Saturday, September 14, 2013
Brief Description About the Rights of Allah Almighty and His Creatures
Shaykh Muhammad bin Salih al Uthaymeen
Amma ba'du , let us continually improve our devotion to God Almighty ! Let us realize that Allah Almighty created us not in vain , will not let us just like that . Allah Almighty has memnciptakan us to a very high wisdom and has provided the perfect shari'ah to test us . Allah Almighty has created us and will refund and then we will be judged . Let us prepare to meet the day encounter with God Almighty who created us ! Let us prepare answers to the questions that will be posed to us . May Allah Almighty make us among those who meet Allah Almighty with a clean heart and answer questions .
Verily Allah Almighty has obliged us to exert rights that we , as souls , he has the right at us . Then let us give these rights to those who deserve it so that when he died , we died in fortunate circumstances . Let us not ignore this right !
Allah Almighty says his rights and the rights of His servants in many verses of the Qur'an . Among the verses that the word of Allah Almighty :
واعبدوا الله ولا تشركوا به شيئا وبالوالدين إحسانا وبذي القربى واليتامى والمساكين والجار ذي القربى والجار الجنب والصاحب بالجنب وابن السبيل وما ملكت أيمانكم إن الله لا يحب من كان مختالا فخورا
Worship Allah and do not associate him with nothing . And do good to his two mother - father , a close - relatives , orphans , the poor , neighbors close and far neighbors , peers , and the servant of Ibn sabil sahayamu . Surely Allah loves not the arrogant and self boasting . [ An Nisa / 4:36 ]
In the above verse , Allah Almighty mentions some very rights that we need to consider . Most important rights of the rights that our obligation is to the right of Allah Almighty who has created , we improve and give good luck to us . Allah Almighty tundukkah all things for our good and that we can use. Allah Almighty says :
وسخر لكم ما في السماوات وما في الأرض جميعا منه إن في ذلك لآيات لقوم يتفكرون
And He has subjected to you what is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth everything , ( the grace ) of - Nya.Sesungguhnya in this is truly there are signs ( power of God) for people who think . [ al Jâtsiyah/45 : 13 ]
All the favors that we feel comes from Allah Almighty . Therefore, the right of Allah Almighty is the largest and most important rights . Rights of Allah Almighty in a slave is a slave diibadahi means obliged to worship only to Allaah and not associate him with anything nevertheless . How, by carrying out all the loved ones and ridhai landasi God with love of God , determination to glorify Him , seek His reward and avoid punishment. Let us not be concerned with ourselves , children , families or our possessions rather than worshiping God Almighty , because all of this will disappear while worship will be eternal . Allah Almighty says :
المال والبنون زينة الحياة الدنيا والباقيات الصالحات خير عند ربك ثوابا وخير أملا
Wealth and children are jewelery world but life everlasting deeds-deeds are more virtuous the better side of your Lord in reward and better for hope. [ al Kahfi/18 : 46 ]
This is the right of Allaah to His servants . Unfortunately many people ignore this right . Many people are too fond of the world , thus making negligent act of obedience to Allah Almighty . As if all their daily activities in order to reach the world , without regard to the rules of Islamic law . Busyness as this will definitely affect one's devotion to God , his tendency to shift , from a tendency to turn into kendrungan afterlife to the world .
Ikhwani , let us consider the right of Allaah upon us , the right of the One who has created us and gave blessings and the number is countless . Let us prioritize the rights of Allah Almighty is above all his . Including the right of Allah Almighty is the right of the apostles were sent by Allah Almighty .
