Friday, April 20, 2012

Do not Take the Islamic Science of Expert Bid'ah

Do not Take the Islamic Science of Expert Bid'ah

By Muslim cleric Abu Isma'il al Atsari

People who intend to seek knowledge of truth must consider from whom he took the science. Do not let the experts take the theology of heresy, for they will mislead, either consciously or unconsciously.So this will drive her to the brink of collapse.
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al 'Uthaymeen, may Allaah have mercy stated, that in order to achieve the science there are two roads.
First: Science is taken from reliable books, written by scholars who have known the level of their expertise, mandate, and clean their aqeedah of various kinds of heresy and superstition (fairy tales; ignorance). Take knowledge of the contents of the books, surely someone will come to a certain degree, but on this road there are two obstacles. The first obstacle, takes a long and severe suffering.The second obstacle, his knowledge is weak, because it is not built on the rules and principles.
Second: Science is taken from a teacher who trusted in the science and religion. The road is faster and more robust to gain knowledge. [1]
But the unfortunate deserve, at this time we see the phenomenon of taking knowledge from the experts heresy rife everywhere, even though the act was strongly opposed by the Salaf. So true Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, who has been preaching that it is one of the signs of her doom. He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
إن من أشراط الساعة أن يلتمس العلم عند الأصاغر
"One of the basic signs of the Hour is, science is taken from the little people (ie experts heresy)" [2].
Imam Ibn al-Mubarak rahimahullah asked: "Who are the little people?"
He replied: "People who speak their minds. As Sagheer (small children) who reported it from kabir (parents, Ahlus Sunnah), then he is not the Sagheer (innovation expert). [3]
In another narration, Imam Ibn al-Mubarak said: "The little guy from the experts heresy". (Reported by al Lalikai, 1/85).
Shaykh Bakr Abu Zaid, a Saudi cleric, member of the Fatwa Commission of Saudi Arabia, said: "Beware of Abu Jahl (the father of ignorance), ie heretic experts, who hit aberrations aqeedah, enveloped by a cloud of superstition; he desires to make as a judge ( determinants of the decision) by calling it with the word "reasonable"; he deviated from the nash (revelation), but not in the sense that there are only texts? He held that Da'eef (weak) and away from the authentic. They also called ahlusy syubuhat (those who have and spread kerancauan thought) and the Ahl-ul-ahwa '(people who follow their passions). That is why Ibn al-Mubarak called experts heresy with ash Sagheer (small children). [4]
And mark the Day of Judgment, which is "take knowledge of the little people (ie experts heresy)" at this age really has happened and continues to run. It's been proven words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam above. Even something bigger than that, which took the religious knowledge of Islam from the infidels, the professors who teach the knowledge of Islam in various universities in the West.
So what about the comments of the Salaf, if they had our times?While they are the ones who are very sincere in giving advice, and the firm faces a number of irregularities?
Let us ponder the words of Imam adh Dzahabi rahimahullah of experts at the time of his heresy.
He said: "If you see a mutakallim (a Muslim but to cultivate the science zhahirnya kalam, mantiq, philosophy, Pen), a heresy, saying, 'Leave us out of al the Book (al-Qur` an) and the hadiths,and bring us reasonable, "then know that he was Abu Jahl. And if you see a salik tauhidi (a shufi, Pen) said, 'Leave us from naql (revelation) and reason, and bring us a sense and feeling,' then know that he is a demon that has appeared in human form, or the devil has penetrated him. If you feel afraid of him, then fled. If you are not afraid, then he bantinglah, and tindihlah his chest, and recited verses to her seat, and cekiklah him ". [5]
WARNING THE ULAMA The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has enumerated the scholars who will always be there throughout the ages, until the desired time by God, that is, in the words he sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam:
يحمل هذا العلم من كل خلف عدوله: ينفون عنه تحريف الغالين وتأويل الجاهلين و إنتحال المبطلين
"The science of religion will be taken by people who are straight with each generation, they will reject tahrif (changes) are made by people who crossed the line; ta'wil (mean deviation) is done by people who are stupid; and lies made by people who do falsehood "[6]
This hadith clearly and unequivocally demonstrate the properties of bearers of religious studies, namely 'is a (straight, istiqamah), then it is only appropriate science is taken from them. Therefore, many clerics warning about choosing the right religion teacher in taking science. The following are among the words of scholars associated with it.
1). Ali ibn Abi Talib Allaah 'anhu said:
انظروا عمن تأخذون هذا العلم فإنما هو دين
"Consider the knowledge of who you take it, because actually it is a religion" [7]
These words are also reported from a number of Salafush Salih, like Muhammad bin Siirin, adh bin Dhahhak Muzahim, etc. (See Sahih Muslim Muqaddimah).
2). Abdullah bin Mas'ud Allaah 'anhu said:
لا يزال الناس بخير ما أتاهم العلم من أصحاب محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم و من أكابرهم, فإذا أتاهم العلم من قبل أصاغرهم, و تفرقت أهواءهم, هلكوا
"Humans will always be on the good, as long as their knowledge comes from the companions of the Prophet Muhammad n and of great people (parents) they are. If science comes from the little people (experts heresy), and air- their desire to disperse, they must perish "[8].
In another report stated:
لا يزال الناس بخير ما أخذوا العلم عن أكابرهم, فإذا أخذوه من أصاغرهم و شرارهم هلكوا
"People have always been good as long as they take on the science of great people (parents) they are. If they take knowledge of the little people (experts bid'ah) and bad people (the wicked) between them, then they surely perish "[9]
3). Imam Malik rahimahullah said:
لا يؤخذ العلم عن أربعة: سفيه معلن السفه, و صاحب هوى يدعو إليه, و رجل معروف بالكذب في أحاديث الناس وإن كان لا يكذب على الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم, و رجل له فضل و صلاح لا يعرف ما يحدث به
"Science should not be taken from four persons: (1) real fool to his folly, (2) Shahibu hawa '(followers of the passions) are invited to follow their desires, (3) The person is known to his lie in a conversation-conversation with a man, although he never lied on (name) of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, (4) A person who is noble and righteous who do not know the hadith which he expressed. [10]
4). Imam Nawawi said, explaining rahimahullah backbiting is allowed: "Among other things, if one looks at the search of science often takes expert knowledge of heretics or wicked, and he worried it would harm the scientific search, then he shall be advised, explaining the situation (the teacher) it, provided that he intended to advise ". [Riyadhush Righteous, al Adzkar, Sharh Muslim].
5). Mentioned in the book Fatawa Aimmatil Muslims, p. 131, as the composition of Mahmud Muhammad Khithab Subki containing fatwas some scholars of Egypt, Sham and Maghrib mutaqaddimin: "All the priests mujtahidin have agreed, that should not take an expert knowledge of heresy".
WARNING PURPOSE ULAMA Sheikh Dr. Ibrahim bin Amir-Hafizhahullah Ruhaili-said, "Verily the Companions of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and his tabi'in after they have provided guidance to take the knowledge from the people who' just and istiqamah. They have banned people take knowledge of the wrongdoers and distorted. And among those who deviate, namely innovation experts. Indeed they have been distorted and perverted the cause of religious heresy, heresies, then tidah may take knowledge of them. Because science is a religion, studied for practiced. So if science is taken from the innovation experts, while experts do not base their heresy and establish problems with innovation-innovation except that he made his religion, so that it will affect innovation expert students in science and practice. So that the students will grow on top of innovation and hard to leave kebid'ahan after that. Especially if it's heresy to learn from experts in childhood, then the effects will remain and will not be lost during his life. "[11]
Shaikh also explained that the purpose of warning the scholars is twofold. First. Keeping the people who learned of the damage aqeedah, as influenced by words and deeds of innovation experts.Second. Boycott (isolate) the expert is called heretical innovation, with the intention of preventing and stopping them from heresy. [12]
This prohibition applies when the situation allows. As for the state was forced, experts should learn to heresy, to be aware of their error. [13]
Shaykh Bakr Abu Zaid said, "O, the prosecution of science. If you are in a grace and have a choice, do not take (knowledge) of experts heresy, (namely): a Rafidhah (Shiite), a Kharijites, a Murji'ah, a qadari (those who deny destiny), a quburi (excessive glorification of tombs), and so on, because you will not achieve the correct degree of religious aqeedah, solid relationship with God, the true view, follow atsar (trace Salaf), except with the leave of experts heresy and bid ' ah them ". [14]
WARNING TO LEARN THE PAGAN RELIGION! Once we know the information above, then the Muslims should continue to be cautious and careful in taking science. Thus deserve to be warned, that is the phenomenon in this era and earlier, taking the form of knowledge of those who deviate, ie the innovation experts, and even of unbelievers! Would not the people who took the science of the infidels were never read or hear the word of God k of the idolaters attempt to convert Muslims? Allah Almighty says:
ولا يزالون يقاتلونكم حتى يردوكم عن دينكم إن استطاعوا ومن يرتدد منكم عن دينه فيمت وهو كافر فأولئك أصحاب النار هم فيها خالدون {217}
"They did not cease fighting you until they (can) return you from your religion (to disbelief), if they can. Those of you who fall away from his religion, then he died in disbelief, then that's their vain deeds in the world and the Hereafter, and they are the dwellers of the Fire, to dwell therein "[al-Baqarah: 217].
Did not they ever heard the word of Allah Almighty on the willingness of people of the Book who is always willing convert Muslims?
ودكثير من أهل الكتاب لو يردونكم من بعد إيمانكم كفارا حسدا من عند أنفسهم من بعد ما تبين لهم الحق {109}
"Most of the Book wish that they could bring you back to disbelief after you have believed, out of envy that (arising) from themselves, after the real truth to them" [al-Baqarah: 109]
Do they think that the desire and effort infidels to convert Muslims in the days of the decline was only the verses that al-Qur `an?
Such presumption is forecast is wrong, because the verses are from Allah the All-Knowing and Wise. The whole story from him is haq, both during and subsequent fall of the verse. So, let them pay attention to the history of Islam, pay attention to the events of Muslims, past and present. Thus, they will know the truth of God's word.
Here's some information about the road to take science. May Allah always guide us to useful knowledge and charitable deeds. Indeed He is Almighty and Wise. Al hamdulillahi Rabbil 'alamin.
[Copied from As-Sunnah magazine X/1427H/2006M 03/Tahun Edition. Foundation published Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo - Solo Gondangrejo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-761016]
Importance of Arabic

Imam Shafi'i said: "People do not be stupid and always at loggerheads but because they left the Arabic language, and prefer the concept of Aristotle". [2]
That expression of Imam Shafi'i for people, so we do not marginalize the language of Muslim pride. If the priest saw the condition of the people present on the Arabic language, he will surely concern was mounting.
