Tuesday, August 14, 2012

Eid al Fitr days and guidance Kingdom; of Buraidah Allaah 'anhu, he said: كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لا يخرج يوم الفطر حتى يطعم و يوم النحر لا يأكل حتى يرجعفيأكل من نسيكته. رواه الترمذي وابن ماجه "It is the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam did not come out on the day of' Eid al-Fitr, so he ate. And he did not eat on the day of 'Eid al-Adh-ha, so he went home, then eat the flesh of the victim". [At-Tirmidhi and HR Ibn Majah].


Eid al Fitr days and guidance Kingdom; of Buraidah Allaah 'anhu, he said: كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لا يخرج يوم الفطر حتى يطعم و يوم النحر لا يأكل حتى يرجعفيأكل من نسيكته. رواه الترمذي وابن ماجه
"It is the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam did not come out on the day of' Eid al-Fitr, so he ate. And he did not eat on the day of 'Eid al-Adh-ha, so he went home, then eat the flesh of the victim". [At-Tirmidhi and HR Ibn Majah].


By
Aris cleric Abu Sulaiman Sugiyantoro


WHY called 'ID?
In language, 'Id is something that again and again and again. Something that used to come and return from one place or time.

Then called 'Id, because God gives goodness to break their back, after our fasting and paying Zakat Fitr. And a perfected pilgrims, after being ordered to slaughter the animal sacrifice and Tawaf. Because, usually at times like this there is pleasure and happiness.

As rahimahullah Suyuti said, "'Id ​​is the specificity of this people. The existence of two days of 'Id, the grace of God to this nation. From Anas Allaah 'anhu, he said, "The Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam came to Madinah, and the people of Medina had two feast days. At the time of Jahiliyyah, they play on these two feasts. He said, 'I come and you have two days, did you play in the Ignorance. God then replace with a better than both of them, (namely) the day of Nahr and the day of Fitr. '"[Dr. Abdullah Ath Thayyar, Ahkam Al 'Idain Wa' Asyri Dhi'l Hijjah, p. 9].

Sunnah THINGS ON 'ID
There are some who practice Sunnah for us on this happy day, including:

A. Bath.
On the day of 'Id, Sunnah for the shower. Because on this day the Muslims will gather, then the Sunnah as a bath on Friday. However, if someone just wudoo 'only, it is legitimate for him. (Ibn Qudama, Al Mughni, 3/257). Such as bathing and kaifiyatnya janabat.

Nafi 'told, first, the' Eid al-Fitr, Ibn Umar 'anhuma shower before leaving for the field. [Narrated Imam Malik in al Muwatta ', 1/177].

Sa'id Ibn Musayyib rahimahullah said, "Sunnah on the day of 'Eid al-Fitr there are three. (It is): a short walk to the field, eat and shower before leaving the house. [Irwa'ul Ghalil, 2/104].

2. Prayer Before Departure ornate 'Id.
Sunnah to wash up and put on its best clothes, wear perfume and bersiwak.

Of Allaah ibn Abbas' anhuma, he said:

كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يلبس يوم العيد بردة حمراء

"It is the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, on the day of' Id, She wore a red burdah". [Ash Saheehah, 1279].

Rahimahullah Imam Malik said, "I heard the Ahlul Ilmi, they considered sunnah wearing perfume and decorated on the day of 'Id." [Al Mughni, 3/258].

Rahimahullah Ibn al-Qayyim said, "In the past, when out on a two-day feast prayers, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was wearing a beautiful dress. Hullah He has been wearing for two days holiday and Sun, at. One time, he was wearing two green garments , and sometimes wore burdah (red blanket cloth). " [Zaadul Ma'ad, 1/426].

Whereas for women, not recommended for wearing clothes decorated with a fancy, or wear perfume. And should they stay away from the men so as not to slander, as the reality that we see today.

3. Eating Before Prayer 'Eid al-Fitr.
From Anas Allaah 'anhu, he said:

كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لا يغدو يوم الفطر حتى يأكل تمرات. رواه البخاري

"It is the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam did not come out to pray' Eid al-Fitr, so he ate some dates". [Reported by al Bukhari].

And of Buraidah Allaah 'anhu, he said:

كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لا يخرج يوم الفطر حتى يطعم و يوم النحر لا يأكل حتى يرجع
فيأكل من نسيكته. رواه الترمذي وابن ماجه

"It is the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam did not come out on the day of' Eid al-Fitr, so he ate. And he did not eat on the day of 'Eid al-Adh-ha, so he went home, then eat the flesh of the victim". [At-Tirmidhi and HR Ibn Majah].

Rahimahullah Ibn al-Qayyim said, "In the past, before going out to pray 'Eid al-Fitr, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam eating some dates, with an odd number. And on the day of 'Eid al-Adh-ha, he did not eat so the back of the field, then He ate the flesh of the victim. " [Zaadul Ma'ad, 1/426].

4. Taking a Different Road Departure And Return Of When Prayer 'Id.
Sunnah to menyelisihi way, namely by taking a road when go out to pray 'Id, and pass the other way when returning from the field.

From Jabir Allaah 'anhu, he said:

كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا كان يوم عيد خالف الطريق. رواه البخاري

"It is the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, when the day of' Id, he took a different path when the leave and go home". [Reported by al Bukhari in the Bab Al 'Idain]

Rahimahullah Ibn al-Qayyim said, "In the past, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam came out on foot, and he menyelisihi road; (that) went through one way and return by another road." [Zaadul Ma'ad, 1/432].

Law took a different path is only a special on two days' Id. Not Sunnah for other deeds, such as prayer Sunday, as mentioned in the book of Ibn Dhuwaiyan Manarus Sabil 1/151. Or in the good deeds of other problems, Imam An Nawawi mentions in the book Righteous Riyadhush, chapter disunnahkannya go to pray 'Id, visit the sick, the hajj, the war, accompanied the corpse and the other by taking a different path, so multiply the place- place of worship.

Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen, may Allaah have mercy said: "Things like this can not be diqiaskan. Moreover, the practice is no practice at the time of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. And never quoted that he took a different path, except on two days' Id. We have one important rule for thalibul ilmi, all that is why the time of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and he did not do it, then the practice is rejected ". Until Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen said: "It is true, the suggestion is, take a different path, a special prayer at the two' Id alone, as from the words of Zahir-al Hajjawi muallif in Zaadul Mustaqni'-because he did not mention the day Friday, but only mentioned in two days' Id. This suggests, that he chose not disunnahkannya opinion took a different path, except on two days 'Id'. [Asy Syarhul Mumti ', 5/173-175].

5. Bertakbir.
Allah Almighty says:

ولتكملوا العدة ولتكبروا الله على ما هداكم ولعلكم تشكرون البقرة - 185

"And so you perfected a matter of Ramadhan and bertakbirlah because God has given to you, you may be grateful". [Al Baqarah: 185].

Bertakbir time begins after sighting the new moon of Shawwal, it is if possible. And if not possible, then with the arrival of the news, or when the setting sun on the 30th of Ramadan. Then, this Takbir until the Imam finished the sermon of 'Id. Similarly, in the opinion of the right, among Ahlul Ilmi opinion. However, we do not bertakbir when listening to the sermon, but if you follow takbirnya priest. And emphasized to bertakbir when out of the house to the field, or while waiting for the priest to come. [Ahkamul 'Idain, 24].