That's the first right of Allah Almighty in the verse above . Then the second right which Allah Almighty mentioned the rights of both parents . Allaah mentions this right after mentioning the right of Allaah because parental rights is the right of the highest relative position . Both have services that are not owned by the other . They have to bear the burden of physical , soul and mind for the good of their children . They are willing to stay up as long as the child can sleep peacefully , they would bother to take his time to rest and they were sometimes willing to bear the child hunger origin can be satisfied . What a great service to us our parents ! So high position both parents in Islam , to the extent that the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam when asked idzin by a young man to join the fight in the cause of Allah Almighty , he sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam asked about the youth's parents :
أحي والداك قال نعم قال ففيهما فجاهد
Are your parents still alive ? The young man replied : Yes . " The Prophet said : " strive on both "
This hadith shows how high the position filial to parents . This is also the underlying words of the scholars who declared " jihad must seidzin two people if they are Muslims . "
Dutiful to parents , not merely when they are still alive in the world , while still with us but also can be done when two people had died . A man asked the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam :
يا رسول الله هل بقي من بر أبوي شيء أبرهما به بعد موتهما قال نعم الصلاة عليهما والاستغفار لهما وإنفاذ عهدهما من بعدهما وصلة الرحم التي لا توصل إلا بهما وإكرام صديقهما
O Messenger of Allah sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam , is there any kindness left to the parents that I could still do them after the death ? Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam replied : Pray for them , beg forgiveness , carry out their promises , connecting rope friendship that only connect through them and glorify their friends . [ 1 ]
Three rights mentioned by Allah Almighty in His word in paragraph at the beginning of this sermon the relative rights of the father nor of the mother . Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said :
من كان يؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر فليصل رحمه
Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him connect silaturrahim . [ Bukhari ]
Then among the rights which are also mentioned by Allah Almighty in the verse above that the rights of orphans . A child whose father died while he was not yet of legal age . A child who gets severe disaster like this would hurt his heart and soul experiencing the shock . How could I not ? ! he lost someone who had been taking care of all his needs and directs him to the benefit of the world and the hereafter . Islam as a religion of nature are not appropriate leave it alone . Islam enjoins Muslims to do good to the orphans , either with words or with words . So expect suffering a result of this tragedy becomes less and less . Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam recommends that Muslims provide for orphans . Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said :
أنا وكافل اليتيم في الجنة هكذا وأشار بالسبابة والوسطى وفرج بينهما شيئا
Me and guardian of orphans in paradise like this ( he sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam signaled using the index finger and middle finger , he sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam loosen them a bit ) . [ 2 ]
That concern among Muslims of children orphaned
The rights of the poor , including among the rights mentioned in the word of Allah Almighty at the beginning of this sermon . Those that are underlined are entitled to relief poverty and those who Allah Almighty Hummer obliged to assist their wealth . The poor are forbidden to beg while the rich behave curmudgeonly prohibited .
Among the rights that we must take care of is the right neighbor . If the people who lived next door to us it is our relatives , then he has two rights , namely the rights and the rights of her relatives as neighbors . If the neighbor is not a family close to us , then he only has the right neighbor . Allah says :
والجار ذي القربى والجار الجنب
Neighbors near and far neighbors , [ An Nisa / 4 : 36 ]
Neighboring rights is widely mentioned in the hadith of the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam . Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said :
من كان يؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر فليكرم جاره
Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day , then let him glorify neighbors
Also said :
والله لا يؤمن والله لا يؤمن والله لا يؤمن قالوا وما ذاك يا رسول الله قال الجار لا يأمن جاره بوائقه
By Allah ! he does not believe. By Allah ! he does not believe. By Allah ! he does not believe. " Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam asked : O Messenger of Allah , who is the man? " He sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam replied : ( They are) those who feel insecure neighbors of interference .
Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam also said:
ما زال يوصيني جبريل بالجار حتى ظننت أنه سيورثه
Gabriel always intestate me about the neighbors until I thought he would leave a legacy to neighbor [ 3 ]
That's some of the rights we need to consider , right Allaah and the rights of His creatures .
( Quoted ad Dhiyâ'ul Lami ' , works of Shaykh Muhammad ibn Salih al Uthaymeen , V/313-317 )
[ Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 10/Tahun XII/1430H/2009M . Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta , Jl . Solo- Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel . 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196 ]
Muhasabah And Muroqobah , Path to Piety
Shaykh Dr . Muhammad Bakhit al - Ujairi
We wasiatkan to ourselves and pilgrims and gentlemen, let us fear Allah Ta'ala . Whoever fear of Allah Ta'ala , he will awake from his punishment and wrath .
God commanded mankind to be cautious with his words :
يا أيها الناس اتقوا ربكم الذي خلقكم من نفس واحدة وخلق منها زوجها وبث منهما رجالا كثيرا ونساء واتقوا الله الذي تساءلون به والأرحام إن الله كان عليكم رقيبا
Hi all people , keep your duty to your Lord who created you from a single self , and of him God created his wife , and of God propagate in both men and women a lot . And fear Allah, that with ( using ) his name you ask each other mutually , and ( guard ) friendship relations . Verily Allah always watches over you . [ an-Nisa ' / 4:1 ] .
Allah commands the believers to be cautious with his words :
يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله حق تقاته ولا تموتن إلا وأنتم مسلمون
O ye who believe , fear Allah truth completely piety to Him , and you do not ever die but in a Muslim state . [ ' Ali Imran / 3:102 ] .
Allah commanded His Prophet to be cautious with his words :
يا أيها النبي اتق الله ولا تطع الكافرين والمنافقين إن الله كان عليما حكيما
O Prophet , fear Allah and do not obey ( desire ) the unbelievers and the hypocrites . Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise . [ al-Ahzab/33 : 1 ] .