Arabic is different from other languages ​​as a means of communication among human beings. Variety of Arabic language is so much excellence. Ideally, Muslims devote its attention to this language. Good to learn it for themselves or to facilitate and guide the children for the purpose.
In the past, Arabic is a place in the hearts of the Muslims. Scholars and even the caliphs did not see with one eye. Fashahah (in speaking the truth) and the sharpness of the tongue in the language to be one indication of the success of parents in educating their children in childhood.
Pehatian ruination of the Arabic language spread of Islam was visible when entering the countries' Ajam (non Arab). Between races interact and unite under the umbrella of Islam. Increasingly dominant spelling mistakes in conversation. Moreover, if the observed current reality of Muslims in general, many of which menganaktirikan Arabic. Considerable concern was the lack of parents encouraging their children to pursue Arabic.
FEATURES ARABIC A. Arabic is the language of the Quran. He said:
إنا جعلناه قرءانا عربيا لعلكم تعقلون
We have indeed made the Quran in Arabic, so you understand it. [3]
2. Arabic is the language of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions verbal language. Hadiths of the Prophet who came to us in Arabic. Likewise, the books of fiqh, written with this language.Therefore, the mastery of the Arabic language became a gateway to understand.
3. Arabic wording is not much. Most consist of three-letter arrangement only. This will facilitate the understanding and pronunciation.
4. Beautiful Arabic vocabulary. People who look at phrases and sentences in Arabic, he will feel a beautiful and vivid expression, arrayed with words concise and solid.
INSTRUCTIONS LEARN ARABIC URGENCY A. Rebuke Against Hard Errors In The Net. Language is good and true Salaf generation has become a tradition. Therefore, errors in pronunciation or expression that is not in tune with the default rule is considered as defects, which reduces the dignity in the eyes of many. Especially when it happens to people of noble birth. Ibn al-Anbari said: "How good is considered wrong word ...? The Arab-speaking people who love the good and right, looking at the wrong people with one eye and get rid of them".
Umar had several people comment on how to shoot with say: "What a bad shooting your arrows." They replied, "قوم متعلمين نحن (we are beginners), [4] 'Umar then said," you speak more fatal mistake than to poor upbringing I think you ... "[5]
2. Caution Against Arabic Salaf. Umar wrote to Abu Musa that contains the message: "Amma ba'du, understand the Sunnah and learn Arabic."
On another occasion, he said: "May Allah have mercy on those who straighten her spoken (by learning Arabic)".
On another occasion, he declared: "Study the religion, and worship, as well as steeped in Arabic".
He also said: "Learn Arabic, because it is able to strengthen and increase the sense of honor". [6]
The scholars did not downplay the Arabic language. They still provide a major concern in intense person by his, like other syar'i science. Because Arabic is a device and a means to understand the science of Law.
Imam Shafi'i said: "I live in the country for twenty years. I studied poetry and language. I memorized the Qur'an. Never missed a single word to me, but I understand its meaning ".
Imam Shafi'i has reached a peak in the mastery of Arabic, so it was dubbed as the most eloquent men of Quraish in the time. He includes a reference to the Arabic language.
Ibn al-Qayyim also known to have strong attention to the Arabic language. He studied the books of Ibn al-Fathi Al Ba'li Mulakhkhash work of Abul `Hereafter, Al Jurjaniyah, Alfiyah Ibni Malik, Ash Kafiyah Safiyah Al and At Tashil. He also learned from Ali ibn Majd At Tusi.
Other scholars who are known for having great attention to the Arabic language is the Imam Syaukani. These scholars studying nahwu and sharaf of three scholars at the same time, namely: Sayyid Isma'il ibn al-Hasan, Allama Abdullah bin Ismail An Nahmi, and Allama Muhammad bin Qasim Al Khaulani.
3. Also Caliph Kids Learning Arabic. The caliph, before also giving great attention to the Arabic language. In addition to teaching the children with the religious sciences, they also provide a specific schedule for deepening the Arabic language and literature. Their motivation, because knowing the positive value of the Arabic style of their speech, manners planting, improved expression in speaking, capital of Islamic learning from the reference. Therefore, the Arabic scholars also have a position in government and close to the caliphs. The linguists to be a teacher for children caliph.
An Al Ahmar Nahwi said, "I told Al Rashid to teach Arabic literature to his son, Muhammad Al Amin. Al-Ma'mun and Al Amin also been educated linguist named Abul Hasan 'Ali ibn Hamzah al kisai the people close to the Caliph. Similarly, another linguist, known as Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn As Sari teaches kids the Caliph Al Mu'tadhid Arabic lessons. Also Abu Ja'far Muhammad bin Abu Qadeem Qadeem teach Al Mu'taz before taking office. "
INFLUENCE OF ARABIC FOR EDUCATION A. Against facilitate mastery of Sciences. Islam strongly emphasizes the importance of the knowledge through reading. God said.
اقرأ باسم ربك الذي خلق
Read the name of thy Lord who created. [Al 'Alaq: 1].
Through the Arabic language, one can achieve science. For the Arabic language has become a means of transferring knowledge.
Concrete evidence, many scholars who perpetuate the various disciplines in poetic couplets, better known by nazham (manzhumah or nazhaman). With this, one would be relatively easy to learn, because of interest in the beauty of its structure, and a necessity to memorize it for people who want to really master it well.
For example, the Book of Ash Syathibiyah Fi Al Qiraati As Sab'i Al Mutawatirati 'Anil Aimmati Al Qurrai As sab'ah, is a poem that contains matan sab'ah qiraah lessons, written by Imam al-Qasim ibn Ash Firah Syathibi. Another book-shaped string of lyric verse.Then Al Jazariyah, which is a book about the work of Imam Muhammad bin tajwid Muhammad Al-Jazari. In the field of science musthalah hadith, there is a book Manzhumah Al Baiquniyah, works of Shaykh Muhammad bin Taha Al Baiquni. And there are many other examples.
2. Improve the sharpness of Power Think. In this case, Umar said, "Learn the Arabic language. Surely he can strengthen and increase the sense of honor. "
Arabic language assessment will enhance a person's thinking, because in the Arabic language there is a beautiful arrangement and a harmonious mix between sentences. It will invite someone to optimize the power of imagination. And this is one factor that will slowly sharpen one's intellectual powers. Because the person invited to contemplate and think about it. Think about the word of God:
ومن يشرك بالله فكأنما خر من السمآء فتخطفه الطير أو تهوي به الريح في مكان سحيق
Whoever associate anything with Allah, then he seems to fall from the sky and struck by a bird or the wind to distant places. [Al-Hajj: 31].
Because of the enormity of the danger of shirk in Allah, then permisalan people who do like something that fell from the sky immediately struck by the bird so that his body mutilated. Thus, concerning the idolaters, when he left the faith, the devil-devil so busy menyambarnyanya torn from all sides, and world religions, they destroy. [7]
3. Affect Moral Development. People who dive into the Arabic language, will prove that this language is a means to shape and trim the lofty moral temperament dirty.
Accordingly, Ibn Taymiyyah said: "Behold, the attention to the Arabic language will affect all of the intellectual, moral, religious (someone) with a very strong influence real anymore. So also will have a positive effect for people trying to emulate these early generations of the companions, tabi'in and imitate them, will increase the power of intelligence, religion and ethics ". [8]
For example, a piece of poetry sung Habib ibn Aus that advocates behave with good manners:
يعيش المرء ما استحيا بخير ويبقى العود ما بقي اللحاء فلا والله ما في العيش خير ولا الدنيا إذا ذهب الحياء
Humans are always in good, as long as he has a sense of shame The trunk is always timeless, as long as the skin has not peeled By God, there was nothing good in life, Similarly, in the world, when shame has gone missing
There are also poems that whipped up a string of people to stay away from bad tempers. Imam Shafi'i said:
إذا رميت أن تحيا سليما من الردى ودينك موفور وعرضك صين فلا ينطقن منك اللسان بسوءة فكلك سوءات وللناس أعين
If you want to live in freedom from corruption; (Also) your religion and honor preserved intact, Do not bring your tongue disabled people, Your body is loaded with disgrace, and those (also) have a tongue.
Thus, Arabic is still important, even become the hallmark of the Muslims. Should be the concern of the Muslims. By understanding the Arabic language, mastery of the Qur'an and Sunnah becomes easier. In turn, will lead people to be able to live up to its values ​​and to implement them in life.
[Copied from As-Sunnah magazine IX/1426H/2005M 02/Tahun Edition. Foundation published Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo - Solo Gondanrejo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-761016]
Adab Science Council

By Syamhudi cleric Abu Asma Khalid.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said.
وما اجتمع قوم في بيت من بيوت الله يتلون كتاب الله ويتدارسونه بينهم إلا نزلت عليهم السكينة وغشيتهم الرحمة وحفتهم الملائكة وذكرهم الله فيمن عنده ومن بطأ به عمله لم يسرع به نسبه
It is not a people gathered at the house of God, they read the Book of Allah and studying it, but fell to their peace, and mercy covering them, the angels surround them and Allah praise them in front of the creature was near. Any person who is less righteous deeds, then nasabnya not lift it.
TAKHRIJ HADITS This hadith is a piece of the hadeeth narrated by Abu Huraira from a friend:
• Muslim, in Shahihnya, the Book of Du'a Adh Dzikir Wad, Chapter Fadhlul astral conjunction '' Ala Tilawatil Qur'an Wa 'Ala Dhikr, number 6793, chapters 17/23. (See Sharh An Nawawi). • Abu Dawud in his Sunan, Kitabul Adab, Chapter Fil Muslim Lil Ma'unah 4946 numbers. • Ibn Majah in his Sunan, Muqaddimah, Chapter Fadhlul Wal Hatsu Ulama 'Ala Thalabul Ilmi number 225.
BRIEF BIOGRAPHY narrators HADITS Abu Hurairah. He is a friend of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. His full name Abdurrahman ibn Shahr [1] Given the title of Abu Hurairah because he liked the cat has. Although new to Islam in the seventh Hijra year, but their knowledge is recognized by many friends.
For three or four years with the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam actually used by him of Allaah' anhu. Is with the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam when many of the companions are busy in the market or anywhere else.
Men who behave gently with a white beard and somewhat reddish, very persistent explore the science of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, regardless of which in its natural hunger. So it is not surprising that he narrated many hadiths of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.
Hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah that the riwayatkan by Imam Bukhari and Muslim hadith together as many as 326. While that is narrated by Imam Bukhari, Imam Muslim as much as 93 without the hadith narrated by Imam Muslim and Imam Bukhari 98 hadith no.
MEANING OF VOCABULARY HADITS وما اجتمع قوم في بيت من بيوت الله - (not a people gathered in one house of God), that is mosque. While madrassas and other places that have these qualities, it is also the basis of the hadeeth narrated by Muslim lafadz.
