Thursday, August 16, 2012

Shaking Hands Sunnahkah? (Among the Companions of the Prophet performed; عن قتادة قال قلت لأنس أكانت المصافحة في أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال نعم Of Allaah Qatadah anhu said, "I asked Anas (bin Malik) Allaah anhu, 'Do shook hands conducted among the Companions Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam? 'He is Allaah anhu replied,' Yes' [1]

Shaking Hands Sunnahkah? (Among the Companions of the Prophet performed; عن قتادة قال قلت لأنس أكانت المصافحة في أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال نعم
Of Allaah Qatadah anhu said, "I asked Anas (bin Malik) Allaah anhu, 'Do shook hands conducted among the Companions Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam? 'He is Allaah anhu replied,' Yes' [1]

Ustadz DR. Nur Ihsan

Islam is perfect, manage all aspects of human life. Principle is correct aqeedah, bagunannya is good deeds and noble spirit is decorative. A foundation will not be of high value, if there are no buildings on it; A building will be fragile, even if it seems solid foundation of a building is not strong and will not be pleasing to the eye if devoid of decoration. That is, the third element is the unity that can not be separated.

Among the noble Islamic morals that adorn themselves Muslims and counts as evidence or kensekuensi true brotherhood is met when shaking hands. The question is, how the rules of Islam in the good hands shake it? Is it true that the practice was carried out by Muslims today? It needs to be shared at all, because we will no longer carry out some of fasting that ends with the feast of Eid al-Fitr. On this day, it usually shake hands as if it was a duty that should not be abandoned.

Following the discussion around to shake hands in Islamic law and its primacy as well as things associated with it.

LEGAL shake hands and their origins
Shaking hands is sunnah that disyari'atkan and noble manners of the Companions of Allaah anhum practiced when they met each other.

Imam Bukhari in the book of al-rahimahullah Isti'dzân Shahihnya the book contains a chapter entitled Babul Mushafahah (Chapter: Shaking hands). In this chapter, he rahimahullah bring some hadith which describes Sunnah to shake hands when met, including:

عن قتادة قال قلت لأنس أكانت المصافحة في أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال نعم

Of Allaah Qatadah anhu said, "I asked Anas (bin Malik) Allaah anhu, 'Do shook hands conducted among the Companions Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam? 'He is Allaah anhu replied,' Yes' [1]

In another narration:

كان أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا تلاقوا تصافحوا وإذا قدموا من سفر تعانقوا

Companions of the Prophet is sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam when they met, they shook hands, and when returning from their trip hugged each other. [2]

Ka'b bin Malik and the hadeeth of Allaah anhu after the fall of his repentance, he said:

دخلت المسجد فإذا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم جالس حوله الناس فقام إلي طلحة بن عبيد الله يهرول حتى صافحني وهنأني

I entered the mosque (Nabawi) while the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was in a state of sitting and surrounded by people (the Companions) and Talha bin Ubaidullah Allaah anhu running (towards me) anhu Allaah, then he shook hands with me and congratulated me. [3]

Imam Nawawi rahimahullah mention that in this hadith contained many benefits, including: "Sunnah to shake hands when met. This is the law that is not in dispute." [4]

Of some of the hadith above concluded that shaking hands is sunnah when the disyari'atkan met, as emphasized by the scholars, such as:

- Imam Ibn Baththal rahimahullah who said, "Shaking hands is good according to all scholars." [5]

- Imam Nawawi rahimahullah who also said, "Shaking hands is sunnah when he met because of the hadeeth saheeh hadith and ijma 'of the Imam." [6]

ORIGIN Handshake
People do this for the first time the population of Yemen is famous for their faith and science. Anas bin Malik Allaah anhu said:

لما جاء أهل اليمن قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قد جاءكم أهل اليمن وهم أول من جاء بالمصافحة

When the population of Yemen came (to Medina) Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, "Have you come to the Yemeni people, and they were the very first person who did shake hands." [7]

In another narration Anas bin Malik Allaah anhu said:

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقدم عليكم غدا أقوام هم أرق قلوبا للإسلام منكم قال فقدم الأشعريون فيهم أبو موسى الأشعري فلما دنوا من المدينة جعلوا يرتجزون يقولون: غدا نلقى الأحبه محمدا وحزبه فلما أن قدموا تصافحوا فكانوا هم أول من أحدث المصافحة

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said,' Tomorrow you will come to the heart of their more delicate to (accept) Islam than you. "Anas said, 'Then came Asy'ariyyun tribes, among them were Abu Musa al-Ash' ari. When they had approached the city of Medina, they sang some sya'irnya and said, "Tomorrow we will meet with his lover, Muhammad and his companions".
When they had come they shook hands, they're the people who first perform a handshake. [8]

NOT JUST WHEN shake hands meet
To note that instead of shaking hands at a time when only met, but in syari'atkan also when separated, but its virtues are not like when met.

Shaykh al-Albani rahimahullah said, "Verily, shake hands (disyari'atkan) at the time of separation as well".

Rahimahullah He added, "Pendalilan (about it) will only be clear with the proposition disyari'atkannya say hello when separated as well, based on the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

إذا دخل أحدكم المجلس فليسلم وإذا خرج فليسلم فليست الأولى بأحق من الأخرى

When any one among you let him go majlis say hello, let him out when he greeted, not the first one is more worthy of a second ", narrated by Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi and others with a hasan isnad. [9]

So some people saying, "Behold, shake hands when parting is heresy" that is the word that does not need to be seen. True, real people are concerned about the hadiths (the Shari'ah) shake hands when met, he will get more and more powerful than the hadiths about to shake hands when parting. People who understand, will undoubtedly conclude from these hadiths that shook the hand of the second (when bepisah) is not the same law and its position as the first (when met). The first is the sunnah (which is the recommended) and the second mustahab, while if convicted as a heretic then it's not true, based on the argument that we mentioned. "[10]

Primacy of shaking hands
Shake hands have a very great virtue and great merit. Shake hands among the causes of the vanishing of sin, as in the hadith:

عن البراء بن عازب قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ما من مسلمين يلتقيان فيتصافحان إلا غفر لهما قبل أن يفترقا

Of Bara 'bin' anhu Aazib Allaah, he said, "the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said: no two Muslim men met each other two deal then they shake hands unless pardoned (sin) both before they parted." [11]

Of Allaah Hudhayfah anhu he said: the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

إن المؤمن إذا لقي المؤمن فسلم عليه و أخذ بيده فصافحه تناثرت خطاياهما كما يتناثر ورق الشجر

Indeed a believer in an encounter with another believer and he said good-bye to her and held her hand and shook hands, then fell off (eliminated) their sins as the leaves of trees falling. [12]

ETHICS shake hands
A. Shake hands with a beaming face
Imam Nawawi may Allaah have mercy say, "circumcised in shaking hands with a beaming face. Based on the hadith the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

لا تحقرن من المعروف شيئا ولو أن تلقى أخاك بوجه طلق

Do not be a benign meremekan anything even just meet your brother with a beaming face. "Narrated by Muslim from the hadeeth of Abu Dharr Allaah anhu [13], and many other hadiths that talk about it." [14]

2. Shake hands with one hand.
This ethic is taken from the hadith that orders for bermushafahah (shaking hands) because that's what the etymology shake hands.

Shaykh al-Albani rahimahullah said, "Hold it with one hand in a handshake. Penjelasanya It has been found in many hadith, even the origin of the etymology lafadz mushâfahah show this. In Lisânul dictionary Arabic:" al-Mushâfahah "means to hold with one hand , and so are at-tashâfuh.

And in the hadith mushafahah bermushafahah (shaking hands) when met, including in this sense. Mushafahah is an act of mutual melengketkan palms with palms and face to face (line of sight) ".

Then he brought Hudhayfah above hadeeth about the virtue of shaking hands, saying: "All the hadiths of the Sunnah indicates that the handshake is held with one hand. As for what is done by some people who shook hands with two hands is sunnah acts menyelisihi . " [15]

3. Not bend When shaking hands, because it is prohibited in the religion.
Anas bin Malik Allaah anhu said:

قال رجل يا رسول الله الرجل منا يلقى أخاه أو صديقه أينحني له قال لا قال أفيلتزمه ويقبله قال لا قال أفيأخذ بيده ويصافحه قال نعم

Someone asked, 'Messenger of Allah, one of us met with relatives or friends, whether he bowed back to him?' He replied, 'No,' Did he embrace and kiss him? ' He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said,' No, 'Is he holding his hand and he shook hands with him?' He replied, "Yes" [16]
Imam Nawawi may Allaah have mercy say "beat back Makruh legal in all circumstances for someone, based on the above hadith Anan," Did we beat back "n He replied," No ", and no one menyelisihi hadith. And do not be fooled by the majority of people who do like the people who are considered knowledgeable or righteous and like them. " [17]

PROHIBITED AND SOME CASE IN menyelisihi Sunnah to shake hands
A. Shake hands with the opposite sex who is not mahram.
Not allowed a man to shake hands with women and women shake hands with non-mahram men. As in the hadith:

إني لا أصافح النساء

Surely I can not shake hands with women [18].

'Aisha anhuma Allaah said:

والله ما مست يده يد امرأة قط في المبايعة ما يبايعهن إلا بقوله

For the sake of Allah, the Prophet's hand never touched the hand of a woman at all in bai'at. He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam did not take bai'at (above) except with their words. [19]

2. Beware of shaking hands with al-AMRAD (handsome young man who has not grown a beard).
Imam Nawawi may Allaah have mercy say, "And let wary of shaking hands with al-AMRAD is handsome, as seen with no purpose is forbidden in the opinion of the authentic." [20]

Hafidz rahimahullah Ibn Hajar said, "And in order to exclude from the generality of the hand shake hand shake another woman (not a mahram) and AMRAD (young people) are good-looking" [21]

3. Pronounce blessings on when shaking hands.
Habits of some Muslims to shake hands when they speak the blessings on the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, did not doubt that this is an act of heresy that there is no basis in religion, because it is utter blessings on worship, and there is no one who explains that among the riwayatpun place bershalawat is when shaking hands. So it is clear that it is the act of menyelisihi sunnah. Because if it is a prayer and the goodness of the Apostle and his companions who will implement them first.

Imam Ibn Qoyyim rahimahullah in his book "Jalâ'ul afhâm fi al-Fadhli pray 'ala Khairil Anam" said forty-one (41) where the disyari'atkan bershalawat him, and not one of those places at a time when shaking hands. This reinforces the statement above that bershalawat when shaking hands is a matter of heresy yand no foundation in religion, wallahu knows best.

4. Shake hands after the prayer of the priest or the congregation of the congregation.
Practice as there is no basis in the Sunnah, is never done by the apostles and their companions, unless someone meet with friends or relatives that previously he had not been met, then allowed him to shake hands. Because disyari'atkan shake hands when met as it has been described above. As a fellow congregation that meets every day and time in the mosque or mushalla, then disyari'atkan not to shake hands after every prayer, because it acts like it is a matter that has been dingkari heretical by the ulema.

