussion on the issue of jihad, the jihad is to understand that Islam is prescribed in accordance with the rules and requirements described in the Qur'an and Sunnah Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and the Salafush Salih atsar . Not perfect jihad in Allah and good deeds will not be included regardless of the conditions.
Among the rules and the terms of the jihad is as follows.
. Jihad must dilandasai by two things that a condition of acceptance of deeds, that is sincere and mutaba'ah (follow the sunnah of Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam). Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala will not receive one until he jihad for Allah and his intention mengikhlaskan keridhoanNya expect. If he only expects the jihad is a personal advantage or position or the other of the world matters then jihad is not accepted by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. Similarly, Allah will not accept someone jihad if he does not follow the sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in the jihad. Someone who wants to wage jihad must first understand how the first Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam then he mencontohnya jihad.
. Jihad should be in conformity with the intent and purpose of jihad is to elevate disyariatkannya sentence of God and that religion belongs only to God, as the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was asked: O Messenger of Allah! there is someone who fights for his courage, because there are more fanatic (class), there is also because of riya, which included among those who strive in the path of Allah? then he replied: "Those who fight in Allah's way to the high word of Allah then he is in the way of Allah" [Bukhari Hadith Muslim 7458 and 1904]
. Jihad must be accompanied with the knowledge and understanding of religion is good, because jihad including semulia-glorious worship and obedience. And worship is not valid without the knowledge and understanding of religion. Therefore rahimahullah Umar bin Abdul Aziz said: "Those who worship Allah without knowledge he more harm than good." Mentioned in atsar that: "Science is a priest / leader of charity is charity while his followers". It is actually obvious, since if the objectives and actions are not accompanied by science, then it is only ignorance and misguidance and follow the passions. It must know the real nature of jihad, the purpose of jihad, jihad and the various levels-the levels, as well as a state should be understood that the enemy was about to be fought. 
. Jihad should be done with great mercy / compassion and gentle because jihad is not prescribed for mental torture or hurt others. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said.
"Meaning: It is no weakness there is gentleness in anything, but he will beautify it, and there is no violence in anything but he'll ruin it" [Hadith Reported by Muslim]
Syaikhhul rahimahullah Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said: "Satan always wants of man to exaggerate them in all cases. If syaitah inclined to see the person you love then he made extravagant in love, so do not hate what God hates and is jealous. But if Satan saw him inclined to rudeness / hardware, then the devil was made redundant by not doing charity / good, gentle and affectionate in accordance with which Allah has commanded and he was very extreme in the hated and denounced, and gave sanction ... " 
. Jihad is to be filled with justice and away from tyranny. These are important provisions in the jihad in the way of Allah, as Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala his word.
"Meaning: Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, (but) do not exceed the limits, surely Allah does not love those who exceed the limit '[Al-Baqarah: 190]
"Meaning: O ye who believe, you shall be the people who always uphold (the truth) for Allah, bearing witness with justice. And do not ever hate against a people, encouraging you to do injustice. Heed, because it's just closer to piety. And fear Allah, surely Allah is Aware of what you do "[Al-Maidah: 8]
In the past, when the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam sent his troops, always mewasiati them to be cautious and he said: "Go with the name of Allah and in Allah's way, fight those who disbelieve in Allah. Do mecincang (corpse), and do not cheat and do not kill children "[Reported by Muslim Hadith 1731]
The scholars have explained that people who do not go to war from the women, small children, old people, blind people, people who are weak / sick, crazy people, and pastors / priests and monks / nuns is groups who do not deserve to be killed in jihad because the war was directed against those who fight against us when we show God's religion. Anyone of the above groups who do not participate we fight then we must not fight against them. That is because God allowed to kill the spirit with which these creatures can be good, as God says.
"Which means: And do slander larger (sin) rather than to kill" [Al-Baqarah: 217]
It means that despite the ugliness of war and destruction in it, but the damage and defamation of heathenism over it all. Whoever does not prevent the Muslims from establishing the religion of Allah, the only danger to his own disbelief. Hence the scholars said: "The preacher is called heresy that menyelisihi kepad the Qur'an and Sunnah worthy of sanction, as opposed to a silent (no calls to bid'ah). All this includes the good of Islam and the Islamic call to do justice and avoid all forms of persecution and tyranny "
. Jihad (tholab / attack-pent) must be with imam of the Muslims or with the consent both leaders / priests are good or wicked person. This is the most important among these Terms which must exist in jihad fi sabilillah, because jihad, especially jihad against the enemies of Allah with a weapon can not be done but with the power and strength can not be obtained but by unity. And unity can not be realized but with leadership. And leadership is not running but with the attitude to hear and obey (the leader). All cases are inter-related and partly imperfect, but with some others, will not even erect religion and this world but him .