Rahimahullah Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said: "Takbir on the day of Eid al-Fitr begins when sighting the new moon, and ends with the completion of 'Id. That is when the priest completed of the sermon, (thus) the opinion is right". [Majmu 'Fatawa, 24/220, 221].

The properties (shighat) Takbir, in this case there is breadth. Has come an authentic narration of Ibn Mas'ud Allaah 'anhu, that he bertakbir on tasyriq with even-numbered days (two times) Allahu Akbar lafadz said. Narrated by Ibn Abi Syaibah, and sanadnya authentic, but noted that other lafadz three times.

الله أكبر, الله أكبر, الله أكبر, لا إله إلا الله, الله أكبر, الله أكبر, ولله الحمد

Should not be jama'i bertakbir, which gathered a group of people for saying the with one voice, or the person giving the command followed by a group of people. Because, as this practice is never quoted from the Salaf. The sunnah, bertakbir everyone individually. As is well on any dhikr, or prayed a prayer-prayer when the masyru 'at any time. [Ahkamul 'Idain, Ath Thayyar, p. 30].

Sheikh Al Albani rahimahullah said: "It is worth to be given a warning at the present time, that her voice when the congregation disyari'atkan bertakbir not with one voice, as is done by some people. Similarly, at every remembrance were read aloud or no, it does not disyari'atkan to berjama'i. We should be alert to this problem "[Lineage Al ahadith Saheehah, 1/121].

Prayer LEGAL ID
The law of praying 'Id is fard' ain, for everyone to do it. Of Umm 'Athiyyah Allaah' anha, he said:

أمرنا - تعني النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم - أن نخرج في العيدين العواتق وذوات الخدور وأمر الحيض أن يعتزلن مصلى المسلمين. متفق عليه

"The Prophet ordered us (the women) to bring out the 'awatiq (young women) and the girls are secluded. And he ordered to stay away from menstruating women mushalla (place of prayer) of the Muslims". [Agreed alaih].

In the past, Rasululllah sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to pray always keep' Id. This is an argument of the necessity of praying 'Id. And praying 'Id abort the Friday prayer obligations, if the' Id fell on Friday. Something which is not mandatory, is not likely to abort an obligation to another. Look At Ta'liqat Ar Radhiyah, Sheikh Al Albani, 1/380.

Argument that the prayer 'Id is fard' ayn, is the madhhab of Abu Hanifah and one of the history of Imam Ahmad. Similarly, the opinion of Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah selected. He said in Majmu'Fatawa (23/161), as follows: "Therefore, we pray that the law merajihkan 'Id is mandatory' ain. As for the suggestion is not mandatory, is a word that is very far from the truth, because praying 'Id including the largest Islamic syi'ar. Muslims who gather on this day, more than on Friday. Similarly disyari'atkan on that day to bertakbir. As for his legal opinion that said fard kifaya, not exactly ".

Prayer time 'Eid ul-Fitr
Most of the Ahlul Ilmi opinion, that the time for prayer 'Id is as tall as a spear after sunrise until the sun slipping. Namely the Duha.

Mengakhirkan also Sunnah to pray 'Eid al-Fitr, Muslims have the opportunity to give charity Fitr.

Rahimahullah Ibn al-Qayyim said: "In the past, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam mengakhirkan pray' Eid al-Fitr and the urge to pray 'Eid Adh-ha. While Ibn Umar 'anhuma, a friend who is held to the Sunnah. He did not come out until the rising of the sun ". [Zaadul Ma'ad, 1/427].

PLACE establish salat 'ID
Sunnah prayer 'Id in mushalla. Namely the field outside the settlement of the Muslims, unless there is udzur. For example, such as: rain, strong winds and the other, it should be done in the mosque.

Ibn Qudama rahimahullah said: "Doing the prayer 'Id in the field is sunnah, because first, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa salalm out into the field and leave the mosque. Similarly, four caliphs. And this is all the Muslims. They have agreed in every age and place to get out into the field when praying 'Id'. [Al Mughni, 3/260].

NO call and IQAMAH before prayer 'ID
Ibn Abbas and Jabir of Allaah 'anhuma, they said:

لم يكن يؤذن يوم الفطر ولا يوم الأضحى. رواه البخاري ومسلم

"Never call to prayer on the day of 'Eid al-Fitr and the day of' Eid al-Adh-ha". [Reported by al Bukhari and Muslim]

Jabir bin Samurah of Allaah 'anhu, he said:

صليت مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم العيدين غير مرة ولا مرتين بغير أذان ولا إقامة. رواه مسلم

"I prayed with the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam on a two-day feast, once or twice, without prayer and without iqamat". [Reported by Muslim].

Rahimahullah Ibn al-Qayyim said: "Formerly, when the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to the field, he started the prayer without Adhan and iqamat or the word" ash shalatu jami'ah ". And the Sunnah, to not do it ". [Zaadul Ma'ad, 1/427].

SHIFAT pray 'ID
Praying 'Id, worked two rak'ah, bertakbir in two rak'ah is 12 times the Takbir, 7 in the first rak'ah after takbiratul ihram and before qira'ah, and 5 Takbir in the second rak'ah before qira' ah.

عن عمرو بن عوف عن أبيه عن جده أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كبر في العيدين سبعا في الأولى وخمسا في الآخرة. رواه ابن ماجه

"From Amr bin Syu'aib of his father from his grandfather, indeed the Messenger of Allaah 'alaihi wa sallam prayed bertakbir on two' Id seven times in the first rak'ah and five times in the second rak'ah." [HR Ibn Majah].

عن عائشة أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كبر في الفطر والأضحى سبعا وخمسا سوى تكبيرتي الركوع. رواه أبو داود و ابن ماجه

"From Aisha, verily Allah sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam bertakbir to pray' Eid al-Fitr and pray 'Eid al-Adh-ha seven times and five times, in addition to two Takbir bowing". [Reported by Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah. See Irwa'ul Ghalil, 639].

Rahimahullah Ibn al-Qayyim said: "He started praying 'Id before berkhutbah. He prayed two rak'ahs. Bertakbir in the first rak'ah, seven successive times after Takbir Takbir iftitah. He paused between two Takbir. It is not known specific dhikr between Takbir, Takbir this. However, (there) mentioned that Ibn Mas'ud Allaah 'anhu and blessed God, flattering and utter blessings on the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam (between the two Takbir), as mentioned by Al Khallal. And Ibn 'Umar' anhuma is a friend who is very tamassuk (sticking) to the Sunnah. He raised his hands every time Takbir. And after perfecting takbirnya, the Prophet started qira'ah. He read Al Fatiha, then read the letter Qaf in one rak'ah. On the other rak'ah, reciting surat Al Qamar. Sometimes reading the letter and the letter Al Al A'laa Ghasyiyah. He has two legitimate than this, and the unauthorized history of the states in others.

When finished reading, he bertakbir and bowing. Then, when it has perfected the first rak'ah, he rose from the prostrate and bertakbir five times in a row. After that he read. Then Takbir is opening in two rak'ahs, then read, and after bowing. " [Zaadul Ma'ad, 1/427].

IS THERE BEFORE AND AFTER Sunnah Prayers' ID?
Not Sunnah Sunnah prayers before and after the 'Id. Allaah is mentioned from Ibn Abbas' anhuma:

أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم صلى يوم الفطر ركعتين لم يصل قبلها ولا بعدها. رواه البخاري

"Indeed, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam prayed' Eid al-Fitr two rak'ah, do not pray before or since" [Reported by al Bukhari].