لا يقعد قوم يذكرون الله عز وجل إلا حفتهم الملائكة وغشيتهم الرحمة ونزلت عليهم السكينة وذكرهم الله فيمن عنده
It is not seated a people dhikr of Allah, except the angels around him, covered him grace and tranquility descends upon them, and praise God in the face of a creature at his side. [Reported by Muslim, no. 6795 and Ahmad]
السكينة -, tranquility.
وغشيتهم الرحمة -, enveloped in God's grace.
وحفتهم الملائكة -, surrounded by angels mercy.
وذكرهم الله فيمن عنده -, praising God and giving the reward before His angels.
ومن بطأ به عمله لم يسرع به نسبه -, who are less righteous deeds will not achieve the perfect dignity of those who labor, despite having nasab scholars.
FAIDAH HADITS First: The Importance of Science Council Assembly of science is an integral part of the clergy Rabbani. Even held a council of science is an important matter that must be done by an 'alim. Because it is the supreme dignity of the clergy Rabbani, as Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala.
ماكان لبشر أن يؤتيه الله الكتاب والحكم والنبوة ثم يقول للناس كونوا عبادا لي من دون الله ولكن كونوا ربانيين بما كنتم تعلمون الكتاب وبما كنتم تدرسون
Unnatural for the human person which God gave him the Book and wisdom and the Prophethood, then he said to the man: "Be ye worshipers-penyembahku not worshipers of God". However, (he said): "You shall be those Rabbani, because you always teach you the Book and because you continue to learn. [Ali Imran: 79].
This has made the Messenger of Allah. He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam encourages us to attend the science council. With his saying,
إذا مررتم برياض الجنة فارتعوا قالوا وما رياض الجنة قال حلق الذكر
If you pass the park Paradise then stop. They asked, "Is the park's Paradise?" He replied, "halaqoh remembrance (majlis Science).[History of At-Tirmidhi and classed as saheeh Sheikh Salim bin Eid Al-Hilali in Saheeh Kitabul Adzkar 4/4].
Similarly, the righteous ones are very excited about hosting and attending. Hence we get the science panel about their history.Among these assemblies Abdillah bin Mas'ud in Kufa, Abu Hurairah in Madina, Imam Malik in Nabawi mosque, Al-Hajjaj bin Syu'bah, Yazid ibn Harun, Imam Shafi'i, Imam Ahmad in Baghdad, Imam Bukhari and others.
Second: Council of Science Faidah and Virtue. Among faidah science assemblies are: • the commandment of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala and the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and follow the example of a way of life of the righteous salaf. • Gain peace. • Obtain the grace of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala • Praised God in the presence of the angels. • Take the road to get the legacy of the Apostles. • Gain knowledge and manners of a scholar.
Third: Science Council of Adab. Matter that must be done in order to take faidah of science assemblies are:
• Sincerity. Let's departure and the seat of a claimant to a panel of scientific knowledge, just because God alone. Without riya 'and praised the desire of others. A prosecutor in the science of straightening bermujahadah let his intentions. Because he will get into trouble and fatigue in his intention to straighten it. Therefore Ats Tsauri Imam Sufyan said, "I do not find it hard to straighten out something beyond the intent." [2]
• Attend Ardent Science Council. Earnestness and zeal in attending the assemblies science tirelessly and boredom are very desirable. Do not be enough to count the number. However, figure out how much and much ignorance.Because so much ignorance, while the science that we have very few.
Look kesemangatan the scholars attending the council earlier in the sciences. Abul Abbas Tsa'lab, a scholar nahwu comment on Ibrahim Al Harbi, "I never lost Ibrahim Al Harbi in assembly language lessons nahwu or fifty years".
So what is obtained by Ibrahim Al Harbi? Eventually he became a scholar of the world. Remember, knowledge is not acquired such estate. However, with sincerity and patience.
What a wonderful expression of Imam Ahmad bin Hambal, "Science is a gift given by God to the people she likes. No one got it because of heredity. If acquired by descent, certainly the most eligible person is an expert stanza of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam'.Similarly, Imam Malik, when he saw his son John out of his house to play, "Thank God, the One who did not make this science as the estate".
Abul Hasan Al Karkhi said, "I was present at Abu Khazim assembly on Friday, although there are no lessons, so as not to cut off kebiasanku attend".
Look them in the spirit of seeking knowledge and science to attend assemblies. Until finally they are getting amazing results.
• Come to the Assembly hasten Science And Not Too Late, Even From must pass in others. When used to hasten the person attending the science panel, it will get faidah very much. Asysya'bi so when asked, "Where did you get all this knowledge?", He replied, "Do not depend on others.Traveling to countries such as temper and patient mule, and hastened as bersegeranya eagle ". [3]
• Seek And Trying to Get Lessons What's In The Arts Council Can not attend. Sometimes a person can not attend a council of science for some reason. Such as: pain and others. So can not understand the lessons contained in these assemblies. In these circumstances let him seek out and try to get a lesson is missed it. Due to the nature of it as a series of lessons. If one part is missing from it, it can interfere with each other.
• Record-Faidah Fidah Obtained From The Book. Faidah recorded lessons in the book or in a special notebook.Faidah-faidah will be useful when re-read and recorded in preparing teaching materials, lectures and answer the problems.Therefore, most experts advise our science. If you buy a book, so as not to put it into the library. Except after seeing the book in general. How to know the author. Subject matter contained in the book by looking at the table of contents and membuku-open according to the adequacy of the partial subject of the book.
• Quiet and Busy Not Alone In Science Council. This includes manners are important in science assemblies. Imam Adh Dzahabi convey the story of Ahmad ibn Sinan, when he said, "No one talked in the upper bin Abdurrahman Mahdi. Pena voiceless. No one got up. As if there are birds on their heads, or as if they were in the prayer "[4]. And in another narration, "If he saw one of them smiled or spoke, he was wearing sandals and get out". [5]
• Not allowed to despair. Sometimes some of us have been present on a panel of science in a long time. However, can not understand it but little. Then arises in us feelings of despair and no longer wanted to sit there. Surely this should not happen. Since it has been understood, that reason and intelligence of every person is different. Intelligence could grow and thrive because of habit. The more a person familiarize himself, the stronger and better abilities. Look at the patience and constancy of the scholars in their studies and seek answers to a problem! Look at what is said Sheikh Muhammad Al Amin Ash Syinqiti, "There is one problem that I have not understood. Then I went home and I kept researching and researching. While the maid put the lamps or candles on top of my head. I continued researching and drinking green until after 3/4 days, until the day dawn ". Then he said, "Then terpecahlah the problem".
Look how he spends his day by studying a problem that has not been clear to him.
• Do not cut teachers or preachers talk. Including adab to be considered in the science panel did not interrupt the teacher or preacher. Because it includes bad manners.N the Prophet taught us with his saying.
ليس منا من لم يجل كبيرنا و يرحم صغيرنا و يعرف لعالمنا حقه
Not one of those people who do not respect our elders and love younger and who do not understand the right of the clergy.[Reported by Ahmad and classed as saheeh al-Albani in Sahih Al-Jami '].
Imam Bukhari writes in Shahihnya, chapter one man who were busy talking science in the state, should improve the conversation. Then convey the hadith.
عن أبي هريرة قال بينما النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في مجلس يحدث القوم جاءه أعرابي فقال متى الساعة فمضى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يحدث حتى إذا قضى حديثه قال أين أراه السائل عن الساعة قال ها أنا يا رسول الله قال فإذا ضيعت الأمانة فانتظر الساعة قال كيف إضاعتها قال إذا وسد الأمر إلى غير أهله فانتظر الساعة
From Abu Hurairah, he said, "When the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was in advising the board, there came a A'rabi and asked," When the Day of Resurrection? "(But) he kept talking until finished. Then (he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) asked, "Where are putting me to ask about the Day of Resurrection?" He replied, "I, O Messenger of Allah sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam." Then he said, "If the mandate is wasted, so watch Day of Judgement ". He asked, "How to waste it?" He replied, "If a case is given to non-experts, so watch the Hour". [Bukhari].
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in this hadith and did not pay attention turned his pen to educate.
• Civilized In Question. Asking is the key to science. Also ordered to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala in His Word;
فسئلوا أهل الذكر إن كنتم لاتعلمون
Then ask the person who has knowledge if you do not know. [An Nahl: 43].
Similarly, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam taught, that folly is to ask the drug, as his saying,
ألا سألوا إذ لم يعلموا فإنما شفاء العي السؤال
If they ask! Ignorance is to ask the real cure. [History of Abu Daud, Ibn Majah, Ahmad and classed as saheeh Darimi and Sheikh Salim Al Hilali in Tanqihul Ifadah Miftah Al Muntaqa Min Sa'adah Daris, p.174].
Imam Ibn Qayim said, "Science has six dignity. The first one, both in asking ...... There are among men who did not get the science, because no good in asking. Occasionally, because it does not ask directly. Or ask about something, when there are more important.Like to ask something that is not lost if you do not know and leave what he had to know. "[6]
Similarly, Al-Baghdadi Al Khathib give a statement, "Sepatutnyalah shyness does not prevent someone from asking about events that happened." [7]
It is therefore necessary to explain some of the manners that should be considered in the asking, including:
A. Asked did not know the case did not intend to test. It is used as terms of the question by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala in His Word.
فسئلوا أهل الذكر إن كنتم لاتعلمون
Then ask the person who has the knowledge, if you do not know.[An Nahl: 43].
In this verse Allaah mentions the terms the question is not know. So someone who does not know to ask to be told. But someone who already knows a case is allowed to ask about the case, to educate people on the assembly. As did Gabriel to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in a hadith that Jibril Mashur.
2. Should not ask something that is not needed, the answer can be troublesome questioner or cause difficulties for the Muslims. As Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala forbids in His Word;
ياأيها الذين ءامنوا لاتسئلوا عن أشيآء إن تبد لكم تسؤكم وإن تسئلوا عنها حين ينزل القرءان تبد لكم عفا الله عنها والله غفور حليم
O ye who believe, do not ask (for your Prophet) if things are explained to you, surely troubling you and if you ask at the time the Qur'an was being revealed, will undoubtedly be explained to you.God mema'afkan (you) about these things. Allah is Forgiving, Clement. [Al Maidah: 101].
And the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam
إن أعظم المسلمين جرما من سأل عن شيء لم يحرم فحرم من أجل مسألته
A Muslim is the greatest sin is the one who asks something that is not forbidden, and forbidden because of the question. [Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud and Ahmad].