This provision has been described in the Sunnah and the sayings of the Salaf. Mentioned in the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah from the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, he said.
"Which means: Verily priest / leader is a shield (the Muslims) to fight behind him and make a shield" [Bukhari Hadith Muslim 2957 and 1841]
Imam Abu Ja'far said in Ath-Thohawi Aqidah Thohawiyahnya: "Hajj and jihad is always carried out with Ulim amri / leader of the Muslims who are good and the dzolim until doomsday ...".
Imam Al-Barbahari rahimahullah said: "Anyone who says; allowed to pray behind every good and wicked priests and jihad is permissible with the kholifah, and he did not rebel against the ruler by lifting her arms and pray for her kindness, it really has come out in Khowarij group of words from beginning to end "
. Jihad in Allah's way adapted to the situation of the Muslims, are still weak or strong is? because things change all the time and place. Jihad in Allah's way is prescribed in Islam through several stages: At the time of jihad Mecca disyariatlan yet to take up arms, because the Muslims at that time still a minority and the weak, but jihad is prescribed by the liver and oral.
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says.
"It means: Do not follow the unbelievers, and strive against them with the Qur'an with great jihad" [Al-Furqan: 52] This verse makkiyah (down before the Pilgrimage of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to Medina, - pent)
Word of God: "Wajahidhum". Ibn Abbas said: "The Koran" as narrated by Ibn Jarir in his commentary. After he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam migrated to Medina and started to establish an Islamic state allowed him to fight absolutely through His Word.
"It means: it has allowed (to fight) for those who fight because they have been wronged. And that Allah, the Almighty really help them "[Al-Hajj: 39]
Then obliged jihad to the Muslims and was ordered to fight those who fight them and refrain from people who do not bother them.
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says.
"Meaning: Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, (but) do not exceed the limits, surely Allah does not love those who exceed the limit '[Al-Baqarah: 190]
After that Allah revealed the verse that absolutely commanded to wage jihad, and not hold back from anyone until they get into the religion of Allah or pay the jizya, as set forth in His Word.
"Which means: And fight them, that no libel and that religion is solely for Allah. If they cease (from disbelief), then surely Allah sees what they do "[al-Anfal: 39]
The expert scholars reinforce the notion that the verses are nothing mansukh / removed (legal,-pent), but the verses are applicable in accordance with the existing conditions, then the Muslims have every time and place to take the verses in accordance with their capabilities. If they are in a weakened state the jihad according to their abilities. If they are weak enough to preach it orally. And if they already have most of the power then they are (allowed) to fight those who fight against them or are close to them and refrain from that does not disturb them. And if they have a very strong and has the power (permissible) to combat everything that human beings are all converted to Islam or pay jizya. 