Imam Ahmad, may Allaah have mercy said: "There is absolutely no one sunnah prayer before or after the 'Id'. Then he asked: "What about people who want to pray at that time?" He replied: "I'm afraid will be followed by those who see it. Ya'ni do not pray ". [Al Mughni, Ibn Qudama 3/283].

Ibn Hajar Al Hafidz rahimahullah said: "In conclusion, the prayer 'Id no sunnah prayer before or after, is different from the person with prayer mengqiyaskan Gomaa. However, the sunnah prayers muthlaqah no particular argument against it, unless it is done on time is makruh as on other days. " [Fath-Hul Bari, 2/476].

When praying 'Id done in the mosque because of udzur, then ordered two rak'ah prayer tahiyyatul mosque. And Allaah knows best.

IF A PERSON FROM LEFT BEHIND pray 'ID, IS NECESSARY MENGQADHA?
In this issue, Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen, may Allaah have mercy declared in the Asy Syarhul Mumti' 5/208: "Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah argues diqadha not. Those who left or escaped from praying 'Id, it is not Sunnah for mengqadha'nya, because this has never None of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. And praying' Id prayer is done with a special assembly. Therefore disyari'atkan not, except in that way ".

Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen, then he also said: "Prayer is not diqadha Friday. However, for people who are left behind, (it) to replace the obligatory Friday prayers with a prayer at that time. That Dhuhr. In praying' Id, when the lag of congregation, it is not diqadha, because at that time there is no obligatory prayer or praying sunnah ".

Sermon 'Eid ul-Fitr
In Shahihain and others mentioned:

كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يخرج يوم الفطر والأضحى إلى المصلى فأول شيء يبدأ به الصلاة ثم ينصرف فيقوم مقابل الناس والناس جلوس على صفوفهم فيعظهم ويوصيهم ويأمرهم. رواه البخاري و مسلم

"It is the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam came out into the field on' Eid al-Fitr and 'Eid al-Adh-ha. First thing he did was pray, then turned and stood facing his friend, and they remained seated in their ranks. Then he would give 'izhah, wills and ordered them ". [Reported by al Bukhari and Muslim].

In the matter of the sermon 'Id, the person is not obliged to listen. Allowed to leave the field after the prayer. Not as the sermon Sunday, which is mandatory for us to attend.

In the hadeeth of Ibn Sa'id As Allaah 'anhu, he said:

شهدت مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم العيد فلما قضى الصلاة قال إنا نخطب فمن أحب أن يجلس للخطبة فليجلس ومن أحب أن يذهب فليذهب

"I saw praying 'Id with the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam. When finished, he said:" We are now berkhutbah. Anyone who would listen, please sit down. And whoever is willing, please go ". [Issued by Abu Dawud, An Nasa'i, Ibn Majah. See Irwa'ul Ghalil 3/96]

Rahimahullah Ibn al-Qayyim said, "In the past, when the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam perfect prayer, he turned and stood in front of his friends, while they sit in their ranks. He gave mau'izhah, wills and orders and banning them. He opened khuthbah -his speech by praising God. It was never reported-in-one haditspun that he opened two sermons on the 'Eid al-Fitr and' Eid al-Adh-ha with bertakbir. And given rukhshah for people who attended the 'Id to listen to sermons or go ". [Zaadul Ma'ad, 1/429].

IF DAY 'ID coincides with Friday
When the day of 'Id day coincides with Friday, the Friday prayer obligations for people who have attended the' Id be forever barred. But for the authorities, should be ordered to set up the Friday prayers, to be attended by people who do not watch 'Id or for those who wish to attend the Friday of the people who have been praying' Id. And instead of Friday for people who are not the Friday prayers, the prayers Dhuhr. But the better, is to attend both. [See Ahkamul 'Idain, Ath Thayyar, p. 18; Ma.ialis' Asyri Dhi'l Hijjah, Sheikh Abdullah Al Fauzan, p. 107].

From Abu Hurayrah from the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, he said:

قد اجتمع في يومكم هذا عيدان فمن شاء أجزأه من الجمعة وإنا مجمعون. رواه أبو داود و ابن ماجه

"Have you gathered on these two 'Id. Whosoever will, then pray' Id had enough of Friday. However, we are working on the Friday prayers." [Reported by Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah]

GOOD DAY TO SAY 'ID
Shaykh al-Islam were congratulated on the day of 'Id. He replied:

"Congratulating the day of 'Id; if someone meets his brother, then he said تقبل الله منا ومنكم (may Allah accept good deeds from us and from you), or أعاده الله عليك (may God give good things to you), or semisalnya, in something like this has been narrated from among a group of friends, that they first do it. And diperperbolehkan by Imam Ahmad and much more. Imam Ahmad said, 'I did not start with congratulating someone' Id. However, if someone congratulated me, I'll menjawanya, because the answer tahiyyah obligatory. The congratulations started 'Id is not a sunnah are ordered, and do not include anything that is prohibited. Whoever does the work, then there is a case in point. And for those who do not do it, there is also an example ". [Majmu 'Fatawa, 24/253, see also Al Mughni, 3/294].

Wallahu a'lamu shawab bish.

Completed on 15 Rajab 1425, coinciding August 30, 2004.

[Copied from As-Sunnah magazine VIII/1425/2004M 07/Tahun Edition. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858197]




Hari Raya And Its meaning in Islam


By
Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim Ad-Duwais


Holidays are days in which shed any sense of joy is always celebrated by the peoples prior to us today. They reveal all the meaning of 'ubudiah (worship) to their gods with a variety of events according to their allegation that the actions that can get closer to them and instruct followers to re-establish their nature are straight and strong-rooted in the soul their souls. But among men preferring blank deeds that are not useful, either words or deeds, and more inclined to their desires filled with ugliness and kejelekkan, so that nature are no longer ignore their calls.

Islam forbids actions (empty that is not useful) as the feast-day rayanya infidels or come see it, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

والذين لا يشهدون الزور وإذا مروا باللغو مروا كراما

"And those who did not witness the Az-Zur, immoral deeds, and if they pass a futile act (mess) with the full glory of their past". [Al-Furqan: 73]

The scholars 'such as Mujahid, Ibn Sirin, Rabi' bin Anas, and Ikrimah rahimahullah interpret that it was intended by this paragraph is the feast day of ignorance.

When the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam came to Medina, he found the people of Madinah celebrate two feast days for fun and frolic at the time of ignorance, then he said:

قدمت عليكم ولكم يومان تلعبون بهما في الجاهلية فقد أبدلكم الله يومين خيرا منهما يوم النحر ويوم الفطر

"I come to you and you have two festivals are you playing in it at the time of ignorance, and Allah has replaced them with a better one for you:" The Feast of sacrifice and the day breaking. ". [HR Imam Ahmad, Abu Daud, and Nasa'i]

And the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said to Abu Bakr Allaah' anhu:

يا أبا بكر إن لكل قوم عيدا وإن عيدنا هذا اليوم

"O Abu Bakr true for each of the existing rayanya day and this is our feast".

And of 'Uqbah bin' Amir of Allaah 'anhu that the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam that he said:

يوم عرفة ويوم النحر وأيام التشريق عيدنا أهل الإسلام وهن أيام أكل وشرب

"Day of Arafah, the day and the days qurban mina is our holiday, Muslims and these days it is a day to eat and drink". [HR. Abu Daud, Nasa 'i and Tirmidhi]

Things like this give a sense of another for a Muslim that he is different from other faiths, a false and misguided, because they also have a feast - a special feast. And when a Muslim feels proud of the addition of a second feast that has been described by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, then this will cause loss to the heathen hatred in his heart, and pain to innocent of them and of their actions . Yet they are the most fundamental principles of Aqeedah of a Muslim, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

من تشبه بقوم فهو منهم

"Whoever resembles a people is that it includes the". [HR. Ahmad, Abu Dawud, and others]

And that moment of pride and love for the great feast-day of the Muslims will disappear little by little from his heart, so it is not left at all.