That is why the friends and tabi'in do not like to question things before the incident occurred. Rabi 'bin Khaitsam said, "O Abdullah, what God has given you in his book of science then give thanks, and that God does not give kepadmu, then Commit to the' alim and do not be ridiculous. Because God said to His Prophet l,
قل مآأسئلكم عليه من أجر ومآأنا من المتكلفين إن هو إلا ذكر للعالمين ولتعلمن نبأه بعد حين
Say (O Muhammad), "I'm not asking you for dakwahku slightest reward, and I'm not including people who forges. This Qur'an, nothing but a warning for all creatures. And ye shall know (the truth)Qur'an news again after some time. [Shad: 86-88]. [8]
3. Allowed to ask an 'alim of the arguments and reasons for his opinion. It is delivered in Al Khathib Al Baghdadi Al Faqih Wal Mutafaqih 2/148, "If an 'alim to answer a problem, then be asked if the answer is based on mere opinion or argument".
4. Allowed to ask about the words of a 'alim who is not yet clear.Based on the argument of the hadeeth of Ibn Mas'ud Allaah 'anhu, he said,
صليت مع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ليلة فلم يزل قائما حتى هممت بأمر سوء قلنا وما هممت قال هممت أن أقعد وأدعه
I prayed with the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, and his prayer until I intend lengthening the ugliness? We asked Ibn Mas'ud, "What do you intend?" He replied, "I want to sit down and leave it".[Bukhari and Muslim].
5. Do not ask about something that you know jawabannnya, to show your greatness and harassing others.
• Taking morality and moral teacher. The purpose of science is present in the assembly, not just limited to purely scientific faidah. There are other things that also should receive serious attention. Which is to see and imitate the character of the teacher. Thus the earlier scholars. Those attending the science panel, also to get a good character and manners of an 'alim. In order to encourage them to do good and noble.
Told by some scholars, Imam Ahmad attended the assembly of five thousand people. It said only five hundred people who write, and the rest took faidah of behavior, manners and civilized him. [9]
Abu Bakr Al Muthaawi'i said, "I attended a panel of Abu Abdillah - he is mengimla 'Musnad to their children-twelve years. And I did not write, but I just saw the manners and moral ". [10]
So our presence in the assembly about the science. Let not simply take faidah science alone, but also take all the existing faidah.
Similarly, some faidah that can be taken from this hadith. Hopefully useful.
[Copied from the magazine edition of As-Sunnah Foundation Published 08/Tahun VI/1423H/2002M Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo - Purwodadi Km. 8 Selokaton Gondangrejo Solo 57 183 Tel. 08121533647, 08157579296]
When Charity Without Science

By Halim feat Armen Naro

As a Muslim of course any time establish the five daily prayers, or prayers of others. He always asks shown shirathul Mustaqim. That long straight road that has been passed by people who have been given a favor, and kept out of the way the people maghdhubi `alaihim (the people who you murkai), also the way the people dhallin (those who lost). In the commentary, the two groups mentioned above [1], that the people mahgdhubi 'alaihim is Jewish, while the dhallin is Nassara.
Ibn Kathir said, may Allaah have mercy, "And the difference between two paths-that is to be shunned two-way, because the way the believers combine science and charity. Jewish charity is lost, while the Christians can lose knowledge. Therefore, the Jews and the Christians can earn the wrath of gain error. He who knows, then do not practice it, deserve wrath. Unlike the people who do not know. Christians can people, when it has a specific purpose, but they did not get his way, because they do not go according to his door. That is to follow the truth. So, they fell into error. "[2]
Many people who think that a lot of charity and worship was guaranteed to akhiratnya day, at least a sign of truth and evidence keshalihan. That's how often we hear, and that's a phenomenon that occurs among the Muslims. Even if we try to remember the letters that have often heard this, then all our supposition and conjecture over the years, we will be able to change for the day tomorrow.Conceivably, a person who has a practice as much as pepasiran on the beach, but once weighed, he's like flying debris, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says,
وقدمنا ​​إلى ما عملوا من عمل فجعلناه هباء منثورا
We face all the charity and they do, then we make such deeds (like) the flying dust. [Al-Furqan: 23].
Not only deeds are not regarded as an acceptable practice, even he is the cause of entry into the fires of hell. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says,
هل أتاك حديث الغاشية وجوه يومئذ خاشعة عاملة ناصبة تصلى نارا حامية
Already datangkah news to you (on) the Day of Judgment? Some faces on that day will be humiliated, to work hard again exhausted, into a very hot fire (hell). [Al Ghasyiah: 1-4].
Ibn Abbas said, 'humility', but not beneficial deeds, "is explained by Ibn Kathir, that he has a lot of charity and berletih-weary, but he earned a hell of a very hot fire [3]. Hence, Imam Bukhari making chapter in the Sahih He, Chapter: knowledgeable before say and do good. "
SCIENCE IN AL QURAN virtue Paragraph that explains about the primacy of science and the scorn of those who labor without science is very much [4]. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala to distinguish between people who are knowledgeable with the fool, like a man who saw a blind man.
أفمن يعلم أنما أنزل إليك من ربك الحق كمن هو أعمى
Is there anyone who knows that what is revealed unto thee from thy Lord it was the same as a blind person? [Ar Ra `ad: 19].
In fact not only blind but also deaf and mute.
In various places in the Qur'an Allah l denounced the ignorant people, namely:
ولكن أكثر الناس لا يعلمون
But most people do not know. [Al-Araf: 187].
وأكثرهم لا يعقلون
And most of them are not rational. [Al Maidah: 103].
In fact they are equated with animals, and more foolish than the animals:
إن شر الدواب عند الله الصم البكم الذين لا يعقلون
Real animals (beings) are the worst in Allah's sight are those who are deaf and hard of hearing do not understand anything. [Al-Anfal: 22].
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala told, that the stupid people worse than animals in all shapes and kinds. Starting from the donkey, dog, insect, and they are worse than animals-star. Nothing is more dangerous to the faith of the apostles of them, even they are the enemies of true religion.
More than that, that Islam allows something that was originally illegitimate, because it is a knowledgeable and the other one is not knowledgeable. Namely dihalalkannya dogs eat the flesh of the game was taught to hunt, in contrast to ordinary dogs that catch their prey.
يسألونك ماذا أحل لهم قل أحل لكم الطيبات وما علمتم من الجوارح مكلبين تعلمونهن مما علمكم الله فكلوا مما أمسكن عليكم واذكروا اسم الله عليه واتقوا الله إن الله سريع الحساب
They ask, "what is lawful for them?" Say, "Permitted to you the good and (prey captured) by the wild beasts which ye have taught your trained hunting, you are teaching according to what Allah has taught you. So, eat what they catch for you, and remember the name of Allah the beast (time off). And fear Allah, verily Allah is swift in reckoning. " [Al Maidah: 4] [5]
As for the Sunnah and the Salaf atsar very much at all which explains this issue.
After all this, when a Muslim pilgrims, directing his gaze to the pilgrims who attribute themselves to Islam, it was found that their mission is geared towards an equation. Ie do not care about the science of the Shari'a and sank into the mud of ignorance. This can lead to many instances of abuse to the understanding of Islam.
This is before them, a group called Kharijites, to the extent that the Prophet said, that the practice of his companions when compared with their deeds no nothing. Their prayers, when compared to our prayers is not nothing. They are the people who are experts of worship. Later in the day fought like a lion, and in the evening like a monk ... However, what is the end of their story? The prophet has told us that Islam was limited to the esophagus they are ... They come out of Islam, as the discharge of arrows from the quarry, they said the dogs of hell. Anyone who managed to kill them, will be rewarded by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. Even the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has berazam, when he met with their age, then he will fight against it, as it fought the `Ad ...
At present, a growing congregation. That congregation was established in the bid `ah and superstition, and polytheism. As established by the `aqeedah ariyyah Maturidiyyah. Allegiance of his followers with four tharikat Sufism: Jistiyyah, Qadiriyya, Sahruwardiyyah and the Order Naqsyabandiyyah.
Whereas in the matter of belief and monotheism. They do not understand more about unity when dibandingakan with those pagan Arabs at the time of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. They only admit monotheism monotheism Rububiyyah with the interpretation of the creed. And do not know about what is meant by unity Uluhiyyah. As for Tawheed Asma 'wa Shifat, they are among the aqidah Asyariyyah and Maturidiyyah. As we know, that both the school especially those in this unity, has deviated from the school of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah.
The worship and mysticism about them: then they inducted into the Order and the practice of the four-dhikr dhikr and blessings on the full bid `ah and superstition. Like read (la ilaha) four hundred times, and (God, Allah) six hundred times every day. Shalawat books are often read by them, is a famous book of blessings on bid `ah and ghuluw to the Prophet. That is the book of Dala-ilul Khairat, Burdah.
The book is most meaningful to them, the so-called Tablighi nishab.Authored by one of their founders. The book is almost owned and read by each congregation, more than read Sahih Bukhari. The book is filled with superstition, shirk, bid `ah, and-false hadith hadith, hadith, hadith and weak. So is the Book of Life Ash Sahabah, which dinamalkan them, filled with superstition and stories are not true, and so on ...
Conclusions about this congregation is that they are a congregation that does not care about science and the clergy, preaching on the ignorance [6], with evidence of hadith which they always chant is, "tell me even one verse". Though this hadeeth saheeh, but that is not authentic is the way in their understanding of this hadith. Every person entering into this congregation is worthy of being an interpreter preaching from house to house to invite the congregation that they are the reason the above hadith. Or they read a book fadhilah in the mosque ... and they permisalkan that Muslims now like (people who are drowning to be rescued). Do not know them that learning can not swim in a day or two, so that he can not save a drowning before, or even who initially wanted to help because they can not swim are both drowned into the ocean of sin and error.
Is not the time of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, when one of his wounded friend, then junub during the winter, and he asked one of them. Is there rukhsa not to bathe? Who were asked to answer: no! So, take a bath companions had caused it to die. When the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam heard this story, he sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam was furious, and said, "Truly you have to kill him. May you be rewarded by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala.Why do not you ask if you do not know? Because of the drug is not know to ask. "
What is more interesting to examine this congregation is, because they jama'ah chameleon. Changed every perch, and exchanging color according to its environment. Do they not have a strong stance and does not have a solid foundation? Or so their propagation method, which collects all the colors and groups under the auspices of their group?
Therefore, this congregation who are at the reader, in contrast to those in place the author. It might, in one place they learned a lesson that was not because of the doctrine, but because the environment that makes it had to start from there. And could have been otherwise, a flag bearer as well as a bid `ah penyebarnya.
Jama'ah is most easily influenced by the atmosphere, because the problem was. That is, they are not educated on the science of hadeeth. Then, you will see them as a propeller on top of the hill.Bak a feather in the desert, follow what is desired by the wind.
Even if they are not tied up with meetings in mosques, and sightseeing excursions to their favorite countries, though the country is the nesting place in the world-idols, then I am sure, they will fall apart. And the congregation they will be affected by another congregation, or to return to their home.
There may be conceived questions. Is not the success they excluded people from places sinners, repent and make it as one of the good and the success of this congregation in preaching?!