Rahimahullah Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said: "Whoever among the Muslims in the state is weak in a certain place or time, then he should practice patience and forgiveness verses those who harm Allah and His Messenger and the scripture among the Pagans". [8 ]
Sheikh As-Sa'di Abdurrohman rahimahullah said: "Let them know that God does not burden the man but according to their abilities and Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was suspended tuladan them. Previously, he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam through two states in the preaching and jihad. He governed in accordance with the situation. While the Muslims in the state-controlled enemies are weak and he was ordered to defend itself alone and replenish themselves with preaching jihad and refrain from taking up arms, because it is more madhorotnya. And at other times they are told to resist the evil of the enemy with all the powers that be and make peace as long as there are beneficiaries in the peace and to fight against those who exceed the limit if maslahatnya greater. Obligatory for the Muslims to imitate their Prophet in this regard. And he is imitating the benefit and success "
. Jihad must be able to realize the benefit and does not result in a greater kemadhorotan. That is because Jihad in all its forms is prescribed to bring serious benefits and rejects madhorot of Islam and the Muslims, both individuals and groups. Always jihad is prescribed as sure as if known with certainty or estimated carefully to realize that goal. But conversely, if it is known with certainty or estimated carefully bring it more madhorot, then the jihad at the time it was not prescribed. Rahimahullah Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said: "The main Seutama-jihad and good deeds are to obey God more and more beneficial to the servants of God. If jihad can memadhorotkannya and blocking of the more beneficial it can not be categorized as good deeds "
. Conclusion: The foundation of the above rules is to make the Qur'an and Sunnah as the benchmark in all circumstances and it includes four things: the correct Aqeedah, a sincere intention, Honesty in the sole trust, and follow the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. A mujahid who do not adhere to the correct aqeedah then words and deeds can not be separated from the damage and irregularities, because the true Aqeedah is the foundation for the safety of a person's words and actions. And a mujahid who do not stick with sincere intentions in words and deeds then jihad is not because the face of God or to enforce his words even just to satisfy his desires. And mujahid who is dishonest in his sole trust in God it will not be istiqomah in jihad in the way of Allah and the jihad burden, even a weak determination could quickly and easily pessimistic than God's help. And a mujahid who do not follow the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam then the jihad will not be true and not far from heresy and deviation. Even more condoh jihad to the destruction of himself and much of the improvement and an appeal to the straight path of Allah.
[Summarized from the book "Al-Quthuuful Jiyaad min Hikami Ahkaamil wal Jihaad" p. DR 23-35 by Shaykh Abdul Muhsin bin Abdurrozzaq Al-Abbad, translated as Abdurrahman bin Thayib]
[Copied from the magazine Al-Adh-Islamiyya Dzakhiirah Issue 18 Muharram 1427H/Peb-Maret Th IV 2006M. Publisher Ma'had Ali Al-Irsyad Surabaya, Jl. Sultan Iskandar Muda 45 Surabaya]
Jihad in Islam
Ibn Qoyyim rahimahullah
Jihad is the backbone and the Islamic dome. Position of those who strive very high in heaven, so also in the world. They are precious in the world and the Hereafter. Messenger is one of the highest rank in the jihad. He has jihad in all shapes and kinds. He is striving in the path of Allah in truth jihad, either by the liver, propaganda, information (knowledge), swords and guns. All the time he was only to strive with heart and hand him verbally. Hence, he is very sweet name (on the human-pent) and most precious in the sight of Allah.
God commanded him to jihad since he was sent as a Prophet, Allah says
"And if We willed, We sent is true in every country that gives a warning (the apostle). Do not follow the unbelievers, and strive against them with the Qur'an with the great jihad." [Al-Furqan: 51-52]
This letter included a letter in which there are Makiyah command to wage jihad against the infidels and the information and to submit proof of the Qur'an. Likewise, the jihad against the hypocrites by submitting proof because they already exist under the rule of the Muslims, Allah Ta'ala says:
"Meaning: O Prophet, strive (against) unbelievers and the hypocrites, and be hard at them. Their place is Hell. And that is to return to the worst." [At-Tawbah: 73]
Jihad against the hypocrites (with proof-pent) is more difficult than the jihad against the infidels (the sword-pent), because (with proof-pent jihad) can only be carried out only special people are the inheritors of the Prophet (ulama ). Could accomplish it and that helps them is a small group of people. Nevertheless, they are the noblest people in the sight of Allah. 
Including semulia-noble jihad is telling the truth even though many people who strongly opposes such convey the truth to people who worry about interference. Because of this, sholawatullahi Apostles' alaihim salaamuhu wa-including the most perfect
Jihad against God's enemies outside (the Muslims) including a branch from a servant of his jihad against himself (desires) in obedience to God, as spoken of the Prophet:
"It means: Mujahid are those who strive against Allah and obey him in Muhajir is the one who emigrated from what is forbidden of God" [Hadith Reported by Ahmad and sanadnya jayyid / well]
Therefore, jihad against oneself more precedence than the jihad against the infidels and it is the foundation. A servant if not for jihad against itself in obeying the commandments of God and what is forbidden to leave because of his sincerity, then how could he possibly Jihad against the unbelievers . How can he fight the infidels, while the enemy (the passions) who stands beside his left and right and he still has not mastered fight jihad for Allah. Maybe he will not come out jihad against the enemies (unbelievers), so he was able to wage jihad against his desires to get out jihad. 