In connection with this Shaykh al-Islam said in Fatawanya rahimahullah:
"A servant if made of some of his business instead of the prescribed matters it will memudarlah his love of the Shari'a and the desire to take advantage of the Shari'a in accordance with a prescribed addition penyimpanganya against, in contrast to those who direct the will and desire for something that is prescribed then he would glorify his love of the Shari'a and prefer to take advantage of what is prescribed so that the more perfect and completed the Islamic diinnya. Therefore you find people who like to listen to music and song-for-qashidah kindness (katanya!) will diminish his love for listen to the Quran ". [Al-Fatawa].

In the celebration of a feast, in which are the beliefs of certain religions, but when a Muslim participating in a holiday celebration or party who disbelieve, then it is a certainty he will fall into the delusion that there is in religion their religions and may also be falling into shirk.

HARI RAYA-IED-MOMENTUM IS worship
We know that each race has a special day as they feast, they focus on it with a variety of their beliefs and teachings that they can be hereditary. For them, the feast is a momentum of worship, ketundukkan to other than Allaah, or the act of wickedness or cruelty, games and so forth. As it happens, and we find the feast-day feast of Nassara, among which is the beginning of the holiday (New Year), and year-end holiday (Christmas).

The feast of Eid-in-Islam has significance at the start of the coming of Islam, all traces of religious services that were previously written off are so honored by the devotees and not left at all. Islam directed only to the glorification of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala alone. Islam presents two festivals are celebrated after two very great worship in Islam:

First: 'Eid al Fitr, comes after the completion of obligations siyam Ramadlan, in which a Muslim syahwatnya prevent and restrain human desires, they also turn his nights in prayer standing before God Almighty, prostration and bowing with humble and humiliate themselves fill the coffers of his Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. That in the last ten days of Ramadan there was a night that was the best night of the year, which is Laylat al-Qadr (night of power).

Second: 'Eid al-Adha (sacrifice day), the last day of the ten days in the month of Dhu al-Hijjah, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam mentioned in his saying:

ما العمل في أيام أفضل منها في هذه قالوا ولا الجهاد قال ولا الجهاد إلا رجل خرج يخاطر بنفسه وماله فلم يرجع بشيء

"Gone are the days of righteous deeds, Allah is more beloved than these days (ie ten days of the first month of Dhu al-Hijjah)." He asked: "Not even jihad in the way of Allah?" He said: "Nor is jihad in the way of Allah , except a person who goes by himself and his property and then not come back at all ". [HR. Bukhari].

In another report stated:

ما من أيام أعظم عند الله ولا أحب إليه العمل فيهن من هذه الأيام العشر فأكثروا فيهن من التهليل والتكبير والتحميد

"Nothing is more glorious haripun Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala and the beloved is not good deeds in it more than ten days (the initial ten months of Dhu al-Hijjah) then multiply tahlil, Takbir, tahmid in it". [HR. Ahmad and Thabrani]

Feast of 'Eid al-Adha comes to the Muslims after the days pass filled with beads, tahmid, tahlil, Takbir, siyam, Sadaqah and worship, come to them while the other Muslims in the Holy Land fulfill His call.

IED (HARI RAYA) IS THE DAY WORSHIP
We know that the two-day holiday in the Islamic Shari'a is associated by the linkages are prescribed, as it is prescribed in the great deeds that bind people to their religion. As in the 'Eid al-Fitr, Muslims are required to break and are forbidden to fast on that day.

A Muslim is to worship Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala on the day with a break as worship to Him by fasting on the previous days (of Ramadan). Also disyari'atkan therein to bertakbir to Allaah, as Allaah says about:

ولتكملوا العدة ولتكبروا الله على ما هداكم ولعلكم تشكرون

"And be ye perfect number (fasting) and bertakbir-glorify God for what He has given you so that you become a grateful people." [Al-Baqarah: 185]

On the feast day of 'Eid al-Fitr Allaah specifically require the issuance of Fitr alms given to a fellow Muslim brothers poor and the needy.

While at the feast 'Idhul Adha Muslim closer to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala to slaughter the sacrifice, as a sign peribadahannya to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala and gratitude for His favors, as well as signs to emulate the Prophet Ibrahim Alaihissallam ( khalilur rahman / lover of God) during which he tested by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala to kill his son (Ishmael Alaihissallam) and he was greeted with full obedience to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala.

Similarly, in addition there is in him a sense to follow the example of Prophet Ibrahim Alaihissallam to slaughter a sacrifice to God Subhanahun wa Ta'ala, he too stands ready to hand over his neck in the way of Allah.

Did not people learn from things like this? Tidakah people take their cue from the stories of the martyrs who offered their necks are so cheap to defend the word of Allah?

Thus, when a Muslim slaughtering sacrificial animals, he too would wait for orders to hand over his neck in the way of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. as said by a poet:

If the necks of Allah be pleased they

So they'll leave it up to the obey and take orders
As they hand it over when the jihad

To their enemies until blood flowed from their necks
But they are reluctant to hand over their necks

And such is the debasement of a servant and not the height.

HARI RAYA AND Takbir
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says in the book after his glorious verses of fasting:

ولتكملوا العدة ولتكبروا الله على ما هداكم ولعلكم تشكرون

"And so you bilangannya perfected and that you bertakbir
-Glorify Allah for what God has given to you, and that you are grateful. "[Al-Baqarah: 185]

Habits of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam came out on the day of Eid al Fitr while bertakbir up to the mosque and through prayer, and when the prayer is finished, he stopped his Takbir.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah was asked about the time rahimahullah Takbir on two holidays, he replied:
"Praise be to Allah, the best opinion on the subject held by jumhur Takbir (the majority) Salaf scholars and fuqaha of the Companions and the Imams are bertakbir start the morning the day of Arafah (9th Dhul) until the end of the day to day Tasyriq (11, 12, and 13 Dhu al-Hijjah) after the prayer, and is prescribed for each person to menjaharkan (mengkeraskan sound) when bertakbir when it came out for the 'Eid, and this is based on agreement of the four Imams. And is Ibn 'Umar when out-to-the feast mushalla' Eid al-Fitr and 'Eid al-Adha to mushalla menjaharkan Takbir then bertakbir until the advent of the Imam ". [Al-Fatawa]

When we find the streets filled with people heading mushalla (field) with a peal Takbir with a loud voice, to revive the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam then this kind of scene will evoke the spirit of power and glory to the people. For people who witnessed that people will feel bound by diinnya and will not turn and point to other than Allah's face. Allah is Great for them than anything that is honored by all men other than him, full of love, hope, fear and exaltation of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala.

HINT Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam DAY IN BRITAIN
Habits of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam Salaah at two festivals -' Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha in mushalla (field), which is located at the eastern gate of the city of Medina. He wore the best clothes, he also has a scarf that he used when the two holidays and the day Friday. And before going to mushalla on 'Eid al Fitr, he ate a few seeds of dates and he ate it with an odd number. As for the 'Eid al-Adha, he did not eat until he returned from mushalla, belaiu eating of sacrifices and offerings.