Thus, we consider the answers Aman Shaikh Ali Al Jami rahimahullah, when he said about some modern missionary propaganda which has similarities with the above problems:
... True, he has released the people from places as discotheques and cinemas. It has nothing to deny it. However, after he pulled them from those places, what it does? Are they then mendakwahi with propaganda, and the method of Anbia `(prophet)? Or instead, teach them and collect them, so they are fragmented into a variety of the Order of Sufism? True ... However, he has released them from ignorance to ignorance. "
He did not move them to a correct understanding of Islam. The proof, he himself adheres to one of the Order shufi. As for those who have been issued from places discotheques, if not taking the Order adopted by him, of taking the Order other tasawwuf. And whether his message is also eradicate the worship to other than Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala, which is clearly visible in the country?Does he have a human issue of tawaf around graves, like the grave of Husayn, Zaynab and Abdullah?! Whether he has issued from the lawless man with lawless law of democracy to the law of God? This is what should be done. If this is his message, which carries a mission of preaching the truth. However, as the verse says:
إذا كان رب البيت بالدف ضاربا فشيمة أهل البيت كلهم ​​الرقص
If in case the host sang out with tambourines Of all the dance craze in their homes
If it is not up to him and makrifah knowledge about Islam is true, how could he be leaving graves and fight against those who circumambulate around it. What can be done to the people who fall into these immoral? [7]
Last. Let's seek knowledge, O youth. Indeed he was the door of glory and salvation.
[Copied from the magazine edition of As-Sunnah Foundation Published 01/Tahun VII/1420H/1999M Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo - Purwodadi Km. 8 Selokaton Gondangrejo Solo 57 183 Tel. 08121533647, 08157579296]
Call for Science-law rule

By Sheikh Dr. Ibrahim ibn 'Amir ar-Ruhaili-Hafizhahullah-

Readers, To understand the science correctly, a thalibul-'ilmi required to try and put all his abilities. Similarly, the breadth of knowledge that may not completely achieved at a time, then it also needs to reach the stages and step by step, from minor problems to the sciences that require analysis in more detail and depth. This is where he should show his sincerity, so that their understanding of each direngkuhnya science leaves no ambiguity. And when should submit will not cause error.
Thus some of the messages we can take from Shaykh Dr. Ibrahim ibn 'Amir ar-Ruhaili-Hafizhahullah when delivering a lecture on Daurah Syar'iyyah, in Agro Tourism Tea Garden, Wonosari, Lawang, Malang, East Java, which was held between September 7-14 Rajab 1428H, coinciding with the July 22 to 29 2007M .Currently, the Shaykh also active as a lecturer of Islamic University Graduate School, Medina, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. As for his lectures and the provision of translated titles and footnotes by Ustadz Isma'il Abu Muslim al-Atsari. Hopefully we get faidah (benefits). (Editors). _____________________________________
Praise be to Allah, we praise Him, ask help from Him, and beg His forgiveness and we repent to Him. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil of our souls, and from our evil deeds. Whoever is guided by Allah, no one will mislead. And whoever is led astray, then no one would give him instructions.
I bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah, no partner unto Him, and I bear witness that our Prophet Muhammad n is the servant of God and His messenger.
Hopefully thou, O God, give unto thy servant shalawat and Thy Messenger, Muhammad, his family and his companions, as well as those who follow the prompts and to emulate his footsteps until the Day of Judgment.
Amma ba'du: Indeed keistiqamahan a Muslim in his religion that has been prescribed for Allah Almighty is built on two major foundations. First foundation: It is known that has been prescribed religion of Allah Almighty. The foundation: Namely implement the knowledge that he knew and implement religion of Allah Almighty on what he knew and it was clear from his religion. The first deals with the science foundation. The second relates to the charitable foundation. With science and charity will get salvation.
And humans differ in the realization of science and charity. They are divided into four sections. Meanwhile, according to Shaykh al-Islam split into two. However, according to his nature, then surely the place of humanity is divided into four, sesuaidengan their circumstances.
A. Among the people there who were taufik by God with an authentic science and good deeds. This is the ultimate dignity and the highest rank in the sight of Allah.
2. Dignity of both, that is, those who have the knowledge but without charity. No doubt, this is a drawback, because science is a charitable foundation. Therefore, someone who learns but does not do good, it means the person that there is similarity with the Jews.They are knowledgeable, but without charity.
3. The third dignity, that is, those who labor without science. In that person's likeness is there Nassara. They are the ones who lost.They are doing a good deed, but without the science. This state of innovation experts so. Ie those who worship Allah and do good, but in worship without the use of science.
4. Dignity fourth, that is, those who do not have the knowledge and charity. The scholars said they are human beings like cattle. They have no desire except to have fun with the world, has no aspirations in science and charity. Meanwhile, people who were given Taufiq Taufiq is given by God to authentic science and good deeds.
As for the science itself requires a few cases. Science will not be realized unless the consequences. Science is only by learning, exert sincerity and ability to get it. And how, one-thalibul 'ability to exert ilmi tafaqquh fid-din, in the dig, and when sitting in front of the clergy, in reading the books and asked for an explanation of troubling cases, until God gives him sustenance in the form of science. A thalibul-'science must follow a saheeh manhaj in taking and studying.
Among manhaj (roads, rules) in their studies, let start with the sciences that light before heavy sciences. Hence to say about an 'alim Rabbani, that he was a small building with prosecutors science little science before science major. Thus, studying it should tadarruj (gradually).
The meaning of the sciences that light is a known issues, which are known, are not issues that require analysis and discussion. From here, it is among the issues are appropriately prioritized issues of clear and explicit, that is about ushuludin (religious subjects), such as knowing ushuludin, usul i'tiqad. Therefore, the clergy in the teaching of the thulab (prosecutors science, students) is done in stages by using mukhtasharat (the books are compact), in all branches of science. They explained to the subjects of human knowledge through mukhtasharat (scriptures compact) this.Gradually, starting from mukhtasharat texts until later increased, by reading books Sharh (explanation) against him, and then expanded so that the Talib came to muthawalat books (the books of the thick / wide) and grow nazhar (research) and ijtihad in these matters, so as to achieve the degree of the clergy with taufiq God. So, that in thalibul-'ilmi must tadarruj (gradually).
Including the important case before the demands of science, is sincere to Allah Almighty in the pursuit of knowledge. Because really sincere to have a great influence to achieve taufiq (guidance of God) in everything. Whoever get taufiq with sincerity, then he has been given a lot of goodness in every religion and world affairs.Genuine influence on taufiq (Allah's guidance) indicated by the word of God on two judges of the husband and wife:
"... If the two judges were intended to make amends, Allah the Source of strength to her husband's and wife ..." [al-Nisa '/ 4:35].
Similarly, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam about the effect of liver-related in the hadith keistiqamahan limbs Nu `man bin Bashir:
ألا وإن في الجسد مضغة إذا صلحت صلح الجسد كله وإذا فسدت فسد الجسد كله ألا وهي القلب
"Remember the real in the human body there is a piece of meat. If it's a good piece of flesh, then the whole body is also good. If a lump of meat that is damaged, then the whole body are also damaged. You know, a piece of meat that is the heart". [1]
If the heart is good, also good deeds, and people benefit from their knowledge. Thus, one is given taufiq caused by science and understanding. Therefore, this case must be considered.
Included in thalabul-souled 'ilmi, is studying for tafaqquh (understand), and to eliminate the ignorance of his own. Therefore, Malik bin Dinar rahimahullah said:'' He who seek knowledge for themselves, then science is a bit inadequate. And for anyone studying the human (others), then the real needs of others is not endless.''
Someone better find out what the needs are. You need to know thaharah (ablution), prayer, fasting, and worship to God Almighty.Then, you shall bertafaqquh (understand) the science that led to the practice. And there is a mandatory practice and there are mustahab. So someone let start with the knowledge required for him individually. Then gradually learn the mustahab (sunna, preferably). It is therefore mandatory in thalabul-souled 'ilmi.
Among the subjects that should be considered also by the prosecution of science, namely isti'anah (request for help) to Allah Almighty, to his resignation, and pray to Him, that He gave him an authentic science (correctly) that nafs `( useful). It is promoted by God in His Word:
"Yes my Lord, add science to me." [Thâhâ/20: 114].
Allah said (in the hadith qudsi):
يا عبادي كلكم ضال إلا من هديته فاستهدوني أهدكم
"O My servants, all of you are astray except for those I give instructions; then ask for directions to me, surely I will give instructions to you". [2]
Then, ask for guidance of Allah, Allah Almighty will provide guidance, as the hadith above.
And, in a prayer taught by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to a man, who guided the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam toward the doors of goodness. He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam taught him to pray:
أللهم ألهمني رشدي وقني شر نفسي
"Oh, God! Berilahkan kelurusanku guide me to, and keep me from evil soul".
So, people will not get fed unless Taufiq Taufiq by God. Also another in a prayer atsar (history):
أللهم أرنا الحق حقا وارزقنااتباعه و أرنا الباطل باطلا وارزقنا اجتنابه
"Oh, God! Show al-haq to us as al-haq, and give sustenance to us to follow him. And show al-falsehood to us as al-vanity, and give sustenance to us to stay away".
Thus, the first time a man is required to be presented to al-haq by Allah as al-Haq, then God gave his fortune to follow him, and pointed out al-falsehood by Allah as al-falsehood, then God gave His provision for away from it. If not, then many of the men who practice falsehood, and guessed at the truth. So must pay attention to this side, that is tawakal to God and pray to Him, that He is the Source of strength against al-haq, memahamkannya in religion, and to teach him. Similarly to many beristighfar and always seek refuge in Allah Almighty.
Shaykh al-Islam rahimahullah said that he had trouble understanding a problem. He said, "Then I beristighfar to God, and dhikr to Him. I always do, that God opened the issue for me''.
Such a claimant science proper. However, some people simply rely on the efforts and strength. Resignation and he forgot to pray to Allah Almighty. Indeed in all cases, people need resignation and effort. Scholars attended the majlis and serious in their studies, including the conduct of business. And people also need a resignation. How many people sit in front of the clergy, but did not get manfa'at. How many people read muthawalat (thick books), but did not get manfa'at. And how many people memorized the Qur `an, but they do not get any part manfa'at. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said about Khawarij:
يقرءون القرآن لا يجاوز تراقيهم يمرقون من الدين كما يمرق السهم من الرمية
"They read the Qur` an, but Al-Qur `an it did not pass their throats. They shot out of religion as an arrow shot from the game". [3]
Most of the people were given intelligence, but he was not given taufiq. Shaykh al-Islam rahimahullah said of the philosopher: "They were intelligent, but not given sanctity.'' That is, God gave them intelligence and reason, but they were not given taufiq to purify their souls.
Therefore, if human intelligence was given by God, let him ask God to Allah Almighty mensucikannya, because intelligence is not enough.