Imam Nawawi rahimahullah said, "The tradition of shaking hands made by the human family after the Asr prayer Shubuh and then there is no basis or origin in the shariah like this" [22]

Shaykh al-Albani rahimahullah said, "As for shaking hands after the obligatory prayers is no doubt that he is a heretic, but between two people who have not met before, then it is sunnah as you know." [23]

This law is precisely what the fatwakan by "ad Lajnah daimah" (fatwa committee in Saudi Arabia) and said, "The tradition of shaking hands after the obligatory prayer between priest and congregation or among the congregation, are all bid'ah no foundation. Therefore , must be abandoned, because the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, "Those who practice a practice that is not the cornerstone of our orders was rejected as" [24], and the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam prayed with his companions, as well as the caliphs after him, they prayed with the Muslims, but no information about the routines dinukilkan shake hands after the prayer. In fact, as well as good instructions are instructions of Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, and the ugly ugly case is new, and every new perkar (in religion) which is an innovation and every innovation is heresy "[25].

Thus a brief discussion about shaking hands in Islamic law, from what is expressed may be some points summarized below:

A. Shook hands and parted prescribed when met, even if his position is not equal to the encounter.
2. Shaking hands is the adab and morals of their fellow companions when met.
3. Handshake between the cause of forgiveness of sins.
4. Not allowed to shake hands with the opposite sex who is not mahram.
5. Disyari'atkan not pronounce blessings on when shaking hands, because there is no bottom.
6. Shake hands after the prayer is a ritual of heresy, but between two people who have not met before.

Semogah borne Allah Almighty guide us and all Muslims to learn the sunnah and to implement them and adorn us all with ahklak karimah Islamiyah, Amiin.

[Copied from As-Sunnah magazine XV/1432/2011M 04-05/Tahun Edition. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196]

Key to Success Bermu'amalah

Cleric Abu Ihsan Al-Atsari

In life, every man must connect with other people. He lived surrounded by neighbors right and left, front and back, with various shades of variety, behavior and background. There are Muslims, and perhaps some are non-Muslims. There are multazim, and some are wicked. Some are educated and there is a layman.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has reminded us the importance of protecting the rights of neighbors. Neighbors have a great position in his life. He said:

ما زال جبريل يوصيني بالجار حتى ظننت أنه سيورثه

"Gabriel Alaihissallam borne in hand on me to be kind to neighbors, so I think he (Gabriel) will give inheritance rights (for them)". [Agreed upon].

He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam bequeath Abu Dhar Allaah' anhu:

يا أبا ذر, إذا طبخت مرقة فأكثر ماؤها و تعاهد جيرانك

"O Abu Dhar. If you cook food, multiply the sauce, do not forget to share them with your neighbors". [Reported by Muslim]

He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam also warned of the danger of disturbing the neighbors.

لا يدخل الجنة من لا يأمن جاره بوائقه

"It will not go to heaven, one that neighbors do not feel safe from crime". [Reported by Muslim]

With morals like this, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has managed to control the heart, feelings and mind. Thus, in bermu'amalah to man, we must mengedapankan commendable morals.

Abu Dhar narrated from Allaah 'anhu, he said, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam once told me:

اتق الله حيثما كنت وأتبع السيئة الحسنة تمحها وخالق الناس بخلق حسن.

"Bertaqwalah wherever you are, and iringilah bad deeds with good deeds, He will remove them, and accompany people with noble spirit" [HR at Tirmidhi, and he said, "hasan saheeh hadeeth". Also classed as saheeh by al-Albani in Sahih Sunan at-Tirmidhi, no. 2516]

Bermu'amalah Similarly in humans, should be polite, choose words that can soothe the heart. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala commanded Moses and Aaron Alaihissalam to gently say to those who most loudly of their disbelief, that Pharaoh: "So berbicalah you both to him with words of gentleness, I hope he remembers or fear ". [Thaha/20: 44].

Abu Dhar narrated from Allaah 'anhu, he said, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam once said to me:

لا تحقرن من المعروف شيئا ولو أن تلقى أخاك بوجه طليق

"Do not underestimate a good, although the mere act sweet face when you meet with your brother" [Reported by Muslim]

It was narrated from 'Adiy Allaah ibn Hatim' anhu, he said, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

اتقوا النار ولو بشق تمرة فإن لم تجد فبكلمة طيبة. متفق عليه

"Take care of yourself from hell, even by giving a date. If you do not find it, then by saying the good words." [Agreed upon him]

Similarly, it should avoid a tough stance in bermu'amalah and harsh words in the speech. Subhanhu Allah wa Ta'ala says, which means: 'If you get tough again be rude, they would distance themselves from all around you ". [Ali Imran / 3: 159]

Jarir ibn Abdullah narrated from Allaah 'anhu, he said, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said:

من لا يرحم الناس لا يرحمه الله عز وجل

"Whoever does not love his fellow man, then Allah Almighty will not love him" [Agreed upon]

By nature, humans do not like brutalized. Sulaiman ibn Mihran said, "It's not you make someone mad, then he would listen to your words."

Therefore, the rudeness and acted in the case of speech is hated by Prophet. Jabir narrated from Allaah 'anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said:

إن من أحبكم إلي وأقربكم مني مجلسا يوم القيامة أحاسنكم أخلاقا. وإن أبغضكم إلي وأبعدكم مني يوم القيامة الثرثارون والمتشدقون والمتفيهقون. قالوا: يا رسول الله قد علمنا الثرثارون والمتشدقون فما المتفيهقون: قال: المتكبرون

"Those I love most of you and the closest position to me on the last day later, the best moral person. And I hate the most and the most distant position from me on the last day later, ie tsartsarun, mutasyaddiqun and mutafaihiqun" . Companions asked: "Yes, Messenger of Allah. We already know the meaning tsartsarun and mutasyaddiqun, then what is the meaning mutafaihiqun?" He replied, "People who are arrogant." [HR at Tirmidhi, he says: "This hadith is hasan". This hadith classed as saheeh by al Albani in Saheeh Sunan at-Tirmidhi, no. 2018]

الثرثارون (tsartsarun), a lot of talking with the conversation wanders from the truth.

المتشدقون (mutasyaddiqun), the words that belittle other people and speak with the voice and air of eloquence to show pride in their own words.

المتفيهقون (mutafaihiqun), derived from the word al fahq, which means full. That is, someone who speaks loudly at length, accompanied by a feeling cocky and arrogant, as well as the use of foreign words to show, as he is more powerful than others.

At Tirmidhi also narrated from 'Abdullah ibn al Mubarak rahimahullah noble spirit of intent. He said, "That is to be friendly, give good to others, and do not bother."

Moreover, most people face, we must be patient. If they refuse to act rough, do the best possible way. Allaah says, which means: "And it is not as good and evil. Repel (evil) with a better way, then all of a sudden people among you there is enmity between him and seems to have a friend who is very faithful. good properties were not given, but to those who are patient and are not awarded, but to people who have great luck "[Fushshilat/41: 34-35].

Things like this has been exemplified by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. Mentioned in a story, of Mu'awiya ibn al-Hakam as Sulami, he said:

When I pray with the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, suddenly there is someone who sneezes. I (also) said: "Yarhamukallah (may Allah merahmatimu)."

People looked at me. I said: "Unfortunately my mother! Why are you looking at me like that?" And they clapped his hand to the thigh. Having understood, that they silenced me, then I will shut up.

After the Prophet completed the prayer, then for the sake of Allah, I never saw before or after an educator who is better than his teaching. By Allah, he did not raise his voice, do not hit me and do not criticize. He simply said:

إن هذه الصلاة لا يصلح فيها شيء من كلام الناس إنما هو التسبيح والتكبير وقراءة القرآن

"Verily, the prayer of worship should not be interfered with human conversation. Worship prayer should only be filled with the word rosary, reciting Takbir and the Qur` an ".

Or as said by him sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.
I said, "O, Messenger of Allah. Actually I've just converted to Islam. Dinul Islam has already been revealed to us. Surely there are among us who went to traditional healers."
He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam replied: "Do not go quack!"
"Among us there are who like bertathayyur," [1] I went on.
He replied, "It's just something that comes to the heart, then do not let their intention to suspend it."
Then I continued: "Surely there are among us who practice divination".
He replied, "There used to be the prophet that uses divination. If that happens according to his prediction, then it is just coincidence."
Mu'awiyah ibn al-Hakam as Sulami continued his story:

"I have a flock of sheep that grazed by one of his slave-girl of the mountains and hills Jawwaniyah Uhud. One day, I came to check goats. It turned out that a wolf had carried off a goats. Lumrahnya As a human, then I will anger kutampar slave woman. Then I came to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and denounce the incident. He thought it was outrageous actions.

So I said to him sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam: "O, Messenger of Allah. Would not it be better if set free a slave woman?"
He replied, "Call it here!" I also call a slave woman. He asked him:
أين الله?
"Where is God?"
"In the sky," he said.
"Who am I?" Prophet asked again.
"You are the messenger of Allah," he said. Then the Messenger of Allah also said:
أعتقها فإنها مؤمنة
"Merdekakan it, because she is female mukminah". [Reported by Muslim]

Let's see, what happened a long dialogue between the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam with Mu'awiyah ibn al-Hakam, who at that time he had embraced Islam. With the attitude he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam polite, Mu'awiyah moved to dialogue with him. He listened to his words and complained that he matters to his face.

Take a look penuturannya: "For the sake of Allah. I've never seen a mu'allim (educator) before and after it better than his teaching. By God, he did not raise his voice, do not hit me and do not criticize. He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said only : 'Behold praying should not be interfered with human conversation. worship prayer should only be filled with the word rosary, reciting Takbir and the Qur `an'."

'Aisha Allaah' anha said, each time presented to him something that is less willing than were a man, he did not say "what you want 'so and so' (the name) said so", but he said "what they want 'they' say so '. [Tirmidhi].

Anas bin Malik Allaah 'anhu told, once, one time a man came to the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam with a yellow dye used in clothing (former za'faran). Usually the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam very rare rebuke something he hates the person directly in front of him. After the man left, he also said: "It would be lovely if you tell him to remove the former za'faran of clothes". [Reported by Abu Dawud and Ahmad].

'Abdullah bin Mas'ud Allaah' anhu said, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam once said:

ألا أخبركم بمن حرم على النار أو تحرم عليه النار? تحرم على كل قريب هين لين سهل

"Shall I tell you who is saved from the fires of hell, or hell away from him? That everyone is friendly, gentle and generous". [Tirmidhi]

'Aisha Allaah' anha said:

لم يكن رسول الله n فاحشا ولا متفحشا, ولا صخابا في الأسواق ولا يجزي بالسيئة السيئة, ولكن يعفو و يصفح

"The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was not a cruel, and (he) does not like to say cruel. He was not one who likes to shout at the market and do not repay evil with evil. On the contrary, he likes to forgive and let go" [Reported by Ahmad ].

Thus the character he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam as the Prophet with great affection always show you and give advice. May the prayers and greetings poured over him.