He was bathing in the two festivals, there are traditions of him on this issue, and there are also two Da'eef hadeeth of Ibn 'Abbas Allaah' anhu of history and hadith Jabarah Mughlis jurist Ibn Ibn Da'id of history Yusni Kharij Ibn As- Samthi. But there is also an authentic history of Ibn Umar 'anhu known strong follow the Sunnah, that he was bathing on the day of' Eid before going into the field.

He opened khuthbahnya with praise to God, and there is no authentic narration that he opened his sermon with Takbir on the two holidays. And he gives relief for those who attend 'Eid sermon to sit and listen or not listen. He also gives relief to the Muslims, when the day of 'Eid coincides with Friday, then simply place the Eid prayers and Friday prayers are held.

And on the day of 'Eid, he took a different path between the left and come home, saying there is a silver lining to greet those who pass through these roads. Others say that the people who drove through the streets finds his blessing. There also are said to fulfill the needs of the people who have needs. There also are said to display symbols, symbols of Islam to all corners of which he passed. There also are said to lead to anger the people hypocrites when saw the glory of Islam and its adherents as well as the establishment of the symbols, the symbols of Islam. There are also said to increase the testimony of the land that is passed, because the people who go to mosques in between the steps and ennoble anyone else eliminate the sins until he returned to his home. Others say-and this is the most authentic opinion-that he did was for the lessons-lessons that have been mentioned above and the wisdom of other lessons that have not been mentioned. [Taken from Zadud Ma'ad from various places]

HARI RAYA and jama'ah
On the day of 'Eid prayer is prescribed in the early afternoon with the congregation, whether large or small, old or young, even a woman, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam ordered that the people issuing the menstruation of women and girls that seclusion should be not allowed to leave, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam ordered them out to see and to witness the good prayers and prayers of the Muslims. Inside there is such perirtiwa jama'ah meaning and sense in the people themselves that they are like one body, and the meaning that is needed by the people.

Therefore, Islamic law came to affirm it and implanting them in the souls of the Muslims, and Allah gave to His servants to guarantee the removal of their divisions, which it is a disgrace of ignorance and God made them in a row, as his words:

واذكروا نعمت الله عليكم إذ كنتم أعدآء فألف بين قلوبكم فأصبحتم بنعمته إخوانا وكنتم على شفا حفرة من النار فأنقذكم منها

"And remember Allah's blessings upon you, when you are in the hostilities, then God be with you brothers and pleasure while you are on the brink of hell and then He saved you from it". [Ali Imron: 103]

It is God who softens carefully contained hostility to him, then he brings together carefully, as spoken by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa salalm the war when he berkhutbah Hunain after what had happened to his companions:

ألم آتكم ضلالا فهداكم الله بي وعالة فأغناكم الله بي ومتفرقين فجمعكم الله بي

"Did not I come when you are in a state hidayahNya astray and Allah gave to you through me, and I would not come when you are in poor condition and then God made you rich for me, and you've broken to pieces and then Allah gather you pass me? [See Zaadul Ma'ad]

From the descriptions above some scholars suggested mandatory and obligatory to attend the Eid prayer, as stated by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah may Allaah have mercy: "We are therefore rajihkan (reinforced the opinion) that the Salaah is obligatory 'ain, as the opinion of Abu Hanifah and the other, is also one of the opinions of Imam Shafi'i, and one opinion of the two opinions of Imam Ahmad. The opinions expressed are not mandatory are those of the remote, because the Salaah one of the symbols of Islam are very great, and the human congregation to get it over Friday prayers, also disyari'atkan in it Takbir. The opinion expressed is not fard kifaya strong. [See Al-Fatawa]

A similar opinion and said Hasan Khan Shidiq rahimahullah, he argues: "Behold, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam constantly working on the Salaah during his life and never leave it even once, he also ordered the man to get out perform' Eid, also ordered the woman- young women and girls seclusion and menstruating women to go out and see the kindness and prayers of the Muslims, "then he said:" All that the show will be mandatory. "[See Raudhatun Nadiyah]

Beliaupun postulates the necessity of the Salaah with the words: "That the Salaah prayers juma'at abort if it coincides with the day Friday."

Here is not the place to discuss the legal jurisprudence, but many texts are bracing for a congregation on the glorious day. In the prayer in congregation it also contained meaning, that this people is the one people and one large congregation. They began to congregate for prayer five times a day, then increase in size as they gathered to hold Friday prayers, then bigger and most of the time they gathered from across the world in the same place in order to meet the call of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala.

And that further demonstrate the meaning of the congregation and a sense of one's body is released by the Fitr charity as a Muslim to cover kebutuhaan people who need it, or to please those who are not happy with the arrival of 'Eid. So that they too can feel that people who need food for the day is also needed on other days, and those who need clothes for the day is also needed on other days.

Similarly, on the day of 'Eid al-Adha, when Muslims slaughter sacrificial animals, he too did not forget his brothers in need, his charity, draw closer to Allaah by distributing the sacrificial meat to those who need it, as Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

فكلوا منها وأطعموا البآئس الفقير

"And eat of the sacrifices that you and give poor people who need". [Al-Hajj: 8]

It, too, remind them that the people who need meat on this day is also needed on other days.

HARI RAYA and monotheism
As in the 'Eid congregation contained meaning and significance of worship to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala, in which also contained the meaning of monotheism, it is not alien and strange, because unity is the way to human life, then when someone Tawheed of Allah SWT wa Ta'ala straight straight then also the life, personality and moral. And the dissolution of the foundation and the foundation of this whole life will be destroyed anyway.

On the Day of 'Eid al-Adha Muslim closer to Allah by shedding blood of sacrificial animals as a sign of gratitude for the favors he had felt. Not as the people who slaughter animals in the presence of the carcasses that had been completely destroyed, the bones are eaten by the following orders or because of the witches and those who are considered smart, that it was a very dirty deeds and practices shirk.

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

قل إن صلاتي ونسكي ومحياي ومماتي لله رب العالمين. لاشريك له وبذلك أمرت وأنا أول المسلمين

"Verily my prayers, penyembelihanku, life and death is for Allah Owner universe". [Al-An `am: 162]

Also the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

لعن الله من ذبح لغير الله ولعن الله من لعن والده ولعن الله من آوى محدثا ولعن الله من غير منار الأرض

"Allah cursed the one who slaughtered sacrifices to other than Allah, Allah curse those who curse their parents, God cursed the people who protect heretics, God cursed the man who changed the land boundary mark". [HR. Muslim].

When a Muslim slaughtering sacrificial animals he will remember that the idolaters had underestimated Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala, and no sense of reverence for God in their selves, they are destroying monotheism and polytheism turn to slaughter sacrifices offered to other than Allah not Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

فصل لربك وانحر

"So to Rabbmu and sembelihlah Pray for His sacrifice." [Al-Kautras: 2]

قل إن صلاتي ونسكي ومحياي ومماتي لله رب العالمين. لاشريك له وبذلك أمرت وأنا أول المسلمين

"Verily my prayers, sembelihanku, life and death is for Allah the Lord of hosts is no partner for Him and for that so I am commanded and I am part of the Muslims". [Al-An `am: 162]

The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was the most persistent in protecting and maintaining unity of his people, even when a request idzin to him to slaughter a camel, because nadzar to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala - beliaupun then asked him: is there - in this place, celebrated the feast of ignorance or there is an idol of their idols? Then when he said: no, it is beliaupun mengidzinkan nadzar. As narrated by Abu Dawud in his Sunan and discussed at some length by Shaykh Abdurrahman Ali Shaikh Majid Fathul in the chapter on Dabs.