Previously, Abu Jahl with Abul-Hakam was called because of his wits, the intelligence minds. But he did not follow the instructions of this religion, but people who lower their minds following the instructions from this religion.
'Abdullah bin bin Ubaiy Salul, formerly including the most intelligent person, so that before the coming of the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam, the people of Medina intends to appoint him king.However, he did not follow the instructions of this religion.
Man is weak, except those who were given taufiq by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. Intellect is not enough, intelligence is not enough, then you shall ask Almighty Alah to be taufiq. In fact, sometimes a person's intelligence is a cause error. He just relied on his wits, intelligence and understanding. He thought that he understood, while others do not understand. Then he made a sassy, ​​and true haughty with his wits.
Humans (who have sense, Pent.) If given a reason and intellect by Allah Almighty, he knew that there was no way to achieve this guidance except with the Shari'a. Therefore, religious people are the ones who understand. No one 'alim but knowing that there is no guidance except with this religion. So, if there are people who think that he should get out of this religion, and that thought his wits enough to get the guidance, then this lack of guidance as evidence of reason and science. Therefore, humans need to be sanctified by God Almighty.
Including the need to note also, that knowing the right path in their studies. This problem is very long conversation. Has been described in the lecture (I) at the Islamic University of Medina on the way the scholars in the study of theology, and the preparation of lecture material is more than a week. And God gave a lot of pleasure with this because, by reading the words of the scholars, the way they get the science, and methods to understand the texts.
These lectures are recorded and may be obtained from some students who have recorded it. In the lecture, there are many important side deserved to be considered in studying and researching an issue, especially in matters of faith. Among other things, is in the set-lafazh lafazh syar'iyyah, and knowing the difference between the meaning lughawi (according to the Arabic language) with the meaning syar'i (by religion).
Indeed the error that occurs in some people not because of lack of arguments. Sometimes there are arguments in front of him, and sometimes have been informed, but they were not given taufiq understanding, which is likely because it is absurd on their lafazh.Lafazh vagueness among the causes of errors in self-scholars. As al-quru lafazh vagueness', whether it be sacred from menstruation or menstruation? That was also in al-muzâbanah lafazh, al-muhâqalah, al-mukhâbarah, and the like as mentioned by Shaykh al-Islam in the book Raf'ul Night 'an Aimmatil-knows best.
People sometimes at odds due to the vagueness lafazh mukhathab (people who talk to). As it happened on a friend 'Adi bin Hatim, when down the word of Allah Almighty:
".. Up to you bright white thread from a black thread of the dawn".[Al-Baqarah / 2:187]
He too took two threads (white and black) and put it under his pillow.He began to see the second string. When he preached to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, he also said:'' You really are a wide neck. Verily the dawn is white, and black is the night''.
Here there vagueness in this great friend.
Similarly, the vagueness that occurs in the clergy against lafazh mulâmasah the word of God:
أو لمستم النساء
(Or you touch women). [4]
What is mulâmasah is merely to touch a woman, or a metaphor from jima '?
Thus in many lafazh in Personality '(religion) is disputed by scholars.That is why scholars describe the knowledge of the meanings lafazh syar'iyyah (by religion) and differentiating with lughawi meaning (according to the Arabic language). Likewise many of the books are arranged in narrations and discussions gharibul gharibul-Qur `an. [5]
In interpreting the Qur `an, the scholars do not suffice to know the meaning of lughawi (languages) only. Even Imam Tabari rahimahullah-an-expert commentators mention, some commentators have been wrong in interpreting the Qur `an, because they rely on the meaning of the language, without knowing the terms of the Shari'a. Then the person should know the words of the commentators in the books of tafsir. One can not simply pick up a book in Arabic dictionary, and then look at the meaning of the language, then interprets the meaning of the book of Allah alone.Because it's a different lafazh means.
For example, the word khair. In the book of Allah Almighty, have the meanings hasanah khair (goodness). Also meaningful world. Also intended to reward from God. How do you know the meaning of this sentence?
For example, the word Kufr again. In the book of Allah, the intent Kufr Kufr Kufr and ashghar. Likewise kezhaliman and shirk.Similarly, the word will of god (God), sometimes intended and sometimes the will of god kauniyah syar'iyyah will of god. Likewise, making up `and kitabah. So to understand it must know the words of the scholars in interpreting the texts and others. Among the help of this subject is to rely on the words of scholars.
Although the clause was clear and understandable to you, but you shall not say it clear, before the notice an explanation of the commentators. How to interpretation by Tabari, by al-Baghawi, by Ibn Kathir, Ibn Taymiyah. Words of deep knowledge of the scholars, who have understood these matters well. Let the words of someone taking advantage of the scholars. Then, after that is not harmful itself, which has been clear to him that it is the haq. As if someone's attempt to understand the texts without referring to the explanation of the clergy, then this is a mistake. Similarly, to understand the books of Sunnah, to know their meaning need meruju `books gharibul-Hadith (the foreign words in the hadith,-ed).
Likewise, a claimant is not enough just to know the science mufradat meaning (of words) only. Because sometimes in the same mufradat siyaq (series of sentences) with a meaning, and in other siyaq has another meaning.
Likewise nafyi (negation) and ithbat (setting), sometimes it meant something specific. For example, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:
لا يزني الزاني حين يزني وهو مؤمن
"It is not a person who commits adultery is adultery while he is faithful". [6]
What is nafyi (negation of faith) in this hadith?
Mean an adulterer is not believing, is that an adulterer is not the perfect faith of a believer. How do we know? Because in the other texts contained an explanation of the existence of faith for immoral actors.
Until we know, the intention here is negation negation of perfection (faith) is mandatory, rather than a staple. Thus, its adoption is for the principal, and is not to perfection.
Therefore, one must know the meaning contained in the siyaq (series of sentences), and the appointment of siyaq meaning to this problem. Since most of the texts known to syar'iyyah meanings. And (to understand) some of the texts, you need knowledge of the meaning of these texts by looking at the meaning of other texts to be explanatory.
For example, people who pay attention to the word of God:
"And whoever kills a believer intentionally, then the reward is Jahannam, he was in it and the eternal wrath of God to him, and cursed him." [An-Nisa '/ 4:93].
People who viewed this nash would say that the killer is eternal in hell. However, if he saw other texts, then he will know that these texts do not contradict the word of Allah Aza wa Jalla:
"(And if there are two classes of people who believe that war)-Qs al-Hujurat/49 paragraph 9. In this verse, Allah mentions the faith with the war.
Allah also says
"If anyone gets a pardon from his brother, let (an excuse) to follow the good way, and let (a be sorry) pay (blood money) to the giving sorry in a way that either (too)". [Al-Baqarah / 2:178].
In this verse God made the guardian Qisas brothers (sisters / co-religionists, Pent.) For the killer. Then we know that these texts do not conflict with it.
If we pay attention to these texts carefully:
"(And whoever kills a believer intentionally then return ...)"-an-Nisa 'Qs / 4, paragraph 93 - that verse is coupled with the mention of children. While the children, sometimes occurs and sometimes not.
Berdasrkan this understanding, all the above texts can be reunited in the truth, that is the problem of God and his righteousness; whoever kills a believer intentionally, then the reward is Jahannam.But God Almighty, by His mercy and grace, has determined that whoever meets Allah with Tawheed and free from shirk, he will not abide in hell, though God tormented him for most of his sins. Then we know that a killer though a punishment, but in fact he would not dwell in hell.
From here, it went astray those who understand these issues without proper based, ie the Sunnah. So comes the Kharijites and Mu'tazilah due to poor understanding of these texts [7]. Likewise Murji'ah have diverged in this issue [8]. And Allah gives guidance to Ahlus-Sunnah to know these texts with attention to other texts.Indeed science is complementary, interrelated, and each show. As you can see right now, someone just look at it from one side. He generally punish and blame other people who talk about it. He did not notice that this issue is divided into several sections, and details contained in this issue.
As we hear of a question, that the claimant did not take the science of science mubtadi.
These words are true words of scholars, but the objec that how? Ie in a state when there is ease. As in case of emergency and urgent, while the place was not there that teaches this, it is not forbidden to take the knowledge from those who stray, if he is an expert in the field of science.
People who do not pay attention to the parts and the details of this will fall into error. Therefore, (to get the truth) must consider lafazh-lafazh (Shari'ah) and siyaq (range sentence). Someone must know the meaning lafazh and its contents (madlul siyaq).
So if we look at the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:
انصر أخاك ظالما أو مظلوما
(Help your brother whether he menzhalimi or dizhalimi) [9]-Bukhari, no. 2343, Pent. -, Then we will know that kezhaliman mentioned by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam kezhaliman here is not great as mentioned in the word of God:
"(In fact allying (Allah) is truly a great kezhaliman)". Luqmân/31 paragraph 13-Qs.
Likewise, we will find such words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam about women:
يكفرن العشير
(They Kufr against husband) [10], does not always mean Kufr Kufr, but Kufr (deny) to the husband; kufr under paganism, as stated by Ibn 'Abbas and the other from among the commentators in paragraph semisalnya, (that) the word Allah Almighty:
"He who does not judge by what Allah revealed, those are the people who disbelieve". [Al-Maidah / 5: 44]
"And they are the ones who do wrong". [Al-Maidah / 5:45]
"And they are the ones who rebel" [al-Maidah / 5:47].
About three paragraphs in the letter of al-Maidah this, 'Abdullah bin' Abbas said duna kufrin Kufr (disbelief in the heathenism, paganism is not the issue of faith), zhulmun duna zhulmin (kezhaliman under kezhaliman, which are not issued kezhaliman of faith ), fisqun duna fisqin (under godlessness godlessness, wickedness is not the issue of faith). How do they know this, they know with other texts. It must pay attention to these sides.
The details of this issue is long, but I was reminded that the problem is there are daqiq sciences (complex / complexes), and partly the case, his case is very broad, making it difficult to understand by most people. Not knowing this problem by most humans, causing a dangerous mistakes in the article of faith and muamalah.
Therefore, all sides in this matter should be respected and observed. With beristi'anah (request for help) to Allah Almighty to understanding, so that a claimant does not fall into the science of mistakes. If you assign something (matter) let pass it on to the scholars, so that they will correct the mistake, if indeed he made a mistake.
We ask God taufiq for us all, wallahu knows best. May God give greetings and blessings to His servant and His Messenger, the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.
[Copied from As-Sunnah magazines Edition (06-07) / Year XI/1428/2007M. Publishers Foundation Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo 57 183 Tel. 0271-761016]
Primacy of science and learning Syar'i

By Al-Yazid ibn Abd al-Qadir Ustadz Jawas

Allah Ta'ala has praised the science and the owner and encourage worshipers to his knowledgeable and equip yourself with it. Similarly Sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam is sacred.