"Al-Husayn, he said your character. He said: I asked my father about manners and ethics of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to those who associate with him. My father said, he sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam always smiling, urbane manners more sublime humility. He was not a violent man, not like screaming, not builders criticize, do not like to criticize the food did not like. Anyone who is expecting, certainly not be disappointed. And anyone who meets the invitation, must be always satisfied . He left the three cases, (namely) riya, proud-proud of myself, and from which no benefit. And he shy away from humans for the three cases, (namely): he does not like to criticize or scold someone else, he does not like look- looking disgrace of others, and he only speaks to a serious benefits are worth the reward. If the talk, he talks to his seat stunned friends, as if they were seized with a bird's head (because khusyuknya). If he is silent, then they talk. They do not never denied his word. When there is talk in front of him, they still watched until he had finished speaking. Their conversation on the side of the conversation he was a useful course. He laughed when they laughed. He was amazed when they were amazed, and he put up with strangers abusive when speaking or when asking something to him, so that the Companions of Allaah 'anhum always expecting the arrival of a stranger like that, in order to take advantage. He said, "When you see someone who is looking for his needs, then help him." He did not want received praise except by the proper person. He also refused to decide a person's speech, unless the person is trespassing. He immediately stopped the talks with the ban, or up from the assembly "[HR at Timidzi].

Not disappear from our memory, the story of an Arab Bedouin urinated in the mosque, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said to him: "Verily, the mosque was not to urinate or defecate other. Behold this mosque to dhikrullah and reciting Qur` an. "

Prophet said to his companions: "Let him, and wash water with a bucket of urine. Or segayung water. Surely I was sent to facilitate, not to bother".

I was so happy that Bedouin Arabs, so he prayed: "God forgive me and Muhammad, and do not forgive other than the two of us."

Attitudes like these are applied in bermu'amalah among men. And the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has mencontohkannya to us. Similarly, the scholars, they are the inheritors of the Prophet. They also have pointed out these attitudes in bermu'amalah to humans. Not be just because, and I arbitrarily. For example, try looking at the example of moral Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al 'Uthaymeen in bermu'amalah to others. T he have a nature cleric Rabbani humble, diligent also help the family.

As narrated by Saalih bin Abdul Karim al Muqrin in the book 14 'Aaman Ma'a Samahatul' Allama Muhammad bin Saalih ibn 'Uthaymeen.

One day, while we were recording the program goes down 'Ala Darb at Duha. Suddenly a knock at the door of a plumber who had promised the sheikhs to repair water pipes. Then he motioned me to stop recording. Then he let the plumber in.. Then he came up with a smile and said: "Abu Khalid Sorry, we cut half an hour of your time to menperbaiki existing water pipe in the yard."

I say: "No why ya Sheikh," then it starts working plumbers fixing pipes, and the sheikh helped to hold some plumbers wrench until he finished fixing it.
To take advantage of the free time I re-read the questions to be asked of Shaikh. Once that's done plumber plumbing repair, it came out. Then the Shaykh came with a smile.

Another story is, when the recording is taking place more or less hours of ten in the morning, suddenly there were two men who knocked on the door, then Shaykh opened the door and greets. He saw that this man seemed to come from far away, then he was invited to go and preach to them, that he was recording for radio shows. Then he asked them their purposes.

One of them said: "We come from one of the city in this country who will inquire about the subject of divorce". Because one of them had divorced his wife and wanted to reconcile. They also brought a letter from a representative mission in the city they are addressed to the Shaikh, and includes a detailed description of the problem sits.

After he menanyaikan some issues about the divorce, he wrote an answer to this problem and irsyad propaganda office in their town. The person seems to have some shortcomings in implementing the sharia. He wore clothes that exceeds the ankles, and anything else that violates the syar'i. As for his friend, apparently a devout.

An hour to serve the purposes of this sheikh. After he finished giving the people of this fatwa, Sheikh reminded to fix his clothes, and give advice to those trying to do good deeds, good deeds, and avoid things that are prohibited syar'i. Then the sheikh went inside to serve tea, coffee and dates. We sat with him while enjoying tea and coffee.

In the middle of our conversation, people who have a problem saying: "Yes Fadhilatusy-Sheikh. I had a lot of shortcomings in implementing sharia. But after you told me, let go of the difficulties that happen to me, and when I refer to my wife, I promised God then to you, to istiqamah and do good deeds and obey my Rabb. "

Hearing this, the Shaykh was happy and her face lit up. Then the two men said goodbye and kissed his forehead and prayed for his Shaykh. Then, about half past twelve we continued recording. This story is still fresh in my memory. Shaikh said: "Do you know how much ya Abdul Karim reward we get when people repent, perform kindness and doing good deeds," and he smiled and praised God, then we continued recording.

There is also another story. We are working in the recording. When we record a few meetings for broadcast program goes down 'Ala Darb, at the same time the sound of a construction worker who was working near his house, which his neighbors. Apparently he was fixing something on the machine, and the sound goes into the record. Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen stand to come to them, asking that they stop work. When he reached the door of the room, he returned and asked: "O Abdul Karim, who started first?"

"They, ya Sheikh," I replied.

Because kewara'an and concerns, he let them work, he said: "Well, we postpone this recording until they finish the job".

May Allaah have mercy on him with extensive grace.

Whatever be the situation of our brothers lay fellow Muslims, they are like gold and silver mines. If God opens their hearts to accept the truth, then it would be a useful asset for Islam. Even sometimes, they are willing to sacrifice to defend this religion.

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

الناس معادن كمعادن الذهب والفضة خيارهم في الجاهلية خيارهم في الإسلام إذا فقهوا والأرواح جنود مجندة فما تعارف منها ائتلف وما تناكر منها اختلف

"Man is like the precious minerals like gold and silver mines. People in the glorious ignorance, would be a noble person in Islam when he was knowledgeable. Spirit is like the army is collected, it will be harmonious and united if the odds if it does not match". [Reported by Muslim].

Everyone will have advantages and disadvantages. No one is perfect. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam warned, all the sons of Adam must have done wrong, and the best of the guilty are quickly repent. This is the most noble principles. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has put the principle in human bermu'amalah.

If we build our relationships and our attitudes mu'amalah to humans on the basis of morals, morals are commendable, surely we see a warm welcome from them. Anas bin Malik narrated from Allaah 'anhu, from the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam, he said:

لا يؤمن أحدكم حتى يحب لأخيه ما يحب لنفسه. متفق عليه.

"Not believe in any one of you, until he loves for his brother as he loves for himself". [Agreed upon]

Washallallahu 'ala Muhammad wa Nabiyyina' ala al-habihi alihi wa wa sallam.

Maraji ':
A. Al-Qur `anul Karim.
2. 14 'Aaman Ma'a Samahatul-Allamah Muhammad ibn Saalih ibn' Uthaymeen, Composer: Salih bin Abdul Karim al Muqrin.
3. Durruts Ad-min-Tsamin Riyadhish-Righteous, Abdul 'Aziz Sa'ad al' Uteybi.
4. Mausu'ah Adab Islami, "Fathi Abdul Aziz ibn as-Sayyid Nidaa.
5. Bahjatun Nazhirin Riyadhush Sharh-Righteous, Sheikh Salim bin 'Id al-Hilali.
6. Tafsir al-Qur `anul 'Azhim, Ibn Kathir.
7. Fathul Baari Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari, Ibn Hajar al Asqalani.
7. Tuhfatul Ahwadzi Sharh Jami 'at-Tirmidhi, al Mubarakfuri.
8. Sharh Saheeh Muslim, an-Nawawi.
9. Saheeh Sunan at-Tirmidhi, Shaykh al-Albani.

[Copied from As-Sunnah magazine X/1428H/2007M 11/Tahun Edition. Foundation published Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo - Solo Gondanrejo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858197]

Angry with the Blessed

Muslim cleric Al-Atsari

In this life, sometimes people experiencing impatience and anger. Especially when a person feels there are problems that happened. Or when you want to reply to disturbances that have happened to him. Both associated with heart, body, property, honor, or the other.
And anger that often lead to negative matters, in the form of a forbidden word and deed.

But the anger is not at all reprehensible, even laudable.

ANGRY despicable
Someone who is angry that the world matters, then this disgraceful outrage. [1]

Hence the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam advised someone to repeatedly so as not to upset.

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رجلا قال للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أوصني قال لا تغضب فردد مرارا قال لا تغضب

From Abu Hurayrah, that a man said to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, "Give me a will." The Prophet replied, "Thou shalt not be angry." The man was repeating his words over and over again, he (still) said , "Do not get angry." [Bukhari no. 6116]

So if someone replaced the anger, do not let the anger overtake him. Because if it had been ruled by anger, then anger can be a controller that will govern and prohibit to him!

Do not vent their anger. Because anger is often dragged to any haraam. Such as: berate, insult, accuse, say nasty, and other forbidden words. Or punching, kicking, killing, and other actions.

Except to control himself and his emotions so as not to anger, anger so bad it's gone. Even anger would soon subside and disappear. As if it were not angry. Properties like this that was praised by Allah and His Messenger.

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says,

وسارعوا إلى مغفرة من ربكم وجنة عرضها السماوات والأرض أعدت للمتقين الذين ينفقون في السرآء والضرآء والكاظمين الغيظ والعافين عن الناس والله يحب المحسنين

And made haste to the forgiveness of Rabbmu you to heaven and as wide as heaven and earth are reserved for those who fear Him, (ie) those who spend (freely), whether in the field and narrow, and the people who hold anger, and pardon (error) people. Allah loves those who do good. [Ali Imran: 133-134]

His words also,

فمآأوتيتم من شىء فمتاع الحياة الدنيا وماعند الله خير وأبقى للذين ءامنوا وعلى ربهم يتوكلون والذين يجتنبون كبآئر الإثم والفواحش وإذا ماغضبوا هم يغفرون

So nothing that is given to you, it is a pleasure to live in the world, and who are with Allah is better and more lasting for those who believe, and unto their Lord, their sole trust and (for) those who stay away from sin great sins and wicked deeds, and when they are angry they gave Sorry. [Ash-Shura: 36-37].

Similarly, people who are able to control his emotions were praised by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and promised the angel heaven.

عن عبد الله بن مسعود قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ... فما تعدون الصرعة فيكم قال قلنا الذي لا يصرعه الرجال قال ليس بذلك ولكنه الذي يملك نفسه عند الغضب

'Abdullah bin Mas'ud, he said, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said, "Whom do you consider to be shura'ah (strongman, wrestler, a lot of people slamming someone else)?" We said, "Someone who does not can be imposed by others. "He said," No, but shura'ah the person who can control himself when angry. "[Reported by Muslim, no. 2608].

He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam also said:

من كظم غيظا وهو قادر على أن ينفذه دعاه الله عز وجل على رءوس الخلائق يوم القيامة حتى يخيره الله من الحور العين ما شاء

Whoever his temper, but able to take it out, surely on the Day of Resurrection Allah 'Azza wa Jalla will call him in the face of all beings, so God gave him the right to choose among the angels of heaven that he will. [2]

To overcome the anger that afflicts a person, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has given its control recipes. Can we mention briefly. [3]

First: Saying ta'awudz (please refuge with Allah from Satan can chase disorder).
Second: Be quiet, do not talk.
Third. : If he is standing, let sit. If you have not let up, let lie.

Shaykh Muhammad Nadhim sultan said, "Anger is anger at the disgraceful than al haq, but follow your own passions, and a slave who crossed the line with his own words, to criticize, accuse, and hurt his brothers with a painful sentences. As he crossed the line in his anger with his actions, then hitting and damaging the property of others. "[4]

If we already know this, so let's look together toward our role model and role model, Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. That he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has incredible patience worthy of our example. Consider the words of Anas bin Malik below.