The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam knew that his friend was not entered into the slaughter and sacrifice, but only to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala alone, but he wanted to cleanse them from all kinds of facilities that conduct of the Muslims to acts of shirk. So a person may not hold for the slaughter of God in a place that used to slaughter the sacrifice that is for other than Allah. And Allaah is not worshiped / worshiped in a place that used to worship besides Allah.

Then the meanings of this is felt by every Muslim as he headed to mushallahnya bertakbir.

HARI HARI RAYA ornate
Verily, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala has named the day of 'Eid in His Book with yaum Az-Adultery-day-decorated

قال موعدكم يوم الزينة وأن يحشر الناس ضحى

"He said the day appointed for the day you are ornate - 'Eed-and so that people gathered at the time of Duha". [Taha: 59]

Is the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam wear jewelry on the day of' Eid.
As narrated by Ibn 'Umar that' Umar Ibn Al-Khathab Allaah 'anhu saw robes of silk, and then he brought it to the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam as a gift for him, then Umar said to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallm: "Be you decorated with this for a day of 'Id and guests welcome messenger. "And the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said:" These are clothes for people who do not have a section (in the Hereafter). [See Zaadul Ma'ad].

From this hadith seems to us that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam once decorated for the day of' Eid and guests welcome messenger, his companions wanted the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam wear the best clothes for special days, he sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam. Then he was not a denial denial to ornate, but the refusal to take the jewelry which is prohibited and forbidden to take the clothes. Because it is not men wear silk but will have no part in the hereafter.

And habits of Ibn 'Umar wearing his best clothes when they arrive two days holiday. [Narrated by Ibn Abi Dunya and Al-Bayhaqi with a saheeh sanad as described by Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani in the Al-Fath].

Jewelry is the most prominent sign that distinguishes the holiday with other days, but the Muslims are now generally understood by understanding the other. Among them were decorated with shaved his beard, but it was a resemblance to the actors menyelisihi shirk and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.

Most of them also which stretched well pakaianya-pants and gloves or other eye-exceed two feet, this kind of decoration for a Muslim should not even be a Muslim to see that such would contaminate the jewelry, as the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

ثلاثة لا يكلمهم الله يوم القيامة ولا ينظر إليهم ولا يزكيهم ولهم عذاب أليم قال فقرأها رسول الله n ثلاث مرارا قال أبو ذر خابوا وخسروا من هم يا رسول الله قال المسبل والمنان والمنفق سلعته بالحلف الكاذب

"The three groups that God is not talking to them on the Day of Resurrection, will not see them, and will not purify them and for them a painful Allaah." Abu Dharr asked: "What a disappointment and meruginya them, who they O Messenger of Allah? Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said: "Al-musbil (those who held out her clothes below the ankle), Al-Mannan (people who bring up-ngungkit administration), and the man who sells his wares with perjury." [HR. Muslim, Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi, see the At-Targhib wat Tarheeb by Al-Mundziri].

We also see the women they reveal the contours, this is a very large deviations, both in terms of the Shari'a and the nature of the straight, but God has commanded is that women beautify themselves and decked herself with her hijab and holiness which is the outfit that has been specialize for their God and God also commanded them to cover themselves with the hijab.

A Muslim man must refuse to haqiqi decorated with all what Allah has forbidden, and when he saw the clothes or the person wearing it he saw the judgment it is a disgrace, not according to nature, even contrary to what you have ordered. So the perfect clothes and jewelry on the day of 'Eid is a person who graced the worship of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala.

Taqwa CLOTHES ARE THE MOST WELL
When a Muslim attention to him and looked into the mirror and saw she was decorated by Dhahir and memeperhatikan all that ruin its appearance in Dhahir, and he wondered to himself whether he is handsome? But what about his performance in mind? What about jewelry piety and faith? Did he improve appearance after Dhahir also improve the appearance of the inner?

When the body was wearing her jewelry, her heart will also be applied if the jewelry? This will bring up again the other questions on him. What will be done when the clothes hit the dirt? Is not he will hasten to remove and clean it? And what about the sins that had soiled his heart? How many deeds and the sins that had soiled his heart? How many acts of sin that has been polluting the sanctity and purity? Is he pleased with the impurities (sins) and proud of it?.

Someone willing to give money to clean the dirt from his clothes to look perfect, but how can someone not happen pleased with dirt Dhahir, but he was pleased with the inner dirt? Even more than that. He even tried, and seek spiritual filth! Laa haula walaa quwwata billah illa.

Such people when he came to himself, let them hasten to remove and clean it with repentance Nasuha and raised both hands beg forgiveness from Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala.

When someone says: "I've improved jewelry Dhahir and will try to menyempirnakan spiritual jewelry, then she read":

يابنى ءادم قد أنزلنا عليكم لباسا يواري سوءاتكم وريشا ولباس التقوى ذلك خير ذلك من ءايات الله لعلهم يذكرون

"O son of Adam verily We have sent down to you clothing that you can use to cover your nakedness and clothing taqwa is better, which is thus a part of the verses of Allah so that they would think". [Al-A'raf: 36]

Thus the explanation of the meaning of the holiday at a glance in Islam, may be beneficial to us all. Ameen

[Rewritten by: Abu 'Abdillah T. Ghanie Naasih Abdul Salim, from the cassette entitled: Al-'Eid Wa Ma'naahu fil Islam delivered by Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim Ad-Duwais, with changes in some places].

[Copied from As-Sunnah magazine V/1422/2001M 10/Tahun Edition. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo 57 183 Tel. 0271-7574821]



Lebaran forth, And Traditions All Wrong




By
Cleric Abu Ahmad Abidin Zaenal


Oh, man. Adorn the relationship with your relatives for the sake of Allah. With the stay in touch, blessings and good luck life will be achieved and will achieve noble degree with Allah. Ketauhilah, meeting with relatives and family is one form of worship to God.

From Anas ibn Malik that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

من أحب أن يبسط له في رزقه وأن ينسأ له في أثره فليصل رحمه

"Those who want to be dilated rizkinya and plus his age, then let do silaturrahmi". [1]

Silaturrahmi essential connecting link is not good for people who have done well against us. However, the truth is to connect silaturrahmi relationships with people who have decided ties with us.

From Abdullah bin Amr that the Prophet said:

ليس الواصل بالمكافئ ولكن الواصل الذي إذا قطعت رحمه وصلها

"Surely not the relationship is to connect people who return the favor, but the gathering is to connect people who connect with the people who have decided friendship". [2]

Lebaran TRADITION IN ISLAM insights
Most of the Muslims in our country think that Lebaran nothing to do with the teachings of Islam, because it is associated with the worship of Ramadan. So much more enthusiastic welcome than the pursuit of reward Lebaran fasting and Laylat al-Qadr. With a wide range of preparation, good effort, financially, vehicles, clothing and souvenirs urban areas. Coupled with mingled pride to show off, the coloring style of homecoming. Sometimes forced to be excessively drained pockets, even to go into debt. On the day of Eid, the pawn becomes the most crowded places crowded with visitors who want to owe.

The correct forth nothing to do with the teachings of Islam as no orders were either from the Qur'an and Sunnah, after running the worship of Ramadan should do the show hospitality to-miss-maafan kangenan and sorry, because friendship can be done anytime as needed and conditions.