Imam Ibn Qayyim al-Jauziyyah (d.. 751 H) rahimahullaah mention more than a hundred virtues syar'i science. In this book the authors mention only a small part of it. Among them:
A. The testimony of God Almighty To the Men of learning Allah Ta'ala says,
شهد الله أنه لا إله إلا هو والملائكة وأولو العلم قائما بالقسط لا إله إلا هو العزيز الحكيم
"Allah states that there is no god (the right to be worshiped correctly) but Him, the upholding of justice. The Angels and the people of knowledge (also stated such). There is no god (the right to be worshiped correctly) but He, the Mighty, the Wise. "[Ali 'Imran: 18]
In the above verse Allah Ta'ala asks a knowledgeable person to testify to something really great to be given testimony, the oneness of Allah Ta'ala ... This indicates the primacy of science and the people of knowledge. [1]
In addition, the paragraph above also contains recommendations about the holiness and justice of God the people of knowledge.
Surely God will only ask the people who just have to give testimony.Among the evidence also shows that this is a famous hadith, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said.
يحمل هذا العلم من كل خلف عدوله, ينفون عنه تحريف الغالين, وانتحال المبطلين, وتأويل الجاهلين.
"This science will be brought by the clergy a fair share of each generation. They will eradicate irregularities / changes made by people who ghuluw (the transgressors), refused to lie baatil actors (the liars), and takwil fools. "[2]
2. Of the learned God's Will Lift degree Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala preach specifically about the appointment of the degree of the learned and faithful. Allah Ta'ala says.
يا أيها الذين آمنوا إذا قيل لكم تفسحوا في المجالس فافسحوا يفسح الله لكم وإذا قيل انشزوا فانشزوا يرفع الله الذين آمنوا منكم والذين أوتوا العلم درجات والله بما تعملون خبير
"O ye who believe! When it is said unto you: 'Give spaciousness in the assembly', then Allah will give Exert spaciousness for you. When it is said: 'Stand ye', then stand it, Allah will exalt those who believe among you and those who were given some degree of knowledge.And Allah is Aware of what ye do. "[Al-Mujaadilah: 11] [3]
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
إن الله يرفع بهذا الكتاب أقواما ويضع به آخرين.
"Verily, Allah raised by Al-Qur-an a few people and God was humbled some of him." [4]
In ancient times there was someone whose neck disability, and he has always been a subject of ridicule and derision. Then his mother told him, "whom you seek knowledge, Allah will raise derajatmu." Since then, he studied until he became syar'i pious men, so he was appointed Qadi (Judge) in Makkah for 20 (twenty) years. If there are people sitting in front of litigants, then his body trembled until he stands. [5]
Of the learned and practice it, then the position will be appointed by God in the world and will be raised in the next rank.
Imam Sufyan ibn 'Uyainah (d.. 198 H) rahimahullaah said, "The highest position in the hand of God among His servants are the prophets and scholars." [6]
Allah has said about the Prophet Yusuf 'alaihis salaam:
نرفع درجات من نشاء وفوق كل ذي علم عليم
"... We lift degrees whom We wanted, and above every knowledgeable person who is no longer an All-Knowing." [Yusuf: 76]
Mentioned that the interpretation of the above verse is that We (Allah) uplift anyone who we want to because science. As we have raised the degree of Yusuf 'alaihis salaam on his brothers to his knowledge since.
Look at what is obtained by the Prophet 'Isa' alaihis salaam form of knowledge (science) to the Book and Wisdom, the Torah and the Gospel. Dengannyalah Allah raised him, mengutamakannya and honor. Obtained as well as what the child leader Adam (ie Prophet Muhammad) sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam mentioned in the form of the knowledge of God as a blessing and gift.
Allah Ta'ala says:
وأنزل الله عليك الكتاب والحكمة وعلمك ما لم تكن تعلم وكان فضل الله عليك عظيما
"... And (because) Allah has sent down the Book (Al-Qur-an) and wisdom (the Sunnah) to you and taught you what you do not know.The gift of God bestowed on you is enormous. "[An-Nisa ': 113] [7]
3. Of the learned is People Afraid To God God proclaim that they are the ones who fear Allah Ta'ala, even those specializing God among men with fear. He said:
إنما يخشى الله من عباده العلماء
"... Among the servants of God who feared him just the clergy. "[Fatir: 28]
Ibn Mas'ud Radhiyallaahu 'anhu said, "Enough of the fear of God is referred to as a science. And enough is not fooled by the remembrance of God is referred to as a folly. "[8]
Imam Ahmad rahimahullaah said, "Basic science is the fear of God." [9] If a person gets his knowledge, it will increase his fear of God.
4. Science Is the Most Great Favor Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala mentions some of His bounties and blessings upon His Messenger (Prophet Muhammad) sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, and made the greatest pleasure is given the Book and Al-Hikmah, and God taught him what not knowing it. He said:
وأنزل الله عليك الكتاب والحكمة وعلمك ما لم تكن تعلم وكان فضل الله عليك عظيما
"... And (because) Allah has sent down the Book (Al-Qur-an) and wisdom (the Sunnah) to you and taught you what you do not know.The gift of God bestowed on you is enormous. "[An-Nisa ': 113] [10]
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
ألا إني أوتيت الكتاب ومثله معه ...
"Behold, verily I am given the Book (Al-Qur-an) and the like (the Sunnah) with him ..." [11]
5. In the schools of Religious Issues Including Signs of Goodness In a hadith ash-Shahiihain of Mu'awiya bin Abi Sufyan (d.. H 78) radhiyallaahu 'anhu, he said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said:
من يرد الله به خيرا يفقهه في الدين
"Whoever desired by the goodness of God, then He will give him an understanding of religion." [12]
This shows that people are not given an understanding of the religion is not desired by God's goodness, as one who desired goodness of God, then He made the schools in religious issues.And whoever is given the understanding of the religion, then Allah has willed for her kindness. Thus, the meaning of understanding (fiqh) is a science that requires the charity. [13]
Imam an-Nawawi (d.. 676 H) rahimahullaah said, "In this hadith there is a primacy of science, steeped in religion, and encouragement to him. The reason is because the science will lead to devotion to God Almighty. "[14]
6. People Excluded From the curse of knowledge of God Imam at-Tirmidhi (d.. 249 H) rahimahullaah narrated from Abu Hurayrah (d.. 57 H)-Radhi yallaahu 'anhu, he said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said,
ألا إن الدنيا ملعونة ملعون ما فيها إلا ذكر الله وما والاه وعالم أو متعلم.
"You know, the real world is cursed and damned what is in it, except the remembrance of Allah and obedience to Him, the magicians, and those who study the science. '" [15]
7. Demanding Science And Teach More Than Home Worship Sunnah and Compulsory kifayah The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
فضل العلم خير من فضل العبادة وخير دينكم الورع.
"The virtue of science is better than the primacy of worship, and your religion is best to al-wara '(piety)." [16]
'Ali bin Abi Talib (d.. 40 H) Radhiyallaahu' anhu said, "People who are knowledgeable greater reward than the reward of fasting, prayer, and strive in the way of Allah." [17]
Abu Hurairah Radhiyallaahu 'anhu said, "Really, I know the science section of the commands and prohibitions more to my liking than seventy times do jihad in the way of Allah." [18]
I (Ibn Qayyim) say, "This-if authentic-meaning, is more to my liking than jihad without science, because science charity without more damage than good." [19]
Rahimahullaah Al-Hasan said, "People of knowledge is better than an ascetic man of the world and people are working very hard in worship." [20]
Sufyan ath-Tsauri (d.. 161 H) rahimahullaah said, "I do not know of any better service than the teaching of science to mankind." [21]
Imam ash-Shafi'i (d.. 204 H) rahimahullaah said, "There is nothing better after a variety of obligations rather than studying syar'i Shari'ah." [22]
8. Science Is Good in the World Regarding the word of Allah Ta'ala,
ربنا آتنا في الدنيا حسنة
"O our Lord, grant us good in the world"
Al-Hasan (d.. 110 H) rahimahullaah said, "What is good is the science and the world worship." And the word of God,
وفي الآخرة حسنة
"And good in the Hereafter." [Al-Baqarah: 201]
Rahimahullaah Al-Hasan said, "That was heaven." Surely the greatest good of the world is a science useful and charitable deeds, and this is the best interpretation of the paragraph above. [23]
Ibn Wahb (d.. 197 H) rahimahullaah said, "I heard Sufyan ath-Tsauri rahimahullaah said, 'Good in the world is good science and good luck, while good in the Hereafter is Paradise.'" [24]
9. Science is the Way to Happiness Imam Ahmad and at-Tirmidhi narrated the hadith from companions Abu al-Anmari Kabasyah (d.. H 13) radhiyallaahu 'anhu, he said, "The Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said,
... إنما الدنيا لأربعة نفر: عبد رزقه الله مالا وعلما فهو يتقي فيه ربه ويصل فيه رحمه ويعلم لله فيه حقا فهذا بأفضل المنازل, وعبد رزقه الله علما ولم يرزقه مالا فهو صادق النية يقول: لو أن لي مالا لعملت بعمل فلان فهو بنيته فأجرهما سواء, وعبد رزقه الله مالا ولم يرزقه علما فهو يخبط في ماله بغير علم لا يتقي فيه ربه ولا يصل فيه رحمه ولا يعلم لله فيه حقا فهذا بأخبث المنازل وعبد لم يرزقه الله مالا ولا علما فهو يقول: لو أن لي مالا لعملت فيه بعمل فلان فهو بنيته فوزرهما سواء .
"... Indeed, the world is given to four people: (1) a servant of God-given knowledge and wealth, then he's devoted to Allah in his wealth, he connects with sila-turahmi, and know the rights of God in it. The person best position (in Allah). (2) A servant of Allah has given knowledge, but not given a treasure, with an honest intention, he said, 'If I have a treasure, I certainly do like what's done so and so.' He was with the intention that, then they are the same reward.(3) A servant of Allah has given wealth but knowledge is not given.Then he can not manage his money, not devoted to God in his property, does not connect with her friendship, and do not know the rights of God in it. Position the person is the worst (in Allah). And (4) a servant who is not God-given wealth is also a science, he said, 'If I have a treasure, I certainly do like what's done so and so.' He intends to like it and they are the same within a sin. "[25]
The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam inhabitants divided into four groups. Class is the best among them is the person who administered the science and wealth; he do good to mankind and himself with the knowledge and wealth. [26]
10. Demanding Science Takes To Be Hygiene, glory, His life, and light was Indeed the human heart would be more clean and noble to get the science that's syar'i and self perfection and glory. People who seek knowledge will increase fear and taqwanya to God. This is in contrast to those who are preoccupied by the treasure and the world, but do not clean up his property, not add to the perfection of his nature, his heart is there will be a greedy, greedy, and stingy.
Science and looking for real love is the root of all obedience, while the love of wealth and the world is the root of many mistakes that plunged into hell.