عن ثابت يقول حدثنا أنس رضي الله عنه قال خدمت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم عشر سنين فما قال لي أف ولا لم صنعت ولا ألا صنعت

Of Thabit, he said, Anas Allaah 'anhu told us, he said, "I became an assistant Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam for ten years, he never said to me, 'huh'. Also never told me (when I do something), 'Why are you doing?' And never told me (when I'm not doing anything), 'Do not you do?'. "[5].

ANGRY THAT commendable
Anger which is praiseworthy because of God's anger, because al haq, and to defend their religion. Especially when the matters are forbidden of God violated. [6]

Imam Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali t said: "The obligation for a believer (that) in order syahwatnya (pleasure) is limited to looking for what is allowed by God for him. Let the lust is allowed to reach those with good intentions, so get the reward. And it should anger a believer to reject interference in religion that happened or happened to other people and to punish those who engage in immoral acts of God and His Messenger.

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says,

قاتلوهم يعذبهم الله بأيديكم ويخزهم وينصركم عليهم ويشف صدور قوم مؤمنين ويذهب غيظ قلوبهم

Fight them, Allah will torture them with the (medium) your hands and Allah will humiliate them and help you against them, and comforting those who believe, and eliminates hot hearts of the believers. [At Tawbah: 14-15]. "[7]

If we had known it at the top, then let us know that that's the state of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. That is his punishment for not replying to (defend) him, but he returned to the penalty if the prohibited matters of God violated.

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها أنها قالت ما خير رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بين أمرين قط إلا أخذ أيسرهما ما لم يكن إثما فإن كان إثما كان أبعد الناس منه وما انتقم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لنفسه في شيء قط إلا أن تنتهك حرمة الله فينتقم بها لله

Of 'Aisha Allaah' anha, she said, "It is not the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam asked to choose between the two cases at all, unless he chose the easiest of the two, as long as it's not a sin. If it was a sin, then he is the most distant man from sin. And he replied with a penalty not to (defend) itself in anything at all. Except where prohibited matters which violated God, that he would retaliate with punishment against the case for God. "[8]

Likewise, he never hit the maid or man, unless jihad in Allah's way.

عن عائشة قالت ما ضرب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم شيئا قط بيده ولا امرأة ولا خادما إلا أن يجاهد في سبيل الله وما نيل منه شيء قط فينتقم من صاحبه إلا أن ينتهك شيء من محارم الله فينتقم لله عز وجل

Of 'Aisha Allaah' anha, she said, "The Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam never did hit something with his hands, had never hit a woman (wife), and never beat a servant. He hit if the jihad in the way of Allah. And he is not hurt by anything at all, then he would retaliate against the perpetrators. Unless there is something in between the proscribed matters violated God, that he would retaliate with punishment because Allah 'Azza wa Jalla. "[9]

'Aisha Allaah anha was asked about the character of the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam, he replied, "Aklhak Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam is the Qur'an" [10].

Imam Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali rahimahullah said, "What is meant by 'Aisha Allaah' anha namely, that he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam civilized with adab adab al-Qur'an and a certain character with morals-morals of the Qur'an. Anything that was praised by the Qur'an, then that is what he ridhai (preferred). And what is censured by the Qur'an, then that is what he murkai. "[11]

If you see or hear what the wrath of God, then he n angry about that, he talked about it, he did not shut up!

Among some of his attitude about it, is:

'Aisha Allaah' anha said.

قدم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من سفر وقد سترت بقرام لي على سهوة لي فيها تماثيل فلما رآه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم هتكه وقال أشد الناس عذابا يوم القيامة الذين يضاهون بخلق الله قالت فجعلناه وسادة أو وسادتين

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam came from Safar (traveling), whereas I have closed a curtain on a shelf. On the curtain are the pictures. [12]. Then after he saw it, then pull out the curtain and said, "the loudest man on the Day of Resurrection siksanya are the ones that match (match) the creation of Allah." [13] 'Aisha Allaah' anha said, "Then the curtain that we make a pillow or two pillows. "[14].

Abu Mas'ud Al-Ansari Allaah anhu said,

جاء رجل إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال إني لأتأخر عن صلاة الصبح من أجل فلان مما يطيل بنا فما رأيت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم غضب في موعظة قط أشد مما غضب يومئذ فقال يا أيها الناس إن منكم منفرين فأيكم أم الناس فليوجز فإن من ورائه الكبير والضعيف وذا الحاجة

A man facing the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and said,' I pray Shubuh slow due to the Si Fulan (prayer leader) that elongate the prayer with us. "So it is not I saw the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam anger in providing advice at all that greater than his anger on the day. Then he said, "O people, verily among you that there are those that make human flight (of religion)! Anyone of you who lead the people, then let him summarize. [15]. For verily behind [16], there are people who are old, weak, and people who have needs. "[17]

Abdullah ibn Umar said,

أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم رأى بصاقا في جدار القبلة فحكه ثم أقبل على الناس فقال إذا كان أحدكم يصلي فلا يبصق قبل وجهه فإن الله قبل وجهه إذا صلى

That the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam saw spittle on the qibla wall (the mosque), then he would throw it away and then faced the people and said, "If any one of you are praying, do not spit into the face, because actually Alah in direction of his face when he was praying. "[18].

So, that anger is the human soul tabi'at. So it is not blameworthy or praiseworthy, except in terms of impact and intent. And Allaah knows best bishshawwab.

[Copied from the magazine edition of As-Sunnah Foundation Published 08/Tahun VI/1423H/2002M Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo - Purwodadi Km. 8 Selokaton Gondangrejo Solo 57 183 Tel. 08121533647, 08157579296]

For the importance of honesty and resilience of World Religions

Rabbi Bin Sheikh Hadi Al Madkhali

The nature of truth is the greatest factor of religious establishment and the world. Life of the world will not be good, and religion can not erect on a lie, betrayal and cheating.

Honest and trust the honesty, a strong bond between the apostles and those who believe in them. God said.

والذي جآء بالصدق وصدق به أولئك هم المتقون لهم مايشآءون عند ربهم ذلك جزآء المحسنين

"And the man who brought the truth (Muhammad) and those who justify it, they are the ones who fear Him. They get what they want on the side of their Lord. Such is the reward the people who do good". [Az Zumar :33-34].

Because of (high) position act honestly in the sight of Allah, also in view of Islam as well as in the view of civilized people and also because the consequences are good, and the danger of the act lie and deny the truth: I want to bring this manuscript. My take from the Qur'an, Sunnah Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, the history he sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam, history and real life honest people among the Companions of the Prophet. And unto God, I begged for help and gave it to me Taufiq in delivering advice and explanations to the Muslims as I could. And I ask God, that He makes us honest people who are determined to uphold honesty, and make us among those who love truth, to follow and mengimaninya. Because the greatness of deeds fair value and position with Allah and on the side of the Muslims, Allah characterizes himself with honesty (was pent). God said.

قل صدق الله فاتبعوا ملة إبراهيم حنيفا وماكان من المشركين

"Say:" It is true (what was spoken of) Allah. "So follow the religion of Abraham, the upright, and he was not among those who are polytheists". [Ali Imran: 95]

This is the praise of God for himself with this great nature. God's honest (was pent) in all of His message, syari'ahNya, in his stories about the prophets and their peoples. God said.

ومن أصدق من الله حديثا

"And who is truer words (it) rather than God." [An Nisa: 89].

وعد الله حقا ومن أصدق من الله قيلا

"God has made a promise that is true. And who is truer words than Allah". [An Nisa: 122].

ذلك جزيناهم ببغيهم وإنا لصادقون

"Thus have We caused their iniquity their law, and indeed we are truthful". [Al-An `am: 146].

God declares Himself to characterize the nature of this great. He was honest in word, deed, promises, threats and honest in reporting about the lives of the prophets and saints of God, guardian and honest in reporting about the heathen enemies.

Also the prophets of God characterize the nature of truth. Then he supported the prophets with miracles and great signs as evidence of honesty (truth), and to destroy the enemies of God lie.

Among the forms of support to the prophets of God, is the destruction of the enemies of God with the typhoon, hurricane, lightning, earthquakes, there is the sinking to the ground and water. While the prophets and their followers are saved. All this is evidence of the honesty of the prophet of Allah, his messenger and they were right (as) an insult to the enemy of God and enemies of the apostles.

Among the prophets are attributed to the nature of truth in the Qur'an, namely: Abraham, Ishmael, and Idris. [1] they characterize the nature of God's truth. This shows that all-powerful nature to them. And that the words, deeds, promises and covenants of them, all up in his honesty.

All the verses in the Qur'an, which God challenged the humans and jinn to make something similar to him-but they can not, is the greatest proof of the honesty of Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, that he is really the Messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets. God and the testimony that Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam Seal of the Prophets, is also a great proof of the veracity sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam, because no one who claims to be a prophet after him, except the Almighty Allah would expose him and reveal the disgrace and the lies . In fact no one is lying on his behalf to bring a word of leaning to the prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, but God would expose him to the explanation of the followers of his message is honest, the hadith experts and others.

God says, in praise sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and truth and honesty that he brought.

بل جآء بالحق وصدق المرسلين

"Actually, he (Muhammad) has come to bring the truth and justify raul-apostles (before)". [As Shaffat: 37].

This high position, Allah Almighty gave to servants as well as His Apostle; Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.

Almighty Allah also explained the nature of His servants who believe in an honest belief, action, struggle and their covenants.

أولئك الذين صدقوا وأولئك هم المتقون

"They are the people who are true (faith), and they are the ones who fear Him". [Al Baqarah: 177].

إنما المؤمنون الذين ءامنوا بالله ورسوله ثم لم يرتابوا وجاهدوا بأموالهم وأنفسهم في سبيل الله أولائك هم الصادقون

"Those who believe only those who believe in Allah and His Messenger, then they are not in doubt and they strive with their wealth and their lives in the way of Allah, they are the ones who really". [Al Hujurat: 15].

Allah also said, praising the faqir Emigrants and all his companions sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. (They) are honest people; Ansar or the Emigrants.

للفقرآء المهاجرين الذين أخرجوا من ديارهم وأموالهم يبتغون فضلا من الله ورضوانا وينصرون الله ورسوله أولئك هم الصادقون

"For those who emigrated fuqara who were expelled from their homes and their property (for) seeking bounty from Allah and His good pleasure (His) and they helped Allah and His Messenger Nya.Mereka are the ones who really". [Al Hasr: 8].

And indeed all the friends of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has received recognition and praise of God in the Qur'an. They also praised by the Prophet in many hadith n.

Among their most visible and obvious is honesty. Religion will not be straight, so the world will not either, except with this trait. The Companions who are honest and their heirs have delivered the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger told us with honesty and trust.

The scholars also menukilkan for us the history of the lives of the Companions of Allaah anhum, race them in kindness and goodness of their (other) which outperformed all the people. Be they the people who spent the best man.

We have schools of their praise to God in general with admirable qualities. Among them is honesty. And my papers, will not be enough to mention all the hadeeth about the facts of their honesty. However I will mention the story of three companions as an example. Their story accumulated in a single incident. And his most prominent among these three is Ka'b bin Malik Allaah 'anhu; a friend who was saved from hell, hypocrisy, anger and wrath of God blessing His Messenger honesty. The story is very famous friend. Hadith is also famous and long. Due to space constraints, I will select and deliver the pieces of this hadith, which indicates the position of this friend and his friend in this event, so the Muslims could take a lesson and an example of an honest friend. Her story is as follows.