If Lebaran is a form of activity to take advantage of momentum and a chance to clear the air, cloudy and fractured relationships while there is no better opportunity than the widths of time just so it is fine but when it became a common and believed to be imposed and form habit that has to do with Islam or Islamic tradition termed it so it could be a heresy and tradition create a falsehood in the teachings of Islam. For all sorts of traditions and customs that do not rely on the instructions syareat is the case and rejected as heretical words of the Prophet:

أوصيكم بتقوى الله والسمع والطاعة وإن عبدا حبشيا فإنه من يعش منكم بعدي فسيرى اختلافا كثيرا فعليكم بسنتي وسنة الخلفاء المهديين الراشدين تمسكوا بها وعضوا عليها بالنواجذ وإياكم ومحدثات الأمور فإن كل محدثة بدعة وكل بدعة ضلالة

"I wasiatkan to you to have fear of Allah, obedient and loyal slaves led habasyi though, because who is still living then you will see a lot of disputes. So Hold the sunnahku and the Sunnah of the four caliphs who guide, Hold him and gigitlah with your teeth. Beware of new matters (bid'ah) for each new case is an innovation and every innovation is a misguided ". [Abu Daud, Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah].

IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE Hospitality Sunnah
Meaning of the language of friendship is the meaning of mercy lafadz gentle and affectionate.

Abu Ishak said: "It is said her uterus was the closest closest closest affection and kinship relations". [3

Al Imam Raghib Allama Al Asfahani Ar Ar Rahim said that the meaning comes from the gentle mercy of the consequences of doing good to give to loved ones. [4]

Therefore salaturrahmi a form close relationships between fathers and their children with relatives or someone close to you saying, as Allah says: "And fear Allah, that the (use) his name you ask each other and keep each other friendship relations ". [An Nisa ': 1]

Relationship and do good to parents and relatives is a very important matter, a very great obligation, and the pious charity which has a noble position in Islam as well as acts of worship is a very noble and rewarding great that so many good texts from the Holy Quran 'an and Sunnah which gives motivation for the relationship and threatening to anyone who decides to serious threats.

He said: "(It is) the people who violate the covenant of Allah after it firmly and decide what is commanded of God (to them) to be joined and make mischief in the land. They are the ones who lose." [Al-Baqarah: 27]

Paragraph above are recommended for every Muslim to do silaturrahmi with relatives and relatives.

Abu Ja'far Ibn Jarir At Thabary said: "In the above verse Allah recommends that connect relationships with relatives and people who have a uterus and do not decide this relationship". [5]

Therefore, should every Muslim should do silaturrahmi with relatives either with brothers and sisters and only brother by one venter either sebapak or mother, or sepersusuan, let all love each other, respect for family ties and relationships connect either at or adjacent apart.

From Aisha that the Prophet said:

الرحم شجنة من الله من وصلها وصله الله ومن قطعها قطعه الله

"The uterus is syajnah (part of the overflow of grace) [6] of Allah, those who connect it then connect it and God will decide whoever God will decide". [7]

Fraternal relations, especially between brothers and sisters have a very unique touch is the touch of a mind that is very soft and very deep loyalty and grow increasingly fertile place despite the distance apart.

From Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said:

إن الله خلق الخلق حتى إذا فرغ منه قامت الرحم قالت هذا مقام العائذ بك من القطيعة قال نعم أما ترضين أن أصل من وصلك وأقطع من قطعك قالت بلى يا رب قال فذاك لك

"Verily, Allah created the creatures and upon completion of the uterus from the stand and said: This is where people seek refuge from the termination silaturramhi. Then God said: Yes. Are not you happy I will connect with the people who menyambungmu and severed ties with the people decide with you? He replied: Yes. Allah says: So it becomes your right ". [8]

Whoever broke for no reason silaturrahmi syar'i then entitled to punitive sanctions and condemnation from Allah, and threatened not to go to heaven.

He said: "People who break the covenant of Allah after plighted their word thereto, and to decide what God commanded to be joined and make mischief in the earth. People that curse and to obtain their residence that bad (Jahannam)". [Ar-Ra'd: 25].

From Jubair bin Mut'im that the Prophet Muhammad said:

لا يدخل الجنة قاطع رحم

"It will not enter Paradise who broke relatives.". [9]

ERRORS DURING LEBARAN
Holidays are one of the symbols of the glory of the Muslims. On that day they gathered the souls be clean and unity is formed and the influence of evil and suffering is gone, so it does not appear at that time except happiness. However this is often the case errors in the celebration. Of them.

A. Imitate the heathen in a dress. We begin to see a strange phenomenon in our society, especially at the feast. They wore strange clothes ala infidels. A Muslim and a Muslim should have the zeal to keep religion, honor and nature. Do not be tempted to join in. imitating their habits of people who do not maintain the honor.

2. Some people make the symbols of the holiday carry disobedience so that he openly committing the forbidden. For example, by listening to music and eating foods that are forbidden of God.

3. In a pilgrimage (visits) did not pay attention to Islamic ethics. For example mixing of men and women who are not mahram, to shake hands of men who are not mahram

4. Exaggeration in making food and drinks that are not useful, so much is wasted, even though the Muslims in need.

5. Hari Raya is an excellent opportunity to unite the hearts of the Muslims, whether relatives or not there is a connection. Also an opportunity to purify the soul and unites hearts, but in fact, heart disease still remains entrenched.

6. Assume that the relationship is only done during the holidays alone.

7. Assume that at the feast as a time to the grave pilgrimage.

8. Visit each other for forgiveness, forgiving each other among the relatives and relatives with the confidence that's when most Afdhal. [10]

Gathering IS THE MOST MAJOR BIRRUL WALIDAIN
God requires a child to be obedient, be kind and dutiful to both her parents. Even God's command to worship Him with a link to do good to parents, as Allah says:

وقضى ربك ألا تعبدوا إلآ إياه وبالوالدين إحسانا إما يبلغن عندك الكبر أحدهما أو كلاهما فلا تقل لهما أف ولاتنهرهما وقل لهما قولا كريما {23}

"And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and be ye kind to mother your father as well as possible. If any one of them or both in pemeliharaanmu old age, so do not ever say to both the word "ah", and do not snap them. And just say to those noble words. " [Al-Isra ': 23]

Birrul walidain is kind to both parents, either in the form of material assistance, prayers, visits, attention, affection, and maintain the good name during life or after death. Parents are the closest relatives, the many services and have a great affection of all time, so it is not strange if his rights are also great. He said:

ووصينا الإنسان بوالديه حملته أمه وهنا على وهن وفصاله في عامين أن اشكر لي ولوالديك إلى المصير

"And We have enjoined to man (doing good) to his mother and father of two people: his mother had conceived him in a weakened state to increase steadily and weaning was in two years. Be grateful to Me and the two mothers father, only in Me is your return". [Luqman: 14].

BIRUL virtue WALIDAIN
In the Koran and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam mentioned much again and again, so that a child is kind to his parents. Goodness and sacrifice of countless parents, both of body and soul and strength, not complaining and not asking for a reply from his son.

As a child, he will and should always be reminded to always remember to service the elderly, who had been devoting body and soul and his whole life to raise and educate.

A mother, during pregnancy had a lot of heavy loads. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says, his mother had conceived him in a weakened state to increase steadily and weaning was in two years. More mothers suffer in raising and caring for her child. Suffering when pregnant, no one can feel hopeless, unless the mother also.