The second enemy is the target of jihad was a slave. But there is still a third, which he could not wage jihad against them except after the third beat. He (the third enemy is) always blocked, deceptive and seductive servant so as not to wage jihad against his desires. He was always a portrait of a slave to the passions that the jihad against very heavy and had to leave the delights and pleasures (the world). No way she jihad against the enemies unless it first had to fight jihad. Therefore, jihad against the foundation in the jihad against them. The third enemy is Satan, Allah Ta'ala says:
"Which means: Verily Satan is an enemy to you, then treat him as an enemy (mu)" [Fatir: 6]
Command to make the devil as the enemy is a reminder that (a servant) to mobilize all forces in the fight, because the enemy is never tired and weak to mislead people of all time.
(Then he said-pent) If the above is to understand the jihad is divided into four stages :
. Jihad against yourself (lust), and it is divided into four levels
a. Jihad in studying religion there can be no happiness in the world and the Hereafter except him. Whoever is behind the science of religion then he will be miserable in the world and the Hereafter.
b. Jihad in the practice of science that he learned, because science without charity if not memadharatkannya, minimal knowledge of no benefit.
c. Jihad in da'wah (calling people) to teach science and that do not know. If not, then he is among those who conceal knowledge that Allah has revealed and will not be useful knowledge, and he would not be safe from Allaah.
d. Jihad in the patient encounter obstacles in the way of propaganda and human disturbance due to Allah.
If a servant has perfected this all four levels, then he classified Robbaaniyyiin (Robbani people). The salaf previously been agreed that a scholar can not be said Robbani until he knows the truth, then practice and teach. Anyone who knows (the truth) then he is to practice and teach it, then he will be honored among the inhabitants of heaven.
. Jihad against Satan, and it is divided into 2 parts:
a. Jihad in rejecting doubtful (confusion) and doubt in the faith
b. Jihad in rejecting the first whisper of lust jihad, and jihad will inspire confidence that both will produce the patience of the Almighty said:
"Which means: And We made between them that the leaders who guide by Our command when they were patient. And it is they believe in Our Signs." [As-Sajdah: 24]
Allah ta'ala mengkabarkan that leadership in religion can be obtained only with patience and confidence. Patience can resist lust and desire, while bad faith can resist doubt and confusion.
. Jihad against the infidels and hypocrites. This includes four things: jihad with the heart, oral, property, body and soul. Jihad against the infidels is more devoted to hand and jihad against the hypocrites is more devoted to the spoken word.
. Jihad against the dzolim, a heretic, and munkar maker. It has three stages. By hand if it is able, if not then move to the oral and if not able to also then with the heart.
This is the thirteenth stage of the jihad and (Those who die and do not fight jihad and never to whisper in her for him to die in jihad is a branch of hypocrisy) 
And jihad will not be perfect but with the move and there is no hijra and jihad without faith . People who expect the grace of God are the people who run those three things, Allah ta'ala says
"Meaning: Those who believe, those who emigrate and strive in Allah's way, they were expecting the grace of Allah, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." [Al-Baqoroh: 218]
As faith is the duty of every person, it is also required to move them two at any time:
. Mentauhidkan emigrated to God by Him, sincerity, repentance, resignation, hope, and love Him.
. Emigrated to His Prophet by following his sunnah, subject to his orders, which he confirmed the news to convey, and putting his command other than a command. The Prophet said, which means:
"Meaning: Those who emigrated to Allah and His Messenger, then the Pilgrimage to Allah and His Messenger. And those who emigrated to the world or the woman who was about to marry the hijrohnya to what he intended". 
Orders for jihad against the passions in obeying Allah and jihad is fard ayn against demons that can not be delegated to anyone. As for the jihad against the infidels and hypocrites is fard kifaya.
[Zaadul Ma'aad FII Hadyi Khoiril Ibaad 3/5 - 11, Ibn Qoyyim rahimahullah]
[Copied from the magazine Al-Adh-Islamiyya Dzakirah ThIV Edition 17 / Dzulqa 'dah 1426H/Desember 2005M. Translator Abu Abdirrahman bin As-Salafi Thayyib Lc, Published By Ma'had Ali-Al-Irsyad Surabaya, Jl Sultan Iskandar Muda 46 Surabaya]