First. From Abdullah bin Ka'b, he said: I heard Ka'b bin Malik told her story when it does not take part in the battle of Tabuk. Ka'b said, "Actually I never looked back from the Prophet in one peperanganpun, except the battle of Tabuk. Only, I had not joined the battle of Badr, but at that time the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam did not criticize anyone who did not participate. Because the Prophet came out just to meghadang caravan (trade group) Quraish, then Allaah brought them to the enemy unexpectedly. And indeed I have come to see Bai'atul 'Aqabah with the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam when we berbai'at to Islam, and I do not like the night 'Aqabah was likened to the battle of Badr, although the war is more often remembered by the people. And experience when it does not take the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in the battle of Tabuk, that I have never felt stronger and more capable than my state did not participate during this war. By Allah, I never provide two vehicles for the war, but before this battle of Tabuk. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam would fight in a very hot summer and will travel very far, and will face an overwhelming enemy. Therefore, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam gave his orders to the Muslims to make war preparations. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam explained to his followers the path of their journey. And Prophet of the Muslims who took part in this war a lot, so it may not be remembered by a penghafalpun, "Ka'b said," Some people want no part in this war would not have thought out, unless there is a revelation. "

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam execute this war in the fruit season, while I am more inclined to the fruit. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam with the Muslims have made preparations and I want to go home for the preparations. Then I go home, but I did not do anything. I said to myself, "I am able to do that, if I want." The situation as it continues to go on till the Prophet and the Muslims were ready to depart. The next day, the Prophet and the Muslims left. While I was not ready at all. Then I go home, but I did not prepare well. Protracted situation continues to set out all the troops. I want to go after them, if I want to do, but ultimately I was not able to do anything about it. Once the Prophet went to war, I was very sad and if you leave the house, I do not get that I can make a role model, except for hypocrites or weak people who get relief from God '.

In pieces of this story, there is a cue position Baia'tul 'Aqabah in Ka'b Bin Malik Allaah' anhu. Because of this bai'ah (means) a lot of serves as a very solid foundation, which underlies the companions of the Pilgrimage to Medina. Underlying the help of the Ansar. Underlying the establishment of the Daulah Islamiyah. Also underlying forces of jihad and Islam and Muslims.

Departing from this bai'ah, wars continue to erupt, the destruction of the apostate and sending troops into some natural penjujur ​​to open the eyes of the heart with the light of Islam and put them out of darkness into the light of Islam. Based on this, Ka'b bin Malik realized how big this Aqabah Bai'atul meaning, which can not be replaced.

Ka'b bin Malik reported on the war because the absence of Tabuk to the right, with the clear language of honesty, getting out of hearts full of faith. Unlike the cowardly hypocrites, they make excuses and lies that God revealed in a short time. Punish and put them in hell. (Note some of these points, pent.).

A. He (Ka'b bin Malik) explains clearly, lack ikutannya not because of poverty or because of a physical. Before the battle of Tabuk, he had joined a few battles, but the condition is not as good as the battle of Tabuk. He said, "Behold, I have never felt stronger and more capable than my state did not participate during this war. By Allah, I never provide two vehicles for the war, except to the war of Tabuk this. "

2. He also mentions some of the reasons that affect his determination to jihad, which is a very hot conditions, which further extends the travel distance between Madinah and Tabuk, and the amount of the Romans and Arabs are allied with the Romans.

3. Ka'b also describes the most important factors that may be the absence of factors, namely the good fruit season. Then he explained something really might be hidden, but the honest soul who refused to lie and explain, 'I tend to the fruit', meaning that his desires are more likely to fruits. This is a level of honesty that is rarely accomplished people.

4. He said the fight of his soul, between the desire to follow the Prophet and the Mujahideen with the desire to sit under the shade of the grove and good fruit.

5. Finally, he told of feeling remorse and torment that happened due to not go to war. Because he did not find a role model for that matter, except those hypocrites and some people who get relief from Allah. This is a testament to his faith-responsive and honest.

Second: Then Ka'b bin Malik narrating: When there is news, that the Prophet would come from Tabuk, and there came my grief, and almost wish I lied. Then I said to myself, "What can prevent me from the wrath sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam tomorrow?" I've asked for help to my family that smart to find a reason. After some say, almost to the Prophet, there goes my intention to lie and I am sure, that I will not be saved from wrath he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam forever. So I determined to tell you the truth.

In the morning the Prophet came. As usual, if the new home of Safar, he came to the mosque and prayed two rak'ahs, then sit down for (purpose) of his people. At that time, the people who did not join the war came and they swear to convey reasons. Number around 80. Messenger n accept their reasons, they membai'at and asked forgiveness for them, and handed them over to God's inner affairs of k.
When I was facing him and say hello, he smiled sardonically and said, "Come here!" I walked over and sat down in front of him. He said to me, "What is causing you not coming? Did not you have berbai'at? "I replied," O Messenger of Allah, by Allah, if I sit in front of the world's population than you, surely I would suggest a reason to refrain from rage, because I can argue. But for the sake of Allah, I know, if I had the pleasure of lying that makes the host and receive my reasons, but later God will memurkai me through the host. And if I tell you the truth, the master will surely feel sorry for myself. I really only expect forgiveness from God. By Allah, I really have no excuse. By Allah, I have never felt more powerful and easier (earlier) than when I did not go to war with the Prophet. "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said," This man is telling the truth. Go (to wait) until Allah gives a decision about you. "I then got up and left.

In the snippet above Hadith, Ka'b said his new position, when the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and the brothers came home with glory, victory and reward. Benefits are obtained Ka'ab from behind it, although the causes are not followers (due) season fruit? And who figures in addition to those hypocrites and the Muslims are weak? Ka'b bin Malik inflamed liver because of a sense of regret.

At the same time, the devil talking and whispering words of a lie. However, thanks to the grace of God and providence, (then) the intention of lying and baatil had vanished from his heart, because the straightness of faith and sincerity. Then Allah guided him to the greatest safety factor after the faith, of honesty, especially when (against) the dangers and frightening events.

Ka'b bin Malik and the saying of Allaah 'anhu: When someone says, almost to the Messenger of Allah, there goes my intention to lie and I am sure, that I will not be saved from wrath he sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam forever. So I determined to tell you the truth. In the morning the Prophet came. As usual, if the new home of Safar, he came to the mosque and prayed two rak'ahs.

Ka'b said one perubatan sunnah is almost forgotten, or have been forgotten by many Muslims, the prayer of two rak'ahs in the mosque, when the new comes from a long trip.

Ka'b also recalled the attitude of the people hypocrites, they are lying and pretending, then amplifies them lie under oath, so there is no reason for the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, but to accept excuses and hand over their hearts to God Almighty Knowing the case Jalla The supernatural, he is aware of the betrayal eyes and know that conceived in the heart. As for Ka'b, with his knowledge, he knew that lie to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam would not be able to save him from the wrath of Allah and His Messenger, even though supported by oath. He knows it's all thanks to taufiq of God. Then he explained the cause for non ikutannya correctly.

Third: Ka'b said: Even the exclusion was my fifty nights. In the morning I was doing the morning prayer at the top of my house. As I sat in a state that has been told God, my chest felt tight, but feels cramped world wide, all of a sudden I heard people screaming on the heights, "O Ka'b bin Malik, rejoice!" I immediately prostrated (grateful). I know, must have come during happy.

Ka'b said, "After the morning prayer, the Prophet told the congregation that God has accepted our repentance. Then the companions convey good news to us. There are going to both my friend, there is a rush to me with a riding horse. There is also that of Aslam came to me, he climbed the mountain (and yelling), his voice is much faster than a horse.

When I hear people's voice reached me, I'm wearing my clothes off and I put the him, in return for good news. By Allah, I have no other clothing at the time. I borrowed two pieces of clothing, then set off to meet Allah. The friends met in groups, as he says, "Congratulations on receiving taubatmu by God," until I entered the mosque. There, the Prophet was sitting with his companions. Ubaidillah Bin Talha got up, greeted and congratulated. By Allah, no one was standing besides immigrants Talha.

Abdullah bin Ka'b said, "Ka'b bin Malik remarks Talha never forget."

Ka'b bin Malik said: When I say hello to the Prophet, with a happy cheerful face mark, Apostle said.

أبشر بخير يوم مر عليك منذ ولدتك أمك

"I convey unto you the glad tidings to the best day since you were born your mother."

I also asked, "Is this from you, or of God?" He replied, "Not from me, but of God." And he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam if happy, her face sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam hemisphere shone like the moon.

Ka'b bin Malik told us: We know the signs of happiness, he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam that. After sitting in front of him, I said, "O Messenger of Allah, among the forms of wealth as taubatku is releasing Sadaqah to Allah and His Messenger!" He replied, "(Do), hold some treasure! It's better for you. "Ka'ab talk that," I said, 'I keep my treasure is in Khaibar.'

Ka'ab honestly admit the cause for non ikutannya in the battle of Tabuk. So also did two of his companions: Murarah bin Rabi 'and Hilal bin Umayyad. Then the Prophet ordered the Muslims to decide the communication with them and isolate them. The friends of implementing the order, although they are included among the immediate family. This is all they are doing in order to obey God and the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. Disconnection of communication continues, while the revelation of God has not come down. Examination and difficult times it lasts for fifty days.

This boycott spread the news reached the ears of the ruling Christian Ghasan. He thought, this is an opportunity to turn Ka'b and asked her to join them, to glorify Ka'ab-according to them. But his faith in Allah and His Messenger, (he) refused to offer this syaitani. And Ka'ab also realize, that this is also a form of the exam.

As Ka'b told, that this difficult period ending on the day of the receipt of fifty with their repentance by Allah. While their condition-as-story Ka'ab as mentioned in the Qur'an Allah, the soul feels cramped and narrow when the earth was widespread.

The companions of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam very happy with the gift God gave to their comrades, namely acceptance of repentance, blessed God and His Apostle. (Hearing this), the companions of the race to congratulate. There are among those who go by foot, so it's too late, and went up into the mound of goods and shouted so that his voice precedes the friend who went to Ka'b horseback. (When) Ka'b went to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, in the way the friends congratulated him. Then he met the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. His face bright with happiness. He said, "I convey the news to you with the best day since you were born your mother." How could I not?! Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala has saved it from destruction, thanks to his honesty. Really, this is a better day than today bai'atnya when converted to Islam, which is an event that is more loved than to join the battle of Badr. Because very happy with repentance and blessing of God is to him, he said, "O Messenger of Allah, among the forms of wealth taubatku was let go as Sadaqah to Allah and His Messenger." This treasure that causes it to participate in jihad. (So) this is another evidence of repentance and honesty-sungguhannya kesungguh.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, "Hold some treasure" So, what is done Ka'ab? He let go of all his property in Medina and in Khaibar leaves, which may not be the cause of absence in the jihad.

Fourth: Then Ka'b tells his safety is a major factor, "O Messenger of Allah, verily Allah saved me thanks to the honesty, and indeed among taubatku form is not going to talk to the rest of my life, except to speak the truth."