Imam Bukhari in Adabul simplex, from Abu Burdah, that he witnessed Ibn Umar and there was a man from Yemen was doing tawaf, while carrying his mother on his back, he said: 'Indeed, I become the subject mount, other mounts if sometimes hard to control, I'm not so '. Then he asked Ibn 'Umar:' O Ibn Umar, do I have to pay with his services?. He replied: "Absolutely not, although one time sengalan breathing (when had you)" [11]

Of Al Miqdam bin Ma'dikarib, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

إن الله يوصيكم بأمهاتكم ثم يوصيكم بأمهاتكم ثم يوصيكم بآبائكم ثم يوصيكم بالأقرب فالأقرب

"Verily, Allah will saying that you do good to your mother's mother, then God's will saying the mother, do good to your mother, then God's will saying to your fathers, and then God will saying to you guys to do good to the relatives of relatives". [12]

That is, children are a part of life and parts of the hearts of parents. Affection in the flesh and blood to flow in both. A child is always a hassle and seized the attention of both parents. When both parents are still happy with the state of her son and daughter, but how quickly a child neglect all the services of his parents, and just busy taking care of his wife and ana-son. In fact do good to both parents is a decision of an absolute God, and is the worship which ranks second only to worship God.

Let us begin by doing good, respect and honor them both. Because birrul walidain have primacy.

[Copied from As-Sunnah magazine IX/1426/2005M 07-08/Tahun Edition. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo 57 183 Tel. 0271-7574821]




One make sense of Eid al-Fitr



By
Ahmas cleric Faiz Asifuddin


For certain circles, the blessed month of Ramadan is a month of expenses. Devotions in the fasting month of Ramadan especially considered to hinder the opportunity. Although he still perform fast, but not wholeheartedly.

While the others assume, fasting in the month of Ramadan is a promising routine and a happy ending. Because there was a feast after Ramadan, Eid al-Fitr.

The traders, since the far-distant days before Ramadan arrives, they are prepared to trade the stock of goods in preparation for abundant profit in this holy month. In fact, many traders that the seasonal special month of Ramadan. The employees, officers, employees, unions and others who work outside the city also hope to leave before the feast of up to several days after the holiday.

Few people really take advantage of Ramadan as an opportunity to reap the reward and takes away the sin in ways that really suit the guidance of the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.

Similarly, on the feast day. Already formed an opinion among many Muslims that Eid is a time of fun, as if just escaped from the burden of fasting for one full month. Much longer abundant excuse to enjoy the benefits of the trade during Ramadan. Others argued for other reasons in accordance with its activities during Ramadan. What is clear, according to the contention while some Muslims, Eid ul-Fitr is a day of fun until satisfied, as if no boundaries. Therefore, many Muslims who set the agenda of activities, regardless of the rules of Shari'ah. Agendas contain immoral, spree Spree, entertainment and spectacle at the beaches, caves, gardens and many other interesting places, even places that are quiet. Men and women and youth who are not mahram, nor a husband and wife, were mixed into one. Many of them are in pairs, a pair together, join hands and so on to wreak fun and enjoy the pleasures of sin.

No doubt that Eid is a day of joy for those who fast during Ramadan. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

للصائم فرحتان يفرحهما: إذا أفطر فرح بفطره, وإذا لقي ربه فرح بصومه

"People who are fasting will get two fun: when breaking the fast, he was happy to go fast, and when met with his Lord, he is happy with (child) his fast". [HR. Bukhari and Muslim] [1]

But the joy is meant here is the joy that is not out of the corridor shari'ah.

Imam Nawawi rahimahullah happy to explain the meaning of the hadith above by quoting the words of the scholars, "The joy of the fasting person when met with his Lord, was because he saw the reward for fasting and because he remembered the ni'mat Taufik Allâh conferred to him until he can be fast . While the excitement at the time of breaking fast is because he can perfectly resolve his worship, can safely avoid the things that break his fast and have a hope of reward from Allah ". [2]

On the other hand al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani rahimahullah statement quoting some scholars are excited about ma'na as follows, "Al-Qurtubi rahimahullah said,' ma'nanya, excited by hunger and thirst for lost, because it was allowed to break the fast. This is the joy of a reasonable and understandable. "

While some other scholars argue, that people are happy to go fast is fast because fasting and worship activities have been successful. He felt relieved and got help from Allah Almighty to perform the fast in the future. "Then al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani rahimahullah concluded," I said,' Bring a sense of joy here for a more general sense of meanings mentioned above, not why. Any person who is fasting, (when breaking) would be happy according to the circumstances of each, because the circumstances related to the fasting person is different. Among them, there is the joy that they were legal permissible reasonable human joy. And there is also a joy they were disunnah, the excitement caused by things that have been mentioned above (such as happy as could be able to perform well fasting for God's help-pent.) ". [3]

Excited at the time of breaking fast, it could also mean feeling happy when breaking the fast at each sunset. It could also mean happy when breaking the fast during Eid. And Allaah knows best. What is clear, as men, the fasting person will feel relieved and happy at the time of breaking fast at sunset during Ramadan each, as well as on the day of Eid.

But the joy that should not be lulled him to fall into immoral behavior to Allah Almighty and worship damage he has done during the month of Ramadan. Excitement that should encourage people to be grateful and even more excited in the worship of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala.

Therefore, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, among others, to give encouragement to accompany the fast of Ramadan by fasting six days in Shawwal. He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

من صام رمضان, ثم أتبعه ستا من شوال, كان كصيام الدهر.

"Anyone who fasts Ramadan, then he accompanied it with the fasting of Ramadan fasting six days in Shawwal, He (the reward) fasting like fasting one year". [HR. Muslim, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah]. [4]

With regard to this hadith, Imam Nawawi rahimahullah explains, "The scholars who semadzhab with us saying," What is Afdhal (better-red) is when fasting six days of Shawwal done in a row immediately after the holiday (ie, day two-pen .). But if it's six days of fasting dilaksakan with fragmented or delayed until the end of Shawwal, the virtue of fasting six days of Shawwal is still achieved. Because it still be called "accompany the fast of Ramadan with fasting six days in the month of Shawwal '. [5]

Why Ramadan pilgrimage, accompanied by fasting six days in the month of Shawwal has fasted the whole year like? Imam Nawawi rahimahullah explains, "the cleric said," Fasting, fasting is valued as fast a whole year, not because of any good will be folded into ten times as good. Ramadan folded into ten months, while the six days of Shawwal, folded into two months ". [6]

The last part of the sayings of Imam Nawawi, may Allaah have mercy on the line with the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

من صام ستة أيام بعد الفطر, كأنما تمام السنة; من جاء بالحسنة فله عشر أمثالها.

"Anyone who fasts six days after Eid, it is as if his fast is the perfect one year; Who does one good, then he will gain the favor tenfold." [HSR. Ibn Majah]. [7]

What a beautiful and lucky person if the activities are full of sinners or immoral bepotensi was replaced with a clear religious activities dituntunkan the shari'ah. Moreover, the post-Ramadan. Do not damage the worship during Ramadan with a rah-rah and immoral, let alone heretical.

Thus, the opinion that the holiday is a day of fun and have fun to perform immoral acts, and having fun-loving sin is a wrong opinion, should be clarified.

Musta'aan Allaah wa al-'Alaihi at-Tuklaan.

[Copied from As-Sunnah magazine edition, 04-05/Tahun XIV/1431/2010M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo 57 183 Tel. 0271-761016]




source: http://almanhaj.or.id/

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