Every Muslim and Muslimah should know that those who seek knowledge is a happy man because he listened to the verses of Al-Qur'an, the hadiths of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, and the words of the Sahabah. To her heart feel good and will lead to the probity and honor.
11. People Who Demand Will Science By Prophet Shallallaahu Dido'akan 'Alaihi Wa Sallam Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam pray for the people who listen to his words and understand the beauty and berserinya face. He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
نضر الله امرأ سمع منا حديثا فحفظه حتى يبلغه غيره; فإنه رب حامل فقه ليس بفقيه, ورب حامل فقه إلى من هو أفقه منه, ثلاث خصال لا يغل عليهن قلب مسلم أبدا: إخلاص العمل لله, ومناصحة ولاة الأمر, ولزوم الجماعة; فإن دعوتهم تحيط من ورائهم. وقال: من كان همه الآخرة; جمع الله شمله, وجعل غناه في قلبه, وأتته الدنيا وهي راغمة, ومن كانت نيته الدنيا; فرق الله عليه ضيعته, وجعل فقره بين عينيه, ولم يأته من الدنيا إلا ما كتب له.
"May God give light on the faces of people who listen to a hadith from us, then memorize it and pass it on to others. Many people who took fiqh but he did not understand. And many people who testified to the jurisprudence of more schools of him. There are three things with the heart of a Muslim will be clean (from the treacherous, envious and blessing), that is to do something with sincerity for Allah, advise ulil amri (ruler), and sticking to the congregation of the Muslims, because they include prayer people who are behind them. "He said," Whoever desires the Hereafter is, God will gather his strength, making the wealth in his heart, and the world will come to him in humble circumstances. But whoever is his intention to find the world, God will scatter the affairs of his world, makes pauperism in both her eyes, and he got the world according to what has been set for him. "[27]
If this is the primacy of science alone, it would have been enough to show his glory. Therefore, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam prayed for those who hear his word, and understand, memorize, and present it. So, here are four levels of knowledge:
The first and second levels, ie to hear and understand. When he heard it, so he understands with his heart. That is, thinking about it and set it in his heart as something placed in a container that is not possible to get out of it. Likewise, his mind is like a camel's reins, so he did not run here and there. Container and the reason it has no other function than to store something.
The third level, namely the commitment to memorize the knowledge that science is not lost.
Fourth level, that of bringing the knowledge and pass it to the ummah in order to produce scientific results, which is widespread in society.
Any person above the fourth level, he entered the prayer of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam which includes physical and emotional beauty. Behold the brightness is the result of the influence of faith, inner happiness, joy and delight the heart, then it is manifest brightness, happiness, and his face lights up series. Allah Ta'ala says:
تعرف في وجوههم نضرة النعيم
"You can tell from their faces the joy of their life of bliss." [Al-Muthaffifiin: 24]
Thus, the brightness and glow-series face of someone who heard the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, then understand, memorize, and present the results of sweetness, brightness, and happiness in her heart and soul. [28]
The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam hadith narrators pray with kindness and beauty of the face, both globally and in the hereafter. It is said that Allah Ta'ala meaning is convey the pleasure of Heaven.
Narrators of hadith by the Prophet sallallaahu dido'akan 'alaihi wa sallam with the beauty of the face is the narrator of hadith lafazh, although he did not yet understand all the meaning of the hadith.How many people are brought to the jurisprudence of more schools thereof. Although he did not always have an understanding of the hadith. Many carriers of jurisprudence that has no understanding of (adequate).
It shows about disyari'atkannya Rabb without (have to) understand it (in advance). Even this show loved it. Also shows that the hadith narrated without his knowledge to the understanding of these hadith are commendable actions, not blame. With that action, he was entitled to the prayer of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.[29]
12. Science is demanding Jihad in the Way of God And People Who Demand Laksana Science Mujahid in Allah Ta'ala Road Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam once said,
من دخل مسجدنا هذا ليتعلم خيرا أو ليعلمه كان كالمجاهد في سبيل الله, ومن دخله لغير ذلك كان كالناظر إلى ما ليس له.
"Anyone who enters our mosque (masjid Nabawi) with the aim of studying the good or teach it, then he is like those who strive in the path of Allah Ta'ala. And whoever enters it for purposes other than that, then he is like one who is watching something that was not hers. "[30]
Al-Imam Ibn Qayyim rahimahullaah said, "Jihad against the passions has four levels:
First: Jihad for the study guide (useful knowledge) and the religion of truth (good deeds). A person will not achieve success and happiness in the world and the hereafter except him.
Second: The jihad in order to practice sciences after knowing.
Third: to preach jihad science and teach it to people who do not know.
Fourth: to persevere in preaching jihad in Allah Ta'ala and the patient with human disturbance. He bore the difficulties of preaching it was solely because of Allah. If all four levels have been fulfilled in him, then he is among those who Rabbani. [31]
Abu Darda Radhiyallaahu 'anhu said, "Whoever believes that went in search of knowledge does not include jihad, indeed, he had less reason." [32]
Jihad with proof (argument) and the description takes precedence over jihad with sword and spear. God said to His Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to jihad by Al-Qur-an against the infidels.
فلا تطع الكافرين وجاهدهم به جهادا كبيرا
"Do not follow the unbelievers, and strive against them with Al-Qur-an with a greater jihad." [Al-Furqaan: 52]
Shallallaahu Prophet 'alaihi wa sallam commanded jihad against the infidels and hypocrites in how to deliver proof (argument and explanation). Rahimahullaah Imam Ibn al-Qayyim said: "Jihad with proof (argument) and the description takes precedence over jihad with the sword and spear." [33]
12. The reward of Science Taught Will Keep Flowing Despite the owner has Died Shahiih mentioned in Muslim, Abu Hurairah Radhiyallaahu of the companions 'anhu, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam, he said,
إذا مات الإنسان انقطع عمله إلا من ثلاث: صدقة جارية, وعلم ينتفع به, و ولد صالح يدعو له.
"If a man dies, then the reward of charity is lost, except for three things: Sadaqah jariyah, useful knowledge, and his deeds are mendo'akannya." [34]
This hadith is the strongest argument about the primacy and glory of science as well as the size of the fruits of science. The real reward of science still accepted by the person concerned during the practiced knowledge of others. As if he still lives and their deeds are not interrupted. This is in addition to an addressable memories and tributes to him. Fixed flow of reward for his deeds at the time of the reward has been disconnected from the human is his second life.
Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam specialize only three things on which reward is still accepted by the deceased because he (the deceased) was the cause of the existence of three things. Because he was a righteous cause the formation of children, Sadaqah jariyah, and useful knowledge, then the reward is still flowing to him.A servant is rewarded for his actions or actions which are born directly (indirect action) from him. The second principle is stated by Allah Ta'ala in His word,
"That is because they (the Mujahideen) is not overwritten thirst, exhaustion and hunger in the way of Allah. And not (also) stepped on a place that raise the ire of the unbelievers, and not inflict a disaster to the enemy, except for (all) that will be written for them as a good deeds. Verily, Allah does not waste the reward of those who do good. "[At-Tawbah: 120]
All of the above were born of their actions and not destined for them. Which they are destined for the causes that they do directly.That is, that thirst, pains, hunger, and raise the ire of the enemy is not as (intentionally) they did so, and written so good deeds.However, this arises from their actions (ie jihad fi sabilillaah) because it's written as good deeds for them. [35]
13. Studies by Demand, We'll Think of the Good, True, Gaining Understanding the True, And Can Mentadabburi Verses of God 'Umar bin' Abdul 'Aziz rahimahullaah said, "Thinking about the bounties of Allah, including the main worship." [36]
There is nothing more beneficial for the heart than to read Al-Qur-an with tadabbur and tafakkur. Because it collects all the positions of people who walk in God, the state of those who practice science, and the position of the wise men. This is an inherited sense of love, longing, fear, hope, back to God, resignation, pleasure, surrender, gratitude, patience and all the circumstances by which the heart becomes alive and perfect.
If men knew what was contained in the reading of Al-Qur-an with tadabbur, then he would be busy with her than in others. When he passed the verses needed to treat his heart, he repeated them will even up to a hundred times, although he spent a single night.Reading Al-Qur'an by thinking about and understand it better than reading it until the seal without mentadabburi and understand it, is more beneficial for the heart and helps to gain more faith and feel the sweetness of Al-Qur-an. Reading Al-Qur'an by thinking about it is the subject of kindness. [37]
Al-Hasan al-Basri rahimahullaah said, "Al-Qur-an was revealed to practiced, then make pengamalannya read as one." [38]
14. Science Better Than Assets Primacy of science over the house can be seen from several aspects: First: Knowledge is the legacy of the Prophet, while the property is a legacy of kings and rich people.
Second: Science will keep their owners, while the property owner to maintain his property. Third: Science is the master of the treasure, while the property has no power over science. Fourth: Assets will be spent out with, while science will increase if it is taught. Fifth: If passed, property owners would part with his property, while science will go with him into the grave.
Sixth: Assets can be obtained by the believers and the unbelievers, good people and bad people. While useful knowledge can be acquired only those who believe.
Seventh: The person of knowledge required by the king, and besides them, while the property owner is only needed by poor people.
Eighth: The soul will be noble and clean by gathering knowledge and trying to get these things including the perfection and glory, while the property is not clean, not perfect it does not even add to the glory of nature.
Ninth: Assets that invites people to act in an arbitrary and arrogant, while science and humbly invited to practice their religion.
Tenth: Science and draw souls to bring happiness which God created for him, while the property is a barrier between the soul with such happiness.
Eleventh: The wealth of knowledge is more precious than wealth because the wealth of treasures to be treasure beyond human nature, if the treasure was destroyed in a single night, be it people who are poor, while the wealth of kefakirannya not worry, even he will continue to grow forever, in fact he is the highest wealth.
Twelfth: Love is a staple of science and the search for all obedience, while the love of the world and look for treasure and is the subject of any wrongdoing.
Thirteenth: The rich man is on his property and the value of the learned there to his knowledge. When his property was gone, gone are the value and not left without a value, while the learned he still lasting value, even its value will continue to grow.
Fourteenth: It is not one person doing obedience to God Almighty, but by science, while most human sinner to God because of their property.
Fifteenth: People who are rich treasure always accompanied by fear and grief, he was sad before and was afraid to get after acquiring the property, each time multiplying his wealth, his fears are growing stronger. While the rich man of science is always accompanied by a sense of security, happiness, and joy. Wallaahu knows best. [39]
[Copied from the book The Road to Heaven Sciences Demand "Demand Free Science", Author of Yazid ibn Abdul Qadir Jawas, Publishers Library At-Taqwa, PO BOX 264 - 16 001 Bogor West Java - Indonesia, Rabi'uts Thani First published 1428H/April 2007M] source: 

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