Then he resumed his story: By Allah, since I honestly told the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam until now, I never knew a Muslim was tested God with a better test than a test of God to me. For the sake of Allah, since then, I have never intentionally lied to the present. And I really hope, that God will keep me at the age of the remains. Then Allah says (which means): And on three pending (receipts repentance) to them, until when the earth has become small for meraka, when the earth was large and they also have a narrow soul (well was) by them, and they already know that there was no refuge from the (punishment of) Allah, but to Him alone. Then Allah accepted their repentance so that they remain in repentance. Verily Allah is the All Recipients repentance, Most Merciful. O ye who believe! Bertaqwalah to God, and be ye with the right people. [At Tawbah :118-119].

Ka'b said: By Allah, Allah does not give a greater pleasure to me after Islam, but I favor honesty to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, so I do not lie cause I was damned as liars. Verily Allah Almighty said to the liars with a very ugly word. Allah says (the meaning): Later, they swear by Allah unto you, when you return to meraka, so you turn away from them. So turn to them for they are unclean and where they Jahannam; in retaliation for what they have done. They will swear unto you, that ye be pleased with them. Had the pleasure but if you are against them, Allah is not pleased to those who transgress it. [At Tawbah :95-96]

So this is the reward of the liars, although they lie just looking for the face and the reasons. However, seek forgiveness, Allah sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam totally useless to them, both while they are still alive or when they are dead. God said.

استغفر لهم أولاتستغفر لهم إن تستغفر لهم سبعين مرة فلن يغفر الله لهم ذلك بأنهم كفروا بالله ورسوله والله لايهدي القوم الفاسقين

"You ask for forgiveness for them or do not you ask for forgiveness to them (the same). Although you asked forgiveness for them seventy times, but God will never forgive them. That is because they disbelieved in Allah and Apostles. and Allah does not guide the wicked people ". [At Tawbah: 80].

In this story there is a lesson for those who do not clean up their lives with unity, faith, honest and good deeds. And sometimes there is this belief among the liars, that the action lies and deceptive acts that resulted in the Apostle sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam forgave them and asked forgiveness for them, this is all going to save them from Allaah and contempt of God in the world and the hereafter. (On the contrary, pent.) Allah destroy their dreams and punish them in the world and the hereafter. And seek forgiveness Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to them, not at all useful.

This fact is explained in the letter of Allah and the other At-Tawbah others. Then reinforced by the words of the Prophet told the Quraysh and his family members sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, "Buy (Deliver) yourselves from (Allaah) God, I can not give the slightest benefit for you is from Allah."

So beware of people who lie, anytime, anywhere-in the faith, belief, speech and testimony, their testimony! This lie has been dragged to destruction, (as) that befell the previous liar.

Here also there is good news for people who are sincere in faith, Islam, deeds, words and their testimony, to be spared from destruction; as Ka'b and his two friends of Allaah 'anhum. They survived thanks to the honesty, when the condition of the weak demand and weak-minded faith to do a lie. God said.

قال الله هذا يوم ينفع الصادقين صدقهم لهم جنات تجري من تحتها الأنهار خالدين فيهآ أبدا رضي الله عنهم ورضوا عنه ذلك الفوز العظيم

"He said:" This is a day that are beneficial to the people who correct their truth. For those of heaven that flowed beneath rivers: they will dwell therein for ever: Allah pleased with them, and they too pleased about it. That is the greatest fortune. "[Al Maidah: 119].

In a hadith Bukhari-Muslim history, from Talha bin Ubaidullah, he said: There was a man from Najd came to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in a state of disheveled hair. We hear echoes of his voice, but we do not understand, until he came to the Prophet. It turned out he was asking about Islam, the Prophet said, "(Islamic) prayers five times a day-night." The man asked, "Is there any obligation (prayer) more on me?" He replied, "No, unless you want to implement the Sunnah. "Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said," And the fast of Ramadan. "He asked," Is there any obligation (fasting) more on me? "He replied," No, unless you want to implement the Sunnah. "

Talha said: Messenger of Allah sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said zakat, the man asked, "Is there an obligation (zakat) More on me?" He replied, "No, unless you want to implement the Sunnah."

Talha said: Then the man came back and said, "By Allah, I will not add, and also will not reduce it." Prophet said.

أفلح إن صدق

"He's lucky if he is honest"

In Sahih Muslim there is a hadith of Anas bin Malik Allaah 'anhu, he said: Surely we are forbidden to ask the Prophet about something. And we were very surprised at the arrival of a Bedouin man facing the Prophet, as he asked, "O Messenger of God, a messenger has come to us and say, that you claim to come from God." The Prophet said, "He's right." The man asked, "Who Who created the heavens? "Rasulullah SAW said," God. "The man asked (again)," Who created the earth? "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said," God. "The man asked (again)," Who stuck mountain and created all that is there? "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said," God. "He just said," By the One who created heaven, earth and a plug in the mountains, if God (actually) sent you? " The Apostle replied, "Yes." He said, "The messenger also claimed that mandatory upon us to pray five times a day-night." He replied, "He's right." The man asked again, "By the One Who sent you, if God commands you to do this? "He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam replied," Yes. "He said," The messenger also admitted, that the zakat obligatory upon us from our property. "He replied," He's right. "The man asked again, "By the One Who sent you, if Allah who commands you to do this?" He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam replied, "Yes." He said, "The messenger also admitted, that the obligatory upon us to fasting month of Ramadan in the year." He replied, "He's right." The man asked again, "By the One Who sent you, if Allah who commands you to do this?" n He answered, "Yes." He said, "The messenger also admitted, that the obligatory upon us to pilgrimage for anyone are capable of. "He replied," He's right. "The man asked again," By the One Who sent you, if Allah who commands you to do this? "He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam replied," Yes. "

Anas Allaah 'anhu said: Then they left and said, "By the One who has sent you the truth, I'm not going to increase and not decrease it." The Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said.

لئن صدق ليدخلن الجنة

If he is honest, he's definitely going to heaven.

The second questioner in the above hadith is a smart man. Both have been given God's intelligence, ingenuity and good questions, especially the second questioner. Some say, he is Dhamam Tsa'labah Bin Al Hudzali. The first person to ask about the Islamic Shari'a. Then he answered with things that are required for a servant, a pillar of this religion after syahadatain. Because the questioner zhahirnya a Muslim, then the Apostle sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam explained that it is Islam the obligations (already mentioned) it.

The first questioner, have acknowledged it and implement it consistently. Therefore, he wanted to know, is there any other obligations in addition to the pillars that have been mentioned this? And the Apostle answered, no, unless the act of Sunnah.

When the Messenger of Allah has distinguished between the obligation to the sunnah, the questioner had vowed, adding that he would not and will not be reduced. (Hearing this oath), he answered to give the glad tidings of a great reward for the questioner and the Muslims who carry out these obligations properly, he's lucky, if he is honest. That is, actions consistent with their words. This is an honesty. So good luck materialized from his honesty in doing and saying. And the first questioner has been given the truth of God.

While the second questioner, the question is deeper and broader than the first question. At Tahrir book author, Muhammad Bin Ismail Al Asfahani said, "It shows good question these people, the beauty of the sentence and order. He first asked about the honesty of the messenger who commissioned the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to invite them to Islam; "Is he honest, that thou messenger of Allah?" Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said, "He's right." Then the man asked about the creator of heaven and earth, and who drove the mountains, because this person as well as other Arabs who believe in monotheism rububiyah.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam answered every question with the word of Allah.

Then, verify the person's shariah-Islamic law delivered by messenger the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, such as: prayer, alms and fasting. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, he was right.

When the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam had finished answering his questions, he said, "By the One who has sent you the truth, I'm not going to increase and not decrease it." The Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said, "If he is honest, must he will enter Paradise. "

What a fruit of honesty; in i'tiqad honest, truthful in speech and in charity.

These are some of the benefits of honesty. Honesty will guide the participants to the beer (obedient deeds) in the world which is the parent of good works, and also will get a high status with Allah Almighty. So people who are honest will be eternal in heaven. They get the pleasure of a very desirable, in excess of this position, the pleasure of Allah.

Act honestly lead the offender to the deed of beer, then to Paradise. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said.

إن الصدق يهدي إلى البر وإن البر يهدي إلى الجنة

"Surely that honesty will lead to a deed of beer, beer and actions will lead to heaven".

Among the benefits of honesty, is to please Allah, then be incorporated into heaven. Allah says, which means: "This is a day that are beneficial to the people who correct their truth. For those of heaven that flowed beneath rivers: they will dwell therein for ever: Allah pleased with them, and they pleased against . That is the greatest fortune. " [Al Maidah: 119].

Blessed are those who are honest. May the God of grace and mercy, made us one of those honest. Verily, Allah Most Gracious, Most Generous and Most Gracious.

وصلى الله على نبينا محمد و على آله و صحبه و سلم

(Translated from the magazine Al Ashalah with a few changes, Issue 28/Tahun to 5, 15 Jumada H Akhirah 1420, Pages 51-62)

[Copied from As-Sunnah magazine VII/1423H/2002M 05/Tahun Edition. Foundation published Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo - Solo Gondangrejo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 08121533647, 08157579296]
[1]. See the word of God in verse 41 Surah Maryam, 54 and 57

The Road to Glory Akhlaq

Ustadz Fariq bin Gasim Anuz

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

كمآأرسلنا فيكم رسولا منكم يتلوا عليكم ءاياتنا ويزكيكم ويعلمكم الكتاب والحكمة ويعلمكم مالم تكونوا تعلمون

"As (We have perfected the blessings upon you) We sent unto the Apostle among you, who recited Our signs to you, and purify you and teach you the Book (the Qur'an) and Al-Hikmah ( As-Sunnah), as well as teach you what you did not know ". [Al-Baqarah: 151]

Al-Imam Ibn Katheer, may Allaah have mercy said: "Wayuzakkihim" (and to cleanse you), which is cleanse them of low morality, from the dirt of life and deeds of ignorance, and removing them from darkness to light. [Tafsir Al-Qur'an-Al' 'Azhim I/291]

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

إنما بعثت لأتمم مكارم الأخلاق

"Surely I was sent to perfect noble morality". [HR. Ahmad, Hakim, etc.]

Imam Hakim menshahihkan hadith on the terms agreed upon by Imam Muslim and Adh-Dzahabi and also classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albani in Genealogy ahadith Saheehah no. 45

Sheikh Mustafa Al-Adawi said that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to preach monotheism (which is the main priority) and along with it beliaupun preaching to the noble morality.

It could even be said that the noble morality is the fruit of one's unity and faith.

Shaykh Muhammad al-Albani Nashiruddin rahimahullah mention of the importance of the preacher to deliver noble morality to the people, after he mentioned that the top priority in the mission of the apostles were preaching to monotheism. He said: "I repeat this warning, which is in talks about the most important explanation of the importance and then below it, is not intended to limit the preachers to preach solely tayyibah sentence (La ilaha illa Allah) alone and understanding its meaning only. Because after God's perfect for us with a perfect pleasure dienNya, it is a necessity for the preacher to take Islam as a whole, not piecemeal "[1].

This treatise contains only the signs of good manners, starting from understanding the morality: The relationship between morality, faith and conviction and faith, good moral virtue, and last on the way fare of good manners. Actually there's more important signs to be discussed, such as: Barometer of good manners; terms of good manners; morality of pagans, and others. Just need a much longer time to collect and certainly the more difficult is the search of the scholars, prosecutors and science books.