Piety is God 's will to His servants the first to the last . Piety is a factor that makes humans can gain happiness in the world and in the hereafter . He who fear Allah , then Allah will make for the Furqan . So he will be able to distinguish between truth and falsehood . Whoever is righteous , God will give him good luck from the direction of the unexpected . The righteous will have a secure place in the afterlife . Indeed he is in a glorious place in the sight of Allah Ta'ala .
The nature of piety , we are looking for a shield that could protect itself from the wrath of God . That is the way to run any command of God and stay away from any of his ban . If unable to do so, then we will be a people who fear Allah . For that , we should be cautious in acting , be careful and knowledgeable about halal and haram .
' Umar ibn al-Khattab once asked Abu Musa on the nature of piety . Abu Musa replied : "O Amir al - Mu'mineen , what would you do if you were walking in a place full of thorns ? "
Then ' Umar replied : " I will look to my feet . So I can find out , if I pijakkan upon thorns , or in a safe place " .
This is the essence of piety , to always look our every deed , including deeds blessed is Allah, the Exalted , or vice versa ? When including the hated act of God , then it is obligatory for us to leave . Do not let God see we are in a situation that he does not like.
Therefore , let us always strive to be in a state that approves of him . God is pleased when we include those who maintain prayer , obey his order, filial to parents , and studying diligently . Let us try to do it . Every now and then , let us not leave this kindness . Because God is pleased with us .
Let us always strive to act meniggalkan hated Allah Ta'ala . Do not go to disobedience , leave fornication , stealing , lying , backbiting and namimah . And the greatest of it all , which leaves shirk ; an act of disobedience and actor most hated by Allah Ta'ala . Because God is not pleased disekutukan . God is only pleased , when his servant faith and tawheed Him . So , let us be His servants who believe in Him and tawheed .
God is pleased when we become the people who implement the Sunnah - sunnah of His Prophet . Therefore , let us stay away from acts of heresy , leave every prohibition God . As for obedience to His commandments will be the cause of our happiness in this world and the hereafter . Allah says :
إن الأبرار لفي نعيم ) 13 ( وإن الفجار لفي جحيم
Indeed many people who are truly devoted to gardens of bliss , and indeed the rebellious people really are in hell . [ al-Infithâr/82 :13 - 14 ] .
Al - Abrar ( those who like to do good ) , he will always be in the pleasure given by God in this world and in the hereafter . As for the fajir ( people who love to do evil ) , then they will always be in misery in the world and the hereafter .
Ibn al - Qayyim said , "Whoever would have thought that God would equalize between those who do obey the people who like to commit adultery , then indeed he has been prejudiced against Allah Ta'ala . "
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says .
أم نجعل الذين آمنوا وعملوا الصالحات كالمفسدين في الأرض أم نجعل المتقين كالفجار
Shall We treat those who believe and do righteous deeds are the same as those who do mischief on the earth ? Shall ( also ) We consider those who fear Allah with those who commit adultery ? [ Shâd/38 : 28 ] .
Is God going to equalize the Ahl-ul -abiding people immoral ? Of course not ! Anyone who believe and fear Allah , then he will get enjoyment and happiness . As for the people who like to engage in immoral , then he will get the distress and hardship . God says .
ومن أعرض عن ذكري فإن له معيشة ضنكا ونحشره يوم القيامة أعمى ) 124 ( قال رب لم حشرتني أعمى وقد كنت بصيرا ) 125 ( قال كذلك أتتك آياتنا فنسيتها وكذلك اليوم تنسى
" And whoever turns away from My reminder , verily for him is a narrow life , and We will menghimpunkannya on the Day of Judgment in a state of blind . " He said : " Yes Rabbku , why have you gathered me in a state of blind , even though I was formerly a look ? " Allah says : " So , it has come to you Our Signs , then you forget about it , and so ( well ) on this day you also forgotten . " [ Thâhâ/20 :124 - 126 ] .
Whoever turns away from remembrance and obedience to Allah Almighty , turning away from useful knowledge , then he is like a blind person . And it will be collected on the day of Judgement in a state of blind . Waiyyadzu billah .
As for those who believe in God , then the condition as stated in His word .
من عمل صالحا من ذكر أو أنثى وهو مؤمن فلنحيينه حياة طيبة ولنجزينهم أجرهم بأحسن ما كانوا يعملون
He who does good deeds , both men and women in a state of faith , verily to him will We give a life that is good and true will We give a reply to them with a better reward than what they have done . [ an-Nahl/16 : 97 ] .
Those who are obedient to Allah Ta'ala will close . They will get happiness in this world and the hereafter . Most of the Salaf said : " Surely there is a garden full of happiness in this world . Whoever does not enter it , then he will not be able to enter heaven in the hereafter " . Park is , happiness is gained by obedience and closeness to Allah Ta'ala .
The Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said ,
ثلاث من كن فيه وجد بهن حلاوة الإيمان : أن يكون الله ورسوله أحب إليه مما سواهما , وأن يحب المرء لا يحبه إلا لله , وأن يكره أن يعود في الكفر بعد أن أنقذه الله منه , كما يكره أن يقذف في النار
" There are three circumstances ; whoever has it , then he will taste the sweetness of faith . ( It is) if he loves Allah and His Messenger more than anyone other than his love for both of them , when he loves another human being is not only because of God , if he felt hate to return to disbelief after Allah has saved him as aversion to be thrown into the fire . " [Agreed ' alaihi ]
So will that we can say for ourselves personally and for my brothers and sisters ; piety to Allah and do good deeds . With both, we will get happiness in this world and the hereafter . We ask Allah , may make us all included in the class of those who do right , and closes with the end of life we khusnul - Khitmah .
Allah Ta'ala has called us all with his words :
يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله ولتنظر نفس ما قدمت لغد واتقوا الله إن الله خبير بما تعملون
O ye who believe , fear Allah and let every soul consider what he has done for tomorrow ( Hereafter ) , and fear Allah , surely Allah is Aware of what you do . [ al-Hasyr/59 : 18 ] .
God shows us two things grand . Anyone who implement these two things , then so he was among those who fear Allah .
First , the muhasabah . Namely , let every soul look at what he had prepared for tomorrow . Muhasabah very helpful person to have fear of Allah . Whoever did muhasabah , then he will know the obedience or disobedience that he has done . So , if he did obedience , shall be forwarded . And when did disobedience , then he is obliged to stop and leave .
Muhasabah also helps one to constancy in the way of Allah Ta'ala . So that the Salaf said : " Hisablah yourself before you judged by Allah Taala " . Whoever is judged by Allah Taala , indeed he will get punishment . As the words of the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam to ' Aisha radi anhuma : " Whoever judged by Allah , Allah will mengadzabnya " .
Therefore , let us always corrects itself . When we fall into error , immediately repent to Him . God is very pleased to accept the repentance of His servant . God always opens His hand at night to accept the repentance of people who have made mistakes during the day . Similarly, God always opens His hand by day to accept the repentance of a person who has made mistakes in the night .
Thus , muhasabah is a very important matter . By because they were, the Salaf always bermuhasabah to themselves as people who were involved in the trade . Did he get a profit , or even a loss . So did we , O servants of Allah . Let each self-correction , stock what we have prepared to face God Almighty ?
Once, Sulaiman ibn ' Abd al - Malik Abu Hashim once asked : " Why do we feel hatred towards death and love to the world ? "
So the question is answered : "O Amir al - Mu'mineen , this is because we have damaged our afterlife and beautify our world . Surely someone would not be happy to move from a good home to a house that has been damaged " .
How true ! Many among us are busy with the world and negligent act obedient to God . So he knows , no part at all for the life hereafter . As such , he is hated and feared the death would have delivered it to the afterlife .
As for the people who love , obey and always do the commandments of God , then he is not afraid of death . So it is not surprising , when called upon to fight , the Salaf who said : " Tomorrow will come the death of a loved one ... , " it is because they always do good deeds . With the good deeds that they do not fear death and reckoning . Thus , it is clear to us , muhasabah is a very important case helps one to have fear of Allah Ta'ala .
The second important case , that God show us , namely muroqobah . Namely , the nature of a person who was always seen and watched by Allah Ta'ala . As the word of God at the end of the paragraph .... innallaha khabirum ta'malûn BIMA .
When someone feels reluctant to do obedience , so she began to realize that God sees it . So , he will return to work on obedience to God . When a person's desire to do immoral acts , then he realized that God sees it . So that he will quit his wish and soon returned to his ways .
Thus , muroqobah is very important to help a person to fear of Allah Ta'ala . Therefore , Rasulullah SAW once told Mu'adh bin intestate Jabbal with his saying : " fear Allah wherever you are ... " .
Let us fear Allah every time and in every place . Know that Allah is always watching our every move . Anyone who has had this trait , really helped him in the fear of Allah Ta'ala . We ask God Almighty , that makes us the people who fear Him when in crowds or when alone . God knows best .
( Summarized by Ustadz Abu Maryam , from Friday sermon Shaykh Dr . Muhammad Bakhit al - Ujairi in Ma'had Mosque Imam Bukhari , Solo , Friday , February 8, 2008 )
[ Copied from the Sunnah Edition magazine 01/Tahun XII/1429H/2008M . Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta , Jl . Solo- Solo Purwodadi Gondangrejo Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel . 0271-858197 Fax 0271-858196 ]