Although it is not maximized, we hope that this monograph provides many benefits for us all, and as an improvement for self and society. All I wanted was to repair in accordance with kesanggupanku, and no taufik me except with the help of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. I only sole trust in God, and only in Him I will return.

ROAD TO virtue morality
A. Sense of morality And Various Kinds
Ibn al-Athir says in An-Nihayah 2/70: "Al-and Al-Khulq Khuluq means dien, character and nature. Portrait of man in essence is spiritual, the soul and personality "[2]

Humans consist of spiritual and physical, temporal and spiritual, and therefore we should not treat people like robots or inanimate objects that do not have feelings. In addition, we must have a serious concern in order to improve our morality, because the man is not located in physical form, ethnicity, national origin, title, position or wealth, but lies in the faith, taqwa and akhlaqnya.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

إن الله لا ينظر إلى صوركم وأموالكم ولكن ينظر إلى قلوبكم وأعمالكم

"Verily, Allah does not see the shape, appearance and your wealth, but God's attention to the heart and your deeds." [HR. Muslim. cf. Maram Ghayatul no. 415]

An Arab poet said:
يا خادم الجسم كم تسعى لخدمته
أتعبتك نفسك فيما فيه خسران
أقبل على الروح و استكمل فضائلها
فإنك بالروح لا بالجسم إنسان

O servants of physical
How long do you work for the interests
You have been troubled
For a real loss
Confronted attention to the spiritual
And perfected its primacy
With spiritual, not physical
You are perfect to be human

Among scholars there is a defining moral good to a fellow creature [3] by: Not hurting others, charity and sweet-faced. [4] Not to hurt anyone else, namely good physical harm, property and honor.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

فإن دماءكم وأموالكم وأعراضكم بينكم حرام

"Behold the blood-your blood, property and your honor is forbidden for you". [HR. Bukhari and Muslim]

It can hurt others with words such as: gossip, complain, sheep, making fun, accused by false accusation, false witness, and others. Can also hurt by actions, such as: taking of property, cheating, cheat, rob, steal, hit, kill, rape, corruption, consuming an orphan's property, retaining the rights of others, and others.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

المسلم من سلم المسلمون من لسانه و يده

"A Muslim is a person that other Muslims are safe from impaired verbal and hands". [HR. Bukhari]

So a Muslim does not hurt others with words and deeds.
Even a Muslim charity that likes to help others, whether it be property assistance, advice, knowledge, energy, thoughts, influences and so forth.

The third is the act sweet face. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

لا تحقرن من المعروف شيئا ولو أن تلقى أخاك بوجه طلق

"Do not belittle any good deed, even if you see your brother with a beaming" [HR. Muslim]

It is said that Ibn Abbas Allaah 'anhuma was asked about the good, then he replied: "The face is radiant and soft-spoken". Merangkaikannya poet in a poem:

بني إن البر شيء هين
وجه طليق و لسان لين
O my son, it's a real good easy,
A beaming face and said words that smooth

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen, may Allaah have mercy said: "The sweet-faced is a beaming face when met with others, while his opponent was surly." Then he mentioned the hadith, sayings of Allaah ibn Abbas' anhu and poetry, as we mentioned above, and said, "a beaming face can make people happy, it can be glue of love and can also make yourself and those you encounter a charitable chest. But if thou surly, then others will away from you, do not feel comfortable sitting with you, let alone to talk with you.

People who are affected by a dangerous illness, namely depression (mental stress), can be cured with a very potent recipe, which is tolerant and a beaming face. Therefore, doctors advise people who are affected by depressive illness to avoid the things that made him angry or emotional, because it will aggravate the disease. The roomy chest and face beaming can eliminate the disease, so she will be loved and respected by others. "[Makarimul Akhlaq, p: 29-30]

But it's not always a positive act sweet face, sometimes in certain circumstances we are required to surly. [Fotenote, p: 155-156]

There are also other opinions about the definition of morality, there is a saying that good manners is a charity, do not hurt others, and steadfast in accepting the trial.

Some say that good manners are doing good and refraining from evil.

There is another saying: "Throw out the contemptible qualities and adorned with noble qualities", is mentioned by Ibn al-Qayyim in his book Al-Jauziyah Madarijus Saalikin.

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN morality, faith and conviction and Faith
Indeed between morality, faith and conviction and faith that there is a very strong relationship at all, because it's good manners as evidence of strong faith, while the bad manners as evidence of a weak faith. The more perfect the morality of a Muslim means that the stronger the faith. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

أكمل المؤمنين إيمانا أحسنهم خلقا

"The most perfect believers are the most good faith akhlaqnya between them". [HR. Tirmidhi, 3/315 and classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albani in Saheeh Jami'us Shagir I/266-267]

Good manners are a part of the good deeds that can add to the faith and has a weight in the scales, the owner is very loved by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. Similarly, good manners is one means a person enters the Paradise. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

ما شيء أثقل في ميزان المؤمن يوم القيامة من خلق حسن
"O There is nothing heavier in the scales (practice) of a believer on the Day of Judgment than noble morality" [HR. Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud and at hasankan by Shaykh Al-Albani in Sahih Tirmidhi 2/194]

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

إن من أحبكم إلي وأقربكم مني مجلسا يوم القيامة أحاسنكم أخلاقا

"Surely among the people I love most of you, and his association with the closest in the day is the best akhlaqnya of you". [HR. Tirmidhi and in hasankan by Shaikh al-Albani in Saheeh Jami'us Shaghir 1/439]

The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was asked about the biggest reasons that put people into heaven, then he replied:

تقوى الله وحسن الخلق

"Taqwa to Allah and good manners." [HR. Tirmidhi and in hasankan by Shaikh al-Albani in Sahih Tirmidhi 2/194]

Good manners include the implementation of the rights of Allah and the rights of creatures.

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen, may Allaah have mercy said: "Most people understand that good manners were specifically mu'amalahnya a servant to one another, with nothing to do with Al-Khaliq mu'amalah, but this is a superficial understanding. Good morals include mu'amalah with fellow creatures and also mu'amalah a servant of God. It should be understood by us all. Good manners in bermuamalah with God includes three cases:

A. Confirmed the news that comes from God
2. Carry out his laws
3. Patience and pleasure to his fate "
[Quoted from Makarimul Akhlaq, p: 16]

Dr. Abdullah bin Al-Ruhaili Dhaifullah said: "Verily, Allah is the duty of the rights above the rights of a human being is the greatest, as well as adab towards God is the most mandatory obligations. Because He is the Almighty Creator is no partner, while in others is a creature, it is not the same between the right than the right of God's creatures. Similarly, human adab towards God is not the same as a human courtesy to others. Since God is the Creator and no partner for Him, then on a human wajiblah to mentauhidkanNya, and civilized grateful to Him according to what has been outlined.

The key points of mu'amalah man with God in brief is as follows:
Have faith in him with a steady, mentauhidkanNya in the names, His attributes and mentauhidkanNya with worship, always obedient to Him and away from the immoral, either alone or in times when the presence of others, secretly or openly, either in hard or easy circumstances. Glorify God and symbols-symbols of the rule, and governed syari'atNya, honoring his book and the sunnah, sunnah His Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, to both civilized and accepting both of them and understand and practice it correctly without exaggeration and without regard lightly, giving full attention to dienNya in terms of understanding, faith and practice. Glorify God and mensucikanNya of any shortcomings, mensifatiNya to what attribute of God in his book and through the oral His Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, the pleasure of Allah and his destiny, love Him more than any other, always making dhikr and thank Him, worship Him fix, do good to His servants, not wrongdoers do good to them and prejudiced him. "[quoted from the book" Al-Akhlaq wa al-Fadhilah Qawaa'id Munthalaqat Liktisabiha "p. 86-87]

Some people have argued that the Deen of Islam is merely a good association to man, to the detriment of human beings is the greatest evil. Then look in Zahir, he behaved well to others, but at the same time he was wasting the rights of God, in doing shirk, kufr, heresy, and other sinners. He prays to other than Allah, butchering animals to be used as a scapegoat, a waste of prayer.

When a person is reprimanded, he would say that this is a private matter, and the person entitled to reprimand the person who hurt neighbors, taking others' rights, corruption and so forth. Does not he know that the sin of shirk is the greatest of sins, and God will not forgive him unless the offender repent. He said:

إن الله لا يغفر أن يشرك به ويغفر مادون ذلك لمن يشآء

"Verily, Allah forgives not ascribe (something) with Him, And He will forgive the sin of shirk, the other for whom He wills". [An-Nisa ': 116]

On the other hand there is also a phenomenon, there are some people who underestimate the moral problem to a fellow creature with the suspicion that dien was merely fulfilling the rights of God without fulfilling the right creature. When in fact fulfill the human rights is part of fulfilling the rights of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. Also mentioned earlier that there is a close connection between belief in God with morality to a fellow creature. The Prophet said:

أكمل المؤمنين إيمانا أحسنهم خلقا

"The most perfect believers are the most akhlaqnya faith in them". [HR. Tirmidhi, 3/315 and classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albani in Saheeh Jami'us Shagir I/266-267]

And the words he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.

من كان يؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر فليقل خيرا أو ليصمت

"Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day let him say good or (if not) let silent". [HR. Bukhari]

And the words he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam

والله لا يؤمن والله لا يؤمن والله لا يؤمن قيل ومن يا رسول الله قال الذي لا يأمن جاره بوائقه

"By Allah, one would not believe (he said it three times), The Companions asked:" O Messenger of Allah Who is she? "He said:" People who are neighbors do not feel safe from interference. " [HR. Bukhari]

And other proofs to show that a Muslim would not be doing injustice to others.

GOOD manners virtue.
Sheikh Abdurrahman bin Nasir al-Sa'dy rahimahullah said: "Many of the texts in the Qur'an and the Hadith al-berakhlaq advocating for the good and praise those who adorn themselves with it, and mentions the virtues are earned by people who berakhlaq noble. Also mentioned the positive effects of noble morality in the form of benefits and beneficiaries, both umun or special.

A. Among the biggest boondoggle is in order to carry out the commands of Allah and His Messenger n command, and emulate the great moral prophet n. A good Berakhlaq iu itself a great service so that a servant can live with peace and pleasure consistently, in addition to his great reward.

2. Berakhlaq noble people who are loved by people near and far, the enemy may change course to a friend, people are much to be close.

3. With good manners will establish a mission run by a preacher and teacher who teaches goodness, she got the sympathy of many people. They will listen with a heart of love and ready to accept his explanation to the cause of good manners, because nothing prevents the distance between the two. Allah Almighty says:

فبما رحمة من الله لنت لهم ولو كنت فظا غليظ القلب لانفضوا من حولك

"It was by the grace of Allah you are lenient with them. Had you been harsh again be rude, they would distance themselves from all around you". [Ali Imran: 159]

Additional information (from the authors):
"Before proceeding with the explanation Sheikh Abdurrahman bin Nasir Al-Sa'dy rahimahullah, it helps us listen to the explanation of Shaykh Salih bin Abdul Aziz Alu Shaykh in his lecture, entitled Al-Ghutsa'u wal bina'u. He said: "There is a contradiction between science learned by some people with their deeds. Some of them do not have a noble morality, formed friendships do not like, like lying, promise, rude, surly, but smile to your brother is Sadaqah. Also less active in social charities, such as helping the widows, orphans and those who need help. Let's not limited to preaching in the pulpit and lecture course in science assemblies, coupled with propaganda bil let it (the act) and noble morality, because its influence is greater than the preaching with words ... "

4. The morality of it is a charity (doing good to others) that sometimes have added value to the property exceeds ihsan. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

إنكم لن تسعوا الناس بأموالكم ولكن ليسعهم حسن الخلق

"Surely you will not be able to satisfy people with your treasures, but who can satisfy them are good manners".

Perfect if the two things at once possessed, but if someone does not have any so can not do good to others with the material, it can be replaced with good manners, behavior and speech that is good, maybe even have more influence than the imprint do good to the property.

5. With good manners, quiet and peaceful heart will solidify one's knowledge to get what he wanted.

6. With good manners, providing an opportunity for people to express hujjahnya discussion, and he can also understand the discussion hujjah friends, so it can be guided towards the truth in his words and deeds. Besides the good manners to be the strongest factor to get both of the above discussion to a friend. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said: "Verily, Allah gives the gentleness what He does not give the roughness". [HR. Thabrani, Shaikh Ali bin Hasan menshahihkannya based syawahidnya]

7. Good manners can save a servant of the attitudes in haste and levity, due to the maturity, patience and vision that far ahead, considering the various possibilities and avoid the danger that he feared.

Faidah: Shaykh Salih Alu Shaykh mentions in his lecture, entitled Al-Ghutsa 'wal bina' that there are four phenomena that can pollute the mission are:
a. Looking at things only from one side, not from the other side. Usually they have a doctrine of their teacher and has always been dictated so that others can not be found, other than those outlined.
b. In a hurry.
c. Madhhab fanatics, zealots and cult groups
d. Demand perfection of others, whether individuals or institutions. As long as the Usul, which is equally Ahlussunnah wal Jama'ah, then you have in this case is to give each other advice.)

8. With a good moral person can fulfill the mandatory rights and sunnah to families, children, relatives, friends, neighbors, customers (customer) and all those connected with it, because how many neglected the rights of others caused by bad manners.

9. Good manners that lead to the impersonal nature. Berakhlaq good people who usually do not legalize all the action and he will shun his stubbornness on his part, because both would result in an unfair manner and menzhalimi others.

10. People who are good berakhlaq always calm and his heart filled with joy and peace as the capital for a happy life. As for those who berakhlaq always in a state of miserable poor, abused physically and spiritually, are always in conflict with himself, with his children, with people associated with it. Her life became disrupted, time wasted, do not get the virtues of good manners, even the ones he got was a bad result due to bad manners.

With all of this or that will make clear the intention semisalnya words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.

إن العبد ليدرك بحسن خلقه درجة الصائم القائم

"Indeed a servant can truly achieve the degree of people who fast and pray well only with good morality" [5].
[Quoted from "A-Mu'in 'ala-tah shili adabil'ilmi" p. 61-65]

HOW SOME GOOD manners fare.
Good manners can have a human in two ways:
A. The nature of pre-existing as a gift from God, and the gift of God is given to those whom He will. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said to Asyaj Abdul Qais:

إن فيك خلتين يحبهما الله الحلم والأناة قال يا رسول الله أنا أتخلق بهما أم الله جبلني عليهما قال بل الله جبلك عليهما قال الحمد لله الذي جبلني على خلتين يحبهما الله ورسوله

"Actually there are two manners to you beloved of God, which hold emotions and accurately." Asyaj asked: "O Messenger of Allah, whether the morality of it because my attempts to get it or a gift from God?" He replied: "A gift from God since the beginning." Asyaj commented: "Praise be to Allah who gave me two manners are loved by Allah and His Messenger as nature." [6].

2. By way of trying to get a good morality.
Sheikh Abdurrahman bin Nasir al-Sa'dy t explain that every praiseworthy deed, whether visible or invisible, must be facilitated by God to get it. In addition to our efforts, the basic character as the biggest factor that can help one to acquire good manners, with a little effort can achieve what he wants.

Then Shaykh Abdurrahman explain some reasons for good manners:
a. Know including the biggest factors that can help a person get a good manners is a way of thinking about the virtues of good manners. Because the greatest motivation to do what one good deed is to know the results and faidah to be learned from it, although the case was a large case, filled with challenges and difficulties, but with no pain and have fun later, then the difficulty and expense It will be lighter weight.

Each time was heavy on the soul for good berakhlaq, he immediately reminded of the moral virtues of the noble and the results to be obtained with patience because then he will soften, submissive, full of resignation and hope to get all the virtues are coveted.

b. The biggest factor other dalah factor and a strong will and sincere desire to have a noble morality. This is the main stock-seutama someone with taufiq by God. The stronger the desire to berakhlaq noble, God-willing, will be more easy to achieve. [7].

c. Let the person concerned, is not that bad manners will mengaibatkan remorse and anxiety will always be with him? in addition to other adverse effects. Thus he will refuse to behave with bad manners.

d. Train yourself with good manners [8] and strengthen the soul to pursue the means that can lead to good manners. Let someone cemented himself to be ready to disagree with others, because people will definitely get a good berakhlaq opposition from the people, either in understanding or in desire.

Every Muslim will surely get a disorder, either in the form of words or deeds. Then let him have endured suffering.

Please note, that the painful disorder of speech will only hurt the pengucapnya, and someone said to be strong if he was not moved by words intended to provoke emotions, because he knows if he is affected or angry means he has assisted the reciter who want a loss .

If he does not care, do not give a damn and indifferent, then it would miff the bully that aims only to hurt her, make it angry, restless and anxious. As the man was trying to avoid the disruption that would befall his physical, then let him try anyway to avoid any disturbance affecting his mind, by not paying attention to him. [The book Al-Mu'in 'Tah-Ala shiili Adabil ilmi Akhlaaqil Muta'limin wa ... thing. 66-68]

e. Including the most important business and most influential is pray to God, asking that He gave us all Taufiq and blessed us with good manners, and to keep us all from bad manners. May Allah help and help us in order to acquire good manners.

... واهدني لأحسن الأخلاق لا يهدي لأحسنها إلا أنت واصرف عني سيئها لا يصرف عني سيئها إلا أنت ...

"(O Allah) Give me a good guide to morality, because no one can give clues to good manners than you, and palingkanlah me bad, because no one can turn bad but You" [9]

The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam also prayed the following prayer:

اللهم جنبني منكرات الأخلاق والأعمال والأهواء و الأدواء

"O Allah, keep me from kemungkaran-kemungkaran morality, of kemungkaran-kemungkaran charity, of lust and kemungkaran-kemungkaran of disease"
In another narration:

اللهم إني أعوذ بك من منكرات الأخلاق والأعمال والأهواء

"O Allah, verily I seek refuge in You from kemungkaran-kemungkaran morality, of kemungkaran-kemungkaran charity, kemungkaran-kemungkaran of desire" [HR. Tirmidhi 5/233, and classed as saheeh by al-Albani in Sahih Tirmidhi, 3/184]

The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam never pray too:

اللهم كما أحسنت خلقي فأحسن خلقي

"O God, as Thou hast smarten myself, then baguskanlah akhlaqku". [HR. Ahmad and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Jami'ush Shagir 1/280]

While this is all we can collect for the reader of some of the literature, there are actually more other literature that support and refine this monograph. May God easy for this treatise in order to refine and better satisfy the reader in terms of useful information, to then be used as guidance and instruction in daily life.

Effective command and prohibition Doing Honest Lies

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen

O Muslims, let us have fear of Allah Almighty. Let's be honest people, applicable both to God Almighty and to all beings, if we are truly believers. Let us be honest, because honesty led to kindness, and goodness leads us to heaven. Someone was always honest and habit, until Allah Almighty he was written as an honest man. People who are honest in words and deeds, will be loved by Allah Almighty and be loved by humans. Each panel was pleased when they called, and liver with field every time they receive the news. They obtained the fruit of their honesty in the world and in the grave. If they are in the collect, each spoken word is always a compliment to them. Their hearts filled with love and brotherhood. It includes honesty and sincerity in belief, speech and actions.

Honest in point is the sincerity of one's belief in charity. He did not practice because of riya 'or sum'ah. The honest in saying, that he was honest with the news and his words conveyed in accordance with reality. He did not give news stories menyelisihi reality / realities, both when speaking seriously or joking; well as fun and narrow. He has always delivered the news in narrow circumstances and airy; in anger or pleasure, the entire transaction muamalahnya, either lease or purchase.

The honest in deed, the intention was that he followed the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in deeds and all muamalahnya, with the advice seriously. If he works for someone else, he was sincere and complete.

We do not tell a lie. Because it's a lie actually lead to sin and that sin led to hell. Someone's always lied when undoubtedly written on the side of Allah Almighty as a liar. Lie was hated by Allah Almighty and humans. If he delivered the news, the news was not tsiqah (reliable). Know that a lie also includes beliefs, actions and words.

Meaning lies in the belief that human actions are done because riya '(showing off) and just hope for the praise of men alone. Allah Almighty says:

من كان يريد الحياة الدنيا وزينتها نوف إليهم أعمالهم فيها وهم فيها لا يبخسون أولئك الذين ليس لهم في الآخرة إلا النار وحبط ما صنعوا فيها وباطل ما كانوا يعملون

Any person who desires life and the world of jewelry, We shall give to their children in the world with their work and their perfect world it would not be harmed. Those are the people who do not obtain in the next, except hell and gone in the Hereafter is what they have earned in the world and it is useless what they have done. [Hûd/11 :15-16]

The lie in words, the intention is to break the news that does not match reality. It is prohibited, whether it has an impact act of falsehood takes someone else's property and menzhaliminya or not to have an impact though. All forms of unlawful acts and lies is reprehensible, but if it has a big beneficiaries, such as lying in the battle against the enemy and lying to improve relations between people in order to eliminate the discord and hatred.

In the hadith, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

أنازعيم ببيت في وسط الجنة لمن ترك الكذب وإن كان مازحا

I was the leader of an existing home was in heaven for those who leave the lie, though in a state of amusement. [HR. Abu Dawood Hadith 4800 Abu Umaamah of Allaah 'anhu]

That falsehood has different levels. Madharatnya the greater, the greater sin.

The lies in the act, the intention was that his actions menyelisihi words. Like the people who pretend to give advice, when he was about to deceive; like people who show the merchandise that is fine, but on the contrary.

O Muslims, the real honesty in all its forms is a commendable act. Honest people who are loved by God Almighty and the people, and Allah Almighty will exalt his position and add a reward for him. And the most obvious evidence that suggests it is a fact that occurs in the form of human praise for the honest people when they were alive or had died. Message they convey is received, the trust they trusted. Really lucky people who are honest, and it damages those who lied.

Let us have fear of Allah Almighty and uphold honesty in all conditions so that we get lucky.

Allah Almighty says:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله وكونوا مع الصادقين

O ye who believe fear Allah, and be ye with the right people. [At-Tawbah / 9: 119]

(Quoted from Dhiyâul Adl-Lami 'Minal Khuthabil Jawâmi ", by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen, 5/365-367 Juz)

[Copied from As-Sunnah magazine XIII/1430/2009M 06-07/Tahun Edition. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo 57 183 Tel. 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858197]


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